Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

( 08/07/11 ) By Intersociety Nigeria Intersociety Rejects The Kangaroo Trial (“Orderly-Room Trial”) Of Four Traffic Officers By The Nigeria Police Inspector General

(Onitsha Nigeria, August 6, 2011)-Late evening Friday, August 5, 2011, at about 11pm, the leadership of the International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law was authoritatively informed that the trio of STW(Inspector) Emmanuel Mlanga(detained since July 8, 2011), STW Adamu Dogara( detained since July 12,2011) and TWGD 111(Constable) David Oyishoma(detained July 30,2011) were taken to the Nigeria Police Force Headquarters in Abuja, at about 3pm and “arraigned “ before a two-man “Orderly-Room Trial” Committee, headed by Chief Superintendent of Police Anthony Ekong, on so-called “two-count charge” of “breach of confidence” and “incredible conduct”. The other member of the “trial” committee is Assistant Superintendent of Police Akubo. Superintendent of Police Shinkut and Assistant Superintendent of Police Frank are Police “prosecution” witnesses, while Assistant Superintendent of Police Murtala Shafi’u acts as “the Investigation Police Officer” or “IPO”. After the so-called “charges” were read, the “trial” was adjourned till Monday, August 8, 2011 when the “prosecution witnesses” would “testify”. The trio, who were taken back to their detention cells at about 7pm, had earlier been taken to the CP Provost, Mrs. Sherifat Disu who ordered their “trial” at the instance of the IGP, Hafiz A. Ringim. The fourth wanted officer, STW Samuel Uwakwe, whose annual leave expired on Friday, August 5, 2011, is already in Abuja, to appear at the Force Headquarters by Monday, August 8, 2011. He is expected to be “arraigned” on similar “count charges”. By Monday, August 8, 2011, STW Emmanuel Mlanga would have been detained for 30 days, or one month, or 720 hours, which is 672 hours more than allowed by law in the context of proper court trial. Also by the same date, STW Adamu Dogara would have been detained for 27 days, or a month minus a day, or 648 hours, 600 hours more than constitutionally allowed; and TWGD 111(Constable) David Oyishoma would have been detained for nine days, or almost quarter of a month, or 216 hours, 168 hours more than constitutionally allowed. On the other hand, by the same Monday (08-08-2011), STW Samuel Uwakwe’s rights to personal liberty and freedom of movement would have been lost for one month, or 30 days, or 720 hours. Furthermore, our reasonable suspicion that the trio are also being held in solitary confinement came to fore on Friday (08-08-2011) when our sources covertly interviewed them, and they have this to say: “our detention cells, especially the Asokoro Police cell, are under lock and key 24 hours a day. Since our detention dates, 08-07-11, 12-07-11 and 30-07-2011, our families including wives and children as well as lawyers and doctors have been denied access to us. Our captives hardly feed us, not to talk of giving us balanced diets. As a matter of fact, we manage to buy our own food through sympathetic officers. Not minding the present cold weather propelled by raining season, they keep us on the bare floors with stinking mats. When sick and reported, they do not even care, we manage to source for drugs. Our toilets and bathrooms stink and we buy Izal disinfectants to make them useable.” In view of the foregoing, therefore, we reject, in its entirety, the so-called “Orderly-Room Trial” initiated against the three gallant Traffic Wardens and planned inclusion by Monday, August 8, 2011, of STW Samuel Uwakwe in the draconian and unconstitutional proceedings. Our rejection of this stone-age approach is expressly total! Apart from lacking universalized ingredients such as right of fair-hearing, which foundationalize the Law of Natural Justice, the approach is face-saving and an escape route designed lately and belatedly too, by IGP Hafiz A. Ringim and his sub-commanders to escape the damnable culpability in detention without trial and solitary confinement of the three Citizen-Warders, seriously frowned at, by both our Constitution and various international human rights treaties entered into by the Federal Republic of Nigeria including the African Charter on Human & Peoples’ Rights. The circumstance, under which the so-called “Orderly-Room Trial” is instituted, gravely breaches the 1999 Constitution, as amended, especially her Section 36(fair-hearing and timely proper court trial). It is a settled norm in law that no matter how good a matter is, if its prosecutorial process is gravely faulty, it stands to be quashed judicially. Apart from the draconian nature of the “Orderly-Room Trial” principles, the so-called “trial” in the instant case, is also instituted in grave violation of the fair-hearing and the trial periods allowed by law. Therefore, having been predicated on false and injurious foundation, it cannot stand. Also, apart from criminal denial of adequate legal representation, no adequate time was given to the Citizen-Warders to prepare for the so-called “trial”. They were also not informed of the imminence of the “trial”, and whether they would submit themselves to such “trial”. They were not formally informed of the so called “offences” they “committed”, except at the “trial” venue. There are subsisting Appellate Court’s pronouncements, which nullified obnoxious features or principles of the “Orderly-Room Trial”, and for any “Orderly-Room Trial” to be satisfactorily evaluated, it must possess the above features and more. But for lacking the fundamental ingredients of fair-hearing and for being instituted over 670 hours after the arrest and detention of the Citizen-Warders, the so-called “Orderly-Room Trial” for the “trial” of the trio of STWs Emmanuel Mlanga(detained since 08-07-2011 in Wuse Police cell) and Adamu Dogara(detained since 12-07-2011 in Asokoro Police cell), as well as TWGD 111 David Oyishoma(detained since 30-07-2011 in Wuse Police cell), is null and void, and of no effects whatsoever . If the authorities of the Nigeria Police Force, headed by IGP Hafiz A. Ringim goes ahead and mete out any sanctions predicated on such unconstitutional proceedings, the courts shall be invited to quash them with huge financial costs against the Police authorities. We had expected the Inspector General of Police, Mr. Hafiz A. Ringim(+234(0)803325349) and the Force Public Relations’ Office, headed by DCP Shola Amore( +234(0)8037391280) to admit their grievous blunders and profusely apologize to Nigerians, unfortunately, what Nigerians got was raw display of official brigandage and chronic un-repentance. As a result, we renew our earlier call upon the President & Commander-in-Chief, who is also the chairman of the Nigeria Police Council to act swiftly before it is too late, by showing the IGP out of the Nigeria Police High Command. We also renew our similar call, earlier on, on the Nigeria Police Service Commission to sanction the trio of the DIG Administration, DIG Operations and the CP Provost for their perceived grievous violations of the provisions of the 1999 Constitution, as amended. The three detained Citizen-Warders as well as STW Samuel Uwakwe should be discharged and acquitted of all bogus charges levelled them by the authorities of the Nigeria Police Force headed by IGP Hafiz A. Ringim. Signed: Emeka Umeagbalasi Chairman, BOT +234(0)8033601078 Amaka Biachi Nwosu Head, Research & Strategy +234(0)8035532707

