Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

-Masterweb Reports
(Submission By Johnson Eze )
Today, it is no longer a secret that the Anambra Oil magnet, Chief Ifeanyi Ubah is set to replace Gov. Peter Obi as the Governor of Anambra State. He has been telling his friends that he was ready to spend whatever it will take to achieve his ambition for which he had set aside the initial N20, 000,000,000 Billion and he is working seriously towards that. To get the support of the people, he has floated a foundation through which he is supporting the poor, building churches, subsidising kerosene, helping the widow and all manner of philanthropy.
Chief Austine Ndigwe, (Uzu Awka and Ozo Gidigbam Gidigbam) his right hand man said that Ubah had already secured the support of Rochas Okorocha, whom he made the Governor Single handedly. He said that the Oil magnet is unhappy that his own Governor is not supporting him, but he said they had a good weapon they would use against him if every effort to get his support failed.
Uba has the support of the following, who are also on his monthly pay roll for the project:
a. Chief Victor Umeh (APGA National Chairman) N10,000,000
b. Chief Austine Ndigwe, Uzu Awka N10,000,000
c. Mr. Alfred Nwosu N5,000,000
Others he feels that may be in a position to help are also on his pay roll, including some vociferous clergy men of all denominations.
Uzu Awka said Ubah confided in them how Obi would kneel down and beg him at the appropriate time. How he paid N25, 000,000 (Twenty-Five Million Naira) to the former Lagos State Commissioner for Police, Mr. Marvel Apkoyibo to set Obi up. Do you still remember the $250,000,000 (Two hundred and Fifty Million Dollars) and N250, 000,000 (Two hundred and Fifty Million Naira) his people were apprehended with while transporting it from Awka to Lagos.
Uzu Awka said that Obi did not know that the ADC in question, was the one Ubah used to do dirty deeds in Lagos and that it was Ubah who planned for him to be sent to Anambra as Obi’s ADC. "The man think he is clever not knowing that Anyi had already paid his former ADC, N3, 000,000 (three Million Naira) for him and his boys to spy at his every move and he succeeded." he said.
What will Obi Need him for?
According to Uzu Awka, Ubah informed him that Akpayibo had already given him the entire video of the $250,000,000 (Two Hundred and Fifty Million Dollars) and N250,000,000 (Two Hundred And Fifty Million Naira) episode containing:
a. When the money, local and foreign currencies, were loaded in Awka
b. When the money was being of-loaded in Lagos
c. Where Governor Obi was kneeling down and begging the Police Commissioner to only disclose the Naira component and allow him keep the $250, 000,000 Dollars, (Two Hundred and Fifty Million Dollars), which he agreed after he was given $10,000,000 (Ten Million Dollars) out of it.
Uzu Awka boosted that the tape is with Governor Rochas Okorocha, himself, victor Umeh and Alfred Nwosu.
Uzu Awka further revealed that they had got the Accountant General of Anambra State, who confirmed that Gov. Obi has one of the cheque books of Anambra State Government in his possession , which he uses to withdraw the money he changes into dollars.
He said they also heard how Obi withdrew the sum of 5, 000, 000 Pounds (Five Million Pounds) he said was for the payment of Ojukwu’s hospital Bill, When the actual bill was just 500,000 Pounds (Five Hundred Thousand Pounds).
Ubah, according to Uzu Awka, has documentary evidence of all the properties Obi bought in different parts of the world. He went on to name some:
a. Block of flat at Dubai bought for $10,000,000 (Ten Million Dollars)
b. Block of flats at Singapore bought at $12, 500,000 (Twelve Million, Five Hundred Thousand Dollars)
c. A detached building at Atlanta, Georgia at $6,500,000 (Six Million, Five Hundred Thousand Dollars)
d. A flat at Manhattan, New York, $8, 250,000 (Eight Million, Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Dollars)
e. A Holiday Resort at Bahamas for which he paid $4, 500, 000 (Four Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars)
Uzu Awka said the moment Obi knew that Ubah has a lot on him, he quickly visited him in his Abuja home knelt down and begged him not to expose him. Ubah, Uzu Awka said further, was particularly angry that Obi, in spite of his hands of friendship, is bent on handing over to a known drug courier.
Ubah’s Plans
Uzu Awka revealed how Ubah had concluded arrangement working with the Presidency and EFCC of how Obi’s immunity would be waived for his arrest if he does not support Ubah. He also talked about the arrest of his wife and Commissioners by the EFCC.
Uzu Awka talked of how they got Obi’s Commissioner for Finance, Eze Echesi to support them, because he had been promised that he would be retained and made the coordinating Commissioner for the Economy of Anambra State. Anambra’s version of Nigeria’s Okonjo Iweala. He said he had been quite helpful, giving then photocopies of sensitive documents that they will use ti nail Obi’
As for the SSG, who wants to be the Governor, Uzu Awka said the poor man saw the force Ubah was coming with and had already agree to serve as his Deputy instead. Though the man is old, he said it would be strategic to use him and placate his people who were promised to produce the next Governor.

