Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Chuks Ibegbu)
 
 
It is disheartening that Igbo Political leaders and actors have kept
pernicious mum over the issue of the structural disadvantage of the
group in Nigeria, a situation that is affecting the ordinary citizens
of the zone. Outside the governors and political office holders in the
zone, the ordinary citizens of the South East are the greatest victims
of the structural imbalance in Nigeria.
 
Since everything in Nigeria is shared on the basis of states and local
Governments, the densely populated South East zone will continue to
trail behind in all indices of development in Nigeria. Kano state alone
has 44 local government areas, nearly what all South East states
have. It is bizarre that political leaders in the zone are not doing
enough to correct this imbalance now. They ought to be shouting,
talking, protesting, and pushing for the rest of nation to listen to
them.  It is all about the future of the Youths and children of the
zone.
 
They are the ones that are not having the unfettered opportunity to be
recruited in the army or security agents because of the restrictive
quota system based on states and local governments. They are the ones
affected by limited opportunities in the federal civil service,
federal institutions, etc since all these are based on the number of
states and local governments a zone has. With only five states and
ninety seven local government areas, the South East is at the butt of
everything in Nigeria despite a dense but unfairly assessed
population.
 
The national political reform of recent time approved an extra state
for the south east to bring it at par with other zones. Since then
nothing has happened and when the zone renew their demands other
zones that have been favoured all these while will also clamour for more
states. Is that how we have a sense of fairness in Nigeria? Today
there are policies that address the problems of the Youths of the
Niger delta. We have the amnesty program, NDDC, Ministry of Niger
Delta, etc. Now the federal government has begun the almajiri
program for the youths of the north. There is also the nomadic
education for the north.
 
What is there for Igbo Youths who have borne the trauma of a distorted
nation for long? What is there for our Youths that trade in all the
streets of Nigeria? What is there for our Youths that criss-cross all
parts of Nigeria in the nights with all the attendants risks when
other Nigerians sleep? What is there for thousands of Igbo youths that
are economic slaves in different parts of the world due to limited
opportunity in Nigeria?
 
If a militant from the Niger Delta is now a pilot in South Africa,
courtesy of the amnesty program why should a MASSOB activist not
have the same opportunity to better their lives. This is food for
thought to our selfish political leaders. JONATHAN GOODLUCK must
address the structural problem affecting Ndigbo now. He is in a
better position and have the moral ground to do it . If he does not,
who, except an Igbo can do it. THE TIME IS NOW
 
Chuks Ibegbu
Political And Social Analyst
08035410176

-Masterweb Reports
 
The authorities of the Nigerian Air Force in Port Harcourt have confirmed that a rocket flew out of the Nigerian Air Force helicopter and destroyed a building at no 98 Woji  Street, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
 
The Commander of the Nigerian Air Force Base, Port Harcourt, Air Vice-Marshall Abba Zannah, gave the confirmation, when he briefed journalists in Port Harcourt on Friday.
 
The helicopter was said to be on routine patrol of the Niger Delta creeks, and the Commander did not disclose if it had completed its mission or not when the rocket fell off.
 
He said the incident occurred about 6:30am on Friday, and that no life was lost.  
 
"It was a technical error which was unusual in the system. But we are glad that no life was lost in the incident.
 
"It was not a normal thing in the Air Force system and the outcome of the investigation will allow us take certain measures,'' Zannah said on Friday.
 
The commander said the incident should not raise fears among the residents and appealed to them to go about their normal businesses.

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Obinna Akukwe)
 
Biafra was the name given by a people on the verge of extermination, to the newly seceding republic. A peoples aspiration to be left alone to renegotiate how they want to exist away from a structure which wanted to swallow them. A dream that would have turned an African nation into an African Japan in terms of technological advancement. A people whose republican nature would have made models of federalism all over Africa. A nation that probably would have been the true giant of Africa.
 
All these were stillborn because the British establishment with their Russian and Egyptian conspirators provided covert and overt military support while the middle belt region especially the Benue Plateau axis provided the gallant, brave and daring foot soldiers who executed on the behalf of the entire north the killings of 3million Biafrans to keep Nigeria one.
 
History is a reminder of past events which has the prospects of a future repeat. A Biafran proverb says that "a fowl that gloated over the butcher of the guinea fowl knew not that the fate that befell the guinea fowl will soon befall it" The Middle Belt Region especially the Benue Plateau axis , predominantly Christians, were the people who fought the actual war. Over seventy five percent of soldiers who executed the war came from this axis. The officers were spread round the rest of Nigeria but the file came from the plateau. The Benue-Plateau people gloated over the destruction of the Biafran dream.
 
Their first shocker was when General Murtala Muhammed led a coup that ousted General Yakubu Gowon as Head of the Nigerian State. The Dimka counter coup was repelled by forces loyal to the northern oligarchy and officers of Middle-Belt minority extraction were killed and since then the ethnic cleansing of the minority Middle Belt especially Benue –Plateau axis begun.
 