( Friday, November 4, 2005 )

"Chief Ojukwu spoke with humor and compassion as our CEO, Chief Charles O. Okereke discussed a wide range of issues with him."

By Masterweb News Desk

Chief Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu popularly referred to as Dim Ojukwu or Ikemba( meaning strength of a nation ) turned 72 years today. He was born on November 4, 1933 in Zungeru in northern Nigeria to Sir and Mrs. Louis Ojukwu, who owned a very successful transport business. Sir Louis Ojukwu was one of the wealthiest men in Nigeria at the time of his death in 1966. Chief Ojukwu was born with a silver spoon as could be seen, but abandoned it to dine with the poor and oppressed with bare hands. He could be correctly described as man of the people.
Masterweb was granted an interview by the Ikemba on Sunday, September 25, 2005, in Maryland, U.S.A. Chief Ojukwu spoke with humor and compassion as our CEO, Chief Charles O. Okereke discussed a wide range of issues with him. This was the first physical contact between Dim Ojukwu and Chief Okereke, which according to the later was a historic encounter. Chief Okereke saw it as a historic encounter because it enabled him to make a judgment on one of the foremost historic icons of modern day Nigeria.

Ojukwu certainly is a household name, even when you omit his first name Emeka or Chukwuemeka . There are many shining qualities that people have come to see in this legendary statesman which include disciplinarian, visionary leadership, courage and honesty. Chief Okereke saw in Ojukwu, His Excellency, a Mandela that was destined to see the people through the Nigerian tribal, religious and economic brick-wall.

The Ikemba was strong and healthy when our CEO met him. Age looked like an 'edge' over another in wisdom with Dim Ojukwu according to Masterweb chief executive. The legendary statesman spoke with great eloquence and oratory during the encounter. He was most concerned about the quality of live of Nigerians and Africans in general and believes hope was not lost yet. When reminded of his important place in history and the need for a library in his honor, he said the issue of the proposed Nigerian presidential library was tainting such projects.