-Masterweb Reports
A colloquium on Ahiara declaration (January 16-17, 2012 ) formed one of the frontlines of activities to commemorate the life, times, tremendous courage and sacrifice of late Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, leader of the then Republic of Biafra which now comprises of South Eastern and South-Southern parts of Nigeria. Ahiara declaration made by Ojukwu on June 1, 1969, two years into the Nigeria-Biafra war of 1967-1970, has been described by analysts as masterpiece political and ideological testament in which a vision of a new society was articulated in the light of the contradictions that led to the civil war and near breakup of Nigeria. It was a moral boost to the Biafran/Igbo struggle.
As Igbo prepares for the burial of her illustrious and brave son and hero, Dim Emeka Ojukwu, it becomes pertinent, not only once, to recount the declaration of unity, focus and bravery which mark the Igbo spirit – declaration made by Eze Igbo Gburugburu himself. Below is a paper presentation by Chief Charles O. Okereke, Publisher - Nigeria Masterweb ( at the Colloquium On Ahiara Declaration held January 16-17, 2012 in Ahiara, Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria – at the venue of the declaration by Ojukwu in 1969.
                           Ahiara Declaration, 2015 And The Struggle For Igbo Emancipation
                                                      By Chief Charles O. Okereke
                  ( Paper Presentation At The Colloquium On Ahiara Declaration – January 16-17, 2012 )
Igbo Kwenu! Ohanaeze Kwenu! Ndigbo kwezuonu! Nke onye chiri, ya zara. Fathers, mothers, elders, brothers, sisters, ladies and gentlemen, I stand gratefully here today, in my humble self, to address a nation whom God has blessed with all blessings, a people bound in love, wisdom and unbreakable unity, and before great men and women whose desire for a better posterity is unmatched all over the world. I stand here today, the least of the brothers, first of all, to show my undiluted gratitude to Igbo who, even in the midst of great injustice and threat to slavery, especially in the 60s, came out en masse - leaving everything we held dear - our families, barns and business- to defend our generation against a common enemy - the spirit of genocide and annihilation – and to gain an eternal place for our people in a free world. Age, experience and ‘Nzuko Igbo” have taught me that the spirit of Igbo is one; indeed we are one and we cannot be anything else but united- no matter the height of our jubilations or the depth of our sorrows. Above all, I stand here before you, Ndi nwem, and before the God of all - our one and only king - to pour out my gratitude to God for His mercies to us all in our journey in Nigeria and in life. Although it’s been over forty (40) years since the Nigeria-Biafra (Igbo) war ended, you, my brothers and sisters, can still agree with me that, despite the continued unwritten law which militates against Igbo progress in Nigeria, through God, there still remain reasons to shout, once again, at the top of our voices: “Happy survival!”
On Tuesday, May 30, 1967, mandated by the elders and leaders of the old eastern region of Nigeria, late Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, leading Ndigbo and other Biafrans, declared secession from Nigeria and announced the republic of Biafra. On June 1, 1969, two years on, and while the war was nearing its end as a result of many factors which have remained recited in different quarters, our leader, the true servant of our people, Emeka, delivered the speech known as “The Ahiara Declaration.” Not feigning non-cognizance of many opposing reasons as to why the declaration made by Ojukwu in Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria, was made, and having been taught by age, experience and the elders, I have arrived at this obvious and irrefutable truth: the Ahiara declaration was the spirit of Igbo, the spirit of unity, survival, freedom and progress. It was the spirit of manliness which stands, taller than all, even at the point of death. Picking from the words of the declaration, and I quote: “We have fought alone, we have fought with honor, we have fought in the highest traditions of Christian civilization. Yet, the very custodians of this civilization and our one-time mentors, are the very self-same monsters who have vowed to devour us;” it was abundantly clear that the intention of true Igbo leadership and the will of the spirit of Igbo remains one and only: to keep Igbo united through thick and thin- through injustice, hypocrisy, or in good times. The content of Ahiara declaration should, in no wise, be mistaken for weakness or a plea to those who never cared for anything besides their selfish interests and callous decisions. On reacting to external influences which militated and still militate against Igbo spirit in Nigeria, Ojukwu read: “Our struggle has far-reaching significance. It is the latest recrudescence in our time of the age-old struggle of the black man for his full stature as man. We are the latest victims of a wicked collusion between the three traditional scourges of the black man - racism, Arab-Muslim expansionism and white economic imperialism. Playing a subsidiary role is Bolshevik Russia seeking for a place in the African sun. Our struggle is a total and vehement rejection of all those evils which blighted Nigeria, evils which were bound to lead to the disintegration of that ill-fated federation. Our struggle is not a mere resistance - that would be purely negative. It is a positive commitment to build a healthy, dynamic and progressive state, such as would be the pride of black men the world over.”
Today, the very things spoken as in prophecy still stare us in the face, not one have bettered; if anything, the pains and cries have escalated. Which shall we accept amongst these three evils: racism (tribalism, anti-Igbo), Arab-Muslim expansionism, or white economic imperialism (which has always favored other Nigerians against the Igbo)? Do we accept any of these or do we maintain that Nigeria must rightly and urgently evolve to a healthy, dynamic and progressive state, such as would be the pride of black men the world over? In Ahiara declaration, more than making the world, once again, inexcusable for her silence and support for the genocide against Igbo, the intention was primarily and solely centered on reviving the Igbo spirit- the spirit on oneness and unity in the face of challenges and extinction threats. One surely cannot mistake the passion and depth of Ojukwu’s appeal to our people in the 60s to stand their ground for justice to the end as an act of surrendering or plea. The Igbo spirit does not surrender, no matter the circumstances. In Ojukwu’s words of encouragement and focus for our peace, and I quote “We must not flag. The tape is in sight. What we need now is a final burst of speed to breast the tape and secure the victory which will ensure for us, for all time, glory and honor, peace and progress,” I also implore and encourage us to stand up and for the Igbo course because victory - this time, not with just 28 rusty riffles, bare hands and wills to survive, but with democracy determined to take its course - is at hand and, indeed, the tape is in sight. It was the spirit of Igbo’s unity which the Ahiara declaration rekindled. This same spirit is what I call on us all, especially at this critical time of our seemingly choking life in Nigeria, to embrace and work with, for the safeguarding of our core values and raising a grateful posterity. “Onye ajuru anaghi aju onwe ya” is a wise Igbo saying which still stands true for the Igbo in Nigeria today; we can no longer answer the many strange names given us in Nigeria, we must, as a matter of urgency, retain our relevance and indispensability in the polity of this country.
Although the war officially ended on January 15, 1970, it’s no longer a secret that the very things which precipitated and necessitated Igbo secession have remained, nonetheless, in their multiplied dimensions. Today, Igbo blood is still being poured all over Nigeria - especially in the North. Our fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, brothers, sisters, and children, to this very day, still fall victims of the unwritten law in Nigeria which seeks to wipe us off the map. Nigeria belongs to all, and that is what we, Igbo, have said and shown to all in Nigeria; yet, without having to enumerate the many wrongs done us in Nigeria, what now stands at the vertex of all truths is that the Igbo have remained and are still marginalized in Nigeria. The crescendo to which this crafted callousness has reached is no longer hidden- even before the eyes of those whose ignorance erected monuments of sorrows in every family in Igboland as a result of the war. To attest to this, one can still hear- in many quarters of Nigeria, of the mistakes and regrets of fighting the wisdom and vision of the Igbo in Nigeria, and the invasion of our homeland form 1967-1970. Alluding briefly to the injustice done against me and against Igbo in the African union symbols competition held from February 17 – October 31, 2003, where I was denied my rights to the first position simply and obviously because I am Igbo; the hang man’s noose against Ndigbo still dangles. The composition of the person acclaimed to have won the first position was not played before the panel of judges, and the person to whom they sold the second position happened to be one of the judges in the panel - a rule birthed in injustice against Igbo; mine, rigged to the third position, was the only played anthem before the judges which Africans also voted the best online. Yet, only and only because I am Igbo, the very people who have ceaselessly but unsuccessfully championed for an extinct Igbo race extended their claw of injustice to the African Union. It was in my several unaddressed petitions that I came to observe one obvious truth: from the early days of the amalgamation, through the war to this day, one thing which has stood clear above all else is the continuous machinations of some elite within Nigeria to deny and deprive Igbo of any glory- locally and in foreign spheres. One could also still recall that Philip Emeagwali, a true son of Ala-Igbo who has made marks in the global hall of fame, has received untold criticisms and undisguised animosity towards everything Igbo from the many peoples of other tribes in Nigeria. These they have done and continue to do, not because the truth is not clear for all to see, but because the Igbo man - right from the days of Ahmadu Bello’s inflammatory and hate-filled remarks to date, has largely remained comfortably successful in all his endeavors. For these, we have been hated and marginalized.
This injustice goes beyond my humble self, Chief Charles Okereke, and Engineer Emeagwali; the desire to keep the Igbo enslaved and marginalized has become endemic in the minds of those Nigerians who would never see or appreciate any good from Igbo. Today, you can see another dimension of this hatred leading to the massacre of our people all over the North with the very silence which greeted the pogrom and genocide of the 60s. Although these facts are there for all to see, what we, the Igbo say today, is that “enough is enough;” the marginalization of the Igbo has reached its elastic limit and the continuous blood-spilling of our people no longer serves any excuse in the quest for a united Nigeria. If anything, they still tend to force on us the spirit of slavery and defeat; but the spirit of Igbo says “no” and our elders echo this voice of truth. Igbo is a nation of peaceful and democratic people, and we will no longer let ourselves be relegated to the background because of our Godly values and respect for mankind- no matter where they come from. One cannot recount the many areas of marginalization of Ndigbo by the unwritten law of those bent on keeping Nigeria underdeveloped, but truly one stands out: Igbo can and will no longer accept or tolerate the seat of defeated thrust upon us by those who would never want to see us regain our God-given potentials. This 2015, above all things, and for a truly functional and democratic Nigeria, an Igbo presidency is one thing every Igbo should and must unconditionally stand in support of. Without using bigotry, and speaking from a generally accepted point of view, the crafted, systematic and systemic denial of Igbo presidency since the war ended has grossly impeded the growth of this nation. Some who do not wish Nigeria well may wish to differ, but, looking at what we, the Igbo, have achieved in every area of development with just N20.00 each after the civil war speaks in favor of the undying and resilient Igbo spirit. By the virtue of our blessed inheritance, we turn forests into cities and make deserts enviable homes. Igbo is a spirit and the spirit of Igbo is the spirit of all-round success. Having carefully studied the politics of Nigeria and how tribalism and undefined hatred and animosity against the Igbo have played their roles in impeding growth in every sector of the Nigerian society, I humbly, as our father, Dim severally did before he returned home, make these passionate pleas:
1. That Igbo should, and as a matter of survival and living, must come, once again and forever, together in the spirit of the Ahiara declaration to assert our basic rights in Nigeria.
2. That the Igbo take it upon us, from this very blessed and memorable day, to champion for Igbo presidency in Nigeria come 2015.
3. That our leaders- in their different capacities- do whatever it takes, in the spirit of true federalism, to prevail upon our friends and neighbors from other tribes and ethic groups within Nigeria on the need for an Igbo presidency come 2015. We, as Igbo nation, have severally, in the past, stood behind and seen to the successes of peoples from other tribes and ethnicities in Nigeria for the post of the presidency - a post no Igbo has occupied since we lost in a “no victor no vanquished” war.
4. That, in other to achieve this, every other matter and reason for disparity and disagreements amongst us should and must be relegated to the background and all efforts, wisdom, knowledge, understanding, resources and time be channeled towards communicating with, educating, and reaching agreements with our people in their different positions and beliefs in Nigeria.
5. That, this time, as a nation united unto eternity, we must speak with a voice to the rest of Nigerians of the need, justice and inevitability of accepting and having an Igbo presidency come 2015. Subjugation is not our inheritance and the spirit of slavery in times of great freedom is strange to us.
6. That every politics we play henceforth, no matter the party, be rooted in the conviction and steps towards producing an Igbo presidency come 2015.
7. That, in all wisdom, looking at the prevailing party in Nigeria today, and its zoning methods which have always rubbed us of our rights to the presidency since the war ended, it has now become pertinent and expedient to consider coming together and joining talents and resources in a party which agrees to true federalism and which supports, unconditionally, an Igbo presidency this 2015.
8. That, unlike decades gone, we should make it clearly understood by all and sundry in Nigeria that the rejection of an Igbo presidency come 2015 would amount to Nigeria’s unfeeling of the Igbo pains and marginalization for over half a century. And making it clear that, should Nigeria and the elite who have and always would want an incapacitated Igbo in Nigeria, remain adamant on denying us our God-given rights in Nigeria, the only alternative left to us may be to lead our people out of a nation where we have remained rejected, robbed, marginalized and killed- despite our unrivaled competence and contributions towards a better Nigeria.
Today, as in the day of the declaration of our survival and the passionate appeal to keep fate in the midst of life-threatening dangers, as in the day of Ahiara declaration, I, in the spirit of our great leader, Dim Ojukwu, who has gone to rest, and in true Igbo spirit, once again, passionately implore every Igbo and Igbo body- the Ohanaeze Ndigbo- to rally round the spirit of our survival that, this time, we may not only live to survive, but survive to live in our land and in Nigeria…like the rest of Nigerians. In this plea to come and remain forever united, it is imperative that I quote, once again, a passage in Biafra’s Ahiara declaring as it thus is: “We say that Nigerians are corrupt and take bribes, but here in our country we have among us some members of the Police and the Judiciary who are corrupt and who “eat” bribe. We accuse Nigerians of inordinate love of money, ostentatious living and irresponsibility, but here, even while we are engaged in a war of national survival, even while the very life of our nation hangs in the balance, we see some public servants who throw huge parties to entertain their friends; who kill cows to christen their babies. We have members of the Armed Forces who carry on “attack” trade instead of fighting the enemy. We have traders who hoard essential goods and inflate prices thereby increasing the people’s hardship. We have “money-mongers” who aspire to build hundreds of plots on land as yet unreclaimed from the enemy; who plan to buy scores of lorries and buses and to become agents for those very foreign businessmen who have brought their country to grief. We have some civil servants who think of themselves as masters rather than servants of the people. We see doctors who stay idle in their villages while their countrymen and women suffer and die.” It is imperative, my people, that in order to actualize an Igbo presidency come 2015, we, as a untied people, must do our best to shun these things which have reduced Nigeria to a nation of unbearable corruption.
An Igbo presidency, you well know, will accord us with the power and mandate to correct the many injustices and balance the polity in the country - enabling every region and constituency to have as much rights to Nigeria as every other area within Nigeria. This has exclusively been denied us over these decades. Our leaders – from federal to state levels – must take it upon themselves to lead by example because, until this is aptly done, our children and the youths of our land will continue to find it difficult to comprehend any rational in listening to us as elders, let alone adhering to our good leadership and instructions. Ohanaeze na ndi nwen, finally, with the spirit of heaviness and uncertainty for our great loss in Eze Igbo, Chief Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, (let us maintain once again a minute of silence for Dim), finally, ndi nwem, let us rekindle the Igbo spirit which entails unity, formidable force, peace, justice, equality, progress, health, pride and life. May God grant us wisdom, willingness, and resources to build a future for our children- a future for which they will remain eternally grateful; a future which will announce to the whole world the arrival of the true Igbo. It’s the Igbo spirit and we have partaken of this grace in our noble births. Thank you and God bless you all. Amen.
Chief Charles O. Okereke, B.S., M.S.
People’s Servant (Ps.)
Publisher, Nigeria Masterweb ( )

