Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

[ Masterweb Reports ] –  The Secretary General of Ohaneze Ndigbo Spain, Hon. Uchendu Precious Onuoha has commended the good works Governor T.A. Orji has done in Abia State. Hon. Onuoha who spoke with Nigeria Masterweb publisher, Chief Charles Okereke after their fact finding mission to Abia where they toured and verified the various projects the state governor has executed and the ones proposed to carry out in his legacy projects, highly commended the Governor for his visionary and result oriented leadership.
 
 
According to the Ohaneze chieftain, “Ola agba naka ejighi enyo ele ya” meaning, a ring in the hand does not require a mirror to see it. He said that since 1991 when the state was created, from the era of the military governors to the civilian, none has done for the state what T.A. Orji has accomplished notwithstanding the state of rot he met Abia during inception.
 
 
Hon. Onuoha lamented on security in Abia State before Orji. In his words: “Before T.A. Orji came in, the information and report daily received about Abia state here in Europe and America was lamentable. Security of lives and properties, which are among the fundamental things any purposeful leader should pursue, was zero in Abia state.
 
 
“Anarchy, hailstorm and disaster were let loose on Abia people. Murder, assassination, robbery and their big brother kidnapping like a hurricane swept across Abia state. Things really fall apart in a state that hosts the great Achebe’s alma-mater and the center could no longer hold. It was a daily experience coming across Abia citizens, aged parents, traditional rulers enroute Madrid airport to America on involuntary and forced exile to stay with their siblings abroad. Others relocated to other cities in Nigeria. And many of them could not survive the sudden change of environment at old age and died. Kidnapping was like an institutionalized arm of the Government and the likes of the dare devil kidnap kingpin Osisikankwu held sway.”
 
 
The Ohaneze chieftain stressed that Abia was held ransom by mother and son and was run as a kitchen cabinet. Above all, a state that is depicted to be God’s own state became devils own state under an evil dynasty. And eventually Abians, God’s own state and people were subjected to the worship of the “ Baal” of Okija. That would give a picture of the state of things before the arrival of T.A. Orji. That is the state of Abia the Governor inherited on inception. It was like a life snake been handed over to somebody. And it takes a wise, courageous and determined man to handle such a scenario.
 
 
According to the Ohaneze chieftain, surmounting these state of chaos wouldn’t have been easy. The chieftain said the first four years of T.A. Orji’s government was spent to disentangle himself and the people of Abia from the grip and bondage of the evil dynasty of his predecessor. Hon. Onuoha continued: “The governor within that period, embarked on a rescue, deliverance and salvation mission to dismantle the high places of Baal in Abia state and set the people free. It is said in Igbo “Ndu bu isi”, meaning life is the head. Governor T.A. Orji has fought a good fight and has restored the security of lives and properties and the people of Abia are no longer embarking on forced exile, but have returned to dwell in their own domain. Abians abroad can come home and stay with their people without fear.
 
 
“The dialysis hospital he built is a new innovation in the history of health projects in the country. Even the Federal Government has not done that. Knowing that our people thrive on trading, he relocated the old markets in Umuahia and put up modern structures. New estates have been built, Government secretariat has been built, Government college Umuahia has a new edifice added, not minding he was not an old boy of this highly respectable college. He has not left Aba in the scheme of things; among his legacy projects include rebuilding Ariaria and Ahia ohu markets. Also the Abia airport and sea ports are laudable plans and projects that he has lined up to pursue. Though because of time he may not be able to accomplish all, but he has laid the structure for whoever that may come behind him if a good leader like him should pursue.” 
 
 
“Though he may not have been perfect in all, but he has done very well and need to be commended.”, the Ohaneze chieftain enthused.
 
 
*Photo Caption – Governor T. A. Orji

[ Masterweb Reports: Eddy Aghanenu reports ] –  Recent events in Rivers State gives cause for concern and apprehension. It reminds one of the old Western Region in the first republic. As it was in the first republic, the police are active participants and not neutral observers. This is dangerous and it portends evil for the country. We forget so soon and refuse to learn from history.

As it was in the first republic, the ruling party at the centre in order to control the Western Region decided to induce crisis using the Action Group’s deputy leader against the leader of the party. In the process, Action Group became polarized. The ruling party at the centre, Northern People’s Congress (NPC) decided to use its federal might to rig elections in the region. This blatant disregard for the electoral wishes of the people led to the crisis in the West, which gave birth to the first military coup and inevitably, the civil war. This also led to the long military interregnum that destroyed the democratic culture that was already developing.

The same scenario is playing itself out again in Rivers State. Rivers State is gradually becoming the wild wild West of Nigerian politics. Governor Rotimi Amaechi due to his principled stance on due process and democratic best practices has been at log ahead with the centre. Formerly of the same ruling party as the centre, the governor was forced out of the party. Many factors are responsibility for the political crises we are currently witnessing in the state. The president is from the neighbouring state of Bayelsa while his wife comes from Rivers State. The centre will want to ensure that the state votes massively for the ruling party come 2015. This may not be guaranteed if Amaechi is not checked as the governor is not prepared to compromise on his democratic principles. While the governor is thinking of national interest and unity, others are thinking of selfish gains.
The best way then of limiting the governor’s growing influence in the state is for the centre to prop up another individual as the NPC did in the Western Region. With encouragement from vested interests, this new entrant is prepared to let the state burn in as long as he achieves his aim of becoming the governor come 2015.