Chief Okereke explained that with an Ikemba library Nigerians especially Ndigbo would not have problem funding it. The history of Nigeria would be incomplete without mention of Chief Ojukwu. All that this great statesman stood up against during the Nigerian civil war from all indications as seen today, are what Nigeria needs to survive as a nation. Chief Okereke saw him a perfect nationalist and visionary statesman Nigeria and Africa in general need at the center in the 21st century. Africa needs to draw from the wisdom of great minds to stand the test of time and maintain her rightful place in the world.

There was one thing that stood out above others, which was Dim Ojukwu's humility which according to Chief Okereke he had never seen before. This also manifested on the closeness between him and his children. In fact they were cuddling around him when Chief Okereke walked in for the interview. The Ikemba is both a good husband and father. One could tell when a couple is happily married and this was the picture Masterweb saw in Ojukwu's family. Ojukwu and his wife Bianca were consistently beaming with smiles; the children looked happy and loved.

By Masterweb News Desk

Chief Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Ikemba (strength of a nation) and General, is an icon that will never be forgotten in the history of Nigeria. Ikemba turns 78 years today and is wished happy birthday and quick recovery. He has weathered through turbulent times that took the lives of revolutionaries. Dim Ojukwu, as he is also popularly referred to, lived over forty years before his time. What he saw in the 60s, spoke against and fought against, has taken most Nigerians over forty years to see. The center cannot hold in Nigeria, unless most elements of the Aburi Peace Accord are implemented. That was how Ikemba and others saw it as a way out of the Nigerian impasse after the second military coup.

Ojukwu came back to the East and rallied support for the peace accord, but as easterners clamoured "On Aburi We Stand", the federal government remained silent. Some western imperialists worked against the implementation of the Aburi Peace Accord for their own selfish interest in Nigeria. The interest of the peoples of Nigeria was not regarded. Gowon declared a state of emergency in the East and announced the creation of 12 states on May 26, 1967. On May 30, 1967, after consultations with the Council of Chiefs and Elders, Ojukwu proclaimed the independent state of Biafra. The bombs rained and the bullets flew, beating down and crushing a popular people's uprising and demand.

All the factors that led to the civil war still exit in Nigeria today. Would Nigeria have been saved if the Aburi Peace Accord was implemented instead of going to war? Every reader has the right to read details of the accord and arrive an answer himself or herself.

Masterweb wishes great Ikemba quick recovery and happy birthday. All news media that knowingly or unknowingly published news of his demise, abandonment or vegetative state, owe him an apology and should keep the records straight by wishing him happy birthday. He is not on live support as speculated by an online Nigerian news media.


RELATED ARTICLE => Dim Ojukwu: A Visionary Statesman


By Uchechukwu Chris Arinze

The recently released Mo Ibrahim African Governance Index report for year 2011 which ranked Nigeria at position 41 out of 53 African countries in its governance index report inspired this article when viewed against the backdrop of our socio-economic and political condition. The report in its assessment of Nigeria on four governance indicators Viz: Safety and Rule of Law, Participation and Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development returned a damning verdict on the quality of governance and leadership in the country. Out of 100 marks, Nigeria score 41 for governance quality and scored lower than the regional average for west Africa, which was 51 and lower than the continental average, 50. Its highest rank was in sub-categories of Rights and Education (26th) and lowest in Health (51st). In retrospect, over the past five years, between 2006 and 2010, Nigeria has consistently been found wanting on virtually all key governance indicators. For instance, out of the 48 ranked countries then, Nigeria was the 40th in 2010, 35th in 2009 and 39th in 2008 respectively. Despite the fact that the 2011 report includes new indicators for assessment like Physical and Telecommunications infrastructure, Gender, Health, Welfare Service Provision; and Economic Management. Mauritius, Cape Verde, Seychelles and South Africa, performed creditably well in all the four categories. In terms of Good Governance, Mauritius clinched the first position, while Cape Verde came second. Among the 16 nations in the West Africa sub-region, Ghana was rated first in the sub-region and 7th in Africa, while Nigeria, the giant of Africa, maintained the 13th position in West Africa, while Somalia maintained its usual last position in Africa and Liberia and Sierra Leone recorded the most striking improvement in Governance, two countries that have emerged from protracted civil war. While Liberia improved across all four categories of assessment.

