Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Igbo Community in the United States of America (U.S.A) is at the verge of making history. The Igbo States National Associations in U.S.A. have converged under Council of Igbo States in Americas (CISA) to form a common front to promote Igbo unity. It is not that CISA membership agrees on everything, what differentiates this union from previous attempts is the realization of a common threat of hounding Ndiigbo are facing in Nigeria, and the risk that Igbo culture and traditional values are gradually being eroded by meaningless pursuit of materialism, fame and money. It is not that the threat to Ndiigbo love and desire for peaceful co- existence in Nigeria Federation is new. The intensity of this renewed threat to the lives and businesses of Igbo men and women in Northern Nigeria, and the lack of will to tackle these challenges by Nigeria and Igbo States Governors presents great danger to Ndiigbo everywhere. CISA has been taking stock and monitoring these events and quite aware of the.......Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Echiemeze Chizekene Ofili, author of article 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] -For forty something years Chinua Achebe’s 2012 book, There Was a Country: A Personal History of Biafra, remained in the works. It took him this long to write because the story is too personal and too painful to write. Biafra Genocide took place from 1966 against the Igbo and other Southeasterners (Biafrans); while the war started in 1967 and ended in 1970. Achebe finished writing about it in 2012, forty two years after the war ended or forty six years since the 1966 genocide.
   
The story is compacted into 334 pages. And through the author’s mastery the story is easy and gripping to read. It’s easy to read because the writer’s style is lucid and without any hint of guiles. But difficult because of the pain and missed opportunities the author and his loved ones had to and still go through. Since it is a personal narrative the writer would not bog the reader down with too many details. That, in itself, is one source of the pain of the writer.

  
 
What would he include and what would be excluded and still satisfy his conscience? So many incidents and details which are equally important crowd the author’s memory. To keep the sage from being overwhelmed, he must suspend the writing for another day.... This is how the writing got delayed for more than forty years. But finally the story is written and the world is richer as a result. And a grateful world salutes Achebe’s courage.

    
 
Biafra story is one of the most painful of all stories in history and to write from the inside is even more excruciating. Children, women and men were deliberately starved to death by the deliberate, vicious actions of federal government of Nigeria under the direction of Yakubu Gowon and Obafemi Awolowo.

    
 
Television had just become popular among households around the world and Biafra became the first TV war and what the people saw was too heartbreaking and frightening and gave the world a rude prediction of what is to come if it would do nothing to change it. Skeleton-like children and others with distended stomachs and with questioning eyes held the gaze, discomfortingly, of a spectating world in the comfort of their living quarters. The children and their parents were dying in Biafra from Harold Wilson’s Disease or kwashiorkor.

    
 
Achebe’s There was a Country is one of those very necessary stories ever written. Achebe and the rest of his gallant fellow compatriots worked tirelessly to establish his Biafran country. He played a pivotal part in that country and those of us who benefit directly from those sacrifices are forever grateful. Because of great minds, men and women of sterling character whose sinews seemed to be made of steel, Achebe’s country of Biafra worked in the face of daunting challenges and pain. But then a temporary wedge was put on the path of Achebe’s country’s march to true greatness by the combined forces of Nigeria, Great Britain, Russia (former USSR), Egypt and the Arab League. The wedge serves to delay and prolong the wistfulness of Citizen Achebe but eventually his country that was, and will still be.

    
 
Partly, Achebe waited so long to write his memoir because he was waiting for Nigeria. After the defeat of Biafra Achebe wanted Nigeria to succeed and so he waited and waited. Forty two years after he would not wait no more. Nigeria is hopeless. As soon as Achebe wrote the last word of his memoir, the last death nail was driven into the heart of Nigerian country. On that day Achebe finally carried out the last wishes of his friend and fellow citizen of Biafra, Christopher Ifekandu Okigbo. Okigbo had specifically requested in one of his poems that Achebe and others should wake him up near the sacrificial altar when the various fragments and aspects of unjust wounds inflicted on him and his fellow Biafran compatriots by Nigeria’s hatred and intolerance are counted and stitched together so that collectively the beautiful and unassailable Biafra poem would be finished. With the public showing of Achebe’s personal narrative of the Biafran story, the stars have aligned and the last rituals for Okigbo’s and the other heroes of Biafra’s final passage to glory begin.

    
 
On few occasions Achebe stated that the trouble with Nigeria is mostly bad leadership. Achebe is one of the brightest minds and greatest thinkers of the 20th and 21st centuries. Achebe lived through Nigeria, Biafra and then Nigeria and knows the truth. Achebe is bold and tough as nail but on those occasions Achebe the infallible god inadvertently massaged the ego of the Nigerian country by trying to be politically correct as mere mortals do. But Achebe has transcended the elemental foibles of mere mortals. Achebe since had ascended that realm in his native Igbo culture, where after someone has washed his tongue, he cannot lie. So in his usually clear and mesmerizing language as he told his personal story in his book, There Was a Country he redeemed himself. Achebe knows the truth which is that the real trouble with Nigeria is because it is a badly structured country. The trouble with Nigeria is the terrible incongruent cultural mixture of peoples without common interests and aspiration. Achebe knows that his Biafran country succeeded not because of the type of leadership for Nigeria that he spoke about on those occasions. Achebe’s Biafra succeeded because of the structural make up of that country which in turn produced the excellent leadership that Achebe and his fellow Biafrans witnessed and participated in.