Despite the Dimka failed coup, the middle belt region continued to enjoy a commanding place in the Nigerian military establishments until General Ibrahim Babangida used the excuse of Mamman Vatsa coup to clear a lot of them from the military circles. Babangida then moved to dismantle the Langtang Mafia. Langtang is a town in Plateau State that has produced brave soldiers in the Nigerian Army. Generals Domkat Bali, Joshua Dogonyaro, Jerry Useni and John Shagaya among others are officers from Langtang town who at one point or the other held positions of trust and importance in the military-political environment of the Nigerian State. Other nearby towns equally boasts of senior military officers whose records in bravery and loyalty is solid.
 
Babangida, from Niger State, comes from a middle belt  area that identifies more with the northern oligarchy than the northern minorities, found it difficult to stomach the presence of Benue-Plateau people around his political space and he started the gradual decimation of their people. The first casualty was Mamman Vatsa, from minority Nupe in Niger state. Having checkmated the Nupe threat, he moved to checkmate the Benue-Plateau threat. The first casualty was General Domkat Bali. Bali was the Minister of Defence, Chief of Defence Staff and Chairman Joint chiefs of Staff. He was the second most powerful man during Babangida regime and the third most powerful under Buhari. By the time Babangida finished with Bali, he ran to his village to recover from the shock. Babangida removed Bali as Minister for Defence, Chief of Defence Staff and Chairman Joint Chief of Staff on the 29th of December, 1989 and handed him the Ministry of Interior, then occupied by fellow Langtang kinsman, General John Shagaya. This demotion was meant to spite and humiliate Bali and whatsoever he represents. He was promptly replaced by General Sanni Abacha who later became Nigeria’s military ruler. The shoving aside of Bali was to remove the last vestiges of Gowon’s influence from the Nigerian Army and to pave way for the northern oligarchy to completely control the military establishment. At that time other officers of Benue Plateau extraction were retired without reason.
 
The Langtang Mafia was the most powerful caucus in the Nigerian Army. It was an informal kindred gathering of officers of plateau extraction where matters of interest were discussed covertly. They exerted lots of influence in the military and political settings. Another mafia known as Kaduna Mafia was there to serve the interests of the northern oligarchy. Babangida, with the humiliation of Bali, started the process of dismantling the Langtang Mafia. The creation of Jos North Local Government in 1991 by Babangida, without consultations with the indigenes of Jos was to cannibalize the influence of the Langtang Mafia.
 
What Nigerian students and activists of southern extraction saw especially the South East  in the early nineties was the return to bondage of minority north and yet the chicken had come to roast. In the order of marginalization in Nigeria now, Middle Belt geopolitical zone comes is the number two, after the South East. This is what the Benue-Plateau had as reward for fighting the Biafran war and killing their Christian brothers.
 
Jos was the capital of Middle Belt or Benue Plateau region. Jos was home to all Nigerians, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Efik, Ijaw, Kanuri until the sectarian violence started in 1991. Since then Jos had known no peace. The indigenes have been waylaid in the dead of the night and slaughtered like guinea fowl. All the presence of the entire armed forces of Nigeria has not stemmed the serial killings. All the prayers and fasting have not helped either. A police commissioner who gave support to their exterminators in the hey days of the conflict, against all opposition and indictment, is now their Inspector General of Police. This is just an indication that their enemies will lord it over them.
 
What is happening in Plateau albeit Jos is curse in operation. In 2 samuel chapter 21, The Bible illustrates about David the King of Israel who suffered serious famine for three years under his anointed leadership .When the famine failed to stop he inquired of the Lord and was told that his predecessor Saul broke covenant by killing the Gibeonites in his zeal to please God. Therefore the Israelites are suffering as a result of the misdeeds of King Saul who was long dead. The constant urination and defecation on the socio-political space of the Plateau people is as a result of their complicity in the Biafrfan genocide. General Gowon, the military ruler who led the war on Biafra, have since the past ten years led a prayer group called ‘Nigeria Prays’’ This prayer though laudable and commendable has not worked. The reason is the same mistake of King David. David’s prayers failed to work for three years of austerity measures, structural adjustment, subsidy removal and power sector reforms until he made prayers of enquiry and was told the source of the problem. Gowon and his prayer group should change their prayer topic and ask for forgiveness for the extermination of innocent blood. They should equally send an appropriate delegation to the Biafran Headquarters to interact with the representatives of the people and the clergy and extract a covenant of forgiveness and the curse will be lifted. Failure to do so, the Benue Plateau and the rest of the minority middlebelt will soon be relegated again into the most marginalized zone in Nigeria.
 
Obinna Akukwe

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Louis Allison)
 
 
Dear Editor, I want to use this medium to thank you and your team for giving Nigerians the oppurtunity to veiw our local Newspapers and Magazines on the Internet and also keeping us informed on the latest happenings around the world. I want to say a very big ''thank you'' once again. My main reason for sending you this message is to draw your attention on how the Students of Lagos State University are been treated by the School board or whoever is in charge there.
 
Everyone in the Country is aware of the recent hike in School Fees in LASU and all the other challanges faced by the Students, but Sir, I want to draw your attention to what I would call the ''WHO CARES'' attitude of the Board or whoever is incharge. After the recent increase in school fees, parents whose children attend the institution had to adapt to the new fees and students who don't have parents to sponsor them work harder to raise enough funds to meet up the fees.
 