From the foregoing, the importance of good governance, exemplary leadership, and efficient management of resources cannot be overemphasized. Good and visionary leadership is necessary in providing a sense of direction towards achieving individual and collective goals, as well as the harnessing and proper management, utilization and allocation of limited resources for the satisfaction of basic needs of the citizenry. At this juncture it is pertinent to define the meaning of the two keywords Values and Leadership in order to avoid ambiguity. The advanced Chambers Dictionary of contemporary English Language usage defines Values as moral principles and standards, while Leadership is the ability to show the way by going first, to direct and to guide. Since there is no consensus as to the acceptable standard definition of leadership which led Warren Bennis et al, an authority in the field of leadership in their book entitled–“Leaders” to posit that “like love, leadership continued to be something everybody knew existed but nobody could define” And they went further to assert that there are more than 350 definitions of leadership”. But they conceded to the fact that one thing which is undisputable and not subject to semantic differences about leadership is that “ it is the pivotal force behind successful organization.” The organization in this case could be the home, government establishment, the places of worship (Churches, Mosques and Synagogues), educational institutions, business organizations (Private and Public) community development associations et cetera. The inference that could be drawn from the above definitions is that a Values-based leadership is a leadership model centered or anchored on moral principles and standards. A leadership that has a sense of right and wrong, and has the moral courage to choose what is right for the benefit of its citizens. A leadership with a sense of compassion and understanding. A leadership based on the core moral principles of interigrity, patriotism, dynamism, pragmatism, vision, courage, social justice, equity, fairness, transparency, accountability, prudent management of scarce, human and material resources, sacrifice, selfless service and above all respect for the value and dignity of the human person.

Since the emergence of Nigeria as a sovereign entity from British colonial rule on October 1st 1960, it has been grappling with lots of challenges. But the most pressing of all its challenges is the absence of visionary, transformative and exemplary leadership. A fact corroborated by the Nigerian celebrated literary giant and author of Things Fall Apart, the David and Marianna Fisher Professor of literature and Africana Studies at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S-Chinua Achebe in his book entitled: The Trouble With Nigeria, rightly posited that “…The Nigeria Problem is the unwillingness or inability of it’s leaders to rise to the responsibility and challenges of personal example, which are the hallmarks of true leadership.” With a population in excess of hundred and sixty-seven (167) million people, according to recent data released by the National Population Commission (NPC) and approximate land mass of one million square kilometers, suitable for commercial agriculture and abundant solid minerals, largely untapped, prides itself as the most populous Black Country in the world. Ranked among the top ten crude oil and natural gas exporters in the world by the Vienna, Austria-based organization of petroleum exporting countries, (OPEC), with daily crude oil output of 2.2 million barrels per day (Mbpd), and a total of 32.8 cubit metres of natural gas daily. Nigeria has a gross domestic product of (GDP) of $ 248 billion, while her GDP Per Capita is $1,600, which when adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP), would be about $ 2,400 per annum.

Yet, Nigeria with all these potentials and resource endowments ranks as one of the poorest countries in the world. With high unemployment rate at an all-time high of 20.1 per cent, low life expectancy, averaging 45 years for men and women, with over 70 percent of its citizens living below the poverty line, coupled with its worst economic indices of human development not only in sub-Saharan Africa region, but the world at large, scoring an appalling 0.511 points and ranked 158th out of 182 countries in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Index (HDI) report for year 2009, this ranking placed Nigeria at the bottom of human development, only managed to scale above Togo, Malawi and Niger. In terms of perception and image in the international community, the country has not fared better either. The annual corruption perception index (CPI) report for year 2007 of the German-based Transparency International (TI), ranks Nigeria as the 147th most corrupt countries in the world out of 179 countries polled. The CPI is based on the perception of foreign businessmen and fifteen (15) surveys from nine (9) independent institutions respectively. Prof. Achebe in an Op-Ed article in the New York Times of January 15th, 2011 entitled: Nigeria’s Promise, Africa’s Hope, stated that “since independence in 1960, an estimated sum of four hundred Billion Dollars ($400 Billion) has been mismanaged by previous administrations in this country, which is more than the gross domestic products of Norway and Sweden combined.” This fact was recently confirmed by the authoritative International News Magazine-TIME, in its special Timeframes issue of December 6th, 2010 on page 17, which chronicled global events between 2000-2010, the magazine reported that money leaving Africa illegally (Nigeria, Inclusive!), increased from $13.1 billion in 2000 to $77.8 billion in 2010. In a similar vein, Global Financial Integrity estimates that over the past 40 years over 854 billion dollars have been illegally transferred out of African nations with Nigeria’s estimated loss of over 240 billion dollars topping the list. The United States Foreign Policy magazine published a list of failed states index (FSI), which since 2006 put Nigeria in the highest red alert classification, with FSI of 90 or more. That indicates high vulnerability to collapse. A failed state, according to the Crisis States Research Centre of the United States is “a state that can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders, the evidence is all over Nigeria, that the various indicators released by the various competent international organizations were not mere fabrications, but fact of realities on ground.

