Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

-Masterweb Reports
 
UMUAHIA - The Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps, (NSCDC) in Abia says it arrested 48 persons over alleged bunkering and vandalising of oil facilities between January 2010 to March 2012.
 
Abia Commandant NSCDC Nathaniel Ubong disclosed this in an interview with newsmen in Umuahia. Ubong said that the command also impounded 17 trucks and other equipment from the suspects during the same period.
 
The commandant, who was reviewing the activities of his command within the last two years, described the rate at which criminals vandalise oil facilities in Abia as disturbing.
 
He said the suspects were arrested in Abia South zone, especially in Ukwa-East, Ukwa-West and part of Aba North Local Government Areas.
 
“From all indications, youths of the affected areas have vowed not to down tools in these acts of bunkering and vandalism.
 
“Recently, we arraigned eight suspects on alleged involvement in the construction of illegal refineries, and they were all remanded in prison custody,’’ he said.
 
Ubong gave the assurance that the command would stop at nothing to flush-out criminals in the state. He called for closer collaboration with other security agencies in the task of stamping out vandals in the area.
 
“Collaboration with sister security agencies like the Police, Army and State Security Service will enable us form joint team because the vandals often operate with dangerous weapons.
 
“Forming joint team will enable us tackle oil vandals and ensure that crude oil exploration go unhindered because oil is the main stay of Nigeria economy. ’’
 
He also appealed to Abia government to ensure that only credible contractors were given contracts near oil locations, noting that some of the vandals had perpetrated the act under the guise of contractors

 

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Kelvin Okunbor)
 
As part of efforts to sustain the success of the Federal Government Amnesty programme  for the Niger Delta region, stakeholders mainly leaders of thought and experts from the  diaspora met   at the weekend  in Lagos to carry out a critical appraisal of the project with a view to fast tracking its completion.
 
The Niger Delta stakeholders summit, which was convened by the office of the special adviser to the president on Niger Delta matters, Kingsley Kuku and the Niger Delta Consultative Forum, provided another platform for intellectuals, administrators and all those with a stake on the project to examine many ways of seeing how the amnesty and related programmes could be latched upon as a vehicles to accelerate the socio- economic development of the region.
 
The conference being the second in the series comes, just as stakeholders on the project have designed a blueprint in all spheres of socio- ecomic development that will facilitate the development of the region.
 
The experts, according to Kuku will submit their recommendations after intense delibrations to the office of the president, with a follow up action on how to address issues germane to the development of the country.
 
Setting the tone for the programme, the national security adviser, Genereal Andrew Owoeye Azazi( rted), who was guest of honour urged people of the region and indeed all Nigerians to contribute their ideas and other inititive that will help to put the country on the path of enduring peace and socio- economic development.
 
Azazi explained that it is gratifying that at a time like these, when the countr is grappling with a litany of challenges, Nigerians should remain resolute to keep the country together, in an atmosphere where peace and development is the compass.
 
He explained that despite the signals emanating from Nigeria, some Ijaws in the diaspora have though it fit to work together with brilliant ideas to seek practical solutions to the problems of the country.
 
Azazi affirmed that because nationalistic sentiments are very strong, Nigerians should continue to seek solutions to the myraid of problems affecting the country, institing tht they both stand to loose and profit from the challenges the country is grappling with.
 
Also speaking while welcoming the stakeholders, Kuku explained that the relevance of the conference could be adduced to the reason that collective input gathering and analysis of the challenges of the region remains one of the cardinal strategies to forge peace and development for the country.
 
Kuku explained that it was a fall out of  discussions at the conference last year that  gave rise to the renewed vigour of the amnesty programme in training delegates in formal education as well as vocational and entreprenuerial skills, which has changed the face of the programme.
 
He explained that there was no better time to talk about the issues of development of the region, than now when the amnesty programme has brought peace and stability to the economy thereby increasing the daily crude oil export.
 
Kuku affirmed that the carrying of arms is no longer the prerequisite for enlistment in the youth empowerment programme packaged by the amnesty office, as the region could now boast of its indigenes undergoing several educational programmes in universities spread across the continents, as over 12,000 out of the 26, 358 youths who renounced violence have been placed for training both at home and across 23 countries.
 
Kuku however urged youth and opinion leaders from the region to consider ways and means of fast tracking the completion of training for all the ex- militants, considering that fact that anticipated or unanticipated developments may alter the programme.
 