Democratic principles were jettisoned in favour of anarchy. First, the governor who won re election as the Chairman of the Governors Forum was not recognized by the centre. Rather, someone else who lost in the democratic election that produced Gov Amaechi as Chairman was recognized. A man who got sixteen votes as against Gov Amaechi’s nineteen was recognized by the centre as the Chairman of the Governor’s Forum. Minority wins the vote! 

Another absurd move to weaken and probably impeach the governor was hatched. Five members out of thirty two members of the state House of Assembly in connivance with the police went ahead to illegally impeach the Speaker of the House and other leaders of the House. The police looked on while this rape on our nascent democracy was going on. The centre applauded this move of might is right. Five became the majority while twenty seven became the minority. Today, Nigeria has become a laughing stock in the comity of democratic nations.
The state is gradually being made ungovernable. The attempts to cause confusion and crises in the state are increasing by the day. Events organized by the civil society groups to sensitize the people on the need for peace in the state are being disrupted by the police. The Save Rivers Group has taken it upon itself to preach peace in the state and to advocate for democratic tenets to reign supreme, yet their commendable actions are not allowed to see the light of day by the police. The law enforcement agency has on two occasions disrupted the peaceful gathering of the people of the state who are yearning for peace. There have been allegations of the police shooting to disrupt the gathered crowd. Let the self centred politicians know that it is only the living that they can govern. If they are prepared to massacre the people in order for them to assume power, posterity will never forgive them. The people of Rivers State should not be used as canon fodders for someone’s selfish ambition.

Let us recall that prior to the coming of Gov Amaechi to Government House, Rivers State was in crises. Cult groups were openly at war with each other. Kidnapping was rampant. Niger Delta Militant Groups were also agitating. Rivers State was then Nigeria’s Mogadishu. Companies were relocating to neighbouring countries. Unemployment was high. Insecurity became the order of the day. Porthacourt was no longer the garden city it used to be. No investor was prepared to risk his finance and the lives of workers by investing in the state. This was the sad situation that Gov Rotimi Amaechi met when he assumed office as governor.

The governor was not undaunted. He confronted the problems headlong. He was bold and courageous at what some faint hearted people would have assumed as insurmountable problems. Seven years on, cult groups have been chased out of the state. Kidnappings have been dumped where they belong - history books.  Investors are coming back. Commercial activity is on the rise. Night life is back. Niger Delta militants are now respectable members of society.

This is the peace that some selfish politicians want destroyed. If this is allowed to happen, not only Rivers State but the nation will feel the effect of this. When the Western Region crises began, no one guessed that it will engulf the nation. After sacrificing over three million lives in a bloody civil war, Nigeria should not be allowed to tow the same line again. No country goes through two civil wars and survives it.  Those who are desperate to assume power should think of the consequences of their actions.  Persuasion wins votes and not violence.  Our politicians should learn how to persuade the people with the laudable programmes they have rather than using the “do or die” politics of rigging. This way, our democracy will begin to grow and development will be our gain.

I advise the centre to let Gov Amaechi be.  Our problems can be resolved through the democratic process and not the use of force. The people of Rivers State are in need of basic things of life. They are not in need of who has more weapons of coercion. Nigeria should learn from the unforgettable experiences of the first republic. Thunder, they say, does not strike in one place twice. Nigeria needs peace and democratic leaders. This is the only way that the needed development can come. 

Eddy Aghanenu ( Email: tedkay83@gmail.com ).
 
*Photo Caption – Map of Rivers State, Nigeria.

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] - The recent Church bombing and deadly rampage across Borno and Adamawa remind us, lest we dare say we transiently forget, about the seriousness of the Boko Haram menace in Nigeria. Our dear nation is one of the most terrorized in the entire globe.
 
All rebellion, terrorism and upheaval, regardless of undertones and superficial affiliations are organized politically and very rarely random. This means that when several people are prompted and able to gather together and work in harmony to rebel, kill and destroy, this is hardly spontaneous, but the result of clear political planning and sponsorship. Read: “Inside Rebellion: the Politics of Insurgent Violence.”
 
Boko Haram was initially created as Ecomog and a political thuggery enterprise, Boko Haram after becoming abandoned by its founding fathers, became a for-hire terror organization, adopted successively by other inhuman politicians.
 
The cult has metamorphosed since it was invented. There are different arms of the terrorist network, some who now go after villages and rape, kill and burn. These are desperate bandits, annoyed at the Civilians who have bravely turned totally against them, arresting and routing out their members. But there remains a sophisticated arm, the bombing arm, which is still sponsored by Nigerian cabal and politicians who use this arm for political statements and machinations. Jean Herskovits in an article published January 2nd, 2012 in the New York Times, described the for-hire nature of the terror group.
 
When ex-governor and one of the eternally impune, clearly implicated founders of the Ecomog Frankenstein, Senator Ali Modu Sheriff (SAS) recently returned to Borno, we had a political Boko Haram, bombing revival. Prior to that, there had been raids on villages and army installations, but it had been long since bombs were thrown at us people in urban capitals, to make political statements.
 