    
 
When we talk about how to build a successful country we are thankfully not subjected to the difficult dilemma of trying to prove if the egg came before the chicken or the chicken before the egg. In a succeeding country, a good structure most of the time gives birth to good leadership. A bad structure or system has always produced bad leadership. This is the trouble with Nigeria.
   

 
Achebe’s Biafra did not need five hundred years to succeed as many Nigerianists have always argued that what is needed for Nigeria to work is time. One year was enough for Achebe and the rest of his people to make Biafra work. There was no need and luxury of time for them to wait. Achebe’s Biafra either worked or did not work in a space of one year. In Achebe’s Biafra they had a common aspiration and dreamed together. But in Nigeria there are too many dreams and everyone is dreaming to the exclusion of their neighbor. So, Achebe’s Biafra remains the only alternative that will still be.

    
 
Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe in his blog, www.rethinkingafrica.com calls Obafemi Awolowo’s edifices “a fast crumbling edifice” in his answer to the irrational Awoist critics of Achebe’s recent memoir. Obafemi Awolowo left behind an enormous and tremendous edifice. Awolowo was a great Nigerian who gave the country the best he got. Because of Awolowo’s gallant efforts and those of others like Yakubu Gowon Nigeria survived the first threat by Biafra to divide it. Partly thanks to Awolowo, Nigeria still stands today as a united country. On the whole Awolowo built up huge personal and national edifices but Ekwe-Ekwe describes those intimidating edifices as fast crumbling in the space of very little time, why? Many critical analysts of Awolowo and Nigeria have concluded that this is so because Awolowo’s and Nigeria’s edifices were built on falsehood and genocides and they cannot stand, as a result. Nigeria is already a collapsed house of cards and the debris will need to be cleaned out to enable the new Achebe’s country to be.

    
 
Biafra was a republic; a democratic country. Decisions were taken collectively. Even the decision to declare the country as free and independent from Nigeria was taken after so many consultations and the unanimous agreement by all the provinces that were in the old Eastern Region. This is why Emeka Ojukwu the then head of state of Biafra is never synonymous with Biafra. Biafra was the entire people of Eastern Region and Ojukwu was just an individual who played creditably his own part. The people that ran Biafra were the best minds and Achebe is preeminent among them. In the midst of fire and great tribulations they created Biafra and made it work. This is why Nigeria’s failure pains Achebe especially. In Achebe’s heart of hearts he knows that Nigeria would have worked if. . .

    
 
Yes, there was a country and will still be the Biafran country. As always Achebe wrote honestly and sincerely and wrote only facts and truth. But would there be no detractors just because Achebe belongs in the category of great men and women of character and integrity of all time? That will be unrealistic to contemplate. Detractors who envy and with passion attack Achebe viciously for his audacity to choose freedom and independence over slavery, human indignity and crime against humanity as visited on him and his people, abound. They are many that attack without countering the facts of Achebe’s testaments on Obafemi Awolowo’s, Anthony Enahoro’s, Yakubu Gowon’s and Britain’s Harold Wilson’s genocidal devastations of Biafra. Like court jesters the attackers risk self-ridicule in the face of incontestable facts. But what difference does that make, anyway? Achebe was in the Biafra of the 1960s and sacrificially dodged bullets and endured the hunger for a better tomorrow for the next generation of his people. Achebe in horror witnessed and endured the pain of losing two Achebes, friends like Okigbo and a host of others to Nigeria’s extreme hatred, intolerance and genocide.
   

 
Though very painful but Achebe and others never regretted those sacrifices; they gave their lives for the generation of Achebe’s children and those after them. For Biafrans of Achebe’s era no sacrifice was too much.

    
 
Some of Achebe’s Nigerian critics have called him a Biafran in Nigerian cloak. How apt and true. No one that experienced Achebe’s Biafra, even for a day, ever renounced their citizenship of that country. In fact, every one of Achebe’s people ceased from being Nigerians and renounced their citizenship of Nigeria forever, since May 30, 1967. The late poet and dramatist Esiaba Irobi said it even better when he described himself as a Biafran citizen on exile in Nigeria.

   
 
Achebe has been through very hot crucibles defending and working his Biafran country. Even if they were throwing flames, Achebe will not be bothered with the present puny egg-throwers in their desperate attempt to soil his sparkling image. Achebe’s position as the eagle on the peak of the tallest iroko around is secured and Lilliputians at the foot of the tree can try every antic in their bag of tricks.

    
 
The bottom line is: For Achebe and the rest of his people, they know that there was genocide and there was a Biafran country. Achebe is the most credible narrator and he has clearly and emphatically said that, in part, because there was genocide then his people were compelled to work towards establishing their own country from 1967.

    
 
Now, to the consternation of Achebe’s critics the world finally accepts, from the testimony of a most dependable witness, that there was genocide in Biafra and there was a Biafran country. That is the first step. The next one is to call the perpetrators of Achebe’s people killers to the tribunal so that the world, our world can be made safer through the execution of remedial justice and the process of collective global accountability. That has been done before.
 

Osita Ebiem reports.
 