-Masterweb Reports
(Submission By Ifeatu Agbu)
The storm is over. Well, so it seems. The turbulent waves that threatened to sink the ship of the Niger Delta Development Commission, NDDC, have abated and calm has returned. It took a Presidential Committee led by Mr. Stephen Oronsaye to throw the anchor that finally saved the interventionist ship of the Niger Delta from what appeared to be an imminent wreck.
Today, a brand new team has come on board and naturally expectations are high. This is more so, as a lot of time was lost in the days when boardroom squabbles took centre stage. It was rather unfortunate that the energy that would have been better used in serving the people of the long-neglected oil-rich region of Nigeria was unnecessarily dissipated in self-serving posturing by people who should know better.
It is a big relief that those days of bitterness and rancour have now been consigned to the dustbin of history. Thankfully, things are looking up again and the urgent task of fast-tracking the development of the Niger Delta is once again in focus.
President Jonathan, while inaugurating the new board of the NDDC charged the members to steer clear of politics, noting that the affairs of the commission were too sensitive to be combined with partisan politics. That directive may indeed be a tall order if one factors in Aristotle’s doctrine that man is basically a political animal and the fact that some of the appointees are seasoned politicians.
More importantly, the President advised them to be mindful of the pitfalls of the dissolved board, saying he would not hesitate to wield the big stick if they fell out of line like their predecessors. He noted that the problems that led to the dissolution of the previous board were not about corruption but poor management.
The Chibuzor Ugwuoha-led management shot itself in the foot by not paying heed to the wise counsel of a seasoned American management expert, Peter F. Drucker, who wrote on the need to strike a balance between management and leadership. According to Drucker, while “management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.”  The sacked board was more or less consumed by the struggle for who was right and who was wrong.
Ugwuoha, coming from oil company background, seemed determined that everyone should play by the rules. That was fair enough but the snag was that he appeared too naïve in navigating the intricate waters of board room politics. Consequently, he became rigid in applying the rules and this inevitably led to the intense power struggle which snowballed into series of accusations and counter accusations. The infighting got to the level of blackmail and intimidation which invariably arrested the development of the region. This was an antithesis of the raison d’être of the commission.
The crisis that rocked the commission took root from the poor interpretation of the powers and functions of the board and those of its executive members. A situation where the board chairman is given some executive powers is not in consonance with Civil Service Rules and Regulations where there are no ambiguities in role definition. In the civil service, the day to day management of government agencies is vested on the Managing Director who also doubles as the Chief Accounting Officer.  The board functions only as a body that formulates policies while the implementation and operation of the agencies are vested on the management headed by the MD/CEO.
The act establishing the commission clearly identified the MD/CEO as the Head of Management and Chief Accounting Officer. He reports directly to the Board and not through the chairman. However, what was referred to as the operation manual of the commission was later put in place. This gave undue powers to the chairman of the board to act as if he was the Chief Accounting Officer. This practice led to several internal crises which saw the removal of two MD/CEOs and some executive directors of the commission.
When the Procurement Act of 2007 came into force, members of the board and management disregarded it insisting that the commission’s operation manual was superior to the Procurement Act of 2007 which is binding on all government’s award of contracts. This was the crux of the crisis in the NDDC. While the Ugwuoha group wanted total adherence to extant rules and regulations as encapsulated in the Procurement Act and other Civil Service Rules and Regulations, some top members of the management, the board chairman and some other members would have none of it. They insisted that the NDDC manual was superior, so, it should guide the operations of the commission. Each side adhered strictly to its conviction. That degenerated into irreconcilable differences which eventually led to the dissolution of the board.  
The new board must not travel this crocodile-infested road in their own interest and that of the beleaguered people of the Niger Delta who are in a hurry to see concrete development of their region. There must be a change in style and approach at the Dappa Briye House, the NDDC headquarters. In the words of the Chairman of the board, Dr Tarilah Tebepah, “this new NDDC will deliver, this is a transformational NDDC.  We will work hard to meet the expectations of the people”
Dr Tebepah also promised that the board will work in harmony with management and staff of the commission to be able to deliver its mandate to Niger Delta people. He said: “There is no magic wand, the solution is team work and things will start happening, that’s what I intend to do, to ensure that there is cordiality and proper working relationship.”
The signs are good and the chairman is already sounding the right notes. Having identified the failings of the dissolved board, it is only wise and proper to chart a new course that would as much as possible carry other stakeholders along. Those who have occupied high leadership positions would always underline the importance of the human element. General Collin Powell, who was Chairman of the US Joint Chief of Staff [1989-93] and the first African American to be appointed Secretary of State, wrote about getting the right calibre of people to deliver good results. For him, “organisation doesn’t really accomplish anything. Plans don’t accomplish anything either. Theories of management don’t matter. Endeavours succeed or fail because of the people involved. Only by attracting the best people will you accomplish great deeds.”
The new Managing Director of the commission, Dr Christian Oboh shares the optimism of the chairman as he assured that the governing board would “recreate a Niger Delta that is investment friendly and capable of engendering economic prosperity.” He noted that the task of achieving this cannot be done by NDDC alone but must involve all stakeholders including the private sector.
The socio-economic transformation of the Niger Delta is too complex to be left for only one or two agencies of development. Obviously, undoing the damage wrought by decades of neglect and injustice requires partnership and synergy.
All stakeholders must be brought on board to confront the challenge of rescuing the Niger Delta. It makes sense to pull all resources together to tackle the injustice and inequality that have ruled the lives of the people in Nigeria’s oil basin. It is indisputable that the Niger Delta deserves a lot more than it is getting now.
The new board should also move quickly to win the confidence and trust of the various stakeholders. It should go the extra mile to convince the people of Niger Delta the region that they are actually going to bring something new to the table.
One of the most famous women in 20th century politics, Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India from 1966-77 and 1980-84, shared the following words with her fellow leaders: ‘Leadership at one time meant muscle; but today it means getting along with people.” It will be wise for the new board members at the NDDC to adopt ‘collaboration” as their mantra.
Mr. Ifeatu Agbu ( ) writes from Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