Now, the school imposed it on every student to pay within a given time or risk their education with the school. Some students where able to pay on time but some who had to readjust their pockets to the new fees could not meet up, thereby paying late. The school has a section on its website where students can register their courses for the semester (only available to the early birds that paid their fees within the time frame they gave), it is unavailable to those who pay late. This makes those paying late study in fear and discomfort as they may not be graded for the semester, since their courses were not registered online and this could lead to their faliure and withdrawal from school.
 
Sir, I am sending this message from my mobile phone with hope that you would help these students appeal to the board or whoever is incharge to have a reconsideration and open the web portal, or provide other means for the students to registar their courses or even assure them that the issue would be rectified instead of threatining the students with possible rustication. Please Sir, I am not sending you this message because of my sister alone, but for every student whose parent has worked hard to make sure that their children get the education they need to be future leaders. Thanks.
 
Louis Allisonlouiallison@live.com )

-Masterweb Reports (Submission by International Society for....)
 
Recall, Sir that the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties and the Rule of Law-Intersociety, wrote your office on 31st day of January 2012, and stressed the need for your new office to order for the removal of all police roadblocks across the country. We also reminded your office that the discontinuation of the use of roadblocks, which breeds police corruption including extortion at roadblocks, is a test case for your new assignment and a major condition that would determine your confirmation as the country’s substantive IGP by the President-headed Nigeria Police Council. We also informed you how we counted 85 police roadblocks in January 2012, from Aba in Abia State to Onitsha in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria, covering.......
 
Ref: Intersoc/Sec/02/004/012/F/Hqrs/ABJ/NG
Mr. Mohammed Dikko Abubakar
Acting Inspector General of Police
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Force Headquarters
Louis Edet House
Shehu Shagari Way
FCT, Abuja, Nigeria
 
Sir,
 
The Review Of Removal Of The Police Roadblocks: How The Removal Saved Nigerians Over N4.6Billion In Two Months (February-March 2012) And Why CP Ikechukwu Aduba Of Delta State Command & His Likes Should Be Dismissed For Disloyalty, Professional Incompetence & Negligent Conducts
 
Above subject matter refers, Sir.
 
(Onitsha Nigeria, 2nd day of April, 2012)-Recall, Sir that the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties and the Rule of Law-Intersociety, wrote your office on 31st day of January 2012, and stressed the need for your new office to order for the removal of all police roadblocks across the country. We also reminded your office that the discontinuation of the use of roadblocks, which breeds police corruption including extortion at roadblocks, is a test case for your new assignment and a major condition that would determine your confirmation as the country’s substantive IGP by the President-headed Nigeria Police Council. We also informed you how we counted 85 police roadblocks in January 2012, from Aba in Abia State to Onitsha in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria, covering about 125 kilometers only.
 
Today, we can proudly say that our leading campaigns over the years regarding police corruption, especially roadblock extortion and associated negligent killings or extra-judicial killings and torture, are not in vain. This is because of your firm directive, which we understand, was clothed in a coded presidential directive to your new office to that effect. Elated by towering responses from teeming Nigerian road users over this major policy change, Nigerians invited us back to roads so as to count gains and losses so recorded as a result of this historic policy change.
 
In responding to their holy request, our field personnel were deployed and they came back with cheering news to the effect that the gains outweighed the losses at extreme disparity levels. The losses are pockets of robbery and other violent attacks strongly believed to have been sponsored, or aided, or abetted by criminal common and superior cops, who were unhappy with the said major policy change effected by your office.
 
For instance, in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria, particularly in Onitsha and environs, at least, criminal citizens believed to have been aided and sponsored from some formal security quarters have launched five major violent attacks or crimes against persons and properties. The attacks ranged from the killing of five members of the Oba Community Vigilante Group, murdering of a restaurant operator at Awada, to robbing of some commercial banks’ customers on their way to the affected banks. In all these, the local police sources always hinge such attacks on removal of roadblocks thereby raising suspicion of their involvement or complicity. Credible statistics following this major policy change showed that the level of violent attacks against persons and properties was higher in the days of police roadblocks and extortion than now. Also, every social indication points to the fact that these resurging pockets of violent attacks are stage-managed and police-related.
 
Unarguably, roadblocks’ extortion proceeds have surpassed the roguish electioneering proceeds and become the most lucrative source of criminal enrichment in the Nigeria Police Force, fetching the Force billions of naira every month. The command and the rank and file structures of the Force are direct and indirect beneficiaries under “extort, cot and return” methodologies.
 
Over N4.6Billion Saved In Two Months (February-March 2012):
For records, Sir, our in-depth checks, using our 2011 projections (Police Corruption As Human Rights Abuse: How Corrupt Personnel Of The NPF Illegally Enriched The Force With N53.48Billion Arising From Roadblock Extortion In Three Years) show that N4.620Billion has been saved from over 3,500 police roadblocks across the country in the months of February and March 2012. Before the removal of roadblocks, which took effect in February 2012, there were over 1,500 police roadblocks in the Southeast; 500 in the South-south; 500 in the Southwest; 300 in the Northeast; 300 in the Northwest; and 400 in the North-central geopolitical zones of Nigeria.
 