He explained that it was imperative for the stakeholders to come up with training programmes that are key to the development of the people of the region, even as the amnesty office has opened a training desk for youth in the region to offer tailor made industry- demand training. Present at the two day, Niger Delta Consultative Forum were Lady Angio Briggs, Alhaji Mujaheed Dokubo- Asari, prominent Ijaw professions from the United Kingdom and the United States of America .
 

-Masterweb Reports
 
The Nigeria Civil War Veterans have commended Governor Peter Obi for unprecedented care, love and honour showered on the Late Ikemba Nnewi while alive and for given him a befitting burial.
 
In a release signed by the Chairman Mr. John Mozie; the Secretary, Mr. Charles ; and the Public Relation Officer, Mr. Polite Chidebe, the ex soldier recalled that Governor Obi expended time and huge resources in taking care of Dim Ojukwu both in Nigeria and in the London hospital.
 
The veterans noted that the Governor through his goodwill with the Federal Government and International Organizations gave the Late Igbo Icon the most celebrated burial ceremonies, with full military honours which they said had not been witnessed before in the continent of Africa.
 
They equally thanked the All Progressive Grand  Alliance and President Goodluck Jonathan for the numerous contributions.
 
The War Veterans also expressed gratitude to Governor Obi for his sustained financial support and empowerment of their members and prayed God to continue to guide, protect and endow him with good health and wisdom to complete his vision for the State.
 
The release disclosed that completion of names of all ex-soldiers of the Nigerian Civil War throughout the country has commenced and  will be forwarded to the Defence headquarter of the Nigeria Army on completion for processing and payment of entitlements as approved and directed by President Goodluck Jonathan.
 

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Makanjuola Olaleye Ademola)
 
It is a known fact that the arrival of Europeans in Nigeria, just like in other West African countries, was as a result of the desire to establish and expand trade. The slave trade, which originally dominated foreign interest in Nigeria, automatically dimmed with the discovery of palm oil and palm kernel, which later became more lucrative and attractive avenues of wealth for British investors.
 
According to historians, “the people of Old Calabar have exported seven to eight hundred tons of palm oil beside bar wood annually” as far back as 1789. As a result of the nature of the newly found trade and business, palm oil and palm kernels developed steadily and speedily to replace trade in long period of time until 1894 when British government, through the foreign office, posted a consul to the area to help in the protection of the interests of British merchants. The consul and others were then instructed to act only as traders and not colonist. Nigeria was now colonized by the British.
 
Nigeria gained her independence from the whites after colonization and exploitation of her natural resources in 1960, and became a federation in 1963.  We all thought the pace was set, but some tasking questions are now left for us to answer.
 
First and foremost, oil exploitation started in 1956 at Obiri in Niger Delta; oil exportation started in 1958. The Niger Delta area is a place where most oils in Nigeria are being generated, yet the people still live in abject poverty with no education and employment opportunity to boast of. What’s the way Nigeria? Isaac Boro fought for the right of the Niger Delta in the 1960’s, after which he was arrested; he also fought in the civil war where he later died. Ken Saro-Wiwa who was an environmental activists, also created the movement for survival of the Ogoni people (MOSOP), he was equally hanged in November 10th 1995. What’s the way Nigeria? Military started in the late 90’s and Amnesty was introduced in 2009. The people in Niger Delta live on water, but there is no water for them to drink or fish because most of their vegetation has been destroyed by oil due to the oil spillage. Niger Delta is a high oil drilling area yet, they are not close to development.
 
In a related development, fuel subsidy came to play. From 2007 to 2010, the average budget spent on subsidy was 240 billion naira but in 2011, it increased to over 1.3 trillion naira. The government says the fuel subsidy removal would be used to execute a programme called “Subsidy Reinstatement Programme” (SUREP). Fuel subsidy has now become the tradition of past Nigerian heads of states. Many people however argued that there was never a subsidy, rather there is an over bloated government with wasteful spending. The money realized from the fuel subsidy is not being used for its primary purpose. Nigerian’s still find problem to acquire petrol even as we have abundance of oil in the country. Transportation fare is not being regulated as owners of public transport choose any price which suites them and the masses are left with no choice but to comply.
 
As if this was not enough, Boko-Haram now poses a threat in most parts of Nigeria especially in the North. Boko-Haram started by saying “Western education is evil”, there by threatening various Nigerian universities and blowing up different places in the North and other parts of Nigeria leaving scores of people dead. Surprisingly, churches and mosques are being blown up without prior knowledge of what this Islamic sect wants. The problem in the North is that there is low revenue allocated to them for development. Nigeria is a land of abundance of milk and honey, yet there is none to eat bread. The big question now is: which way Nigeria?
 