 -Masterweb Reports
(Submission By Esin Suji)
Some six years ago, in May 2006, an apparently unknown political neophyte, named Peter Obi, upset the Apple Cart when he was finally declared the REAL Winner of the 2003 Governorship elections in Anambra State – after about 30 months of unrelenting legal battles.

The routine challenges of delivering good governance to a long-neglected populace are onerous, and coupled with predatory designs on public assets the burdens of steering the ship of Anambra State begin to come into marked focus. But as the Igbos would say” A naghi aso ngide eje ogu” [One does not shy away from battle on the scare of being captured].
At bottom were the challenges of a State made prostrate by a cohort of self-seeking and venal politicians, private individuals and their bogus outfits. In response to Peter Obi’s refusal to key into their modus operandi, they adopted all kinds of fiendish and physical means to render the State ungovernable. They sponsored thugs, arsonists, murderers, armed robbers, cultists and political jobbers to unleash terror on the administration and hapless citizenry alike.
Over time, the Good Lord granted the administration victory and the erstwhile ‘enemies’ are increasingly toeing the line of peace. Peter Obi’s message was unambiguous a situation where a minority would hold the rest of citizenry hostage was unacceptable. Of course, it is only a committed leadership that can successfully checkmate this unwholesome phenomenon.
Institutional structures were hardly enabled and public service morale was at an all-time low. It was indeed appalling and sobering to discover that – some 15 years into the creation of the State -- Judges had no official quarters, Permanent Secretaries without official vehicles, salaries/emoluments and pensions in arrears, offices in rented buildings, internally-generated revenues controlled by the predators and so on. Tackled with dogged determination, the Obi administration has changed the situation extensively for the better. Conditions of services have improved, majority of the Judges now have official quarters, Permanent Secretaries have official cars and drivers, new State Secretariat complexes have been constructed and now effectively occupied, salaries are paid as at when due, promotion is based on merit, pensioners get their gratuity within 3 months of their formal disengagement from service and the public sector is re-established as the main engine of development.
The Obi administration was also confronted with the heavy burden of local and external debts running into billions of Naira; much of which had no relevance to the development of the State, but to which the State had been committed. As at end-2011, the incumbent Anambra State Government had cleared all pension arrears to the tune of about N7 billion as well as other indebtedness it inherited. It is on record that the administration has not borrowed money from any person, organisation or Government within and outside the State. In spite of his background in finance and management, Peter Obi has stoutly resisted the attractive temptation to issue Bonds, which has become the bane of most other State Economies. He is not one to mortgage the future of the people.
The peace and security challenge conveyed the image of a State at war with itself. The predators that held the State hostage had unfettered access to public sector apparatuses through their influence in many corridors of power. With massive investments in community policing – involving regular agencies and screened vigilance groups – the Government has now successfully promoted collective responsibility in the maintenance of peace and security in the 177 major communities of the State, particularly against various manifestations of violent crimes.
All told, the Obi programme of action -- the multi-focused Anambra Integrated Development Strategy [ANIDS] -- clearly demonstrates the enormity of the challenges on ground. Evidently to date, there have been tremendous achievements in all sectors and sub-sectors of the economy, polity and society at large. Included here are significant boosts to transparency in the conduct of public affairs, education, ICT competences, healthcare delivery, agriculture and agri-business, water supply, social and economic infrastructure, youth & women empowerment and entrepreneurship, security, human capacity development, among several others. The impressive list is really a thing to tell: return of erstwhile mission/voluntary organization schools to their original proprietors, resuscitation of education and health services, ICT-Microsoft Academies in the Local Government Areas, the youth empowerment initiative better known as ANSYREP-Anambra Re-Birth, collective responsibility in security, expanded rural & urban road network of over 500 kilometres, community participation in development, ana enabling environment for business and deepening sense of self-worth among the people.
Governor Peter Obi is one of the three State CEOs invited into the select Nigeria Economic Management Team and an Honorary Presidential Adviser on Finance. Beyond this commendable and earned recognition, these twin roles impose great burdens on him to make impact in the fulfilment of the national transformation agenda.
A few years back, Peter Obi’s colleagues on the South-East Governors’ Forum unanimously decided that he should be their permanent Chairman thence, rather than the rotational 6-month tenure per Governor. Also, though the [then] sole APGA Governor, his counterparts in the Southern Nigeria Governors’ Forum and in the larger Nigeria Governors’ Forum also made him their Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively. As he bears the weight of imprinting his acclaimed integrity, transparency and accountability in the conduct of public affairs, he should become one of the rallying points to help galvanize these fora into greater relevance on issues of regional, national and international interests. There are critical issues of restoring unity of purpose and dignity among the people and Governments of the south-east; peaceful co-existence, co-operation and harmony among the ethnic nationalities of southern Nigeria; and mutual understanding and concord within the Nigerian geo-polity and economy.
As is well-known, the reign of terror in the pre-Obi administration era practically tagged Anambra State a pariah State. Investing his tremendous personal and corporate goodwill as well as governance credentials, Peter Obi has restored the confidence of the international community in the State. Across the State, quite a number of organizations within the United Nations system, the European Union, bi-lateral, voluntary, other donor agencies and Development Partners are actively involved in various value-added programmes and projects in Anambra State. These are verifiable.  
A man of vision and mission and a positive Change Agent, Peter (the rock) Obi represents a new genre of leadership that well-meaning Nigerians and Friends of Nigeria have prayed and hoped for over the years. In the Nigerian experience, there is a thin line between loyalty to the State, admiration, support and sycophancy for Oga. But, Peter Obi has avoided the creation of a leadership cult around his person. Rather, he has been focused on the daunting task of strengthening institutional structures that would render abuses of public trust unattractive.
The trip-wires are still being laid on his path and the pressure has been mounting, but he is unwavering in his commitment to meaningful societal development. His attainments and determined focus in the service of his State and country at large speak volumes of Divine intervention in his mission. So help him and the rest of well-meaning Nigerians, God.
Esin Suji writes from Owerri

 -Masterweb Reports
(Submission By Ifeatu Agbu)