In the Southeast zone, N3,120Billion was saved in the two months of February and March 2012. The breakdown indicates that in Anambra State with 400 roadblocks, N960Million was saved; in Abia State with 400 roadblocks, N960Million was saved; in Imo State with 300 police roadblocks, N720Million was saved; in Enugu State with 200 roadblocks, N240Million was saved; and in Ebonyi State with 200 roadblocks, N240Million was saved, all totaling N3,120Billion. The differences between Anambra, Abia and Imo States on one hand and Enugu and Ebonyi States on the other as represented in the amounts so saved, are due to the fact that the latter are relatively “white-collar or civil service States”, whereas the former are relatively “blue-collar or cash carriage” States. This explains why N20,000 per extortionist squad on daily basis was used for the latter, while N40,000 was used for the former.
 
In the South-south zone with 500 police roadblocks, N600Million was saved on N20,000 average daily extortion proceeds per squad. In the Southwest zone with 500 roadblocks, N600Million was saved. In the North-central zone with 400 police roadblocks, N120Million was saved on daily extortion proceeds’ average of N5,000.00 per squad used for the three zones in the North. In the Northwest zone with 300 police roadblocks engaging in extortion, N90Million was saved; and in the Northeast zone with 300 police roadblocks engaging in extortion, N90Million was saved.
 
In all, the staggering sum of N4,320 Billion was saved in the Southern part of Nigeria, whereas a paltry sum of N300Million was saved in the Northern part of Nigeria, totaling N4,620Billion in two months or February to March 2012. As usual, the Southeast geopolitical zone took the lion’s share of N3,120Billion having been substantially saved from over 1,500 police roadblock and extortion points. The gallop disparity between the Southern and Northern parts has to do with uneven income spread, number of extortionist roadblocks and extortion and corruption amenability.
 
In arriving at our findings, we observed that there are still pockets of roadblocks and extortion especially on inter-city and Trunk B roads across the country particularly in the Southern part including Southeast and Delta areas, in defiance of your office’s directive. Also night roadblocks and extortion especially from 7pm to 9pm (evening lucrative hours) are routine in some of the Southern parts. In all, there is about 80% compliance to your office’s directive, except in Delta State where compliance has fallen to 30%, no thanks to CP Ikechukwu Aduba’s counter and magisterial directive.
 
A strong Case Against CP Okechukwu Aduba (+234(0) 8037058988) Of The Delta State Police Command:
While we remain opposed to the lopsided selection and promotion of senior police officers by your office and the Police Service Commission, which have shut out the officers of the Southeast zone, we shall not allow the zone to be represented by “black sheep” and mercantilist senior police officers. Any such officer caught either by his or her utterances or actions should be booted out of the Force forthwith. It is in the light of the foregoing that we, unmistakably, wish to condemn the recent attitudes of CP Ikechukwu Aduba, CP Delta State, South-south Nigeria, who is one of the six or seven Southeast CPs recently named in the list of sixty-one CPs posted to various police formations by your office. In the said list, sixteen CPs came from the Southwest zone alone.
 
CP Ikechukwu Aduba, as reported in the Saturday Vanguard Newspaper of March 31st, 2012 at page 7, engaged in a height of disloyalty when he ordered policemen back on the roads claiming that their absence was responsible for “rising cases of armed robbery and kidnapping and other criminal activities on the highways”. In the report, which he did not deny, he expressed surprise that “he did not see any policemen on the Asaba-Ughelli- Warri Road” while passing through the area. He went further to twist and misinterprets your office’s directive through warped and un-professional interpretation of “police roadblocks” and “heavy police presence on the roads conducting stop and search”.
 
He stated these while on tour of the Warri Area Command. As correctly reported by the Vanguard Newspaper, few hours after Mr. Aduba’s counter-directive on Thursday, March 29, 2012, police personnel trouped out in droves back to all strategic extortionist roads in Delta State including Warri and Asaba, the economic and political capital cities of the State. When our undercover team went round Asaba, police personnel were fully backed to site, engaging in their usual criminal activities of extortion, etc. Possibly worried by meager returns from night extortionist police personnel who flood strategic locations in Delta State, from 7pm to 9pm (evening lucrative hours), he magisterially and suicidally defied his superior boss’s directives including that of his “Commander-in-Chief” as well as the recent resolution of the House of Reps and became an “Nza” bird that challenges its god to a wrestling match.
 
Apart from the fact that CP Aduba has been roundly condemned by all and sundry including the Vanguard Newspaper’s web visitors, he is unfit to be a Constable in the Nigeria Police Force not to talk of being a “Commissioner of Police”. If a Commissioner of Police in this modern age could rely on heavy police presence on the roads so as to “fight violent crimes”, it simply means that such a CP is grossly incompetent and unfit to continue serving in the NPF. Many believed that CP Aduba is an arch exponent of “swollen purse concept of policing”. Others have described him as extortion czar, considering the fact that there is no difference between “heavy police presence on the roads conducting stop and search” and police roadblocks and extortion.
 