Makanjuola Olaleye Ademola (University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba.)
 

-Masterweb Reports
 
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-Masterweb Reports
 
I wish to use this medium to express to you, Gov. Peter Obi of Anambra State, my own State,   my hearty congratulations, as well as my immense gratitude for your wise and bold educational and academic revolution in our Anambra State by Your Government returning the schools to the Missions. How great and best is this in the history of Anambra State!! Words are not enough to express the immensity of my joy at listening to the radio announcement and newspaper reports of this educational revolution.
 
All your achievements in Anambra State have been crowned by this particular event.
 
There is another revolution I will advise you to launch in our State, and that is the Agricultural Revolution, otherwise known as Agrarian Revolution, the type which Doctor. Mike Okpara, the Premier of Former Eastern Nigeria launched in 1962 in the then Eastern Nigeria. Premier Mike Okpara launched what he described as his "Quinquennial Agrarian Revolution" (1962-1967).
 
In this Agricultural Revolution, the Government of Eastern Nigeria during the regime of Doctor Mike Okpara, fully and successfully utilized farmers, Multipurpose Cooperative Societies, Cooperative Community Farms and Cooperative Farm Settlements to increase the production of food crops and also cash crops. The Agrarian Revolution of Premier Doctor Mike Okpara was very successful. He achieved massive, accelerated, tremendous and unprecedented production of food crops, as well as cash crops, flooding Eastern Nigeria and its environs, with abundance of foodstuffs, livestock and eggs, thus turning Eastern Nigeria into a land flowing with milk and honey.
 
I participated in drafting the memo, with which the then Eastern Nigeria Government lunched the Cooperative Farm Settlement Scheme in 1963. I was the First Cooperative Officer to supervise Igbariam Cooperative Farm Settlement in1963.
 
This is my third letter to you on your praiseworthy performances in our Anambra State. The first was when you got elected for the first term of office. The second is when you scaled through the impeachment imbroglio, and the third is this letter of congratulation and gratitude for your widely acclaimed educational/academic revolution, which is well- spoken of in the highest terms.
 
Keep the flag flying and do not be distracted by detractors.
 
John. N.P. Okonkwo,  Formerly Hon. Commissioner under
Three Military Governors in  Old Anambra  State
 



-Masterweb Reports (Submission by International Society for....)
 
Recall, Sir that the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties and the Rule of Law-Intersociety, wrote your office on 31st day of January 2012, and stressed the need for your new office to order for the removal of all police roadblocks across the country. We also reminded your office that the discontinuation of the use of roadblocks, which breeds police corruption including extortion at roadblocks, is a test case for your new assignment and a major condition that would determine your confirmation as the country’s substantive IGP by the President-headed Nigeria Police Council. We also informed you how we counted 85 police roadblocks in January 2012, from Aba in Abia State to Onitsha in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria, covering.......
 
Ref: Intersoc/Sec/02/004/012/F/Hqrs/ABJ/NG
Mr. Mohammed Dikko Abubakar
Acting Inspector General of Police
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Force Headquarters
Louis Edet House
Shehu Shagari Way
FCT, Abuja, Nigeria
 
Sir,
 
The Review Of Removal Of The Police Roadblocks: How The Removal Saved Nigerians Over N4.6Billion In Two Months (February-March 2012) And Why CP Ikechukwu Aduba Of Delta State Command & His Likes Should Be Dismissed For Disloyalty, Professional Incompetence & Negligent Conducts
 
Above subject matter refers, Sir.
 
(Onitsha Nigeria, 2nd day of April, 2012)-Recall, Sir that the leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties and the Rule of Law-Intersociety, wrote your office on 31st day of January 2012, and stressed the need for your new office to order for the removal of all police roadblocks across the country. We also reminded your office that the discontinuation of the use of roadblocks, which breeds police corruption including extortion at roadblocks, is a test case for your new assignment and a major condition that would determine your confirmation as the country’s substantive IGP by the President-headed Nigeria Police Council. We also informed you how we counted 85 police roadblocks in January 2012, from Aba in Abia State to Onitsha in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria, covering about 125 kilometers only.
 
Today, we can proudly say that our leading campaigns over the years regarding police corruption, especially roadblock extortion and associated negligent killings or extra-judicial killings and torture, are not in vain. This is because of your firm directive, which we understand, was clothed in a coded presidential directive to your new office to that effect. Elated by towering responses from teeming Nigerian road users over this major policy change, Nigerians invited us back to roads so as to count gains and losses so recorded as a result of this historic policy change.
 