Leadership, according to Jean Jacques Rousseau is a social contract between the leader and the followers. This relationship is bound by the element of trust and needs to be nurtured and sustained by a culture of interigrity and uprightness. With it comes responsibility and exemplary conduct. Such leadership has zero tolerance for mediocrity, inefficiency, double standard, favouritism, nepotism, corruption and pettiness. Former U.S President Dwight Eisenhower once described leadership as the “Art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it”. This demands that a Values-based leadership must command respect from its followers. The apathy, cynicism and pessimism with regard to government policies and pronouncements will give way to fresh air of trust, confidence, optimism and synergy between the leadership and the followers. The impact visionary and transformative leadership has on the Asian Tiger economies led by Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand and Hong Kong, Western countries led by the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, The Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland) as well as the emerging BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) respectively, is a testament of its positive effect on the society and the world at large. Singapores’ Lee Kuan Yew is a good case study, whose master piece-from Third World to First World, is a must read for our contemporary leaders and aspiring ones. It is to his credit that Singapore, once an impoverished country is among the fastest growing advanced economies in the world today.

The leadership crisis in Nigeria is as a result of wrong value system, that places so much premium on material possession (not minding how it was acquired) and status than good name, morals and ideology, greed, crass opportunism, materialism cum primitive acquisition of wealth, inordinate ambition to get rich quick, identity crisis, multiculturalism and diverse ethnic orientation of the country, with over 450 ethnic groupings, that has engendered internal struggle and competition for dominance and resource control at the detriment of other ethnic groups which led to instability in our socio-political system and the inevitable incursion of the military in our body polity with its attendant culture of arbitrariness and impunity, hence our inability to build, nurture and sustain strong social and democratic institutions which will guarantee the emergence of credible, competent, visionary, and exemplary leadership, we all yearn for. Nigeria’s misfortune after the Nigerian-Biafran civil war and the banning from political activities and subsequent death of it’s first generation leaders has seen the emergence of strings of either weak, ineffective, corrupt, demagogic, non-visionary, dictatorial rulers or leaders without much exception. The continuance of all-pervasive, anachronistic and highly damaging feudal system has become a fixed frame of mind for the nation. This is in direct conflict with democracy, progress and freedom, both social, economic and political. Total neglect of education has wide spread socio-economic and cultural implications and clear-cut effects on the society’s moral fibre. This neglect is only the trend of a feudal society like ours, with no any Nigerian University among the Top 200 in the world Universities ranking, after producing Africa’s first Nobel Literature Laureate in the 1980s. Constitutional acrobats of 1956, 1962, 1973 and later undemocratic amendments destroyed the system of government badly and uprooted the structural integrity of our dear country. Weak governments paved the way for abuse of official power, nepotism, tribalism, and favouritism for private gains by government officials, politicians and rulers. The masses were trapped in a vicious triangle of struggling for food, clothing, shelter and survival.

In the quest for the enthronement of credible and Values-based leadership in Nigeria, there is need for a paradigm shift in our leadership, at local, state and federal levels and in private and public life. There should be a top-down change in leadership perception, psychology, attitude and mentality of Nigerians, particularly the younger generation, who are the so-called leaders of tomorrow. By making them to embrace leadership from a service-oriented philosophy perspective rather than see the call to lead as an opportunity to satisfy personal aggrandizement, by amassing public wealth for personal gains to the detriment of our collective interest and posterity. Change to a more engaging, compassionate, patriotic, visionary, courageous and exemplary style of leadership and the higher ideals of selfless service, sacrifice and integrity. This will lift the country out of the morass of socio-economic and political retrogression and place it on the path of prosperity and greatness among the comity of nations. This can be achieved through the introduction of leadership and civics education as a course of study in the school curriculum at both primary and secondary school levels respectively, as well as its incorporation in the general studies programme of tertiary institutions of learning so as to expose the younger generation to the basic tenets, principles and fundamentals of leadership as well as the qualities they should imbibe to be able to provide the transformative leadership our country needs. A Values-based leadership, will not only be sympathetic to the plight of ordinary Nigerians, but will also have a sense of mission and empathy, thereby promoting a culture of peace and stability which are sine qua none for socio-economic and political transformation.

