Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

[ Masterweb Reports: Emma Elekwa reports ] - Umuatuegwu community, Okija, in Ihiala local government area of Anambra State, was at the weekend thrown into mourning following the mysterious death of five members of Ndenemu family after a meal of rice.
The deceased, Albert Ndenemenu, a commercial motorcycle operator, his wife, Nwanne and their three children were said to have died in quick succession.
There had been conflicting reports as to the likely cause of death since the incident happened.
While food poisoning was suspected, others linked the calamity to the handiwork of fetish relations of the diseased family.
Daily trust gathered that the mother Nnwanne, who was the last to die, had prepared rice for the family’s lunch, which all of them ate and shortly after, her husband and her children started vomiting blood.
"When residents of the village rushed into their compound following her alarm, it was discovered that they were already dead.
"The woman, on seeing the lifeless bodies of her husband and children, collapsed and was taken to Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital,NAUTH, Nnewi where she too died," the source said.
A resident, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the cause of death was yet to be ascertained, adding that efforts to prevail on the authorities of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, where the bodies were first deposited, to conduct an autopsy on the deceased were unsuccessful.
Daily Trust further learnt that three distant relations of the diseased had been invited by the police and were being interrogated at the Okija Police Station.
Confirming the incident, State Police Public Relations Officer, Mrs. Nkiru Nwode, said investigations had commenced, adding that an autopsy was being awaited.

*Photo Caption - A plate of rice.


[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - The wife of the president, Aisha Muhammadu Buhari, has gone back to the United Kingdom where her husband is on medical vacation. Staff of the Office of the Wife of the President confirmed to our correspondent today that Mrs Buhari left for the UK on Sunday.
Mrs Buhari had last Thursday returned from London and proceeded to Owerri, the capital of Imo State, where she attended the 2017 August meeting hosted by women in the state.
Some of her staff hinted that there is a possibility that she will return to Nigeria with her husband at a time yet to be officially confirmed.
President Buhari departed for the United Kingdom on May 7 for follow-up consultations with his doctors.

He had assured that he was making progress and would return to Nigeria to resume his duties as soon as his doctors advise.
*Photo Caption - Nigeria First Lady, Aisha Buhari


[ Masterweb Reports ] - Gunmen stormed a Catholic church in a town in southeast Nigeria early Sunday, killing 12 worshippers, hospital sources and witnesses said. The attack took place at around 6am at St. Philip's church in Ozubulu, near the city of Onitsha, witnesses said.
"So far, 12 persons have been confirmed dead and deposited in the mortuary here while several persons are receiving medical attention," a staff worker at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital in Nnewi, where the victims were admitted, told AFP.
Several worshippers with gunshot wounds were receiving treatment at the hospital, the source said.
Witnesses said five gunmen in masks stormed the church and opened fire on worshippers. They feared that up to 20 people may have died.
In contrast, Anambra State Police Commissioner Garba Umar said the attacker was a lone gunman, who "went on a shooting spree, killing and wounding" worshippers.
Witness Chukwuma Emeka said he had just stepped out of the church to stretch his legs "when I heard gunshots and screaming and people running inside."
"When the chaos subsided I went inside, I saw my fellow church members dead in a pool of their own blood and many others were screaming in pain."
Security agents were said to have cordoned off the church.

*Photo Caption - Some of the bodies of the dead.