Therefore, we demand that CP Ikechukwu Aduba should be recalled to the Force Headquarters forthwith, queried and banned from holding any State Command portfolio pending when his dismissal from the NPF is confirmed by the PSC so as to serve as deterrent to others. As the operational head of the NPF, your office should issue a culpability directive to the officers-in-charge of the over 6,500 police formations in the country to the effect that any further violent attacks against persons and properties found to be professionally uncalled for, should lead to the officer-in-charge of such formation and its jurisdiction being dismissed. By so doing, all seeming stage-managed and police-related violent criminal attacks against persons and properties will disappear, except traditional violent criminal attacks against persons and properties by habitual men of under-world, which should, also, be tamed inexcusably.
 
Finally, the fundamental step towards curbing police corruption is the sustenance of the removal of the police roadblocks and intensification of patrol methods and intelligence gathering and usage. Also the Area Commanders, Divisional Police Officers and their Officers-in-charge of operations should be firmly directed by your office to be part of the patrol and surveillance operations so as to discourage them from traditionally sitting idly in their offices, waiting for extortion-bred swollen envelops from their corrupted field junior officers. Since most of the States’ Governments have donated hundreds of patrol vans and motorbikes (such as Anambra and Lagos States) to their States Police Commands, they should properly be made functional and fueled at all times, from statutory police overheads so as to enhance the patrol and surveillance operations. Other motor arsenal such as foot-patrol and use of hired commercial buses and motorcycles should also be considered. Stationary operation style of policing should, completely, be done away with. Roadblock is a license to police corruption and professional incompetence and discontinuation of same as a “modern policing technique” is the beginning of wisdom for the Nigeria Police Force.
 
Sir, always count on our support for genuine and effective police reforms in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
 
Yours Faithfully,
For: International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi
Chairman, Board of Trustees
Phone: +234(0) 8033601078, +234(0) 8180103912
Email: umeagbalasi@yahoo.com, info@intersociety-ng.org
Website: www.intersociety-ng.org
 
Comrade Justus Ijeoma
Head, Publicity Desk
Phone: +234(0) 8037114869
 
CC:
1. The President & Commander-in-Chief, Federal Republic of Nigeria
2. The Minister of Police Affairs
3. Chairman, Police Service Commission
4. Other Relevant Bodies & Persons At Local & International Levels
 
 
 

-Masterweb Reports  (Submission By Makanjuola Olaleye Ademola)
 
The movement, whose name in the Hausa language Boko Haram translates as “Western education is sacrilege” or “a sin”, is divided into three factions, and in 2011, was responsible for more than 450 killings in Nigeria.
 
Though the group first became known internationally following sectarian violence in Nigeria in 2009, it does not have a clear structure or evident chain of command. Moreover, it is still a matter of debate whether Boko Haram has links to terror outfits outside Nigeria and its fighters have frequently classed with Nigeria’s central government.
 
The group has adopted its official name to be People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad, which is the English translation of Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Liddaáwati wal-Jihad. The members of the group do not interact with the local Muslim population and have carried out assassinations in the past of anyone who who criticizes it, including Muslim clerics.
 
In the wake of the 2009 crackdown on its members and its subsequent reemergence, the growing frequency and geographical range of attacks attributed to Boko Haram have led some political and religious leaders in the north to the conclusion that the group has now expanded beyond its original religious composition to include not only Islamic militants, but criminal elements and disgruntled politicians as well.
 
What is responsible for this saga, and what are the lasting solutions to the current problem facing Nigeria as a whole. This takes us to the theory of structural functionalism.
 
According to Parsons, four functional imperatives are embedded in all systems of action: adaptation, goal attainment, integration, and latency (also known as pattern maintenance).    Adaptation refers to the fact that a system must adjust or cope with its external environment, particularly when this environment is deemed threatening.  In order for a system to function effectively, it must first define the goals it hopes to achieve.  Parsons called this functional imperative goal attainment.  Integration is also important to a system, because it needs to regulate the interrelationship of its component parts.  Finally, a system needs to furnish, maintain, and renew motivation for individual participation, including the cultural patterns that create and sustain this motivation.  Parsons referred to these functions as latency and pattern maintenance.  Parsons further differentiated among four types of action systems: the cultural, the social, the personality, and the behavioural organism.  Each of these systems compels actors to perform a specific functional imperative.  The behavioural organism takes care of adaptation, the personality performs goal attainment, the social controls integration, and the cultural is responsible for the latency function."
 
Parsons argues that each individual occupies a status or position within a structure. "Status and role tend to go together in what Parsons calls the 'status-role bundle.'" (Grabb, p. 101). These are the ways in which individuals fill the structures of society. So long as roles are performed, the structures function smoothly, and it is individuals carrying out their functions and roles within these structures that make the structures work.
 
As old as this theory may be, it still has some elements of solution on what’s going on in Nigeria today.
 