*Photo Caption - Chinua Achebe

 [ Masterweb Reports. ] - Since the inception of the fourth republic in 1999, Governors have been the subject of intense speculation and debate whenever they disappear from official and other public functions. As the year tails to an end, a serious call for concern is the plight of some state governors that have been missing in action for the past few months. Late President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua spent most of his tenure governing Katsina state from various hospital bed in Europe, unknown to people of Katsina, till he was foisted on Nigerians by Olusegun Obasanjo in 2007 as President. He lost his battle with his health in 2010. Crisis was averted when....... Read More. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
*Photo Above - Late President Umaru Yar'Adua of Nigeria at a Muslim prayer session in Abuja on September 29, 2009.
 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law wishes to report that on 30thday of January 2012, the Inspector General of Police, Mr. Mohammed D. Abubakar, ordered the removal of roughly 3,500 police roadblocks & extortion points from Nigerian roads. In the alternative, the IGP directed for the use of motorized patrols and surveillance of the country's crime-prone spots. The major reason for the removal of the said roadblocks was because of their utter conversion to official criminal activities particularly extortions and extra judicial murders. The ban, which includes that of ....... Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Above - Citizen Uchenna Anthony killed at Nigeria Police roadblock in 2010. 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] –  (Onitsha-Nigeria, 16th December 2012)-It is no longer news that Nigeria has recorded 42 deadly air crashes in 43 years since September 20, 1969, when a Nigerian Airways flight BAC VC 10 crashed landed, killing all 87 passengers on board. What is now shocking news is the high rate at which Nigeria’s top political and security personnel are killed in what most likely appears as plotted fatal air crashes. They are plotted because they look like bomb or suicide-oriented air crashes. From verifiable media reports and common sense, the March 14, 2012 police helicopter air crash in Jos that killed the late DIG Haruna John and three other senior police officers (ACP Garuba Yalwa, CSP Alexander Pwol and Sgt. Sonatan Shirinaru) and December 15, 2012 military helicopter air crash at Nembe, Bayelsa State that killed Gov. Patrick Ibrahim Yokowa of Kaduna State and five others( Rtd. Gen. Andrew Owoye Azazi, Dauda Tsoho, Commander Murtala Mohammed Daba, Lt. Adeyemi O. Sowole and Warrant Officer Mohammed Kamal) shared a lot in common(religiously and politically motivated). Competent criminal investigation outcomes would have also revealed semblance of same with respect to the June1, 2012 Dana Air fatal accident in Lagos that killed all the 153 persons on board as well as some residents in the air crash area, unfortunately, Nigerian State security agencies are not only obsolete, but they have abdicated their duties and left same in the hands of quarks like various legislative oversight committees particularly in areas capable of yielding “blood diamonds”.
 

An effective criminal investigation is a twin brother to effective criminal intelligence. Unfortunately, as we have pointed out at several social forums, the State of Nigeria does not have them and appears not ready to have same in near future going by unfolding sad events. The alarming and shocking part of it all is that while malicious elements holding the State of Nigeria and her peoples to ransom with plethora of security threats, advance in their criminality with their weapons and tactics, the State of Nigeria degrades and retrogresses dangerously. The history of State- plotted fatal air crashes and accidents is not new in Nigeria. On December 1997, under Abacha’s maximum military leadership, the then second in command, Gen. Oladipo Diya narrowly escaped death from a fatal bomb blast at the Abuja International Airport. The bomb was believed to have been plotted from within by the State. On September 26, 1992, 200 young and promising commissioned military officers shockingly perished in an Air Force C 130 fatal air crash, believed to have been plotted from within. The perished officers were referred to as “middle-belt officers”. On 17th January, 1996, Ibrahim Abacha, son of the then Head of State, Gen. Sani Abacha was killed in a plane crash. The United Front for Nigeria’s Liberation claimed responsibility. On September17, 2006, 12, out of 15 senior military officers died under suspicious circumstances in a military transport plane (Dornier 228) crash. On September 21, 2005, Comrade Chima Ubani, then vibrant ED of the Nigeria’s Civil Liberties Organization died under highly suspicious circumstances in Maiduguri, Borno State, Northeast of Nigeria during nation-wide rallies by the Labour-Civil Society Coalition (LASCO) against planned increases in the official prices of the petroleum products.

 
Comrade Ubani was the LASCO’s head of strategy set up to forestall any possible compromises by the then Adams Oshoimole leadership of the NLC. Comrade Ubani was made to go through the road with the Vanguard Newspapers’ photojournalist in a car that reportedly belonged to the NLC presidency. The so-called accident was widely believed to be State-plotted, more so when the whereabouts of the secret police agents reportedly accompanying them were not given. On March 14, 2012, DIG Haruna John, then new DIG Operations at the Nigeria Police Force Headquarters got killed along side three other senior police officers (mentioned above) in Jos, Plateau State in a police helicopter crash believed to be politically and religiously motivated. And just dozens of hours ago( 15-12-2012), Governor Patrick Ibrahim Yokowa of Kaduna State and five others including Rtd. Gen. Andrew Owoye Azazi, immediate past National Security Adviser, were killed in a military helicopter crash in Nembe, Bayelsa State, South-south Nigeria. Before his death, believed to have been plotted, Mr. Patrick Yokowa was the elected governor of Kaduna State, Northwest Nigeria, a State widely believed to be the capital of the Hausa-Fulani Islamic intellectual radicalism. Therefore, he may have been seen as “foreign governor” desecrating the “Islamic intellectual caliphate”. Gen. Andrew Owoye Azazi too, may or may not have been politically targeted in the fatal air crash.