In responding to their holy request, our field personnel were deployed and they came back with cheering news to the effect that the gains outweighed the losses at extreme disparity levels. The losses are pockets of robbery and other violent attacks strongly believed to have been sponsored, or aided, or abetted by criminal common and superior cops, who were unhappy with the said major policy change effected by your office.
 
For instance, in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria, particularly in Onitsha and environs, at least, criminal citizens believed to have been aided and sponsored from some formal security quarters have launched five major violent attacks or crimes against persons and properties. The attacks ranged from the killing of five members of the Oba Community Vigilante Group, murdering of a restaurant operator at Awada, to robbing of some commercial banks’ customers on their way to the affected banks. In all these, the local police sources always hinge such attacks on removal of roadblocks thereby raising suspicion of their involvement or complicity. Credible statistics following this major policy change showed that the level of violent attacks against persons and properties was higher in the days of police roadblocks and extortion than now. Also, every social indication points to the fact that these resurging pockets of violent attacks are stage-managed and police-related.
 
Unarguably, roadblocks’ extortion proceeds have surpassed the roguish electioneering proceeds and become the most lucrative source of criminal enrichment in the Nigeria Police Force, fetching the Force billions of naira every month. The command and the rank and file structures of the Force are direct and indirect beneficiaries under “extort, cot and return” methodologies.
 
Over N4.6Billion Saved In Two Months (February-March 2012):
For records, Sir, our in-depth checks, using our 2011 projections (Police Corruption As Human Rights Abuse: How Corrupt Personnel Of The NPF Illegally Enriched The Force With N53.48Billion Arising From Roadblock Extortion In Three Years) show that N4.620Billion has been saved from over 3,500 police roadblocks across the country in the months of February and March 2012. Before the removal of roadblocks, which took effect in February 2012, there were over 1,500 police roadblocks in the Southeast; 500 in the South-south; 500 in the Southwest; 300 in the Northeast; 300 in the Northwest; and 400 in the North-central geopolitical zones of Nigeria.
 
In the Southeast zone, N3,120Billion was saved in the two months of February and March 2012. The breakdown indicates that in Anambra State with 400 roadblocks, N960Million was saved; in Abia State with 400 roadblocks, N960Million was saved; in Imo State with 300 police roadblocks, N720Million was saved; in Enugu State with 200 roadblocks, N240Million was saved; and in Ebonyi State with 200 roadblocks, N240Million was saved, all totaling N3,120Billion. The differences between Anambra, Abia and Imo States on one hand and Enugu and Ebonyi States on the other as represented in the amounts so saved, are due to the fact that the latter are relatively “white-collar or civil service States”, whereas the former are relatively “blue-collar or cash carriage” States. This explains why N20,000 per extortionist squad on daily basis was used for the latter, while N40,000 was used for the former.
 
In the South-south zone with 500 police roadblocks, N600Million was saved on N20,000 average daily extortion proceeds per squad. In the Southwest zone with 500 roadblocks, N600Million was saved. In the North-central zone with 400 police roadblocks, N120Million was saved on daily extortion proceeds’ average of N5,000.00 per squad used for the three zones in the North. In the Northwest zone with 300 police roadblocks engaging in extortion, N90Million was saved; and in the Northeast zone with 300 police roadblocks engaging in extortion, N90Million was saved.
 
In all, the staggering sum of N4,320 Billion was saved in the Southern part of Nigeria, whereas a paltry sum of N300Million was saved in the Northern part of Nigeria, totaling N4,620Billion in two months or February to March 2012. As usual, the Southeast geopolitical zone took the lion’s share of N3,120Billion having been substantially saved from over 1,500 police roadblock and extortion points. The gallop disparity between the Southern and Northern parts has to do with uneven income spread, number of extortionist roadblocks and extortion and corruption amenability.
 
In arriving at our findings, we observed that there are still pockets of roadblocks and extortion especially on inter-city and Trunk B roads across the country particularly in the Southern part including Southeast and Delta areas, in defiance of your office’s directive. Also night roadblocks and extortion especially from 7pm to 9pm (evening lucrative hours) are routine in some of the Southern parts. In all, there is about 80% compliance to your office’s directive, except in Delta State where compliance has fallen to 30%, no thanks to CP Ikechukwu Aduba’s counter and magisterial directive.
 