For the Nigeria project to be sustainable and competitive in the twenty-first century globalised economy, were the wind of globalization accelerated by forces of information and communication technology, trade/commerce, finance, nanotechnology, medicine and nuclear technology have combined to make the world a global village, a visionary, courageous, selfless, patriotic and reformist leadership is imperative. Such a leadership will redirect the social compass of this country to the path of moral rectitude, make our economy vibrant and investor-friendly, so as to attract the much needed foreign direct investments (FDIs) and the realization of Vision 20-2020, combat the hydra-headed monster called corruption, which has eating deep into our social fabric, create jobs for the teeming Nigerian youths, provide basic infrastructure like roads, hospitals, schools, utilities and address the myriad of structural and political problems hindering our development and growth, as a nation.

Uchechukwu Chris Arinze, ( ) is a Computer Scientist/Public Affairs Analyst, wrote in from Lagos,

By Amiru Adamu

To many admirers, governor Aliyu wamakko is an exemplary leader and a rare breed of excellence whose quality of character and sincerity of purpose endears him to the administration and respect of the people of sokoto state. His immense contributions in the society and his concern for the wellbeing of the common man will forever remain indelible in the political history of Sokoto State. When Aliyu magatakarda wamakko took the reigns of government in may 2007, it was clear to us that the task before him was not an easy one, considering the enormity of the development were complex and had been compounded by the lack of seriousness and courage to grapple with them by his predecessors.

Impressively, with greater enthusiasm and utter determination not to fail the people who gave him their mandate, governor wamakko resolved to sacrifice his time, energy and acumen the almighty Allah bestowed on him to make sokoto great, socially, economically politically, and to be at par with other states of the federation. It is worthy of note, that within three and half years of his four year term, it is encouraging to note that the policy objectives of the administration are not only being pursued but that significant progress has been made in implementing these policies. In every nook and cranny of sokoto state today, are scores of projects touching on all facets of human endeavours representing an integral part of the developmental influence of governor Aliyu magatakarda wamakko. Name them: from housing development, through education, water supply, youth empowerment, healthcare delivery, poverty eradication, transportation, rural electrification and roads. All these and many more are today practically transparent in every nook and cranny of sokoto state. The ever increasing focus on education as the most decisive factor in the progress and development of modern societies and as a tool for fighting ignorance and disease, explains the high rating accorded to education in sokoto state. At its inception the administration declared a state of emergency in the educational sector and committed 22% of its budget to it. The administration has so far renovated most primary schools, expanded over 30 secondary schools including classrooms, hostels libraries workshops and staff residential quarters.

It went further to provide model libraries in some selected post primary schools, purchased and distributed relevant textbooks for all subjects as well as equipping classrooms and hostels with furniture’s and generators. The administration also increased the students feeding allowances by 100% and abolished examination fees, school fees and other miscellaneous expenses for all students’ non indigenes inclusive. These policies have increased students enrollment to about 40%. In order to back its policies with enough manpower, the administration recruited additional 700, primary school teachers, 1000, secondary school teachers190, teachers for Arabic and Islamic board and 172, for Shehu Shagari College of education. Other efforts by the administration in the educational sector include: establishment of additional normadic schools, establishment of Almajirci integrated school, purchase and distribution of free JAMB/DE forms on a yearly basis, extra mural lessons for students with deficiencies in o/level, scholarships and study grants etc. The first phase of the sokoto state university is in its completion stage. Health care delivery, has also received attention from the administration. With clear understanding of the need for improvement and expansion of healthcare delivery services in the state to correspond with the rapid population growth, increase in the sophistication of the pattern of life of the people and demand for better health services. The administration immediately swung into action, by putting in place articulated strategies to deal with these inadequacies.

It ensured the completion of all inherited projects, constructed six general hospitals, 15 primary healthcare centers, ongoing construction of an orthopedic hospital, constant supply of drugs and medical equipments, supply of ambulances, training and retaining of all cadres of health personnel etc. to ensure accessibility to medical care, the administration procured 30 mobile clinics and utility vehicles. It also supports immunization against child killer diseases, resulting to ranking of sokoto state 2nd lowest in infection North West zone. The administration also established a drugs revolving fund, and procured drugs worth 100 million under the scheme to ensure hospitals do not lack drugs, it also provided logistics for aggressive campaign against drug abuse, HIV/AIDS and STI’S. The administration is also providing free medical care to pregnant women and children under five years in its FREMCARE programme in which customized drugs and diagnostics services are provided free of charge in all general hospitals and primary health care centers. The overall health policies have been geared towards the attainment of state economic empowerment development strategies (SEEDS) and millennium development goals (MDG’S).