Words were immediately traded in Borno among the political class, who each accused one another of being behind that political bombing. The people demanded the arrest of Ali Modu Sheriff, but alas, we do not expect that soon.
 
As an intelligent people, it will be dangerous and reckless if we do not seriously consider and thoroughly investigate and demand the investigation of political and politician associations in Boko Haram terrorism, both now and in the past. And as we approach the next presidential elections—just few months ahead—God-forbid, but there is increased risk of aggravated, senseless terror. One must act and demand the right action, because we the ‘valueless’ masses will continue to be the only victims sacrificed in what could possibly be sick cabal political squabbles.
 
If several episodes of seemingly random bomb attacks of bus stops and churches are examined, it may be disturbing to realize that many times these attacks are related to a featuring political event or tussle.
 
While we the innocent and ‘stupid’ masses look only at the site of impact, we fail to follow the trajectory of these bombs. We see a bus stop bombed in Sabon Gari, for seemingly no reason, but fail to investigate the political event happening at a ballot or in the Senate at the time.
 
While it may seem harsh to suggest such callous behavior from our pristine dressed politicians, the question to ask is, are Boko Haram sponsors ghosts? Did the politician sponsors Goodluck Jonathan, the president of Nigeria, Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka, our late ex-NSA Andrew Azazi and others refer to, retire from the political parties and government, or ‘turn a new leaf?’
 
There is precedence of Boko Haram using carnage to move political agenda as revealed in the case of now free, Senator Ndume, arrested for terrorism and accused of furnishing Boko Haram with classified information and phone numbers to send text messages through. Senator Ndume replaced Ambassador Pinda who picked up the armed Ecomog thugs used and discarded by Governor Ali Modu Sheriff, according to details provided by SSS spokesperson, Deputy Director for Public Relations, Marilyn Ogar. See Transparency, Nov. 22, 2011: “Senator Ali Ndume arrested over alleged sponsorship of Boko Haram”.
 
According to the report, terrorist Ali Sanda Umar Konduga, a.k.a. Usman Al-Zawahiri, said ECOMOG sent messages to threaten the prominent individuals because Late Pindar told them that former President, Obasanjo, was behind ex-Gov. Ali Modu Sheriff and the message was supposed to serve as a deterrent to influence Obasanjo to withdraw his support for Gov. SAS. The text message sent by ECOMOG to the Tribunal Chairman were meant to frighten the chairman in order to sway judgment in favor of PDP in the Borno State Governorship Election Petition.
 
Boko Haram sent messages to the Attorney General (AGF) to make him influence the tribunal in order for PDP to be victorious in the court case with SAS’ ANPP losing. Bombing was promised across the state.
 
But for this particular case becoming public, the people are never aware that threatening texts are sent ahead of terror carnage. We, the common people, also usually do not know that Boko Haram is sending such messages to impress and influence top level political decisions on behalf of political candidates. When these bombings typically occur, we see them as sporadic events and do not realize that the government has been forewarned about them and that these events are being used for politics.
 
This Monday, a Church in Adamawa was reported bombed and dozens were slaughtered. We focus on that event, but fail to realize that it may not be un-linked with the government shut-down and failure of the Senate to screen the service chiefs or confirm the ministers, including three time failed NSA under whose watch Ecomog, and eventually Boko Haram and MEND came into existence, Spy-master Aliyu Mohammed Gusau, gunning for control of Nigeria’s total security and defense apparatus.
 
Is it possible that the deadlock in the Senate has a connection to the tossing of the bombs and massacre of innocent Church goers? Can we rely on our security operation under NSA Sambo Dasuki to investigate such links and determine possible politicians involved in using Boko Haram to maneuver political positions, now and till the 2015 elections? Can terror ever end if the politician sponsors remain free?
 
According to a White-paper report chaired by the Interior minister, Abba Moro, published in government’s official gazette since 2011, as detailed in DailyPost since May 23, 2012; also in PremiumTimes, Boko Haram evolved from private militias run by key politicians in Borno, who sought to outflank opponents ahead of 2003 elections. The report submits:
 
“For several months or maybe years ahead of the polls, the groups, under titles as ECOMOG, Yan Kalare in Gombe, and Sara Suka in Bauchi, amassed huge cache of weapons made available by the political leaders in a broad effort that stretched to adjoining Yobe, Gombe and Bauchi states, the report states.
After the elections, the youth, still armed, but discarded by their sponsors-a well-known electioneering habit for most Nigerian politicians- became easy preys for a radical brand of Islam preached at the time by Mohammed Yusuf, the sect’s leader.”
 
 ‘Government accepts this recommendation, and directs the National Security Adviser to coordinate the investigation of the kingpins and sponsors to unravel the individuals and groups that are involved,’ the report says.”
 
What has Nigeria’s NSA, Sambo Dasuki done since as promised in this report? As poor and Church going Nigerians continue to die, where are the political sponsors of terror?
 
In September of 2011, the president of Nigeria, Goodluck Ebele Jonathan said: Let me use this occasion to reassure Nigerians and members of the international communities that we now have strong links as to those involved in this terror war on Nigeria and Nigerians. I have directed security operatives to go after them, no matter where they may be hiding.
 