In order for Nigeria to function effectively and end the violence that has caused several lives, it must first define the goals it hopes to achieve, adjust or cope with its environment, particularly when this environment is deemed threatening, regulate the interrelationship of its component parts. It must also furnish, maintain, and renew motivation for individual participation, including the cultural patterns that create and sustain this motivation. The government should endeavour to concentrate on Niger Delta, by building quality primary and secondary school, quality universities, good pipe borne water, creating job employment for the youths and  creating quality libraries which is a good agent of social change so that people in the North could go to school and be educated instead of killing innocent souls.
 
Makanjuola  Olaleye Ademola                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Department  of  Mass  Communication                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos.
 
 

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Rosemary Ogudo)
 
If you are among those that judge Anambra State based on her past, the judgement will be uninspiring. The evidence on ground shows that Anambra has moved on from the era of non-payment of pensions and brigandage that led to the destruction of the State in 2004. Today, what we have under Peter Obi is a new, improved Anambra State that has become one of the envious states in the country. Anambra is today in the news for all the good reasons, in spite of the fierce opposition that prefer the chaotic past because of what they benefitted. Anambra is a story on innovation and substitution of bad with the good.
 
For the first time schools in Anambra have been spoilt with computers by the Obi administration, a luxury the students could only dream of many years back under the likes of Okpala. The same schools have been given school buses for the first time, while the government had equally provided bore holes and transformers for them to ease their problems especially the female students. His regime has promoted teachers four times and lifted embargo on their promotion which a former governor claimed was not their right.
 
Obi then took the bull by the horns by handing over schools back to their missionary owners. He did not just do that but doled out N6b for the infrastructural development of those schools. Now Reverend Fathers and pastors have taken over the administration of the schools while the government takes care of their salaries. This is aimed at restoring sanity and good morals in schools.
 
Under this arrangement, 50 secondary schools and virtually all the primary schools were handed over to their previous owners.
 
Hospitals have witnessed the greatest government intervention ever in the state. For the first time the state will have a teaching hospital that will serve the state and the state owned university which the government has equally turned around and commenced the building of their permanent site. Ambulances have been provided to hospitals for the first time, while mission hospitals were also handed over to them with the government providing money for their infrastructural development.
 
Health centres are within reach of every community in the state and the schools of nursing in Obosi and Nkpor have received great facelifts. The general hospital at Onitsha has been transformed and this led to its accreditation by the Nigerian Medical and Dental Council.
 
Onitsha, the commercial hub of the state, has been witnessing a great turn around by the Obi administration which has built may link roads in the city. The first functional stock exchange in the state and perhaps in the entire east has been built in Onitsha and is contained in a sprawling business centre which has yielded enough money for another business centre which is nearing completion in the city.
 
The city boasts also of an ultra-modern mini-sports stadium in the northern end while a similar one is nearing completion in the southern end. The first one is replete with flood lights, tartan tracks and an under-ground tunnel.
 
Nnewi, another commercial and industrial hub of the state, has equally witnessed massive road network that connects the villages while work is currently going on on the last major road in the town.
 
Workers have been given a befitting workers’ secretariat for the first time in the state’s history. Hitherto, the state’s ministries were scattered across the capital city, making it very difficult for effective coordination. The first two phases of the secretariat have been completed and put to use.
 
Before the Obi administration, the capital city had not been touched in any manner by his predecessor. It was therefore left to Obi to start from scratch to reconstruct the capital city. He started with Zik Avenue which he transformed and put street lights on. He reconstructed the Court Road and opened up a new road that leads to Works Road. He opened up a bye pass from Agu Awka through Nise to Enugwu-Ukwu so that one may not bother to enter the heart of Awka while going beyond it from Enugu.
 
Obi has also opened up the GRA section behind government house with a beautiful road network. He has opened up the Ngozika Housing Estate, turning it into a delight to watch and live in and has begun the tarring of Udoka Housing Estate, both in Awka. He is building the first ever library in the state in Awka. This is coming after the one built in 1966 in Onitsha.
 
Obi’s all sector approach to development was what made him to break the jinx of serving governors in the state not coming back for a second term. He thus became the first governor in the state’s history to have two tenures, having been returned by an appreciative public.
 
It is instructive that the only group that hates Obi’s guts are those who brought the state to its knees in the recent past by their gluttony and squandermania. These are the people Obi sacked from government premises and they have tried to fight back to no avail. It is obvious that they are fighting against the tide of public opinion as the rest of the citizenry are praying God to have somebody like Peter Obi as Anambra governor after his tenure finally expires in 2014.
 
Rosemary Ogudo, Anambra State University, Igbariam



-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Obinna Akukwe)
 
The recurrent killings, bombings and destruction of human lives by the Boko Haram religious sect in the name of Allah and their demands for the Islamization of Nigeria was the greatest justification for the foresyth  of the late Odumegwu Ojukwu, President, Commander-in Chief of the armed forces of the Defunct Republic of Biafra.