[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Perry Brimah reports ] - There was jubilation today in Ilorin Thursday as Biodun Baba, a civil servant who was sacked from his job and taken to court for criticizing senate president Bukola Saraki, was discharged by the Ilorin Magistrate’s Court today.
Mr. Jimoh Adeshina, Chairman of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in Kwara Central Senatorial District and "a rabid supporter of the Senate President, Mr. Bukola Saraki," had filed a criminal complaint on July 18 against the teacher, claiming that Mr. Baba libeled the Senate President via a Facebook post.
Biodun Baba was supported by several groups and individuals including Kwara Mass Movement and #CabalMustGo nationwide group.
Giving a press statement at the NUJ, Barrister Sambo listed dozens of atrocities of Senator Saraki while describing that "Kwara state did not have a governor, but a stooge for Saraki."
He complained about the N750,000-a-piece street light scam and processes in the senate where Saraki was pushing bills to steal power from the presidency and absolve the Nigerian president of power to accent bills among a list of other allegations.
Biodun Baba has not yet been recalled to his job. He later took pictures wearing a "Cabal Must Go" shirt with other members of the organisation including Buhari Olanrewaju Ahmed of the Kwara branch.
INEC Refuses To Release Voters' Register For Saraki Recall
Also today, in continuation of the Recall initiative against Senate President Bukola Saraki, Kwara Must Change organisation and other supportive groups including #CabalMustGo Kwara chapter, proceeded on appointment to the Kwara INEC office for the response to KMC's letter dated July 26th, 2017 in request for a certified INEC copy of the voters' register.
To their dismay but not surprise, the Kwara state INEC office continued to block the process by again failing to release the voters' register, with the administrative secretary, Paul Atser, sending the citizens all the way up to the commission chairman.
"With reference to your letter dated 26th July 2017 on the above. I am directed to request you forward your request to the Honorable Chairman of the commission for his consideration."
A Recall is a local process and under the jurisdiction of the state INEC office. The obstruction of the process has caused suspicion that the embattled Kwara state senator implicated as owning assets abroad in the Panama Papers damning investigative report, has materially influenced the Kwara INEC office.
#CabalMustGo group who have lately joined Kwara Must Change and committed to following them in the campaign to Recall senator Bukola Saraki, have vowed to protest INEC's delaying the justice of the people.
"This is not an Abuja matter. It is within this jurisdiction and we will protest it," Buhari Olanrewaju Ahmed said.
Dr. Perry Brimah 
*Photo Caption - As seen.


[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - The Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, yesterday paid a personal visit to President Muhammadu Buhari at the Abuja House in London. The Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Mr Femi Adesina, disclosed this in a statement.
Adesina noted that the Archbishop and President Buhari are friends who have deep respect for each other. He quoted Archbishop Welby as saying that he was delighted to see the rapid recovery President Buhari had made from his health challenges, and that it was a testimony to the healing powers of God, and answer to prayers of millions of people around the world.
The presidential spokesman said Archbishop Welby pledged to continue praying for both President Buhari and Nigeria. Adesina quoted Buhari as thanking Archbishop Welby, whom he noted had always stood by him at critical times and wished him God’s continued grace in his spiritual duty of leading the Anglican Communion worldwide.
He stated: "It will be recalled that when former British Prime Minister, David Cameron, described Nigeria as a fantastically corrupt country ahead of an anti-corruption summit in London in 2016, Archbishop Welby had retorted: ‘But this particular president (Buhari) is actually not corrupt.’
*Photo Caption - Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby


[ Masterweb Reports: Dickson S. Adama reports ] - Northern Christians under the aegis of Arewa Christians and Indigenous Pastors Association (ACIPA) have cautioned the agitators of Biafra to desist from further acts of provocation.
In a statement signed by its President, Rev Luke Shehu, ACIPA said the Igbo should employ civil democratic norm of lobbying and politics of give and take to achieve their goals rather than threatening the nation with secession.
"The Igbo leaders should refrain from provoking the psyche of Nigerians with the Biafra secession threat," the association said, advising the agitators to eschew the bitterness of not having produced Nigeria’s president.
"While agreeing that their demand could be legitimate, threatening Nigeria with another secession agenda is unacceptable," the statement said, urging proponents of Biafra to take counsel from Odumegwu Ojukwu who it quoted as having said, "I don’t think a second one (war) is necessary. We should have learned from the first one, otherwise the dead would have been to no Avail."
It said Nigeria’s civil war that lasted from 1967 to 1970 was regrettable and better avoided because of the millions of people that died and the valuable properties destroyed.
The group enjoined all Nigerians to pray for quick recovery of President Muhammadu Buhari and asked Nigerians home and abroad to resist religious bigotry.