In January 2012, he again said of Boko Haram terrorists: Some of them are in the executive arm of government, some of them are in the parliamentary/legislative arm of government, while some of them are even in the judiciary, some are also in the armed forces, the police and other security agencies. Some continue to dip their hands and eat with you and you won’t even know the person who will point a gun at you or plant a bomb behind your house…
 
We ask: who are they Mr. President? Where are they?
Why have you not arrested the Borno politicians who created Ecomog as determined by the report on your desk? Is SSS and the police only good for harassing opponents and breaking up protests?
 
What must we masses wait for and do to get you to take our lives seriously, dear president?
 
We masses seriously and vehemently rebuke the idea that these cabal politicians are too valuable to your political aspirations to arrest them, and that rather you employ them and appoint them for top party and cabinet posts to placate them! Why do you hate us so much? We are tired of dying.
We demand an end to this senseless carnage now. Arrest political sponsors of Boko Haram. Investigate all those whose responsibility it was to protect Nigeria, but failed and aided and abetted the rise of terror, including commissioners and governors in related states and the past NSA’s like Aliyu Mohammed Gusau, whose paid duty it was to forestall such rise of terror. Value our lives.
 
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: drbrimah@gmail.com).
 
*Photo Caption - An assault rifle, one of the weapons used by Boko Haram.

[ Masterweb Reports ] - On Thursday, January 2, Nigeria Masterweb made a surprise new year visit to Abia State House and requested an interview with Governor T. A. Orji. The interview was granted after clearance with the governor and was held at the governor’s office at 7.30 pm the same day. In this interview, His Excellency , Governor T. A. Orji responds to questions by Nigeria Masterweb, and discusses the achievements of his administration in the state. Amongst the questions he addressed was his plans for Ariaria Market and Ahia Ohuru (New Market) in Aba, the proposed Abia Airport and Abia employment index. The previous........ Read More.
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Governor T. A. Orji



[ Masterweb Reports: Theophilus Ilevbare reports ] –It was a new vista for the PDP as the former two time governor of Bauchi state, Adamu Mu’azu, emerged as the compromise candidate for the chairmanship of the People’s Democratic Party, PDP. It is a whole new ball game for the PDP national chairman, nothing compared to his former position as the chief servant of Bauchi state from 1999 to 2007. The monumental crisis that rocked the ruling party in recent months under the erstwhile chairman, Bamanga Tukur, culminated in the defection of five PDP governors. Mu’azu comes into office to the exigency of the arduous task of party members reconciliation. He mounts the saddle at a time the party is coming to terms with some of the most profound rift the PDP has ever known since its formation. Personal ambition and vested interests for elective positions for next year general elections have turned the ruling party to a battle ground of sorts. The foot soldiers of President Goodluck Jonathan have already set the pace with the verbal warfare it has been embroiled with the opposition party and whoever has expressed any political ambition capable of truncating the second term aspiration of Mr. President. Stemming the tide of defecting members at all levels of the party to the All Progressive Congress will compel the PDP chairman to hit the ground running, particularly as lawmakers in the upper legislative chamber are warming up for what will become another tsunami of defection to hit the party.
 
 
The G5 governors have since left the ruling party for the All Progressives Congress (APC) save for the Jigawa state governor, Sule Lamido and his Niger state colleague, Babangida Aliyu, who have continued to sit on the fence after they pulled out of the defection train at the eleventh hour. The replacement of Tukur as PDP chairman was one of their demands. Both governors are also crossed with the PDP national leadership for failure to convince Jonathan to honour the pact he allegedly signed with the north to rule for only one term upon his election as President in 2011. Former military and civilian President, Olusegun Obasanjo, a founding member and one of the national leaders of the party, announced recently that he was withdrawing from party activities because an alleged drug baron was made the South-West leader of the PDP. These and more are part of the sundry issues Mu’azu will seek a quick resolution as chairman of the party.
 
 
As he steps into Wadata Plaza headquarters of the PDP, his crisis management skill will be brought to test as everyone connected with the party will be watching closely to see how he will go about the business of reconciliation of members who were caught in the web of Tukur’s high handedness – an overzealous quest to get the applause of the first family at the expense of the party. The new PDP chairman must be wary of undue influence from the Jonathans to put structures in states opposed to the president’s second term agenda.
 
 
As we approach 2015, the ambition of President Jonathan to pursue another four-year term in office will continue to generate tension between the presidency and arrowheads of the north’s quest for power return to the zone at all cost. This is one issue that is capable of exposing the fault lines in the party. For Mu’azu, blind loyalty to the presidency even when the party’s interest is at stake is a super highway to sliding further down the slippery slope of the PDP’s descent into crisis.
 