Odumegwu Ojukwu, a visionary leader, became the Military Administrator of Eastern Region after the military coup of 1966. It was Ojukwu as Battalion Commander in Kano who foiled the northern axis of the Kaduna Nzeogwu coup of 1966 while Ironsi foiled the Lagos end.
The events that occurred later and the one sided success of the coup created the wrong impression that it was an Eastern agenda. This helped to exhume the age old northern resentment of the industriousness of Nigerians of Eastern extraction. This resentment led to the pogrom, a genocide where Easterners were rounded up and brutally murdered in hundreds of thousands all over Northern Nigeria. This pogrom included even the military barracks. Part of the reasons for the pogrom was the view of the northerner that these easterners should be slaughtered until they leave us alone to secede from Nigeria.
The counter-coup of 1966 which led to the death of Aguiyi Ironsi then military Head of State was to give way for northern secession from Nigeria. The inheritor of the situation, Yakubu Gowon was eager for there to be a separation from these troublesome southerners and he was willing to finish what Sir Ahmadu Bello was agitating for before the independence of Nigeria in 1960.
The north due to no fault of theirs has viewed the southerners with suspicion. The feudal north wanted to preserve their monarchial, theocratic and simplistic culture. They detested all dilution associated with western education, western lifestyles and western radicalism. They wanted a controlled cultural, religious and political environment devoid of radicalism and independence mindedness associated with their southern countrymen.
The north was apprehensive of being forced into a marriage with the south of Nigeria. The British colonial government had a sway time convincing the northern oligarchy that being joined to Nigeria was to their best interest. The north was not convinced citing population, commerce, religious and cultural differences as part of their fears.
The British colonialists had to organize to divide Nigeria into three regional blocks, East, West, North knowing that a balkanized south will be easier to manipulate by divide and rule. They then gave the Ahmadu Bello government tips on how to use the balkanized south to their political advantage by fueling divisions and infightings in the south while maintaining cohesion in the north. This advantage brought about the emergence of Tafawa Balewa as the Prime minister. The north, against the dictates of their intuition, decided to follow the advice of the British Colonial masters to go on with one Nigeria.
With the tensions in 1966, Ojukwu and Gowon met in Aburi, Ghana , where the roadmap for the loose confederacy of Nigeria was drawn. The British advisers convinced sGowon that confederation is as good as secession and as such the Aburi accord should be jettisoned. Gowon, based on British advice, reneged on the agreement and plunged the nation into a civil war.
The rejection of the Aburi accord and the subsequent declaration of war on the Biafrans led to the death of three million people on the seceding side. The federal forces wouldn’t have won that war if not for the high level military and diplomatic support from Britain. The British Government was a major supplier of military tactics, arms and support personnel throughout the duration of the war. The then British Labour Foreign Secretary, Michael Stewart, while regretting the actions of British Government against Biafra agonized that  "It would have been quite easy for me to say: This is going to be difficult - let's cut off all connexion with the Nigerian Government,…. "If I'd done that I should have known that I was encouraging in Africa the principle of tribal secession - with all the misery that could bring to Africa in the future” That was one of Britain’s official reason for supporting the genocide.
 
The fall of Biafra was not a victory by the Federal forces; it was a victory by the British Forces, British Foreign policy and British Government. It is laughable to suggest that the NTC rebels in Libya are responsible for the ouster of Gaddafi. It was foreign powers that aided the NTC rebels to oust Gaddafi. The same foreign powers led by Britain handed victory to the Federal forces.
 
The curse that came upon Nigeria as a result of the 3 million lives wasted  for trying to secede is haunting Nigeria now. Britain would have to grapple with an underdeveloped country whose citizens will be illegally migrating to its shores in search of greener pastures. Britain would have to grapple with the fact that the core north they fought so much to defend will be constantly exporting suicide bombers to British and European territories in the near future. This marriage forced upon Nigeria by the British Government, reinforced during Tafawa Balewa and Yakubu Gowon regimes have created problems of corruption, underdevelopment, murders, diseases, injustice, poverty and the newest addition suicide bombings.
The British Government should admit to mistakes of ill advising Sir Ahmadu Bello to go on with one Nigeria. They should equally admit that it is a mistake to advice Gowon to renege on the Aburi accord. The British Government should also apologize to the Republic of Biafra for aiding and abetting a civil war leading to loss of lives of over 3 million people.
 
It is gladdening that the British government stood by the Nigerian people during the military dictatorship of Babangida and Abacha. They supported National Democratic Coalition (NADECO) during the dark days of Nigeria. They still support Nigeria in areas of human rights, civil society agitations, capacity building for democracy. The British Government has been cooperating with Nigeria’s Government of Goodluck Jonathan in the fight against terrorism. All these are commendable and appreciable. The worst form of terrorism committed in Nigeria is not Boko Haram whose atrocities is yet to claim up to two thousand lives but the extermination of millions of Biafran lives under the supervision and cooperation of Britain.
 
The British Government should do their image a lot of good by offering unreserved apology to Biafrans for that foreign policy gaffe and take urgent steps to undo their mistakes. They should champion the cause of allowing every geopolitical zone to develop at their own pace holding on to the values they cherish most and create an exit strategy if the marriage becomes cantankerous.
 