A strong Case Against CP Okechukwu Aduba (+234(0) 8037058988) Of The Delta State Police Command:
While we remain opposed to the lopsided selection and promotion of senior police officers by your office and the Police Service Commission, which have shut out the officers of the Southeast zone, we shall not allow the zone to be represented by “black sheep” and mercantilist senior police officers. Any such officer caught either by his or her utterances or actions should be booted out of the Force forthwith. It is in the light of the foregoing that we, unmistakably, wish to condemn the recent attitudes of CP Ikechukwu Aduba, CP Delta State, South-south Nigeria, who is one of the six or seven Southeast CPs recently named in the list of sixty-one CPs posted to various police formations by your office. In the said list, sixteen CPs came from the Southwest zone alone.
 
CP Ikechukwu Aduba, as reported in the Saturday Vanguard Newspaper of March 31st, 2012 at page 7, engaged in a height of disloyalty when he ordered policemen back on the roads claiming that their absence was responsible for “rising cases of armed robbery and kidnapping and other criminal activities on the highways”. In the report, which he did not deny, he expressed surprise that “he did not see any policemen on the Asaba-Ughelli- Warri Road” while passing through the area. He went further to twist and misinterprets your office’s directive through warped and un-professional interpretation of “police roadblocks” and “heavy police presence on the roads conducting stop and search”.
 
He stated these while on tour of the Warri Area Command. As correctly reported by the Vanguard Newspaper, few hours after Mr. Aduba’s counter-directive on Thursday, March 29, 2012, police personnel trouped out in droves back to all strategic extortionist roads in Delta State including Warri and Asaba, the economic and political capital cities of the State. When our undercover team went round Asaba, police personnel were fully backed to site, engaging in their usual criminal activities of extortion, etc. Possibly worried by meager returns from night extortionist police personnel who flood strategic locations in Delta State, from 7pm to 9pm (evening lucrative hours), he magisterially and suicidally defied his superior boss’s directives including that of his “Commander-in-Chief” as well as the recent resolution of the House of Reps and became an “Nza” bird that challenges its god to a wrestling match.
 
Apart from the fact that CP Aduba has been roundly condemned by all and sundry including the Vanguard Newspaper’s web visitors, he is unfit to be a Constable in the Nigeria Police Force not to talk of being a “Commissioner of Police”. If a Commissioner of Police in this modern age could rely on heavy police presence on the roads so as to “fight violent crimes”, it simply means that such a CP is grossly incompetent and unfit to continue serving in the NPF. Many believed that CP Aduba is an arch exponent of “swollen purse concept of policing”. Others have described him as extortion czar, considering the fact that there is no difference between “heavy police presence on the roads conducting stop and search” and police roadblocks and extortion.
 
Therefore, we demand that CP Ikechukwu Aduba should be recalled to the Force Headquarters forthwith, queried and banned from holding any State Command portfolio pending when his dismissal from the NPF is confirmed by the PSC so as to serve as deterrent to others. As the operational head of the NPF, your office should issue a culpability directive to the officers-in-charge of the over 6,500 police formations in the country to the effect that any further violent attacks against persons and properties found to be professionally uncalled for, should lead to the officer-in-charge of such formation and its jurisdiction being dismissed. By so doing, all seeming stage-managed and police-related violent criminal attacks against persons and properties will disappear, except traditional violent criminal attacks against persons and properties by habitual men of under-world, which should, also, be tamed inexcusably.
 
Finally, the fundamental step towards curbing police corruption is the sustenance of the removal of the police roadblocks and intensification of patrol methods and intelligence gathering and usage. Also the Area Commanders, Divisional Police Officers and their Officers-in-charge of operations should be firmly directed by your office to be part of the patrol and surveillance operations so as to discourage them from traditionally sitting idly in their offices, waiting for extortion-bred swollen envelops from their corrupted field junior officers. Since most of the States’ Governments have donated hundreds of patrol vans and motorbikes (such as Anambra and Lagos States) to their States Police Commands, they should properly be made functional and fueled at all times, from statutory police overheads so as to enhance the patrol and surveillance operations. Other motor arsenal such as foot-patrol and use of hired commercial buses and motorcycles should also be considered. Stationary operation style of policing should, completely, be done away with. Roadblock is a license to police corruption and professional incompetence and discontinuation of same as a “modern policing technique” is the beginning of wisdom for the Nigeria Police Force.
 