 
As chairman, he should gird his loins for the barrage of criticisms from the opposition APC in the broadsides of the politics that will ensue on the pages of newspapers. His inglorious past, particularly his case with the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, for allegedly embezzling N19.8billion during his tenure as Bauchi state governor will continue to be a reference point in the war of words.
The self-acclaimed largest poliitcal party in Africa has gained reputation over the years for recycling politicians with integrity issues. To underscore this point and Jonathan’s hypocrisy in the fight against corruption, in spite of the allegations of misappropriation of Bauchi state funds, Mr President gave his blessing to the appointment of Adamu Mu’azu in 2011 as Chairman of the Board of Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA). In November 2013, Mu’azu was then appointed as chairman of the Nigerian Pension Commission, PENCOM. It is reprehensible and morally wrong for the president to appoint a man standing trial for corruption to such a high office. The ruling party and indeed the government of Goodluck Jonathan has advertently being encouraging corruption by appointing indicted persons facing investigations into sensitive positions. It is weird to assume Jonathan will ever think of corruption let alone fight it. Mr President is at best, fighting corruption with corruption. It is patently obvious from his antecedents that Jonathan does not only encourage corruption but endorses it.
 
 
Another battle of supremacy between incumbent Bauchi governor Isa Yuguda and the new chairman, Adamu Mu’azu might be in the offing, a parallel of the political feud between Murtala Nyako and Bamanga Tukur rivalry that led to the eventual defection of the Adamawa state governor to the APC. Governor Isa Yuguda during the early days of his tenure, set up a committee to probe the former governor on the alleged mismanagement of N19.8billion from the state coffers. Many saw this as a way to get back at Mu’azu for the infamous role he played in working against his candidature in the 2007 elections which made him decamp to the opposition All Nigeria People’s Party, ANPP, on whose platform he won the election. Yuguda only returned to the PDP after he married off one of the daughters of late President Umaru Yar’adua. He capitalised on his new status as son-in-law to the then president and made a triumphant return to the PDP. After his return, the Bauchi PDP was factionalised. A faction was loyal to governor Yuguda and another (better known as “PDP Dubai” at that time) loyal to the former governor, Mu’azu, who was on self-exile to the United Arab Emirates for fear of prosecution. He steered the affairs of PDP in his home state from there. Many still belief there is still some bad blood between the two and it is only a matter of time before the much feared and talked about rivalry for control of party structure between a PDP national chairman and incumbent governor of his state of origin begins.
 
 
Now that President Jonathan has failed to install his preferred candidate as PDP chairman the way he had his way with Tukur, what fate lies ahead of his 2015 ambition? Will Adamu Mu’azu, wholeheartedly support the pesky aspiration of the president to run for a second term despite the mounting opposition from the north? What way can Jonathan’s electoral fortune be buttered considering that Bauchi was one of the states that we saw anti-Jonathan protesters in their numbers leading to the killing of some National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) election officials in 2011. The new PDP chairman was one of the aspirants who jostled to emerge as a northern presidential candidate on the platform of the party before the 2011 elections. So, will Mu’azu sacrifice his ambition and the interest of the North to support the candidature of President Jonathan from the South? These are questions that will determine the trajectory of Adamu Mu’azu’s stewardship because as we have seen in the past, the support of a PDP national chairman cannot be divorced from the ambition of a sitting president seeking a second term.
 
 
Theophilus Ilevbare ( Email: tilevbare@hotmail.com ) is a public affairs commentator.
 
 
*Phone Caption – PDP logo

[ Masterweb Reports: Chudi Offodile reports ] – Veteran journalist and author, Olusegun Adeniyi, in his article titled – Sanusi’s letter, Jonathan’s burden, offered interesting insights into the disagreement between the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation [NNPC] and President Goodluck Jonathan on one side and the Central Bank Governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, over the ‘missing’ $49.8 billion dollars.
 
 
Adeniyi’s prescription on how to resolve the question of transparency in the management of our oil resources by listing the NNPC in the stock exchange is right on the mark. I had advocated for such listing in 2002, in a paper I presented as the Chairman of the House of Representatives ad hoc committee on joint venture oil operations. That paper, titled ‘The Commercial status of NNPC’, was published in Thisday and Guardian newspaper of 27th June, 2002.
 
 
However, I depart from my dear friend, Adeniyi, when he suggests that the CBN governor had no political motives in that leaked communication with the President and his position that ‘bringing such fears about possible financial leakages to the Presidents notice, even if via a letter, is within Sanusi’s remit as CBN governor and to foreclose such interventions would be to expose our system to serious danger’.
 
 
Everyone knows that the President and Sanusi have not had a cozy relationship in the past year or so and the fact that the central bank governor wrote a potentially damaging letter to the President was common knowledge within informed Abuja circles. The President had queried the audited accounts of the CBN for the preceding years and had rejected Sanusi’s nominees to the board of the CBN, appointing instead, Musa Kafarati and Lagos based corporate lawyers, Ayuli Jemide and Collins Chikeluba to the board of the CBN.
 
 
Sanusi’s letter was his own response to a raging but quiet conflict with the President. So it was clearly political and was designed to achieve a coup de grace against the President. But the casual manner NNPC staffers waived off the allegations when the letter leaked was an early indication that Sanusi had goofed. A bewildered nation watched in disbelief as the CBN governor recanted. It was an anti climax. The coup had failed.
 
 
The autonomy of the Central Bank was designed to provide the monetary institution with operational independence from political authorities not to create an alternative government. Sanusi has expanded the autonomy beyond the contemplation of the advocates of central bank autonomy, the norm in civilized climes, to include challenging and ridiculing political authorities. First was the National Assembly and in this case, the President. No one should applaud that, no matter on which side of the political divide you are, because it traumatizes the economy and exposes the central bank institution to unnecessary political risks.
 