*Photo Caption - Flag of Defunct Republic of Biafra



[ Masterweb Reports: Ismail Mudashir reports ] - Deputy Senate President Ike Ekweremadu, yesterday said devolution of powers and other proposals rejected during the recent vote on Constitution amendment would be revisited when the National Assembly resumes in September.
The National Assembly had last week rejected the proposal for devolution of powers otherwise known as restructuring and eight other items put up for amendment.
Ekweremadu made this known during a meeting on South East infrastructural development with a delegation of the Partnership to Engage, Reform, and Learn (PERL) and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) led by PERL’s Team Leader, Dr Adiya Ode in Abuja.
He said devolution of powers to the federating units would quicken infrastructural development in the country.
The Senator, who also chairs the Senate Committee on the Review of the 1999 Constitution said: "We are also conscious of the fact that Nigerians are worried about some of the recommendations that did not pass. Let me use this opportunity to further appreciate and reassure Nigerians that we are sensitive to their feelings and that we are likely going to revisit some of the issues they are concerned about when we return from our vacation.
"Some of the issues did not scale through because there is need for fuller understanding as well as more consultations and consensus building on them and their implications for our people".
Ekweremadu who was quoted in a statement by his media aide, Uche Anichukwu added: "No doubt, your studies on South East were right because the region is indeed highly challenged, especially in the areas of transport infrastructure such as roads, railway and seaport. We are also challenged in the areas of power."
In her remarks, Dr Ode commended the National Assembly for voting in favour of autonomy for Local Governments and State Houses of Assembly, while also calling for greater support for gender mainstreaming and other amendments that would speed up national development.
*Photo Caption - Nigeria National Assembly complex

[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - Foremost African financial institution, Guaranty Trust Bank plc, marks its listing on the London Stock Exchange whereby the Bank became the first Nigerian bank to list on the London Stock Exchange (LSE), the first to dual list on an international exchange and the first Nigerian company to raise international capital using listed Global Depositary Receipts. To mark the 10th anniversary of this pioneering feat, the MD/ CEO of GTBank, Mr Segun Agbaje led the Market Open Ceremony at the LSE on Friday, July 28, 2017, accompanied by senior representatives of the Bank and other institutional partners including JP Morgan, Morgan Stanley and Banwo and Ighodalo.

The London Stock Exchange is a diversified international exchange that offers international business, and investors, unrivalled access to Europe's capital markets. In July 2007, GTBank embarked on a concurrent international and domestic equity offering by way of Global Depositary Receipts to raise funding for general corporate purposes.  At the completion of this unprecedented offering, the Bank raised approximately US$825 million and became the first Nigerian company to obtain a full listing on the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange. Since its listing on the LSE, GTBank embarked on a decade of unparalleled growth, leading the financial industry in profitability and products and service delivery.  

Commenting on the anniversary, Mr Agbaje, said, “Listing on the London Stock Exchange, one of the most illustrious exchanges in the world, was a pioneering feat which remains fresh in our minds. We are very grateful to all our investors and partners for the integral role they played and their confidence in the Brand. Ten years on, we remain committed to maximizing shareholders’ value and delivering superior and sustainable return; guided by our founding values of hard work, discipline and integrity.”  

Guaranty Trust Bank plc [GTB] offers a wide range of financial services and products throughout Nigeria, with strong footprints in West and East Africa, as well as the United Kingdom. In recognition of its leading role in Africa’s banking industry, world class corporate governance standards and excellent service delivery, GTBank has been recognized as the Best Bank in Nigeria by Euromoney (2016), the African Bank of the Year by the African Banker Magazine (2016) the Best Bank in Africa for Corporate Governance (2015) and the Most Innovative Bank in Africa by African Investor (2016).
Adekunle Olushola
Social Media Manager
JSP Communications
No 26 Oroleye Crescent off Abel Oreniyi Street.
Off Salvation Road, Opebi
Ikeja, Lagos
*Photo Caption - GTBank branch