Obinna Akukwe ( profetobinna@yahoo.com )

-Masterweb Reports
 
Masterweb News Team was on the ground when Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu was buried in his hometown, Nnewi, Anambra State on Friday, March 2. Ojukwu's body laid in state in his compound in Nnewi next to St. Michael's Catholic Church on the burial day between 9.00 am to 10.00 am, followed by a requiem (funeral) mass and tributes between 10.15 am to 1.45 pm. Ojukwu's adult sons, Sylvester and Emeka Jnr., and his widow, Bianca were at the service. Also in attendance were Peter Obi, Anambra State Governor and President Goodluck Jonathan, among other distinguished guests including Ralph Uwechue, President General, Ohaneze Ndigbo and Martins Elechi, Ebonyi State Governor. The closed casket of Ojukwu's body was placed about seven feet to the alter with Bianca sitting in a church pew a few feet from the casket.  
 
The requiem mass ended at 1.30 pm after which Governor Obi and President Jonathan amongst other important dignitaries delivered tributes on Late Dim Ojukwu. Jonathan said he would never forget meeting Ojukwu at his father's burial in the Niger Delta, during which he embraced him as a brother and father. He thanked Ndigbo for their support in the last elections.
 
The coffin was sprinkled with Holy Water and incensed at the end of the tributes and while the casket was taken away from the church in paradisium ( "May the angels lead you unto paradise. The martyrs welcome you as you draw near; and lead you into Jerusalem, the heavenly city." ) sung. The casket, draped in Nigerian national colours of green-white-green, was carried into Ojukwu's compound at 1.53 pm by senior army officers.
 
Church mourners and thousands restricted from the church due to space and security issues overwhelmed Ojukwu's compound gate under tight security control, questioning and screening. Important dignitaries and few members of the public were allowed-in due to mainly space issues. Members of the media were not spared as they had to struggle under life-threatening crowd control measures to enter the compound. A member of Masterweb News Team was forced into the gutter as soldiers and police repelled the surging crowd with whips (Koboko) and batons. Fight broke out at a point between soldiers and police on one side and an armed unidentified security detail in mufti who was denied entry into the compound. The combined team of soldiers and police bundled the armed security detail who also cocked his gun away. It was a frightening scene. The crowd surged again after the incident with security forces unleashing whips and batons on people, resulting in stampede as they fled the gate area. A police officer who was pushed down in the panic, got up and released a canister of tear gas which worsened the situation with people running faster, coughing, sneezing and knocking down anything on their path. A  Masterweb reporter who was inside St. Michael's Catholic Church compound about 100 meters from Ojukwu's compound gate reported people coughing, sneezing and running away from the church compound. It was a bizarre scene for mourners of their hero.
 
Ojukwu's body was lowered into the grave at 2.45 pm after prayers, and both the grave and casket sprinkled with Holy Water and incensed. 
 
Masterweb will published more photo news of its coverage of Enyimba Stadium funeral honour of Dim Ojukwu and final burial rites, interment and post-burial activities at his hometown, Nnewi, Anambra State.

 
 

-Masterweb Reports
 
Aba popularly known as Enyimba City was shut down Tuesday, February 28 in honour of late  Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu whose body was brought to town as part of his burial itinerary. Shops, markets, businesses, banks and schools were all closed. People started streaming into Enyimba Sports Stadium as early as 6.00 am under heavy security scrutiny. There were eight military security checkpoints coordinated by senior army officers between Tenant Road/Georges Road and Stadium Road/School Road. Masterweb News Team was stopped, searched and interrogated at each one of these checkpoints. The team had to park their car on Ehi Road to make their way to the stadium through the rest of security, as they were told by soldiers not to drive beyond Stadium Road/Ehi Road.
 
Security at the stadium gate was made up of combine team of soldiers and police, who for the last time searched and interrogated newsmen, fans and mourners entering the stadium. Thousands of people trooped to Enyimba Stadium, lining streets leading and those adjoining the stadium, singing and showering praises on Ojukwu. Security in and around the stadium was heavy. Several Armoured Personnel Carriers, APC, and patrol vans belonging to the army, police and navy were positioned in and around the stadium.
 
An Air Force helicopter painted in army camouflage colours flew in Ojukwu’s body by a wing outside the stadium gate at 11.09 am. Upon hearing the thundering noise of the helicopter, thousands awaiting screening by the stadium gate tried to force their way through the gate. A combined team of police and the army with whips and batons repelled the crowd, leading to stampede as people fled from the security forces. Many were knocked down, but there were no casualties. 
 
The governors led by T.A. Orji received the corpse at the wing. Newsmen were prevented from getting too close to the Air Force helicopter. At 11. 55 am, the casket bearing Ojukwu's remains, draped in Nigerian national colours of green-white-green, was carried into the stadium by senior army officers amid cheers from the crowd.
 
Masterweb will published more report on its coverage of Enyimba Stadium funeral honour of Dim Ojukwu soon. Funeral ceremonies for the deceased are scheduled to hold in Enugu and Anambra before interment in his hometown, Nnewi on Friday, March 2.