 
Regionally, State-plotted air and land accidents abound. Apart from the State-crime being popularized by the Idi Amin brutal regime in Uganda in the 1970s, cases of such have been reported in some African countries in recent years. For instance, on 6th April, 1994, the plane carrying then Presidents Cyprian Ntaryamira of Burundi and Juvenal Habyarimana of Rwanda were made to crash via suspected ground missiles, while trying to land in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, after attending peace meetings in the Arusha city of Tanzania so as to end the raging civil wars in the two countries. The two Presidents died on the spot. Their deaths led to the 100 days war of genocide that killed over 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. On July 30, 2005, then Col. John Garang de Mabior of the South Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA/M) was killed in a military helicopter crash in the borders between Uganda, Kenya and Sudan, while returning to his regional capital of Juba after signing a peace treaty with his Sudanese counterpart, Gen. Omar el-Bashir. The helicopter belonged to President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, who was his close ally. The late Col. John Garang de Mabior was believed to have been killed under circumstances plotted by the State. Further instances are numerous to mention.

 
Therefore, the recent air crashes in Nigeria, particularly those of March 14 and December 15, 2012, and possibly, that of June1, 2012, may most likely be the handiwork of compromised and radicalized elements within the country’s security forces, indoctrinated and brainwashed in the art of sectional and religious fundamentalism by their local sponsors and foreign technical partners. Already, jubilations are taking place in all Muslim communities in northern parts of the country and beyond, thereby attesting to this position of ours. The malicious elements under reference may have thrown to the wind and compromised their professional/ law enforcement oath of honour, code of ethics, code of conduct and canons of policing /law enforcement ethics, and settled radically for their opposites under religious fundamentalist ethical dilemmas. In other words, to them, it is sectional/religious interest first and national interest and national security second. These methods of killing highly placed Nigerians“under clean job or perfect crime” circumstances may also have been brought about by the reported “technical partnership” between Nigeria’s armed Islamists and the advanced groups of same in the Northern part of Africa such as Algeria and Somalia. If this is true, then Nigeria’s top political class citizens and leading vocal voices on socio-political issues including human rights, particularly non-Muslims and moderate Muslims are dangerously endangered except God divinely decrees otherwise.

 
The porosity and gross incompetence of Nigeria’s security forces may have given room for the infiltration of same by these radical and malicious elements working in collaboration with their local sponsors and foreign “technical partners”. Sadly, the country’s security and investigative intelligences are so obsolete, disorganized, porous and incompetent that they are thousands of miles away from matching these opponents, intelligence for intelligence and technical know-how for technical know-how. Asymmetric warfare does not require brandishing or displaying of small arms or flooding of same at every nook and cranny of the country. It simply requires super technical and intelligence know-how. We reiterate our recent calls contained in our far-reaching recommendations to the Attorney General of the Federation & Minister of Justice, which were copied to ten other top relevant political authorities including President Goodluck Jonathan that the country and battery of her anachronistic security agencies must go back to square one of their drawing board so as re-brand them to be brought in tune with modern concepts, policies and practices of securitization. No amount of calls for foreign helps will succeed because terrain is the hallmark of every local security challenges just as criminal and investigative intelligences are the main pillars of criminal justice system.

 
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law reports.

 
Signed:

 
Emeka Umeagbalasi
Chairman, BOT, International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
08033601078
Info@intersociety-ng.org

 
*Photo Caption - People at Dana Air flight 997 crash site - plane crashed in Iju Ishaga, a Lagos suburb on Sunday, June 3, 2012.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – A helicopter crash in the forests of Okoroba community in Nembe local Government of Bayelsa State has consumed the lives of Kaduna State governor, Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa, immediate past National Security Adviser (NSA), General Owoye Andrew Azazi (rtd) and four others.  The other victims were the pilot and co-pilot (Commander Muritala Mohammed Daba & Lt. Adeyemi O. Sowole), and aides to Yakowa and Azazi (Dauda Tsoho & Warrant Officer Mohammed Kamal).
 

The crash occurred around 4: 30 pm local time shortly after  take-off. Masterweb News Desk gathered the victims were returning to Yenagoa (Bayelsa State capital) from the funeral of the father of  Douglas Oronto, one of President Goodluck Jonathan’s Special Advisers when they met their untimely death.

 
Fidelis Odunna, Bayelsa police spokesman confirmed a navy helicopter crashed in Ogbia Creek but gave no details of those onboard. An aide to Yakowa speaking on condition of anonymity confirmed the death of his boss in the crash. Many important  dignitaries were in Bayelsa on Saturday for the funeral.  President Jonathan was not in Bayelsa at the time of the crash, according to the presidency.

 
Comrade Hitler Adunion, ex-Chairman of Okoroba Community Development Committee (OCDC) who witnessed the incident told reporters the helicopter wobbled and nosedived into the forest bursting into flames.  In his words: "We sighted the chopper wobbling and crash-landed. By the time we got to the scene, it was in flames. We tried to put out the flame but it was difficult. We saw the roasted bodies of those inside."

 
Kaduna metropolis streets  swelled with pockets of crowd discussing the demise of Yakowa as the news filtered in, three hours after the crash and confirmation he was onboard the ill-fated copter. Security has been beefed up in the city.  Security forces patrol  all nooks and corners of the city. There is unprecedented traffic jam on most major roads and streets of the city.

 
National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) located the crash site within 20 minutes after the disaster and found all  the six passengers dead, most burnt beyond recognition. The dead bodies, which included those of Governor Yakowa and  General Azazi were deposited in the mortuary of an undisclosed hospital.

 
 
 
*Photo Caption – Late Governor Yakowa –Left;  Late General Azazi -Right.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – On April 13, 2010, Masterweb published an article titled "Many Protest Racist Murder of Nigerian Teen" ( The article is republished below ). Michael Barry, a 26-year-old man accused of murdering the Nigerian teenager in a row with racial undertones told court he did not know his brother (now diseased) had a knife when they were after a group of young boys and girls to try to retrieve his mobile phone from them.
 