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. C. K. Ekeke reports ] - July 18, 2017: Last week, the U.S. President Donald J. Trump travelled to Paris to celebrate France Bastille Day – also known as Independence or National Day. President Trump was invited by the young and emerging global leader, Emmanuel Macron, the 39-year old newly elected president of France.
According to historical records, the French Revolution 1787–1799 began when the commoners stormed the Bastille, a fortress used as a prison in Paris – demanding for social, political and economic reforms designed to eliminate the budget deficit by increasing the taxation of the privileged classes. The commoner and peasants joined to fight for freedom, justice, and liberty against the aristocrats. The efforts they made to enforce fiscal reforms in spite of resistance by the privileged classes led to the massive revolt and resistance against the aristocrats.
The protest and revolts waged by the commoners and peasants against the aristocrats during that era led to the weakening and dismantling of many corrupt social structures and political institutions against them.
It has been written that the French Revolution of the 18th century sparked numerous violent revolts against the corrupt political and social structures of the Western nations and around the world.
Before the French revolution, the United States of America was under the colonial rule of England.
According to historian and author of the "Concise History of America Revolution," Robert Allison, writes that:
America was not an independent country before 1776. Rather, it was a group of colonies that England controlled and many American Colonists did not want to be controlled by the British government anymore. The Colonists were unhappy for many reasons. They couldn't make their own laws or have their own government. Moreover, they are heavily taxed.
And so, in1770, many Colonists began to protest against British control in order to be free from England. In 1774, while the Colonists were preparing for revolution, one of their leaders, Thomas Jefferson wrote an important document called the "Declaration of Independence." In a nutshell, the Declaration stated "all men are created equal," and that everyone has "the right to life, liberty and happiness."
In 1775, War called the "Revolutionary War" broke out between the American colonies and England. Even though the British army was stronger, bigger and had more of everything, the American people did not give up. They fought with everything they had. Farmers, sailors, business owners, and teachers became soldiers and joined the war. Even many African American slaves joined to fight the British. Also American women helped during this time, too. They worked on the farms while the men fought. They also grew food, made clothes for the army, and took care of wounded soldiers. Other countries, like France, helped the Americans by sending soldiers or supplies.
The American people eventually won the war. Even though the war did not officially end until 1783, but on July 4th, 1776 the "Declaration of Independence" was signed. Representatives from all thirteen colonies signed the document. Today, Americans celebrate their freedom from England – also known as their Independence Day every year on July 4th with pomp and pride (emphasis added).
Human freedom and independence are highly cherished in the United States of America and most of the Western nations.
Because of this inherent desire to be free, throughout human history, people and nations have paid the ultimate price fighting for such freedoms and for their liberties. Millions have died fighting for freedom and in pursuit of justice. Nearly all wars that have been waged between peoples and nations have been for quest for freedom.
The Biblical Text teaches that Man was born free. Our Creator did not make Man to be a robot. Mankind was created to be free — and given the ability to make choices including the choice of whom to worship. The same Sacred Text also teaches that Jesus Christ was born into this world to free people from the bondages of self, sin, and slavery.
The Apostle Paul writes, "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by the yoke of slavery" – Galatians 5:1.
In Second Corinthians 3:17, he added this statement: "Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom."
Freedom is one of the central themes of the Bible and the most important value proposition of the Christian faith. Freedom is the essence of Christianity and it is what distinguishes it from all other religions on the planet.
Samuel Bowles, Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, said "the cause of freedom is the cause of God."
Being redeemed and set free from sin, self and Satan is the ultimate goal of Christian faith. Freedom in its true sense is a quality of God, just as love, grace, beauty, harmony, joy; abundance and peace are qualities of God.
Thomas Jefferson who wrote the "Declaration of Independence," once said, "The God who gave us life gave us liberty at the same time."
Therefore, freedom, liberty, and justice are the very nature and essence of who we are as human beings and as creation of God.
And because of this innate nature of mankind to be free, human beings have always fought with all their might to be free.
For instance, the major part of the 16th and 17th centuries witnessed an astonishing moments in the history of human race as nations battled for freedom. The empires of — Babylon, Rome, Ottoman, Greece, etc., conquered and ruled the world during their time because of their strength and power.
In the 20th century, human race also witnessed numerous revolutions and wars — the partition and sharing of Africa by the French, British, Portuguese, Arabs, and Africa fight for Independence from her colonial masters. Several world wars and civil wars led to conquest and collapse of empires and tyrannical regimes and despotic rulers such as the fall of Adolf Hitler of Germany, Mussolini of Italy, Idi Amin of Uganda and the collapse of the communist Soviet Union and the rise of America as the main super power today.