Sir, always count on our support for genuine and effective police reforms in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
 
Yours Faithfully,
For: International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
 
Emeka Umeagbalasi
Chairman, Board of Trustees
Phone: +234(0) 8033601078, +234(0) 8180103912
Email: umeagbalasi@yahoo.com, info@intersociety-ng.org
Website: www.intersociety-ng.org
 
Comrade Justus Ijeoma
Head, Publicity Desk
Phone: +234(0) 8037114869
 
CC:
1. The President & Commander-in-Chief, Federal Republic of Nigeria
2. The Minister of Police Affairs
3. Chairman, Police Service Commission
4. Other Relevant Bodies & Persons At Local & International Levels
 
 
 

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Obinna Akukwe)
 
There has been clamor from various concerned and patriotic sources that the few privileged Nigerians who cornered over I trillion naira($7billion dollars) belonging to the Nigerian people  in the name of subsidy be brought to book. There is equally hope that the ongoing probe of fraud in the pensions industry, financial securities industry and other malicious avenues of siphoning state resources be brought to book. I am part of those hoping that a transformational miracle will occur that will bring them to book. This is illogical optimism, based, not on precedence, but on wishful thinking. There are many reasons President Goodluck Jonathan cannot prosecute subsidy and other thieves.
 
The first reason is situated in the personality of the man Goodluck Jonathan. President Goodluck does not do anything unless he is pushed to do so. He was literarily convinced to assume the post of Acting Governor when Alamaeseigha was having problems with the Metropolitan Police. During the Yaradua Presidency illness saga, he was pushed to assume the constitutional position of Acting President. President Goodluck initially set out to reform the PDP, using the then national chairman, Okwesilieze Nwodo, but when the state governor under PDP kicked against it , he jettisoned the idea . Even in the case of the fleeing  former Governor Sylva of Bayelsa State, the people behind the political suffocation of Sylva led by King Turner , had to tail President Goodluck until he finished the Sylva demolition project. The push for the subsidy, pension, securities commission and other thieves to be prosecuted is still weak and cannot yet move this Goodluck. This is situated in the fact that from the time of Farida Waziri the graft commission have been a front office department of the presidency and can only prosecute when the presidency gives clearance. This clearance is likely not to come from this Goodluck.
 
The second reason the subsidy thieves cannot be prosecuted is that part of the proceeds from these thievery went into prosecuting the 2011 presidential elections. Oil magnets, political associates, contractors and others where used to bring out huge sums for the project and when the presidential project was done with, they refused to surrender the pot from where they were drinking the oil. Therefore to ask President Goodluck to prosecute those who mobilized state resources to help him during elections and deliver him from what would have been a Buhari- Tinubu alliance or an unpredictable runoff election is a wishful thinking.
 
The third reason is that if these oil thieves goes down they will drag the ruling party with them because they will expose the beneficiaries of all the fraud in the system, therefore the Nigerian government will do everything to frustrate the prosecution.
 
During the regime of Yaradua , and as immaterialist as the late president, he found it difficult to surrender the former Governor of Delta State to the graft commission for prosecution. This is because the former governor sponsored a substantial part of the late president’s election. When the Metriopolitan police decided to try Ibori for money laundering in 1998, the late president sent the Attorney General of  the whole Nigeria, giant of Africa to ask the London police to hands off the matter. The attorney General wrote the Metropolitan Police that Nigerian money is not missing n that Ibori has no case to answer.
 
During the era of General Abdulsalami Abubakar and after the death of MKO Abiola , Babangida preferred Olusegun Obasanjo to Olu Falae as president despite the fact that Olu Falae served him both as Secretary to the Federal Government and later as Minister of Finance. This is because Babangida believes that an Obasanjo presidency would likely shield him from prosecution as a reward for helping him ascend the Nigerian throne ,while Falae, already the choice of the progressives, would likely be adamant. Obasanjo rewarded the Babangida assistance by ensuring that the Dr Pius Okigbo report on the mismanagement of the gulf oil windfall was not implemented, and when the heat became too much , they connived to remove the document from every public record.
 
During the 2003 presidential election especially after the parliamentary elections, there was a rapport between Dim Odumegwu Ojukwu and Muhammadu Buhari that in the event of a runoff election, APGA and ANPP will form an alliance. Ojukwu demanded an end to the incessant killings of Igbos,and infrastructural development of the South East  as conditions for supporting Buhari. Obasanjo got wind of the alliance and turned the rest of the election into a shameful allocation of votes to ensure the runoff never was. In 2007 the northern elites demanded immunity from prosecution before they can support Buhari as president. In 2011 the northern mediators wanted immunity from prosecution and the ACN wanted the Vice Presidential slot which was suspected they wanted to hand over to Tinubu. While Buhari accepted the then conditions of Odumegwu Ojukwu without hesitation, he rejected that of the northern elders and the ACN so that he will have the freedom to act according to his conscience. A lot of people called him rigid, uncompromising and a bad business man. Now we have a dynamic, flexible, smiling and good business savvy President and we are complaining about the results of compromise.
 