Barry in his testemony said before 15-year-old Toyosi Shittabey was stabbed, “I was extremely annoyed, worked up and I just wanted my phone back”. It was the sixth day of trial of Michael Barry, a resident of Ringsend, Dublin, who pled not guilty in the murder of Toyosi Shittabey on April 2, 2010, at The Boulevard, Mount Eustace, in Tyrrelstown, Dublin.

 
Prosecution argued Barry’s late brother Paul inflicted the stab wound on Shittabey but that Michael was an accessory to the murder. Counsel for the prosecution told the opening hearing that on the fateful day, the victim was with a "group of five black youths and four white females" and one of the girls asked for the light-up of her cigarette by Paul Barry. According to the counsel, a row ensued with "racist undertones" and name calling followed by exchange of blows. Counsel for prosecution continued that believing a phone was taken by the group, Barry and his brother Paul pursued the group in a car and confronted them at a roundabout in Tyrrelstown. Prosecution told court Paul Barry holding a knife approached one of the youths and Shittabey went to assist the youth in danger and was stabbed by paul in the chest.

 
The judge in his ruling believed Barry had no prior knowledge his late brother had a knife and ordered acquittal of Barry. Judge Barry White told court there was no evidence Barry knew his brother Paul was carrying a knife when he drove him to the scene where he stabbed Shittabey. The judge also cited the failure of a crucial witness to give evidence in court and the fact that Paul Barry was now dead. The judge directed a verdict of not guilty entered in the case against Michael Barry, saying: "In circumstances where the accused man's brother has died and with the refusal of a witness to co-operate, the interests of justice may not be well served in this case".

 
__________________________________

 
BELOW IS OUR ARTICLE OF APRIL 13, 2010

 
Many Protest Racist Murder of Nigerian Teen                     Date: April 13, 2010.

 
By Masterweb News Desk

 
Over 2000 people on Saturday, April 10 in Dublin marched in protest of the racist murder of a Nigerian teen. Dublin is the largest city and capital of Ireland. The march was peaceful with a large number of police presence. Toyosi Shittabey, a Muslim 15-year-old boy of Nigerian decent was on Friday, April 2 this year stabbed to death in Dublin, in what many described as racial attack. The teenager was found lying on the street, near his home, at Mount Eustace in Tyrelstown at about 2000 BST on the fateful day. He was rushed to the hospital and died short time later. Many condemned the attack, describing it as racially motivated. A Dublin teenager, Patrick Kabangu, was reported as saying: “Racism is hiding everywhere. It is in the schools. Everywhere in Ireland is racist, it is just being hidden. This country is crazy.” Another resident in a Dublin Sunday Tribune report said: "It was a racist attack. He was a lovely happy-go-lucky boy." Two men aged 23 and 38 were arrested as suspects. The Garda (Irish Police) in a press statement said an official from its Racial and Intercultural Office was working in the city amid concerns about tensions.

 
Shittabey, is one of six children who migrated to Ireland with their parents 11 years ago. The 15-year-old, a talented footballer who played for Shelbourne’s youth team, was walking home from the National Aquatic Centre in company of friends when they were subjected to racial name calling by two men in the Mount Eustace estate. Words were exchanged between the two groups with Shittabey’s group walking away from the scene. The duo ran into their nearby home and picked up knives with which they went after Shittabey’s group in a car. The 15-year-old told his friends to ignore the stalkers and as they walked away, Shittabey was stabbed on the chest by one of the men.

 
A very reliable source identified one of the assailants as Paul Barry, 38, a resident of an undisclosed address on Pearse Street in Dublin. Paul Barry according to the source, was in 2001 when he was 29, charged under Section 2 of the Prohibition of Incitement to Hatred Act, after a stabbing incident on Pearse Street the previous year. Barry who was unemployed at that time was charged along three other men - Paul Fitzpatrick (20), David Colclough (29), and Darren Kenny (31). The four, charged under Section 2 of the Prohibition of Incitement to Hatred Act were accused of using the word 'nigger' and 'niggers' during an attack, June 11, 2000 on David Richardson, 46, and his son Christian, 25, on Pearse Street.

 
The march in memory of Toyosi Shittabey was organized against calls for its abandonment by Nigerian Muslim community leaders who argued it may spin out of control. In addition, some of the religious leaders saw it as too political. The march which began at Parnell Square, ending at the Irish Parliament, was led by a sizeable contingent of mainly black teenagers. “Never Again” they chanted as they marched with different worded placards.

 
The march which mobilized a faction of Dublin black population, and both human rights and anti-racist groups, was unquantifiable display of solidarity. Different speakers drawn mainly from political parties spoke at the end of the march. Ciaran Cuffe, Green Party junior minister spoke condemning the attack in its totality.

 
Other speakers included Socialist MEP Joe Higgins, trade union representative Jack O'Connor of SIPTU, members of the African community and Shittabey's cousin Abisoye Shittabey. Toyosi's cousin after her speech, read a poem she wrote for the commemoration, which read: “God wanted a football player for his team in heaven. He looked down and say Toyosi Shittabey.” The crowd concurred: “So God took him by the hand . . . You are safe where you are . . . in God’s care.” Jack O’Connor spoke of the need for unity and solidarity in the wake of Shittabey’s death. “No one should attempt, on the basis of this tragic event, to promote division or disharmony on the basis of where someone lives or comes from,” he said.