It is bad enough that out of the N4.749 trillion budget estimate of the Federal Government, 72 per cent is going for recurrent expenditure, leaving only 28 per cent to finance development projects. The thought that there could be another bad news for the economy when it comes to implementing the budget is even more depressing. The budget estimates have set out the parameters for another cycle of economic activities that would hopefully drive the engine of growth and development. Unfortunately, the road to success is paved with corruption in high and low places. And that is just the right milieu for dubious contractors to ply their trade and throw spanners in the wheels of progress.
The Nigerian environment seems to be a fertile ground for briefcase contractors who see government contracts as their own share of the national cake. For them, the contractual obligation to deliver the jobs on schedule and according to specifications is hogwash. What these contractors, who are unfortunately many, do is tantamount to arresting the development of the country.
This is one challenge all development agencies in the country should tackle frontally. Indeed, in some cases, it calls for emergency measures. It is, therefore, not surprising that the Niger Delta Development Commission, NDDC, is already taking steps to check the excesses of contractors who would like to eat their cake without contributing to its baking.
The NDDC Managing Director, Dr. Christian Oboh, has fired a warning shot to erring contractors engaged by the commission. He charged them to either perform or be prosecuted. To those that have achieved 70 per cent in project execution, he ordered: “deliver by the end of March 2012 or face the wroth of the law.” “Those who work, we shall pay, I want you to deliver between now and March, I’m ready to pay you if only you will deliver, you must also be prepared to sign undertaking because if you don’t deliver, the law will come after you” he declared.
The marching order from the NDDC boss, only amplifies an earlier Presidential directive. President Goodluck Jonathan had warned that his administration would order law enforcement agencies to apprehend contractors identified as having defaulted after receiving funds to execute NDDC projects. The president’s warning came after he received the reports of the NDDC Presidential Monitoring Committee late last year.
No doubt, the problem of non-performing contractors is a national malaise. However, its effect on the development of the Niger Delta region is more disturbing because if developmental projects in the region are sabotaged, it would have a direct consequence on the wealth of the nation, oil being the live-wire of the economy. Of course, we have to keep in mind that the Federal Government’s 2012 budget is based on 2.48 million barrel per day (MBPD) and this can only be realistic if the peace brought by the amnesty programme is sustained. To maintain and sustain the peace, the gains of the amnesty must be complemented with visible and concrete development of the region. This is where the NDDC comes in. As the most visible executing arm of the central government, it must be seen by all to be making the difference in the Niger Delta.
For government and its agencies to get value for money spent on projects, contractors must be held accountable by both the executive and the legislature. It is not a task for only one arm of government. The lawmakers should be interested in knowing how projects are executed to ensure that they meet the required specifications and that they are completed within the agreed time lines. The era of collecting money and abandoning projects should be over, if we have proper monitoring and oversight by the appropriate authorities.
The President of the Senate, Chief David Mark admitted that the National Assembly had not done enough in its oversight function with respect to the NDDC. He said after the Senate confirmation of a 13-member board for NDDC that the Senate Committee on Niger Delta should share the blame for the failure of the last board of the commission, noting that the committee failed in its oversight responsibilities. In many instances, there is a problem when politicians and government functionaries look the other way while contractors undermine the system. As it is the practice world-wide, governments and their agencies are expected to determine whether those they are giving jobs possess the requisite qualifications, manpower, equipment and monetary resources to successfully execute projects.
What happened in the past with respect to power and road contracts must serve as enduring lessons for those in government. Never again should we allow a situation where the country, according to the former Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr. Dimeji Bankole spent 16 billion dollars on the National Integrated Power Project, there was hardly anything to show for it. Never again should we be content with sulking and counting our losses after spending billions of naira for repairs and maintenance of the nation’s highways and bridges without tangible results.
Nigerians would not want a repeat of the disgusting stories told by the House of Representatives committee which looked into the activities of the Ministry of transport under the Olusegun Obasanjo administration. The committee reported that between 1999 and 2009, the ministry, gave contracts for the construction and rehabilitation of 11, 591km roads at a cost of N1.7 trillion – about N87 million per km – with only 24 per cent of the target met, while 64 per cent of the contract value had already been paid.
Today, we are reeling in the pains of high fuel prices in spite of the fact that contracts were awarded for the repair and maintenance of the nation’s refineries in 1998. The French oil giant; Total, was awarded a contract valued at $198 million to repair the Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical plant, while another contract of $100 million was awarded to Chrome Oil Services, in conjunction with its Polish partners, to undertake similar work at the Port Harcourt refinery. After spending an amount that was enough to build a brand new refinery with a capacity of at least 100,000 barrels per day, the two refineries are today still producing at less than half of their installed capacities. How scandalous can it get?
Like many other Nigerians, who believe that there should be a stop to this rot, Comrade Adams Oshiomhole, the Governor of Edo State told President Jonathan to jail all those who got the Turn Around Maintenance (TAM) contracts for the refineries. He said that all those who contributed to the present crisis in the oil sector by refusing to repair the refineries after collecting contract funds must be brought to justice.
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, and other anti-corruption agencies should live up to their duties and bite more than they bark. They should spread their dragnets to rope in not only corrupt politicians but also fraudulent contractors, who have by their actions frustrated the much-needed development in the country. The consequences are far-reaching. It is already taking its toll on all sectors of our national life. In education, for instance, the Nigerian Union of Teachers recently jolted Nigerians when it claimed that 25 per cent of pupils and students in primary, secondary schools and tertiary institutions in Ghana are from Nigeria. As if to confirm this, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, Governor, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), lamented recently that there are 71, 000 Nigerian students in Ghana who are paying not less than 155 billion naira as tuition annually, compared with the annual budget of 121 billion naira for the entire Federal University education in Nigeria.
Isn’t it surprising that Nigeria is gradually losing grounds to less endowed African countries? It is certainly a worrisome development that needs to be redressed urgently.The new board of the NDDC led by its chairman, Dr Tarilah Tebepah, should, therefore, remain resolute in its efforts to whip contractors into line. The commission should strengthen its monitoring machinery to ensure that projects executed by its contractors meet international standards. Since this board has a short life-span, it can only leave a worthwhile legacy in the Niger Delta if it completes monumental projects that people will talk about so many years to come.
Mr. Ifeatu Agbu ( ) writes from Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

 -Masterweb Reports
(Submission By Yusuf  Zango, News Agency of  Nigeria)

Between January 29 and 30, Heads of State from AU Member countries will converge on Addis Ababa for their biannual general Assembly.