 
And his math was wrong by a wide margin. Sanusi is very eloquent and I enjoy listening to him. Not surprising for a Kings college old boy. But the most important skill set for a banker is math not English language. Therefore, when a central bank governor, alleges in writing, that $49.8 billion dollars is unaccounted for by the NNPC and it turns out that the figure is actually $10.8 billion dollars, a difference of $39 billion dollars, he needs not be persuaded by anyone to resign from office if he has any modicum of integrity. The margin of error calls to question his competence and lends credence to the fact that the letter was politically motivated.
 
 
On the outstanding $10.8 billion dollars, the NNPC has explained it as expenditures incurred as part of statutory responsibilities which the NNPC as the national oil company, executes on behalf of the federal government and by extension, the entire people of Nigeria. $8.4 billion dollars spent on subsidy claims, $1.22 billion dollars spent on repair of damaged pipelines, $0.72 billion dollars incurred on products and crude oil losses and $0.37 billion dollars expended on holding the country’s strategic products reserve.
 
 
These figures represent the operational expenses of the NNPC and so long as NNPC continues to determine its own operational costs, the federal government will continue to short-change the other stake holders of the federation account. It also allows the NNPC to pass on to the Nigerian people the costs of its inefficiencies. It is not just wrong, it is unconstitutional. This was the focus of my article on the commercial status of the NNPC earlier referred to in the aftermath of the Supreme Court Judgement in Attorney General of the federation v Attorney General of Abia State and others [2002] 6NWLR[Part 764][2] delivered on the 5th of April, 2002.
 
 
Prior to the Judgement of the Supreme Court, the federal government usually deducted monies paid to the National Judicial Council for funding of state and federal judiciaries, monies for servicing of external debts and for funding joint venture contracts and NNPC priority projects as first line charge on the federation account. The Supreme Court held that the practice of such deductions was alien to the 1999 constitution pointing out that “even if any enactment has provided for them, like the Appropriation Act by the National Assembly, such enactment is inconsistent with the constitution and is therefore invalid to the extent of the inconsistency”.
 
 
In a quick response to the judgement, the federal government under President Olusegun Obasanjo, announced that the NNPC would henceforth be run as a commercial venture and would operate two new accounts, one for operations cost and the other for the net profit returns which would then be paid into the federation account. The operation cost account is first line charge in another guise. It contravenes s.162 of the constitution and flies in the face of the Supreme Court decision. The only legal remedy is if the operation cost account is at the instance of the owners of the federation account and it is operated transparently to their satisfaction or on agreed terms.
 
 
The federation account is managed by the federal government but is owned by the three tiers of government – THE FEDERAL, STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS. S.162 [1] of the constitution states clearly that the federation shall maintain a special account to be called the federation account into which shall be paid all revenue collected by the government of the federation. Revenue means any income or return accruing to or derived by the government from any source and includes: [a] any receipt, however described arising from the operation of any law [b] any return, however described arising from or in respect of any property held by the government of the federation [c] any return by way of interest on loans and dividends in respect of shares or interest held by the government of the federation in any company or Statutory body.
 
 
To avoid these cost escalations which are oftentimes legitimate but sometimes unverified and which breeds tensions at the monthly federal accounts allocation committee [FAAC] meetings, the owners of the federation account should agree on a framework to regulate, limit or peg the annual operations cost of NNPC to no more than a particular agreed figure or a percentage of its gross revenue. I had expected the Governors forum to focus on this but they focused on politics, so much so, that twelve years after the Supreme Court decision, NNPC’s unrestrained appetite persists at the expense of the federation account.
 
 
The other option would be for the government to set up a technical team to advice on the options for listing the NNPC on the Nigerian stock exchange and other exchanges around the world. This would require some form of divestment by the government from NNPC but it will stimulate the economy, provide cheaper source of funds and engender public confidence in the corporation.
 
 
Above all, it will subject NNPC to the eagle eyes of market operators since they would have to submit quarterly, half yearly and annual accounts to the exchange to be made available to market operators. The exchange will provide the most transparent platform to resolve the number game of gross and net accruals.
 
 
Chudi Offodile ( Email: c_offodile@yahoo.com ) reports.
 

*Photo Caption – NNPC logo

  [ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] – The truth is that not even the resignation of Alhaji Bamanger Tukur as the national chairman of the PDP will make the party stronger and formidable. What is killing the party is also what is stunting the growth of other political parties in Nigeria and a number of factors are responsible or affixed. One of the strongest political parties in the world is the Communist Party of China founded in 1948 by Comrade Mao Tseng Tung. Its present chairman just left Nigeria few days ago on state visit. The strongest premises upon which political parties are built are “ideology” and “sound ethical code”. These the PDP do not have till date. Another problem militating against the growth of political parties in Nigeria is insufficient legal instrument to moderate the affairs and conducts of the political parties and their members. Other militating factors are lack of sound internal democracy mechanisms, undue interference by courts and promotion of parochial, pecuniary and ethno-religious interests above the collectivist party interests as well as corruption.
 