Olusegun Obasanjo refused to surrender Ibrahim Babangida for prosecution. Yaradua refused to surrender Ibori for prosecution, on which basis are Nigerians hoping that President Goodluck will be different.  It is simply expecting too much from him where his godfathers dared not.
 
The best we can get from these probes is information, and this information will be handy in the days of revolution, or social unrest or even war. The information and the shock of the disclosures of fraud is being stored in the subconscious of Nigerians and will be handy at the appropriate time. The other gain is that the recent probes have made the next set of looters to be a bit careful. That bit of carefulness on their part can translate to lots of billions of dollars in saved funds hitherto opened for embezzlement. Those making noise that President Goodluck should prosecute the thieves would be disappointed at the crash of their optimism.
 

-Masterweb Reports  (Submission By Makanjuola Olaleye Ademola)
 
The movement, whose name in the Hausa language Boko Haram translates as “Western education is sacrilege” or “a sin”, is divided into three factions, and in 2011, was responsible for more than 450 killings in Nigeria.
 
Though the group first became known internationally following sectarian violence in Nigeria in 2009, it does not have a clear structure or evident chain of command. Moreover, it is still a matter of debate whether Boko Haram has links to terror outfits outside Nigeria and its fighters have frequently classed with Nigeria’s central government.
 
The group has adopted its official name to be People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad, which is the English translation of Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Liddaáwati wal-Jihad. The members of the group do not interact with the local Muslim population and have carried out assassinations in the past of anyone who who criticizes it, including Muslim clerics.
 
In the wake of the 2009 crackdown on its members and its subsequent reemergence, the growing frequency and geographical range of attacks attributed to Boko Haram have led some political and religious leaders in the north to the conclusion that the group has now expanded beyond its original religious composition to include not only Islamic militants, but criminal elements and disgruntled politicians as well.
 
What is responsible for this saga, and what are the lasting solutions to the current problem facing Nigeria as a whole. This takes us to the theory of structural functionalism.
 
According to Parsons, four functional imperatives are embedded in all systems of action: adaptation, goal attainment, integration, and latency (also known as pattern maintenance).    Adaptation refers to the fact that a system must adjust or cope with its external environment, particularly when this environment is deemed threatening.  In order for a system to function effectively, it must first define the goals it hopes to achieve.  Parsons called this functional imperative goal attainment.  Integration is also important to a system, because it needs to regulate the interrelationship of its component parts.  Finally, a system needs to furnish, maintain, and renew motivation for individual participation, including the cultural patterns that create and sustain this motivation.  Parsons referred to these functions as latency and pattern maintenance.  Parsons further differentiated among four types of action systems: the cultural, the social, the personality, and the behavioural organism.  Each of these systems compels actors to perform a specific functional imperative.  The behavioural organism takes care of adaptation, the personality performs goal attainment, the social controls integration, and the cultural is responsible for the latency function."
 
Parsons argues that each individual occupies a status or position within a structure. "Status and role tend to go together in what Parsons calls the 'status-role bundle.'" (Grabb, p. 101). These are the ways in which individuals fill the structures of society. So long as roles are performed, the structures function smoothly, and it is individuals carrying out their functions and roles within these structures that make the structures work.
 
As old as this theory may be, it still has some elements of solution on what’s going on in Nigeria today.
 
In order for Nigeria to function effectively and end the violence that has caused several lives, it must first define the goals it hopes to achieve, adjust or cope with its environment, particularly when this environment is deemed threatening, regulate the interrelationship of its component parts. It must also furnish, maintain, and renew motivation for individual participation, including the cultural patterns that create and sustain this motivation. The government should endeavour to concentrate on Niger Delta, by building quality primary and secondary school, quality universities, good pipe borne water, creating job employment for the youths and  creating quality libraries which is a good agent of social change so that people in the North could go to school and be educated instead of killing innocent souls.
 
Makanjuola  Olaleye Ademola                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Department  of  Mass  Communication                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos.
 
 

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Ifeanyi Afuba)
 
I read with disappointment the offensive reaction of an unknown Igbo group to the Zik Prize for Leadership recently conferred on Anambra State Governor, Peter Obi as published in National Compass of Wednesday, March 21, 2012. The statement-story, ‘Obi unworthy of Zik award’ ascribed to a half anonymous Prince Orjiako, abused the Governor underthe pretext of commenting on the said award.
 