The Assembly’s theme, according to the AU Secretariat in Addis Ababa, is ``Boosting Intra-African Trade''.
During the meeting, African leaders are expected to deliberate on how African countries can further boost trade among their people, as the scope of the trade for now is still insignificant and faced with obstacles and trade restrictions imposed by some governments.
Aside from the topical issue of trade relations on the continent, the leaders will also elect the Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson and some Commissioners for the AU Commission, whose responsibilities are to run the day–to-day affairs of the AU.
The elections will be the third since creation of the AU in 2002.
The AU, which succeeded the defunct Organisation of African Unity (OAU), is modeled after similar unions around the globe. It pilots the affairs of Africa, while uniting its peoples as envisaged by the founding fathers of the OAU in 1963.
Nigerian officials say that the country’s candidate will vie for one of the eight Commissioner slots.
The contest most likely to overshadow every other is that of the Chairperson of the AU Commission, which is currently occupied by Dr Jean Ping, a former Gabonese Foreign Minister.
Ping, who was first elected in 2008, is seeking re-election for a second term. His predecessor in office had been Alpha Omar Konare, the former President of Mali.
Ping’s hope for re-election, however, is not without challenge.
Madam Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, a former wife of President Jacob Zuma is challenging Ping for the coveted job. She is currently the South Africa's Minister of Home Affairs.
Foreign Affairs analysts say that Ping enjoys the support of many countries in West, Central and East Africa, while opponents to his bid are said to be coming from some countries of Southern Africa Development Cooperation (SADC).
The contest, the analysts add, will definitely look like a repeat of the election in 2008 where Ping finally defeated Zambia's Inonge Lewanta and Sierra Leone's Osman Conteh to become AU Commission Chairperson.
Some diplomats have expressed the viewpoint that the candidacy of Dlamini-Zuma negates what they term a gentleman’s agreement earlier reached by the main financiers of the AU, not to field any candidate for the post.
These major financiers are counter Nigeria, South Africa, Libya, Algeria and Egypt.
Nevertheless, supporters of Ping remain optimistic that his achievements in the last four years will see him through the election. These, they note, include strides at eracting structures that have been essential for the efficiency of the AU.
In particular, they pointed out his efforts at getting China to build a new office complex and conference centre for the AU which is due for inauguration during the forthcoming Summit. The edifice costs the Chinese government US200 million dollars.
Moreover, Ping is largely credited with establishing closer cooperation with other continental and regional bodies as the EU and the Arab League, besides fostering AU partnerships with many countries and organizations around the world.
Such partnerships include the Africa-India Forum, Africa-Russia Forum, Africa-South America Forum, Africa-EU Partnership, Africa-China Forum, Africa-OIC Forum, Africa-Turkey among others.
Foreign Affairs analysts insist that through these associations, Africa has been able to get better deals on global issues and trade.
Ping’s supporters also point to the AU’s role in the continent’s conflict zones, citing its laudable efforts in Darfur (UNAMID) and the establishment the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).
The supporters have also alluded to the increased African voice in the current Climate Change negotiations, with a view to seeking better deals for the continent.
To buttress this, they say Africa’s position on this critical issue is being coordinated by no less a figure than Ethiopia's Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.
Critics of Ping, however, point to what they see as failures; one of which is the perceived poor handling of some national and regional conflicts on the continent.
They cite the apparent indecision of the AU's during the recent crises in Libya and Cote d'Ivoire, insisting that the AU did not provide the required leadership to find quick solutions to the crises, thus allowing for outside interference.
Ping's supporters, on their part, are quick to counter such arguments, insisting that the situations in the two cases were complicated by the lack of cooperation of some African leaders, who took sides with the warring parties.
They recall that some of the African leaders did not only frustrate the Commission's effort for a quick and amicable resolution of the crises but secretly connived with powers outside the continent to push their hidden agenda.
In a broad assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the two rivals, however, observers believed that Ping is more likely to get re-elected for a second term.
Dr Hussaini Tukur, a lecturer at Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria, says that the contest for the AU Commission Chairperson could go either way because of the personal standing of the two candidates involved.
While Ping will most likely have the support of Central, West, East, some parts of the North Africa and Francophone countries, Dlamini-Zuma is sure to garner the support of fellow members of SADC and some parts of North Africa.
The University Don points another factor which can also determine the direction of the vote.
He alludes to the silent agreement in the AU to rotate the posts in order to cement unity within the continent.
He, however, concedes that though the Southern African bloc could feel that it is now its turn to produce the Commission’s Chairperson, Ping still has the right to seek a second term in office as there is no term limit attached to the position.
Tukur further argues that all the AU Chairpersons before Ping has been re-elected to a second term.
The diplomatic community seems to be optimistic that Ping will capitalize on the gentleman’s agreement of the ``Big Five’’ who are the major financiers of the AU, to actualize their dream of re-electing Ping for a second term.
Head or tail, many watchers insist that Ping’s re-election will bring unity and continuity to the Continent and the Commission as he has evolved some workable and effective strategies to face the challenges of a fast –changing world and take Africa into greater global prominence. END