 
When the march reached government buildings, it was addressed by Minister of State, Ciaran Cuffe. Cuffe in his speech said that the Minister for Integration should work closely with the Department of Justice to make sure those who murdered Shittabey faced penalties they deserve under the law. He continued: “There is no black Ireland or white Ireland, there is one Ireland. There is no old Ireland and new Ireland, there is one Ireland.”

 
Many have condemned the racist murder of Shittabey, while some disgruntled elements are engaging in cyber ranting. There are several reports of racist blogging on possible backlash from Shittabey’s murder. The bloggers, many using neo-Nazi logos in their identity boxes, discuss the possibility of a backlash from the immigrant community in the death of Toyosi Shittabey. Some of the racist comments included: "If they want trouble they will get it -- they had better get on the government/taxpayer-sponsored planes back home cos its gonna get worse for them if they stay. This country is in recession -- we don't need leeches sucking us dry."

 
Sub-Saharan Africans were described as "Watermelons" in one blog. One blogger describing himself as "Irish Celt" wrote: "If they start a revenge campaign I will be out on the street looking for more niggers to kill. These welfare-suckers are outbreeding us 6 to 1 and if we don't sort them out now it will only get harder, just look across the water in England, there are lots of suburbs whites can't even walk through without being attacked by niggers. We didn't ask for these niggers to come here to our country, they were not invited and they are sure as hell not welcome. This liberal social experiment on us Irish has been foistered [sic] onto us without question nor debate. Then the liberals wonder why so many of us are raging over the flood of these welfare-sucking scum into our country."

 
Shittabey was given a Muslim burial Thursday, April 8 after view of his body in a coffin at a Lucan funeral home. Many filed past his body in the funeral home, after the traditional Muslim washing and shrouding ceremony took place. Shittabey’s heartbroken father Segun and his brothers Sodiq, 22, and Tunde, 12, looked on as mourners paid their last respect.

 
The body was conveyed in a hearse, in a long funeral procession with a Garda escort, to Newcastle Cemetery in Dublin for internment. Mourners wept as the coffin was brought out of the hearse and laid on the ground. The lid was opened and the shrouded body removed amid loud wailing, weeping and calls to Allah. Nigerian Imam Shehu Adetola Adeniji from Dublin’s Sheriff Street Mosque led a short prayer. It was then lowered into the grave to the waiting arms of two imams, thence onto wooden slabs, where the 15-year-old was laid to rest on his right side facing east. Shittabey’s brothers Sodiq and Tunde, were the first to throw clay over their sibling's grave before it was covered with earth.

 
As mourners chanted and cried out Shittabey’s name, Imam Adeniji urged them to look at the teen's death as a lesson. "No matter how or what was the cause of his death it was destined that he was going to live just 15 years and the 15 years of his life were very glorious. It's a lesson for everybody so we can improve our lives, be law-abiding and follow the way of God," he said. “No amount of protest, no demonstration will bring back this boy’s soul. Your good mind is what he needs – not fighting, not crying,” Adeniji continued. Referring to the planned protest march, he said: “Demonstration is uncalled for. We do not approve of it. It is creating social unrest . . .”

 
Assistant Imam at Sheriff Street Mosque, Alhaj Saliu Adewunmi Adeniran speaking against a protest rally said: “It can instigate problems with teenagers and we are worried about where it might lead.”

 
Important dignitaries at the funeral included the Nigeria Ambassador to Ireland, Kemafo Nonyerem Chikwe and Irish Minister for Integration and Equality, Mary White. Teachers and Shittabey’s schoolmates from Hartstown Community School and representatives from Shelbourne Football Club were also in attendance.
 

*Photo Above - Michael Barry (Left); Late Toyosi Shittabey (Right)

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The mother of Nigeria's Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala has been released five days after she was kidnapped, Delta state governor Emmanuel Uduaghan has told the BBC. He said Kamene Okonjo, a retired professor, was dropped off on a main road near her home in southern Nigeria. Kidnapping is common in southern Nigeria, where it is a lucrative criminal enterprise. It is not clear if Mrs Okonjo, 82, was held for political or financial gain. Mr Uduaghan said her captors had probably decided to let her go because they were..... Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Above -Prof. Kamene Okonjo, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala’s mother

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Boko Haram, How are you. I know you are listening because very many in your ranks are highly educated and intelligent. I mean the Pro-Sharia Boko Haram and the Al-Qaeda Boko Haram. The PDP Boko Haram will wait for another day. I am constrained to speak to you as a Nigerian, from the South East, a Christian and Clergy.
 
 
Every problem on this earth is resolvable if the parties are ready to be reasonable and your grievances cannot be an exception. The wastage of lives occasioned by the Nigerian civil war would have been avoided if reason was preferred to conflicts. Nigeria is still suffering the consequences of that bloodshed till today. I know that you originated as a peaceful sect, practicing your religious ideology in relative peace and obscurity.
 
 
I know that your frustrations with the system then were ideological- you abhor western education and its effect on the tenets of Islam. Your frustration was that your elites were using the benefits of western education to perpetually turn the rest of your people into slaves. I know that it was a former governor who lured you out of your peaceful co-existence, armed you and used you to subdue his political opponents. This governor promised you incorporation in his government and armed you to fight political battles. This same man used you to checkmate the ruling party and abandoned you after you secured electoral victory for him. Out of anger and bitterness you decided to react against the state and later the security apparatus and innocent people.
 
 
Boko Haram , you have killed enough. The whole world has heard your grievances-that western education is sin, but they do not know how you came about the conclusions. The level of poverty, disease, illiteracy and underdevelopment in the north was your initial reason for accusing your leaders of using the privileges of western education to oppress the rest. Therefore you formed the erroneous impression that once a section of the north is Islamized every socio-economic problem would be over.
 