Why didn’t the author of the press statement provide his full names forpossible identification of his person? Orjiako is a common name in Igboland; Prince is not a name but a casual title. No other information is provided for authenticating the identity of this pseudo analyst who spares no punches in trying to knock down the award.
 
For the avoidance of doubt, let us consider what was presented as the basis of Obi’s supposed unsuitability for the Zik Prize. ‘Ordinarily, nobody would have bothered about Peter Obi and his dead-on-arrival 2015 vice presidential ambition, which is now pushing him into doing all sorts of things, including the abomination of acquiring a Zik award, but it is important to buttress that Peter Obi is not worthy of a Zik award. Obi has never hidden his hatred, lack of respect and opposition to Zik, even in his grave….Obi has never spoken up or led any action to ensure the completion of the abandoned Zik’s mausoleum.’
 
It is easy enough to see that the above is irrelevant to the considerations for the award of the prize. The above criticism is trite and petty. Itindicates the frustrations of someone suffering sleeplessness over another’s successes. But the problem goes beyond narrow-mindedness. The criticism is founded on falsehood and distortions.
 
Governor Peter Obi has never spoken of a vice presidential ambition or indeed about any other political ambition after his governorship assignment. He is presently busy meeting the challenges of good governance in Anambra State. He has not said or done anything to suggesta future political interest. Some of his friends and associates even say that Obi would return to the private sector when he completes his tenure in 2014. The far-fetched reference to a vice presidential ambition is obviously an attempt to embarrass the Governor. This scheme is betrayed by the spiteful accusation and choice of language in the statement ‘which is now pushing him into doing all sorts of things, including the abomination of acquiring the Zik Prize.’   
 
Obi has received honours and awards from reputable organizations since 2007. Was he nursing a senatorial or presidential ambition then? Peter Obi, I dare say, has rejected honours more than any other Governor in Nigeria today. As the saying goes, there are awards and there are awards.The Anambra first citizen would prefer that all recognitions for him be deferred to the end of his tenure to avoid distractions from the task at hand and the imputation of motives into the honours. But his leadership accomplishments follow him wherever he goes and there is no hiding place for him. Rejecting every award might portray him as proud and aloof so in the case of more credible bodies, he is compelled to make exceptions to the rule.
 
The contention that ‘Peter Obi is not worthy of a Zik award’ underscores the huge ignorance about the concept of the award or the mischief behind the opposition. Did the shadowy critic of the conferment care to read the citation upon which the merits of the award were eloquently highlighted?In any case, the purport of the Zik Prize in Leadership ought to be self explanatory. It seeks to elevate the quality of leadership in Africa by recognizing those who have demonstrated vision, service and integrity in leadership.  The award represents an effort to encourage statesmanship in and out of public office. That is why the award went to outstanding leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Julius Nyerere, Salim Ahmed Salim, Sam Nujoma and Jerry Rawlings in the past. They were not honoured for declaring that they loved the late Nnamdi Azikiwe or for going to sweep his compound at Onitsha every morning.
 
Obi’s exploits in Anambra, and at regional and national levels are too well known to be recounted here. But suffice it to say that this is a man who brought Anambra back from the brink of a failed state to one of the most peaceful, stable and fastest developing states in Nigeria today. For the past five years he has headed the South-East Governors’ Forum to the satisfaction of his brother-governors. In clear expression of wider confidence in his abilities, Obi had gone on to become vice chairman of Nigerian Governors Forum and economic adviser to the President.
 
In the face of Obi’s qualification for the Prize, the proponents of the report then resorted to the lie that he ‘has never hidden his hatred, lack of respect and opposition to Zik, even in his grave.’ Why are we not given instances of this? The intensifier, even in his grave, implies that this ill feeling for Zik started before his death. Yet, Obi came into politics only in 2002 by which time the great Zik had long departed. Was it then as a student that Obi was engaged in this cold war with Zik? Governor Obi as someone who understands the essence of leadership has never failed to pay compliment to Zik as one of Nigeria’s founding fathers. Whenever he sees need to illustrate Anambra’s gift of human resources, the Governor would mention Zik first. And to be sure, Zik was honoured at the celebration of the state’s 20th anniversary in August 2011.
 
It is also not true that Governor Obi has been unconcerned about the completion of Zik’s mausoleum. This is a federal government project but through memos and physical representations the Governor has severally pleaded for reactivation of the project. It is on record that it was through the Governor’s persistent engagement with the federal authorities thatcontract was recently awarded for the rehabilitation of Boromeo – Bridgehead road that passes in front of Zik’s residence.
 
Afuba wrote this piece from Nimo.