-Masterweb Reports
(Submission By: Intersociety)
With 215 Nigerians Killed Unlawfully In Two Weeks, In Addition To 54.000 Killed Since 1999: Nigeria Is Close To Rwandan Genocide & Somali Balkanization Except Doctrine Of Necessity Intervenes To Quench The Continued Killings & Bad Public Policies And Avert Unquenchable Bloodletting & Forced Balkanization Looming Dangerously In The Polity
(Onitsha Nigeria, 8th day of January, 2012)-The leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law is, again, deeply worried over the failure of public governance in Nigeria, especially at the federal level. It is no longer an over-statement that things have fallen apart in the Nigeria’s public governance. The country’s public governance officials especially President Goodluck Jonathan, now govern with impunity and utter weakness. They are immune from listening to the yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians and can best be described as “deaf and dumb” public governance officials because the fundamental concerns of the 150million Nigerians especially their security and welfare are no longer their primary responsibilities.  Even when good and immortal pieces of advice are offered by socially saintly and creative  Nigerians, they turned their deaf ears against them and preferred pursuits of  parochial interests(criminal self enrichments) and anti public policies such as the so-called “fuel subsidy policy”  and operation of elitist economic policies.
It is rather shocking that out of the 18 top Nigerian public officials including President Jonathan, the IGP and other top security chiefs that received our two recent reports in December 2011, on “unlawful killings(how  over 54,000 Nigerians died outside the law since 1999) and police corruption in Nigeria(how corrupt NPF personnel illegally enriched the Force with over N53.48Billion or $336.5Million arising from roadblock extortion in three years-2009-2011)”, none of them took any steps to remedy the issues raised in the reports including acting on any of the far-reaching recommendations that accompanied the reports. Instead, the NPF, as expected, merely defended itself over its corruptive and homicidal activities, after which it rolled out its personnel back to their extortion points on Southeast and other roads across the country with utter alacrity. In-spite of wide publicity the two reports received in the local and international media, which included their adoption as editorial opinions by leading national and international dailies, the Jonathan’s government kept mute and refused to act. We even went as far as posting the two reports on President Goodluck Jonathan’s “facebook wall”, yet neither he nor his spokesman uttered any word not to talk of acting on any of the recommendations attached in the two reports, except his recent fire-brigade approach called “state of emergency”(disguised curfew imposed in 15 LGAs in four States), which has failed woefully to check, not to talk of taming the rapacious massacre of innocent Nigerians by politically and ethnically backed “Boko-Haram” violent group.
Today, the President Jonathan’s Government’s blatant refusal to speak or act on the said issues has, additionally, led to the unlawful killing of up to 215 innocent Nigerians including over 20 Igbo traders(massacred at once) between 22nd day of December 2011 and 7th day of January 2012, a period of two weeks.   The breakdown of these avoidable shilling killings, according to respected local and international media, shows that on 22nd day of December 2011; at least six people were killed in Damaturu, Yobe State, Northeast, Nigeria, by suspected Boko-Haram Sect. On 23rd day of December 2011, up to 68 people including soldiers and police personnel were killed in bomb attacks in Damaturu, Yobe State.  The deadly attacks were believed to have been launched by the violent Boko-Haram Sect. On the Christmas day of December 25, 2011, over 42 innocent people including 35 parishioners(mostly Igbo Christians) of St. Theresa‘s Catholic Church, Madalla, Suleja in Niger State, North-central Nigeria were bombed and massacred by suspected Boko-Haram Sect. Bombs were also detonated in churches in Jos, Plateau State, North-central Nigeria and Gadaka in Yobe State, Northeast Nigeria, killing at least seven people.  On 31st day of December 2011, up to 60 people including a senior officer of the Nigeria Police Force and commuters travelling through Enugu-Abakiliki road were ambushed and massacred on the pretext of prosecuting an inter-communal conflict between the Ezza and the Ezilo communities in Ebonyi State, Southeast Nigeria. The bloody conflict first erupted in 2008, resulting in over 300 casualties between 2008 and 2010. On Thursday, 5th day of January 2012, at least eight members of the Deeper Life Bible Church including the wife of the pastor, Mrs. Jauro were killed in Gombe, Gombe State, Northeast, Nigeria, by suspected Boko-Haram Sect. And on Friday, 6th day of January, 2012, over 20 Igbo traders(mostly from Adazi-nnukwu Community in Anaocha LGA of Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria) were massacred during a town hall meeting in Mubi, Adamawa State, North-west Nigeria   by suspected Boko-Haram Sect. Four Igbo traders were earlier shot dead in the evening of Thursday, 5-01-2012 and when their colleagues gathered to discuss their funerals, the violent Islamist group emerged, shot indiscriminately and killed more 16 innocent Igbo traders. As if the massacre was not enough, at least eight more people were ambushed and killed by the militant Islamist Sect during a church service at the Christian Apostolic Church in Yola, capital of Adamawa State same day (06-01-2012), and on Saturday, 7th day of January, 2012, three more people were reported killed in the Larmurde area of Yola, capital of Adamawa State,  bringing the total number of people killed since 22nd day of December 2011 to 215, on average of fifteen people per day. The Associated Press account believes that the Boko-Haram violent attacks on innocent Nigerians, mostly Igbo Christians, in 2011 alone accounted for 510 unlawful deaths.  For us in the Intersociety, this amounts to ethnic cleansing!
Unfortunately and sadly too, the Nigerian public governance officials and policy makers have continued to manifest gross incompetence in securing the lives of Nigerians. The country’s labour leaders as well as selected civil society managers appeared to be cared more about “ anti fuel subsidy crusade” rather than combating government frontally against the continued rapacious massacre of tens of innocent Nigerians on daily basis. As bad as and as socially dangerous as  “ oil subsidy removal” is, the unlawful killing of an innocent Nigerian, no matter his or her tribe, is very abominable and more horrifying than “oil subsidy removal”.  The N921Billion proposed for “security” in the 2012 federal budget proposals clearly shows that the present Nigeria’s public governance operators especially at the federal level are “merchants of death”. By budgeting whopping N921Billion for the so-called “security”, the intents of the Nigeria’s federal leaders may most likely be geared towards criminal enrichment, by siphoning and misappropriation. Nigeria’s history tells us that her public governance leaders get their private pockets bloated in the periods of crisis by officially stealing state resources in the guise of “providing security”. Intelligence is the most sophisticated but cheapest means of providing security in the world, yet it erodes Nigeria till date. If the Nigerian Government could budget N921Billion for “Boko-Haram Security”, how much does it take the “Boko-Haram” violent group to plant and detonate bombs at will as well as kill whoever and wherever it pleases in Nigeria?     
Before, Nigeria’s history recorded Chief Ernest Shonekan’s ill-fated interim government as the weakest and most incompetent government in  Nigeria’s history, today, the Jonathan’s government has surpassed the former and in a verge of emerging as Nigeria’s “president without  being in-charge”. While we totally support the general strikes and peaceful protests by labour and civil society managers and members, we wish to add that the peaceful mass actions should be all embracing  and include firm demands for an immediate end by Nigeria’s governing authorities to the reigning culture of insecurity in Nigeria  and sacking of all the service chiefs including the IGP and all CPs that are 50years and above, or invocation of the doctrine of necessity to peacefully keep the Nigeria’s six geopolitical partners apart if the security of Nigerians continues to be beyond their leaders’ managerial competence. As we speak, most of the 371.000 members of the Nigeria Police Force are busy on Nigerian roads molesting, brutalizing and extorting Nigerians, particularly those returning to their base after Christmas holiday, yet bombs and live guns are causing havoc and casualties at the beck and call of the “Boko-Haram’ Sect and the violent criminal citizens in various Nigerian cities and towns. Latest reports coming to us from the Nigerian roads, particularly the Southeast roads, indicate that the Nigeria Police Force personnel have also “deregulated police extortion sums”. In other words, the Nigeria Police Force has removed police extortion subsidy. Extortion sum of N50.00 now goes for N100.00 and “incomplete vehicle papers” extortion that used to attract N1000.00 now attracts N2000.00, etc. Part of the labour and civil society leaders’ demands should be the total withdrawal of all police roadblocks country-wide and end of police roadblock extortion on Nigerian roads.
It is elementarily clear that with 215 innocent Nigerians killed in two weeks (22-12-2011 to 07-01-2012); in addition to 54,000 Nigerians massacred since 1999, Nigeria is close to Rwandan genocide and Somali balkanization. President Goodluck Jonathan may be the last president of the so-called “united Nigeria”, unless his government wakes up from its slumber and miraculously turns things around for better. We pray fervently that he does not end his presidential era like General Mohammed Siad Barre of Somalia, but like Mr. Mikhail Gorbachev of the former USSR if these ugly situations continued untamed.  In the partitioning of the would-be former Nigeria( if it becomes a last resort and a product of necessity) into six geopolitical entities of Southeast Nigeria, South-south Nigeria, South-west Nigeria, North-central Nigeria, North-east Nigeria and North-west Nigeria, the peoples peopling the six entities should be allowed to change to their favourite names via referendums afterwards.  The North-west States of Adamawa and Taraba should be returned to the North-central Nigeria and the North-central State of Niger allowed to vote via referendum to join North-west Nigeria or remain where it is, likewise Southern Kaduna, which is to be made to freely join the North-central Nigeria.  On the same note, the Igbo indigenes of Delta and Rivers States with the territories they occupy in the would-be South-south Nigeria should be allowed via a referendum to join their fellow indigenes in the would-be Southeast Nigeria. The North-east should be allowed to fuse with the North-west to form “Arewa Islamic Republic” if it so desires.
Our believe in  united and indivisible Nigeria was firm until recently when it dawned on every Tom, Dick and Harry that the Nigeria’s centre could no longer hold occasioned by senseless killings of  innocent Nigerians at no iota of  provocation. How could President Jonathan and the Nigeria’s Police IG explain the massacre, at a swoop, of 18 indigenes of Adazi-nnukwu Community in Anaocha LGA of Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria in the Mubi bloodshed of Friday, 6th day of January 2012? Or the senseless massacre of four families from Awka-etiti Community in Idemmili South LGA of Anambra State in the Madalla butchery of December 25, 2011? One and indivisible Nigeria is unfashionable when her innocent citizens are roasted like fowls with government voted to protect and cater for them doing nothing. It is our warning that Nigeria is steadily drifting into anarchy and lawlessness of unquenchable proportions and unless her leaders act swiftly, otherwise, cannibalistic jungles, fiefdoms and warlord-ships akin to Somalia and Rwanda will replace what would remain as “former Nigerian territories”. That between 800,000 and 1million people including women, children and the elderly were massacred in 100 days during the Rwandan genocide of 1994 should be a lesson to all and sundry including Nigeria’ s political leaders. It is better to live apart in peace than to live as one entity in pieces with bloodletting as our cultural values.  A stitch in time, they say, saves nine!
Nigerians’ option of remaining in one indivisible Nigeria gets slimmer day in day out and their option of living apart peacefully gets brighter as days go by. Suffice it to say in parenthesis that President Goodluck Jonathan and his government can still turn things around miraculously for our collective good as a united and indivisible Nigeria by taking charge fully and proactively with patriotism, human face and human rights consciousness. But where it dawns on his conscience that peaceful partition is the only way to end these human slaughtering and intractable socio-economic backwardness in the midst of plentiful natural resources (over 33 solid mineral deposits), then he should convey an extra-ordinary meeting, as a matter of uttermost urgency, within the context of the doctrine of necessity, so as to discuss peaceful dismemberment of what remains as the “Federal Republic of Nigeria”. The great partition if collectively approved should be done along six geopolitical entities mentioned above. The special meetings should involve the Federal Executive Council, the National Security Council, and the National Population Commission, the National Planning Council, the National Council of States and the special sessions of the Nigeria’s Senate and the House of Representatives as well as the Speakers of the States’ Houses of Assembly. The collective intents would be to work out effective, acceptable and peaceful modalities for the giant project if it becomes inevitable.
Issued On Behalf Of:
The Leadership Of International Society For Civil Liberties & The Rule Of Law
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board Of Trustees
+234(0)33601078, +234(0)8180103912,

-Masterweb Reports

Angry protesters set up burning tire roadblocks on major streets and highways in Lagos demanding reversal of fuel subsidy removal. They also demand government must fight corruption. The flaming tires sent thick black smoke over much of Ikoyi Island, the residential home of foreign diplomats and wealthy Nigerians. The city is tense after a protester was shot dead by police on Monday. "This is oligarchy, this is not a democracy! We are no longer afraid of you! We are ready for war!" shouted Danjuma Mohammed, as he stood by a roadblock fire with rocks in his hands. Protesters in Ikoyi Tuesday morning chanted: "They will kill us and we will kill them!" They threw rocks at an unarmed police convoy that was dispatched to put out their burning-tire roadblock. Police managed to put out some of the flame and the rest was put out by an armed convoy escorting an important dignitary. The officers cocked their Kalashnikov rifles, dispersing the protesters which gave them room to put out the rest of the flaming blockade with fire extinguishers. The protesters re-emerged as the convoy drove-off.

The protests officially started Monday by labour unions over high fuel prices, a resultant of fuel subsidy removal, have claimed several lives from police gun shots. Labour Unions in the northern city of Kano cancelled protests after five people were killed by police. Many businesses remain closed in major cities across the country, including the capital, Abuja. While most businesses shut their doors, some international flights are leaving Lagos and Abuja international airports. It is unclear whether those leaving are on scheduled flights or fleeing the country. Labour unions said the protests would continue until government restored fuel subsidies.