The administration has boosted the agricultural sector, through increased participation and funding. The fact that Fertilizer is the most important commodity to a farmer prompted the administration to commit a lot of money into procurement of assorted fertilizer which it distributes to farmers yearly at a subsidized rate. It has also procured and distributed over 300 tractors,50.000 irrigation pumps,200 rice threshing machines and over 1.5 Billion Naira worth of aerial spray materials, pesticides and agrochemical materials for control of Quella birds and other crop pests in the state. To boost dry season farming the administration rehabilitated over 10 irrigation schemes and disbursed over 100 million Naira loan to farmers for dry season farming and animal tractions. Animal health was not neglected as sokoto state is noted for its large herds of cattle, sheep and goats.

The administration embarked on the vaccination of different animals against diseases in all parts of the state. Shelter as a key necessity of life was not left out of the administrations’ development agenda. Wamakko’s administration took a giant leap in the housing sector when it went all out to construct a total of 2000 housing units within the state capital and 30 units in each of the 23 local governments of the state. Most of these houses have been completed and allocated to civil servants on owner/occupier basis. The state’s NYSC permanent camp is presently under construction, to provide a befitting accommodation to Youth corps members posted to sokoto state. Economically stable electricity supply brings a lot of development and a considerable decline in the number of the unemployed, due to increase of economic activities. These foreseen prospects prompted the administration to embark on a 3.8 Billion Naira state independent power project, to provide 30 mega watts in addition to the PHCN supply. The promise of rural electrification is also being fulfilled.

The administration has so far connected over 300 towns and villages to the national grid. This step has encouraged the establishment of cottage industries and other commercial activities of the people living in the rural areas. It has also triggered a decline in the migration of people from rural to urban areas, most especially the youth whose absence affects agriculture, which is the dominant occupation in the rural areas. The provision of portable and clean water supply should be a top priority issue to every responsible government. Clean and properly treated water prevents the populace from being infected with various water borne diseases. At its inception the administration took a step to arrest the perennial water shortage in the state by setting up a committee to ensure adequate water supply in the state within the shortest time possible.

The committee immediately after its inauguration embarked on the replacement of old pipes and refurbishment of tank reservoirs, a step that alleviated the acute shortage of water within the metropolis dramatically. The administration has so far converted 35 motorized water schemes to solar water schemes, rehabilitated more than 200 semi urban water schemes, the work on the diversion of kware main line to Achida and rehabilitation of the impressit water supply extension for Sokoto Township among others. The government through its department for rural water supply embarked on special projects to supply the rural areas with water. Some of these projects include 90 motorized water schemes,40 solar powered motorized water schemes, reactivation of 200 hand pumps,50 overhead tanks,100 boreholes and the rehabilitation of Binga, Yaka, Yar abba and Tungar malam Rashidu rural water schemes among others. The administration further drilled 50 additional boreholes in guinea- worm infested communities of Binji, Gada, Rabah, Silame, Tangaza, Tureta and Tambuwal local government areas. The construction is also on, for a water station at Asare capable of providing 45 million litres of water per day.

These calculated and people oriented projects, have brought succor to the people of sokoto state in the area of water supply. The youth as the leaders of tomorrow, are given a high priority by the administration. The youth empowerment programme of the administration picked up on a sound footing. By design the programme is aimed at providing succor to the vibrant youth and other unemployed persons in the state. The administration established a skills acquisition mega center in each of the three senatorial districts; two skills acquisition centers in each of the 23 local government areas to cater for male and female training. The scheme has so far trained more than 30.000 youths in various skills and tools of the trades provided for the graduates. The administration has so far provided 300 buses, 200 taxis and over 1000 tricycles which were distributed on loan to individuals. The administration also secured a 2 billion Naira loan, on behalf of the traders in the state. An arrangement was reached between the state government and the banks, with interest being remitted to the banks by the state government on behalf of the traders. Women form the larger segment of the society.