 
Boko Haram, I would like you to know that western education is not evil . The rapid development of the southern parts of the country is due to the embrace the people gave to western education and ideals. The underdevelopment of your region is because your elites used the benefits and privileges of western education to exploit and oppress your people. Countries like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iran, Malaysia., Turkey, and Egypt among numerous others are Muslim nations who converted the benefits of western education to high standards of living. Therefore if it failed in the north of Nigeria then the problem is not western education but your elites. Your northern elites control the oil industry, oil block industry and bunkering industry in Nigeria. This industry nets above $10 billion dollars annually yet they cannot invest their lion share on your people.
 
Your problem is not the defenseless Christian, neither is your problem the Southerner. Your problem is equally not fellow Muslim who is yet to accept the extremism of your beliefs. Boko Haram, you are fighting the wrong battle. You are not fighting those responsible for your problem. You are fighting innocent Nigerians already under the yoke of poverty, diseases, insecurity and hopelessness. Boko Haram, spare the Nigerian masses the bombings, killings and atrocities.
 
 
Drums of war are already beating. Ethnic nationalities are already gearing for confrontations if the situation persists. MEND, MASSOB, OPC and even Christian Association of Nigeria are eagerly awaiting the reactions of the government of the day before they decide on the next line of actions in consultations with their ethnic leaders. They are no more willing to allow their people or religious faithful to be slaughtered under any excuse. In the event of full blown confrontation you cannot predict the outcome and you cannot predict the extent of damage. I have been in touch with different groups restless at the developing mayhem and nobody is smiling. If the killings do not stop, people will bypass this Federal Government and take actions to protect their people. Nobody has monopoly of arms and even I will not hesitate to carry arms to defend my own people.
 
 
Christians and Southerners have refused to engage in reprisal attacks in order not to follow a mad man to dance naked on the streets. However strategies for counter attacks have been drawn and when it starts even the most indifferent will be forced to participate.
 
 
Boko Haram, are you still sure that Allah asked you to kill innocent people. The leader of the Islamic community in Nigeria, Sultan Abubakar Saad has already denounced your excesses as unislamic. The Emir of Kano, Ado Bayero wept at the atrocities you committed in Kano. The Muslim Ulamas have denounced your excesses as anti-Quran. Your battles have lost both followership and focus. Everybody is now your enemy, Christian, Southerner and Conservative Muslim. You now kill anybody, including children even in the market places.
 
 
Boko Haram, just as I predicted in earlier piece 'Nigerian Politicians, Thuggery and Boko Haram', you have now veered into armed robbery as means of executing Jihad. Soon kidnapping and pipeline vandalizations will follow. These are the consequences of uncontrolled arms in the hand of unregimented people. These are not the ideals of Alhaji Yusuf., your late leader. You now discriminate between Kogi Boko Haram, Kanuri Boko Haram and Hausa Fulani Boko Haram. The discrimination you once condemned as the Nigerian problem has crept into your organization.
 
 
Boko Haram, I want to tell you that your leaders will soon be betrayed by your PDP sponsors. Once President Goodluck makes some political concessions to these PDP party men, they will sell you and reveal all your hiding places and you will be left alone. They were never interested in your Shari a, they just used you to checkmate President Goodluck. The best time to call off all these hostilities is now.
 
 
I therefore advise you to accept the federal government olive branch before it is too late. Appoint opinion leaders from the north who will seek peace with the Nigerian State on your behalf. Let their demands include;
 
(1) Amnesty after proper reorientation and psychological reconstruction of your detained members to avoid future acts inimical to the Nigerian State.
 
(2) Assisting your members with vocational and professional trainings so that they can be useful to the society
 
(3) Massive investment in education and literacy in the north by a three tier collaborative efforts of federal, state and local governments in the affected states.
 
(4) Trial of former public office holders in your region especially who embezzled funds meant for the development of the region and retrieving of the stolen funds for the development of the region.
 
(5) Entrenchment of proper electoral integrity to ensure that politicians in your region do not hoist unpopular candidates on the masses.
 
 
On your part you have to accept a cessation of all violent activities and liaise with sincere northern leaders to draw a roadmap for the rapid development of the region. A word is enough for the wise.
 
 
Obinna Akukweprofetobinna2@yahoo.com ) reports.
 
*Photo CaptionPeople watch damaged cars in front of St. Theresa Catholic Church. The church buildings were also damaged by the 2011 Xmas bomb blasts by Boko Haram. - CLICK FOR ENLARGED PHOTO.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – It is amazing that what has dominated foreign press for the past 72 hours now is that the Duchess of Cambridge is less than 12 weeks pregnant and that she has been admitted in a London hospital for early morning sickness. One beautiful thing about this is that there is a hospital in London where she is being treated. But I am not very sure now whether an average Briton will get treatment in such hospital. One other beautiful thing about this story is that some of us now learn late though that when women are pregnant, they should be taken to hospital to be treated for what is called an early morning sickness. I will have to apologize to my wife for having not taken very elaborate care of her early morning sicknesses.
 
But oddly enough, we do not hear of other millions of British women's early morning sicknesses which make me begin to think that early morning sickness could be a special ailment for the monarchy or their own early morning sickness is far more out of the ordinary. Either case, I will still apologize to my wife of four kids who never visited hospitals for any early morning sickness except for usual anti natal visits and even at that we did always consummate it without the next door neighbor being aware of it.