Over 10,000 people participated in one protest rally in Lagos, while tens of thousands more marched in streets across the nation. Some protesters wore shirts bearing symbols for a loose-knit group called "Occupy Nigeria". Oil production continues in Nigeria, however oil workers union is also planning a strike.

Nigeria closed its borders after President Goodluck Jonathan met with security chiefs on the crisis situation in the country and United Nations report warning Boko Haram may have established links with the north African affiliate of Al Qaeda. The border closures are designed to prevent infiltration by such groups. On Tuesday night, gunmen, suspected to be members of Boko Haram opened fire on customers at a beer parlour in the town of Potiskum in Yobe State, killing twelve, among them four policemen.

Boko Haram whose name in Hausa language means "western education is sinful" is modeled after Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. It wants to impose sharia law across Nigeria through terror attacks in drawing attention to their demands.


Nigeria Fuel Price Protest Turns Violent in Lagos

Nigeria Has One Of The Most Dangerous Roads

-Masterweb Reports

Twenty people, most of them Igbos were killed at noon on Friday by Boko Haram at a town hall in Mubi in Adamawa State. The victims were meeting to arrange the transportation of the body of an Igbo man shot dead Thursday evening by suspected Boko Haram terrorists on motorcycles. Ade Shinaba, Adamawa state police commissioner, speaking to newsmen said he believed Boko Haram was behind the attacks. No arrest has been made in the attack, which also left at least 15 people wounded. Adamawa borders Borno State, the home base of the dreaded terrorist Boko Haram. Igbo traders in Mubi town are closing their shops and planning fleeing the city.

Suspected Boko Haram operatives Thursday evening on motorcycles shot two Igbo men in Mubi killing both of them. Relatives and friends of one of the victims organized a meeting to discuss how to raise money for the transportation of the dead body and funeral rites in his village in the southeast. "It was while they were holding the meeting that gunmen came and opened fire on them," a resident told newsmen by phone. He said he believed "a dozen" people were killed. Another resident told reporters that the number of killings by motorcycle-riding gunmen were increasing in the area. Gunmen on motorcycles reportedly, twice raided a market in Mubi, shooting people and stealing money.

On Thursday night, suspected Boko Haram terrorists attacked a church in Gombe State during a prayer service, killing eight people. "The gunmen burst into the church spraying everybody with bullets," an eye witness that escaped injury said.

Nigeria has vowed defeat of Boko Haram and called Christians and southerners in the north to ignore the 3-day ultimatum given them by the terrorist group to leave the region. Boko Haram's ultimatum issued last Sunday expired Wednesday, December 4. Bulama Mali Gubio, a leading member of the Elders Forum in Borno State, claims some politicians were benefiting from the increasing security crisis in the country. Gubio said criminal groups were using Boko Haram's name to terrorize the nation and create chaos.

Boko Haram whose name in Hausa language means "western education is sinful" is modeled after Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. It wants to impose sharia law across Nigeria through terror attacks in drawing attention to their demands.


Nigeria Vows Defeat of Boko Haram, Rejects Its 3-Day Ultimatum

Boko Haram Orders Christians Out Of Northern Nigeria, Threatens Army

State of Emergency Declared in Parts of Northern Nigeria Following Attacks

UN Staff Dies of Injuries From UN Abuja Building Suicide Attack

Drive-By Attackers Bomb Nigerian Arabic School

Bloody Xmas In Nigeria - Churches Bombed, Many Killed

-Masterweb Reports

On Tuesday in Lagos, an angry mob protesting high fuel prices manhandled a soldier, while police shot a young male protester. The fuel price protest is a show of growing anger of the people over government's unpopular removal of fuel subsidy that had kept the price of fuel affordable. The protest started Tuesday with protesters wielding signs, lighting bonfires along major roads and vandalizing petrol stations. The protester shot and wounded by police was reported running shouting: "The police shot me. Take me to hospital." Over 1,000 protesters in the main market area of central Lagos sang, chanted and waved placards reading "no to fuel price hikes" and "we demand living wages". Protesters formed body barriers on major roads, blocking the passage of vehicles and in some cases hijacked buses.

Fuel subsidy removal was announced by the government over the long Christmas and New Year holiday weekend. Transport fare immediately doubled and in other cases tripled, leading to many holiday travelers (especially Igbos that returned to their home states from other parts of the country) stranded. Protests organized by labour, trades unions, activists and civil society are reported in many cities across the country. Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency announced Sunday that effective immediately, it would stop paying the subsidy on fuel to petroleum importers. President Goodluck Jonathan announced Monday he had set up a committee to ensure the savings from the subsidy removal would be judiciously invested to improve the quality of life of Nigerians. He said his administration would use the projected $8 billion savings from the removal to make much-needed infrastructural development and maintenance. Union leader Oladipo Fashina disagrees with government describing the move as "immoral and politically suicidal" and urged Nigerians to resist it "with everything they have."

The subsidy removal more than doubled what people paid for fuel that is desperately needed to power generators that keep life and businesses running in Nigeria where electric power supply is almost non-existent. Protesters in Lagos went to fuel stations telling owners not to sell at the hiked price and shut down those that refused their order. Police successfully dispersed protesters with tear gas in Abuja. Most rallies for protest in Kano were aborted by police through the setup of roadblocks. The few protests that were organized in Kano were dispersed by police and in one encounter resulted in the death of a protester. Many fuel stations in the Abuja, and Lagos were shut on Monday while they adjusted their prices. Those open were jammed with queues and selling at prices of up to N150 ($1) a litre, up from the subsidized price of 60 naira before.

Previous attempts by past governments to remove fuel subsidy were met with nationwide protests that resulted in the reversal of such moves. Most Nigerians subsist on less than $2 a day. High fuel price is expected to sky rocket food prices, making life unbearable for the poor masses. Money collected by police at checkpoints will go a long way in the maintenance of Nigerian roads. Money collected by police at checkpoints from commercial drivers is passed on to passengers or the suffering masses through increased fare. Corrupt Nigeria police personnel illegally collected over N53.48b ($336.5 million) at checkpoints between 2009 and last year. This was disclosed by Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board of Trustees, Intersociety on his report on "Police Corruption As Human Rights Abuse". Click here to read Umeagbalasi's report.

Nigerian police are not toll gate collectors. Money the police extort from the poor masses at checkpoints should be seen by government as money that would have been collected by her at toll gates for the maintenance of the nations' roads. Government should consider removal of police checkpoint extortion and weigh the impact on her purse, before considering fuel subsidy removal. She should also 'remove' government corruption, including theft in the oil industry both by oil companies, NNPC, government officials and bunkerers. We bet you that with all the proposed legitimate 'removals', fuel subsidy removal would be a back burner on the list of government fiscal policy. Why not Nigerian treasury looters be made to return money stolen from the people? Why must the suffering masses be pushed to the brink, while nobody is questioning the police and government looters? Why must government remove fuel subsidy?

There are conflicting reports on the value of income accruing to the nation that was stashed away in foreign banks by Nigerian leaders. President Obasanjo was quoted in 2002 as putting the total amount of money stolen by African leaders at $104 billion - ( Click here to read article ). In 2006, Dapo Olorunyomi, ex-Chief of Staff to the chairman of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) put the amount looted by Nigerian leaders between 1960 and 2005 at $20 trillion - ( Click here to read article ). Ex-chairman of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Nuhu Ribadu, in 2006 accused past Nigerian leaders of stealing $500 billion donors’ assistance from Western countries to Nigeria since independence - ( Click here to read article ). The same year, Ribadu was quoted by BBC as putting the loot by Nigerian leaders since independence at over $380 billion - ( Click here to read article ). It is not certain the value of Nigerian leaders' loot, but one thing that is obvious is that it is enormous.

Widespread poverty accounts for the bourgeoning rate of crime in the country, which is being exported overseas through Internet or mail scams, popularly known as 419. Desperate Nigerians are finding their way abroad where they are engaged in criminal or illegal activities such as prostitution, fraud, drug and human trafficking. The Mercury( a South African daily ) November 30, 2006 online issue, carried tears-causing article titled "Italian streets offer no joy, hope for Nigerian women". The article dealt on the sympathetic plight of Nigerian prostitutes in Italy, who face crushing debt, insults, rape, robbery, and battery. They are reportedly shivery and cold, soliciting customers under extremely cold temperatures and constitute over half the Italian prostitute population. The situation is worse today of the activities of desperate Nigerians abroad.

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