It is in line with this fact that the administration gives top priority attention to the development of women in the state. The women development center in sokoto was provided with working materials, computer center, fitness center and a daycare center. Centers in all the 23 local governments of the state were also provided with equipment and materials worth millions of Naira. Over 30, million, Naira, assistance was given to distressed women and petty traders across the state, while cooperative groups got loans. Good roads are essential for the development of trade and tourism. It also makes movement of people and goods from one place to another safer and easier. As a mark of commitment towards structural transformation, the administration has within the period under review, constructed, dualised and upgraded more than 600 standard and feeder roads within sokoto and its 23 local governments. A contract was recently awarded, for the fitting of all major roads within sokoto metropolis with solar powered street lights; an overhead bridge that runs through the town centre has been constructed.

The administration takes the welfare of its less privileged very seriously. The government through its ministry of social welfare pays minimum wage to every disabled person in sokoto state. The ministry has so far achieved a great success in its field of operation some of which include: clearing of mentally challenged people from the streets of sokoto and facilitating their treatment at psychiatric hospital, renovation and increased funding for the state orphanage homes, payment of hospital bills for the less privileged with critical and expensive medical conditions. The Ramadan feeding programme being carried out by the administration is also another landmark achievement. Sokoto state being the seat of the caliphate is a predominant Muslim state, hence the administration’s commitment to the development of religious affairs. At its inception the present administration established a ministry of religious affairs that is in charge of overseeing all religious matters in the state. The ministry has so far constructed 4 type “A” Jumu’at mosques, 33 type “B” Jumu’at mosques and Islamiyya schools.

It also provided motorcycles to its recruited Islamic teachers, for easy access to the rural areas. The ministry is participating fully in the collection and distribution of zakat within the The administration took a giant step to curb the problems associated with “Almajirci” in the state, by establishing the Almajirci model school, a first of its kind in Nigeria. Indeed the journey so far did not come without some pains and deprivations. It is rather impossible to have attained the level of achievement recorded with so little resources. The state’s finances are not all that encouraging especially with the bulk of civil workforce on its payroll consuming a substantial slice of the monthly cash allocation from the federal government. The minimum wage saga inherited by the administration at its inception is also history. Without reservation Governor wamakko has justified himself as an exemplary leader, whose personal qualities and proficiency as demonstrated in the past 4 years of his stewardship, has restored a new lease of life to the people of sokoto state in terms of belonging and hope for the future.

Amiru Adamu is the publisher of Northern Wind Magazine.

By Lateef Lawal

Members of the Air Transport Services Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (ATSSSAN) have been urged to unite to fight the social ills in the aviation sector in the country for the emancipation of workers from the chackles of injustice. The call was made by the re-elected President of ASSSAN, Comrade Benjamin Okewu while speaking after being sworn in for the second term of four years, who described his election as that destined by God, called on executives of all branches of ATSSSAN to work for the over all enhancement of workers welfare.

According to him, it will be difficult for any association to grow or fight for the well being of its members where acrimony and rancor was the order of the day. He enjoined everyone to desist from anti-association activities in the interest of members of the association. He declared that union’s agitation for a comprehensive road map and plan for the development of the aviation sector will not stop until the road map was made to reflect the various tangible expectations of stakeholders.
Okewu urged the government to learn from the unpopular decision of liquidation of the Nigeria Airways to be harnessed into the aviation road map. The ATSSSAN President called on the government to conclude the process for the final payment of all outstanding indebtedness to Nigeria Airways workers immediately to put an end to incessant deaths. According to Okewu, “ATSSSAN will not stop calling for the review and cancellation of various concession agreements that are skewed in favour of the concessionaires to the detriment of the organization, workers and Nigerian people”

While commending the steps taken by the aviation minister over the Bilateral Air Service Agreement with the British government, Okewu expressed delight over the commencement of work aimed at re-modeling some airports across the country saying it was as a result of the workers out cries and agitations which will never be in vain.
Other national executives elected at the just concluded elections for various offices are : Sarah Rimdans,Deputy Nat. President; Giwa Rimanchatin,Deputy Nat. President; Ogbonda Evans,Nat. Vice President; Ilitrus Ahmadu,Nat. Vice President; Olanipekun Olaniran,National Treasurer; Emeto Philips,Nat. Financial Secretary.

The rest are-Imafidon Edwin,National Auditor; Toyin Awonusi,National Auditor; Abiodun Adewuni,National Trustee; Onoja Pius,National Trustee; Okpokpong John Donald,National Trustee; Danjuma Ahmed,National Ex-Officio; Ajayi Ganiyat,National Ex-Officio; Agom G. A. National Ex-Officio; Andrew Inalegwu,National Ex-officio.

Lateef Lawal (NigerianAviationNews)

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