 
That aside, if our own celebrities in Nigeria and most African states (and I mean our politicians and so called elder statesmen) will develop our medical facilities to such a point where they will no longer migrate abroad for medical details of any kind, we would have come off age even if mortals like my humble self won't be allowed to have treatment there. What we would be saving will be capital flight in the form of paying for medical treatment abroad in foreign currencies and in the form of paying for tickets and allowances of people like Bamanga Turkur the Chairman of the Biggest Party in Africa who would be flooding abroad (either for their medical checkups and treatments or to visit their comrades in arm who are receiving treatments) with retinue of aids and party men just as they did recently when they trooped out to felicitate with Gov. Suntai Dambaba of Taraba State in the North East state of Nigeria.

 
I admire Great Briton indeed. Even in very austere times (when about 30% of Europe is grappling with recession), their people and their press still have enormous time and resources to celebrate and talk about frivolous things. And if you see how the British government juggles their law and panel bit legislations to accommodate who gets in the line of succession to the monarchy, you will be mostly amazed. Is this monarchy the sole of England and by extension that of Europe? They moved from Kings to Queens and now to anything provided the successor comes from one family. My question is: why is the principle of democracy not applied to this Monarchy of a thing if it won't go away entirely?

 
There are monarchies elsewhere (in Belgium, Spain, etc,) but the rest of us are spared their idiosyncrasies. After the dissolution of the British Empire, and subsequently, the collapse of most monarchies, Great Britain craftily shrunk her own and introduced what it called Commonwealth of Nations so that it will continue to subjugate her former colonies. Today, Britons are not citizens but subjects of the Monarch and you have a situation where public servants take oath of allegiance to the British crown. The Monarch uses her royal prerogative to subtly subvert parliamentary activities at certain occasions which I earnestly think is an abuse of power but the most perplexing thing of all is that most Britons do not even think about all these. Instead, troop out in royal weddings and other suppressive activities of the Monarch waving their Union Jack. Some even had to sleep for days in tents along the path to have a glimpse of Kate and Williams lavish wedding last year.

 
It was widely reported that Kate and Williams wedding, last year 2011, took away nothing less than 64 million pounds from British taxpayers last year. Couldn't that amount have been shared to very poor people in one corner of Europe? Even if it was not going to be shared out on charity to orphanages, should the less privileged not have been spared the psychology of stupendous fanfare in the face of hopelessness? A look at the stupendous allocation of funds to the Monarchy in Britain marvels any rational human being and yet Britons do not think about it.

 
The argument from Monarch specialists and proponents is that the monarchy attracts wealth to Britain by way of tourism. They claim that people who troop to Britain on yearly bases to see the institution of monarchy contribute to the wealth of Great Britain. But it is also a fact that all the tourist attractions in the whole of the Middle East is not because Jesus Christ and St. Peter and Haggai and Abraham and Sarah and Isaac are still there. It is not because Joseph and the Jews are still living under one Pharaoh in Egypt. People troop to those areas because the relics of that era stand there as monuments to remind the modern people of what happened in the medieval times.

 
So, if the relics of the English Monarchy are maintained, it is still enough to attract tourists to Great Britain without regular and occasional wastes in the form of Royal Weddings and other royalties. I know of a place named a point of no return in Badagari in Nigeria. A lot of people, including my humble self, have visited there to see the artifacts and relics of slavery but I did not go there expecting to see the last boat carting my people away to America for slavery.

 
I went to the point of no return in Badagry with the mind of seeing what injustices my people had to go through for the sake of sustaining plantations in America and monarchies in Europe such as the one still thriving in Great Britain. Directly and indirectly now and then, African resources are what is being used to sustain the supper structures in Europe and Americas. So consequentially, whenever resources are depleted to flaunt idiosyncrasies of the British Monarchy, Africans bleed for it.

 
That there are fratricidal wars around the globe today has a lot of connection with the attitudes and behaviors of the so called civilized worlds. And the politicians, just like some Monarchies, around these civilized counties collude to fuel the amber of discord so as to keep open the conduit of resource flow from those underdeveloped nations to their own country. But what is still not visible to oppressors around the world is that when resources of the world as is freely given by GOD are fairly evenly distributed, most restiveness in the world that are economic in nature will die a natural death. Additional affluence which will only be as a result of ingenuity on the side of some inventors and very creative people will not steer any societal upheavals that will engender wars.

 
People recognize others who are superior to them brain-wise and do not wink an eye lid when they see them in a reasonable affluence over them. The spleen to cheat and or commit societal crimes only arises when the so called politicians who are not good enough live in opulence over and above the more creative individuals and the labor force. In Nigeria, for instance, University Professors are poorer than Local government Chairmen.

 
There may still be some differences brought about by tribal and religious bigots, but if there is sufficient justice, those differences may not usually manifest in the form of wars. They will take the shades of caste or social classes but they may never have the impetus to ignite wars.

 
A lot of people will not see what I am seeing now but I do remember that the tax on royal inheritances started not too long ago. If a commoner in Britain had muted the idea of introducing inheritance tax in Britain in the early sixties, he would have been lynched on the street of Liverpool. In the same vein I know that the thickness of the skin of Monarchy as it is being practiced today in Great Britain will thin out with time and until then we may not see any mitigation of the economic induced wars of atrocities going on in all fronts in all corners of the globe which are all directly or indirectly related to oppressions of one form or the other.

 
Chris Onyishi (ctekchris@yahoo.com) reports from Enugu, Nigeria.

 
*Photo Above - World Map