The PDP crisis must be seen beyond recent or ongoing defection of some of its key elected members to the central opposition party called APC. The defection is purely predicated on warped political calculations premised on 2015 polls especially the presidential poll. It is orchestrated by those who want to return the country to “burn to rule” era and those who want media immunity to shield themselves from their atrocious acts and past in public governance as well as those who want to be “turn coat”, a sort of “old wine in new bottle”.
 
 
In the Chinese Communist Party, internal discipline premised on strong ethical code, reigns supreme. If any member, be he or she elected or appointed for public or party services, is found to have violated the party’s code or engaged in fraudulent act, he or she is sanctioned ethically and further handed over to police for criminal investigation and prosecution. In this circumstance, courts have limited space of interference especially on the party’s ethical matters. This process is almost absent in the PDP and other political parties in the country. The Communist Party under reference also has strong ideology, which every incoming member must be made to be aware of before joining.
 
 
There is no ideology in PDP, which makes it not only an all comers affair, but also the party for the good, the bad and the ugly. Reckless court interference also kills the growth of political parties in Nigeria including the PDP. In PDP, likewise other parties, there is no difference between sanction over ethical misconduct and criminal law breaking and the referral to criminal law investigative agencies against any party member found engaging in office, property or human crimes or crimes against person, is hardly made. There is also a big lacuna in the Nigerian Judiciary in matters of civil law and criminal law court proceedings and prosecutions, as in professionalization. In organized climes, there are criminal high courts and civil high courts, criminal appeal courts and civil appeal courts, vice versa. In some cases, court divisions are sub-divided to accommodate the arrangement, for the purpose of professionalization. Other than Lagos State, to an extent, this is totally absent in Nigeria, which leaves the country with the culture of “judicial mercantilism and subsistence”. 

 
For strong and vibrant PDP, likewise other political parties in Nigeria to emerge, the stunting factors foregoing must be addressed. The PDP must be revolutionalized along strong ideological and ethical lines. The legal system under its midwifery political parties operate in Nigeria including the “constitutions” of the political parties as well as INEC’s Establishment Act and Electoral Act must be reworked. As for the 2015 general polls, for PDP to find its feet again, it must push for the constitutionality of six geopolitical zonal rotational presidency and have it zoned to the most favoured and presidentially cheated zone.
 
 
This singular important act has the capacity of turning the PDP around positively and swallows the warped calculations of its rivals especially the APC’s perceived journey to return Nigeria to “born to rule” presidency. On public governance, as the central ruling party, the PDP must use the remaining months left, to give Nigerians real dividends of democracy such as commencement of the Second Niger Bridge, steady power supply with “pay as you consume” billing system, prudent budgets with huge capital expenditures and less recurrent expenditures, minimal loan borrowings and huge repayment policies, security and safety of Nigeria and Nigerians and creation of investment friendly environments as well as fight against corruption. Sound internal and external democracy culture must be restored and acculturated in the Party.
 
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety)
41, Miss Elems Street, Fegge, Onitsha, Nigeria
Phone: 08033601078 or 08180103912
 
 

*Photo Caption – PDP logo

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] – The people of Borno have stood up to combat insane terror. Nigeria’s military is engaged, fighting and dying to restore sanity to one of the prior most peaceful parts of Nigeria. As they all make the ultimate sacrifice, fighting and dying to protect the sanctity and sanity of life, not just in the north east, but the entire nation, it is an insult and vituperation to the nation and gravid misconduct of the authorities of Nigeria, that the sponsors and inventors of terror remain lose and above the law, while our youth and army who we portray as dispensable and disposable, die to clear up the mess.
 
Sponsors of terror can no longer walk free. Top level suspects must be brought in. Dots must be connected and serious investigations run on all those who have sided and abetted and sponsored, directly or indirectly, the menace that plagues Nigeria and its neighbors.
 
Those whose duty it was to protect the people, but were negligent and even went ahead to arm bandits who later became full blown terrorists, must be held to account for their misdeeds, not just to clear up this particular mess, but in responsibility and as a responsibility of the government, to prevent this from recurring and recurring in a political reckless republic.
 
Ali Modu Sheriff, aka, SAS is chief suspect. The people have passed their judgment. After the bombing in Maiduguri today, our brave youth could take it no more and once again, went after SAS. Ali Modu Sheriff was the bloody-rich governor of Borno, under whose watch Boko Haram successfully evolved. Do you know the hurt, the pain and the insult as he comes back, free and fat, to involve himself in politics in the state?
It is public knowledge that the politicians of Borno invented ECOMOG, an armed civilian hooligan force, which was used for political intimidation during Ali Modu Sheriffs battle to edge out Governor Mala Kachallah from the Government House.
Alhaji Mala  Atuman, who was declared wanted by the Civilian JTF June 27th last year and whose house was later attacked by Borno youth, leading up to his arrest—which SAS reproached—and others who filled in the vacuum when SAS and his team abandoned Boko Haram-Ecomog, must all be arrested and thoroughly interrogated.
 