It would be hard to overstate the significance of freedom for the affected nations or the world in general. For years, philosophers, scholars and thinkers have argued and debated that human freedom is the supreme value of the human soul. It is the yearning of every human heart – whether poor or rich. All human beings possess the same intrinsic desire – to be free, to pursue unalienable rights such as life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness because the human spirit is endowed by its Creator with the desire to be free to pursue life, joy, peace and prosperity. In nutshell, freedom is the ultimate pursuit of the human spirit.
Because of the supreme value of freedoms and liberties, the United Nations produced a document called: "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected."
It recognizes the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
For instance:
Article (1) affirms that: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood."
Article (3) states that: "Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person."
Article (9) states that: "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile."
Read more on the thirty articles here:
Today, the United States of America is the champion of that freedom and liberty worldwide. Human freedom is the greatest ideal of the American society and the essence and beauty of their democracy. It is also the glory of free-market society economy. And that is the ideal that attracts millions of people around the world to emigrate and seek refuge in the United States.
For instance, in their most famous and sacrosanct document – the Constitution, there is a sticking paragraph that is idolized by every single American and it reads:
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness"
In his 1963 speech, President John F. Kennedy, said, "The cost of freedom is always high but Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose and that is the path of surrender, or submission."
Despite America’s and Western nations love for freedom, they rarely support such freedoms in Africa and other third world countries.
In Africa, the battle for freedom has not be different. In fact, the quest to be free has claimed millions of lives and continues to claim lives today. Millions have been massacred while agitating for freedom. Such freedoms as — freedom of speech, religious freedom, social freedoms, economic freedoms, political freedoms, freedom from bondage, captivity, and servitude, freedom to think, freedom of dialogue, freedom of association, freedom to protest, etc.
In the 1950’s and 60’s, most African nations fought for their freedom and independence from their colonial masters — mostly Britain, France, Portugal, Italy and the Arabs.
Thousands were slaughtered fighting for independence from their colonial slave masters and their imposed totalitarian regimes. Others gave up their freedom for a life of bondage and servitude instead of imprisonment and mass murder by their tyrannical and fanatical rulers.
The struggle for freedom and independence reminds of me of Nigeria’s long battle for her own independence from Britain in the late 50’s. Nigeria’s independence was granted due to sustained national grievances of nationalist leaders against the British system of indirect rule.
In 1960, Nigeria became an independent nation. However, ethnic bias and hatred, political instability, bad leadership, systemic injustice, radical religious ideology, intolerance and violence quickly marred the nation's prospect for genuine development and progress.
Soon after, the variants groups that were amalgamated as Nigerians discovered that they not the same people. Their vast cultural, social, linguistic, religious differences and political divide led to several riots, violence and the orchestrated genocide and ethnic cleansing and extermination of Igbos in the North and South-west regions of Nigeria. Igbo men, women and children were slaughtered like animals and their stinking lifeless bodies were transported in cargo trucks and dumped in the Eastern region.
The events of that turbulent period led to the political crisis, political instability, tribal and religious killings, military coups and counter coups, that eventually led to unforgettable genocidal civil war of 1967-70 which decimated more than three million Biafran lives – mostly women and children, which has left so much bitterness, anger and hatred among the major tribes of Nigeria.
Since then the Nigerian people have not enjoyed any freedom, human rights, political peace and national prosperity but poverty, torture, violence, and killings.
Today, Nigerians hate one another so passionately. There is enormous ethnic hatred among the three major tribes: Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo. There is too much envy, anger, and bitterness amongst them.
Currently, there is a renewed agitation for an independent State of Biafra. The corrupt political leadership, Arewa Youths, selfish Nigerians and coward citizens are currently wagging their tongues and threatening another war against Igbos even when Biafra youths are peacefully seeking self-determination through referendum as enshrined in the United Nations Charter General Assembly Resolution of September 2007 – articles 1 and 2, and article 20 of the African Charter on human rights recognizing and supporting the rights of all ethnic nations and peoples have the unquestionable and inalienable rights to self-determination of which Nigeria is a signatory to.
Moreover, the Indigenous People of Biafra and Biafra youths are peacefully exercising their constitutional rights of freedom of speech and peaceful assembly.
According to United Nations Charter General Assembly Resolution (A/61/295) of September 2007:
"Self-determination" is the principle and practice whereby an ethnic group, for example, an ethnic nation is in control of its own people, its own land, its own resources, and its own governance, independent of any other subtending political structure. "
Nigeria is a member of United Nations Body and signatory to that resolution. Although referendum, which is the means to self-determination is not a stipulation in the 1999 constitution like the earlier version 1979; however, constitutional freedoms of speech and expression as enshrined in the Nigerian law, do not forbid anyone from canvassing peaceful self-government which in any event is legally permissible under diverse international humanitarian laws including the Covenant on Civil and political Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human rights (UDHR) which Nigeria as a United Nations member signed on to.
Therefore, the agitation for an independent State of Biafra is proper and fulfills the requirements of the United Nations Charter on self-determination.
Self-determination is not a call for war. Britain did not declare war on Scotland when the Scottish MP called for referendum. Spain did not call for war when Catalonia called for self-determination and referendum. Canada has not declared war on Quebec for calling for independence from Canada. European Union (EU) did not declare war on United Kingdom when she voted to exit European Union.
Why is Biafra call for self-determination and referendum being perceived as call for war? It is not a declaration of sovereign State of Biafra as was in the case in 1967 when Emeka Odumegwu Ojuwkwu declared succession from Nigeria because Gowon and his northern leaders reneged on Aburi accord. Gowon then declared war against Biafra.
The quest for a sovereign State of Biafra is an issue the federal government must tackle with dialogue and try to negotiate with IPOB and its leadership rather than resort to killing the youths and applying force to stop the fire the Nigerian State will not be able to quench. Nigerian government, perhaps, has not realized or read from history that agitation for human rights, freedom, liberty, and justice cannot be quashed with military force – China, Egypt, Tunisia, and even Turkey today are examples where courageous citizens stood their ground to fight for their freedoms and defend democracy.
The Southeast and South-south is currently under siege. On several occasions, peaceful and unarmed young Biafran protesters have been shot and massacred for exercising their fundamental human rights. There are seemingly abuses of rule of law and human rights abuses against the former Eastern region. Biafran people are denied from exercising their fundamental human rights of peaceful protest and quest self-determination through referendum as enshrined in the United Nations charter of 2007.
Why has human freedoms and human rights, which are the highest ideals of the Western societies and essence of who we are as human beings remained a mirage and illusive and difficult to attain in Africa despite the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights document? Even now in the 21st century and with the explosion of information technology and social media platforms, the struggle for freedom remains one of the horniest issues of our time for Africans – Nigeria being a case-in-point.
In the early 2011, the United Nations and African Union facilitated a referendum in Sudan that eventually divided the country into North and South Sudan after much bloodshed.
We do not want bloodshed in Nigeria because it will devastate entire Africa and impact global economy.
Since the 1990’s, we have seen nations that have peacefully divided without war.
1. Former Soviet Union: between 1989 and 1990s divided into 15 republic—Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Russia, Uzbekistan, Moldova, Ukraine, Belorussia, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Kirgizia.
2. Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ended in 1991 and 6 countries—Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (including the regions of Kosovo and Vojvodina) and Slovenia. Today, those six nations are prospering in peace.
3. Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1991 and Eritrea were granted rights to its own government. In fact, today Ethiopia and Eritrea are living in peace, harmony, and prospering.
4. Quebec is currently asking from independence from Canada.
6. Scotland is asking for independence from Britain.
7. Catalonia is seeking self-determination from Spain and will conduct referendum soon.
8. And finally, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet – all these nations used to part of the Indian empire in the past before they were peacefully separated.
So why is the United Nations, an organization formed to defend human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples lackadaisical and ignoring Biafra? Why is Biafra’s case different — a region that covers a total area of almost 30,000 square miles, thus almost as big as Gambia and Sierra Leone put together, bigger than Togo, Rwanda and Burundi combined, and is four times the size of many countries in the world.
The United Nations and global powers must mediate in Nigeria versus Biafra situation. Biafra is demanding self-determination through referendum. She must be granted that desire to vote if her people want to remain in Nigeria or be a separate nation. Scotland was granted that wish – even though those against separation from United Kingdom won. Scotland is planning to conduct a second referendum. Last year, United Kingdom voted to exit European Union (BREXIT). Catalonia will soon conduct a referendum to decide whether to remain in Spain or be a different country.
Biafra’s quest for freedom must not be different? The Biafran people must not remain in perpetual bondage and slavery in Nigeria by force. The State of Biafra cannot continue to remain in an adulterous and violent marriage. The Biafran people — an indigenous people of seventy million are capable to control its own people, its own land, its own resources, and its own governance, independent of any other subtending political structure. Moreover, Biafra’s quest for an independent State fulfills the requirements of the United Nations Charter for self-determination.
It will be sheer hypocrisy if the same rights, privileges and resolution enacted by United Nations of which Nigeria is a signatory to, that have been carried out in other regions of the world, but will not be effected in Nigeria. Is Nigeria above international law? It will be pure hypocrisy and cowardice on the part of the United Nations and global powers if self-determination by means of referendum is not granted to the people of Biafra.
The world knows quite well that the amalgamation of various ethnicities to create Nigeria in 1914 was an indescribable mistake. The amalgamation was a forced union and the colonial contract has expired since 2014. Moreover, for over 100 years, millions of Biafrans have been maimed, tortured, raped, imprisoned, enslaved, marginalized and massacred in Nigeria.
Just last week, the Arewa elder and spokesperson, Prof. Ango Abdullahi said:
"There is nothing sacrosanct about the unity of Nigeria as one indivisible entity because it is a mere human creation. I have never seen anything absurd as insisting that this country is indivisible. "Nigeria is not God’s creation; it is Lugard’s creation. Lugard was a colonial adventurer who came and conquered us. It was not God that sent him to come and conquer Nigeria. And it wasn’t God that asked him to structure Nigeria the way he did. We sat down and decided that we wanted to live together, even after the amalgamation."
In the past, some of the Founding Fathers have made the following statements about Nigeria:
Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa in 1948 said:
"Since 1914 the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any signs of willingness to unite … "Nigerian unity is only a British invention.".
In 1947, Chief Awolowo said:
"Nigeria is not a nation. It is a mere geographical expression. "There are no ‘Nigerians’ in the same sense as there are ‘English,’ ‘Welsh,’ or ‘French.’ "The word ‘Nigeria’ is a mere distinctive appellation to distinguish those who live within the boundaries of Nigeria and those who do not."
In 1964, Dr. Azikiwe said:
"It is better for us and many admirers abroad that we should disintegrate in peace and not in pieces. "Should the politicians fail to heed the warning, then I will venture the prediction that the experience of the Democratic Republic of Congo will be a child’s play if it ever comes to our turn to play such a tragic role."
It is time the United Nations and global powers end Nigeria forced amalgamation and false unity. Nigeria will never be one. Nigeria does not have shared value system, patriotic principles, religious and political ideologies to be one country. Nigeria will never genuinely develop and proposer as a nation without peaceful division of the country. The systemic injustice, economic strangulation, political oppression, religious intolerance, ethnic hatred and envy against the people of Biafra are unacceptable, intolerable, unbearable, and insufferable.
An independent State of Biafra may be the only suitable solution to fix Nigeria’s corrupt political system, lawlessness and failed institutions. Freedom for Biafran people will be freedom for other indigenous populations and freedom for millions of young Biafrans from unemployment, poverty, disease, and hopelessness.
Biafrans want to be freed from subjugation, oppression, marginalization, mediocrity, incompetence, jihadism, tyranny, poverty, disease, and hopelessness of Nigeria. Biafrans are tired of living in bondage, slavery and servitude. It is time for Biafran people to live in freedom, liberty, justice, pursuit of happiness and prosperity like other civilized peoples and nations.
France and especially Americans have a holy hatred for tyrants, dictatorship and destroyers of the human freedom. Every July, the U.S., Canada, France, etc. celebrate their Independence Day and reflect on their fight for freedom and battle for liberty.
It is time Western powers support to liberate Biafra from bondage, slavery, Islamic radicalism and jihad in Nigeria. It is time International Community – United Nations, United States of America and others intervene to give the Indigenous People of Biafra – a nation of seventy million people, a State of their own. It is time to dismantle Nigeria and free unarmed Biafran people from looming civil war that will have devastating consequences on Africa and global economy. It is time to end slavery of Biafrans in Nigeria and free her to compete like other nations in the world. It is time to liberate and free Biafran people from ethnic hatred, systemic injustice, economic strangulation, political oppression, religious violence, and radical Islamic political ideology of the Nigerian State.

C. K. Ekeke ( Email: ), Ph. D., is a theologian, author, consultant, and leadership scholar and lecturer.
*Photo Caption - Map of Defunct Republic of Biafra


[ Masterweb Reports: Isiaka Wakili reports ] - Seventy two hours after their inauguration as ministers, Professor Stephen Ocheni (Kogi) and Suleiman Hassan (Gombe) are yet to be assigned portfolios.
Our correspondent learnt yesterday that Acting President Yemi Osinbajo want to host them to a retreat before assigning portfolios to them.
A source in the Presidency confirmed that the retreat will hold next week. The source, who pleaded anonymity, however, did not specify the date.
"The two new ministers will attend a retreat sometime next week after which their portfolios will be announced. Arrangements have been concluded for this," the official said.
Shortly after inaugurating and welcoming Ocheni and Hassan to the federal cabinet on Wednesday, the acting president has assured that their portfolios would be assigned shortly after the swearing-in ceremony.
*Photo Caption - President Muhammadu Buhari