There must be top level culprits. Nigerians are not monkeys and our lives are not more worthless than grass. Enough is enough. The National Security Advisers of Nigeria, under whose tenures and whose responsibilities it was to check and arrest the development of terror networks in the country must be brought to book for dereliction of the duty for which Nigeria paid them.
In our jobs, we all do our duty. If we fail, we are fired and/or sued. Nigeria’s ministers, governors, security advisers and presidents who failed to protect the society, which paid them heavily to do so, must be brought to account for their carelessness and direct or indirect facilitation of the menaces of deadly terror, north and south. There must be fiscal responsibility and retribution, for us to be a nation or nations more than a mere collection of barbarians. Things cannot get better if administrative criminals are not held to account.
Failure of the current administration to deal with terror from the top, as our army and brave youth sacrifice and die to curb it from the bottom, will clearly define this government as a supporter of, and accessory to death and terror.
 
In May of 2012, the President of Nigeria stated that he knew the sponsors of terror and will bring them to Justice. It is 2 years later now. We will not wait any longer. Bring the sponsors of terror to justice or you, the Federal government is a sponsor of terror, and the Nigerian nation is under siege of its government. And while you are at it, please get PDP chairman, Bamanga Tukur who said, “Boko Haram is fighting for justice, Boko haram is another name for justice,” out of our faces. Stop being so wicked. Respect us and our lives a little.
 
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: drbrimah@gmail.com ).
 
*Photo Caption – Senator Ali Modu Sheriff

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr Chukwuma Egemba reports ] – Happy New Year my brothers and sisters, fellow Biafran activists and supporters of our restoration efforts! As end of year/new year festivities draws down, I wish you all safe journey back to your places of residence, business, study and leisure. I also wish you abundant life, good health and peace of mind in 2014 and beyond. With these guaranteed and God willing, your plans and expectations for the New Year will be fulfilled.
 
 
In December last year following the call to glory of our iconic Mandela, I share with you the lessons we should learn from his life, politics and humility. In the same month, a damaging conflict with wider international ramifications broke out in South Sudan. I urge all who have the capacity to do so to go beyond the headlines and study/understand the underlying causes, implications and lessons from this conflict. Comparatively speaking, South Sudan and future Biafran state will be like David and Goliath. Though Biafra is and will be more sophisticated than South Sudan, but there are a lot to learn from the conflict.
 
 
 All the principal actors in the conflict were leaders in the liberation struggle and politics leading to independence. Both were from different ethnic groups – with different interest – both want power, control and domination. Today, there are multiple organisations and groups in the struggle for Biafra. At independence, the leaders of these groups will stake for power and control in the new Biafra. Can anyone stop any one from seeking power? Which group/leader will claim to be more important or played more important role than the other? Therefore, it will be unwise to undermine any individual or group within the struggle. Given the geography and the ethno-historical composition of Biafra, our cultural diversity and high degree of political awareness of the people, if conflict is to break out in Biafraland, what is happening in South Sudan and Somalia with be like rehearsal in a nursery playground. This is why I feel unease when individuals and groups are undermined and ridiculed. There are lots of stakeholders in Biafra.
 
 
The struggle for Biafra will not be won on Facebook or airwaves. The hard work is on-going on the ground in Biafraland and in many unlikely places. The demise of Nigeria is no longer debatable (with or without expiration of amalgamation). After declaration of independence and complete sovereignty, and depending on how our victory is achieved, the real hard work will begin – hard negotiation and compromise (yes compromise) will follow. Then the difference between rhetoric and reality will be laid bare. The folly of those who confuse, misinform and mislead people will be unmasked. Biafran people are suffering and had suffered enough. Biafran people and Chukwu Abiama will not forgive anybody or group who will cause more suffering due to selfishness, dogmatism and refusal to accept will of the people (or who will use freely given mandate to oppress the people and become a demonic monster). We must learn from history and experience of others.
 
 
Biafran and her people have what it takes to build enviable and prosperous socio-economic and political society. The technology, man and material are available to us in abundance. All we need is a safe and secure political environment for the people to plug in and use available technology and their skills to create a better life and society. Anybody or group that will torpedo this will meet with the riot of the people. Let us all open our eyes now and learn lessons from what is happening around us. Biafra cannot and will never be another South Sudan or Somalia. In the struggle for Biafra, we must be open minded, be prepared to accept opposing views and criticism. God bless Biafra!
 
 
Dr Chukwuma Egemba (email: e1504@hotmail.com)
UK Director, Bilie Human Rights Initiative and
Member of the Editorial Board of Radio Biafra
 
 
*Photo Caption – Map of Defunct Republic of Biafra.

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Borrowing from the Ondo and Anambra Governorship Polls of October 20, 2012 and November 16, 2013, respectively, as in INEC’s conduct of election 120 days before the end of the tenure of a serving governor; and specifically according to Section 132 (2) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 as amended in 2011, the election into the office of the President of Nigeria may most likely hold by January 2015. On the same premise, elections into the 360 members of the House of Reps and 109 senatorial seats may most likely take place by the same month. This is in accordance with Section 76 (2) of the Constitution as amended. Elections into about 1,152 State legislative seats of the 36 States may most likely take place by the same month in accordance with Section 116 (2) of the Constitution as amended. And elections into the 31 States’ governorship seats may most likely hold by the same January 2015. This is in accordance with Section 178 (2) of the Constitution as amended. The Independent National Electoral Commission is expected to........ Read More.
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board of Trustees, Intersociety, 41, Miss Elems Street, Fegge, Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria.