Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Chris Eze)
Even as discussions and permutations ahead of 2015 general elections are yet going on in hushed voices, political watchers believe that this is the moment for Prince Tonye Princewill, the Prince of Niger Delta Politics.
For nearly a decade, Princewill has remained a dominant voice in the political firmament of Rivers State, with even occasional flashes on the national scene. His foray into serious politicking was when he moved into the then Action Congress Party, AC, and to the amazement of many political watchers brought sanity and stability into the party and steered it out of troubled waters the party had long been swimming in.
Thus he automatically became the leader and financier of the party culminating in his running under the party ticket for the governorship election in the state in the 2007 elections. He not only rebranded the party, but made it the foremost opposition party in the state, where opposition politics had been reduced to a 'bread and butter' thing for many years.
And to demonstrate that he has a clear picture of where he was going and the modus operandi of attaining what he wants he hit the bulls eye by securing one of the best hands the pen has produced in the person of chief Eze Chukwuemeka Eze who has turned Princewill into one of the most sought after news makers in the Niger Delta and even beyond.
Throughout the time Princewill sojourned in the AC, he availed Rivers people for the first time in a couple of years, the opportunity for an alternative point of view over issues concerning them contrary to what the PDP led government would always want them to believe. Thus the political consciousness of the people grew in leaps and bounds.
A close associate and follower of the Turakin Adamawa, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, the former vice president, Princewill has also amply demonstrated that to be a good leader one must first be a good follower. He has followed and understudied the former vice presidents political character and even when it mattered most in the political history of the Niger Delta, pitched tent with his political mentor against the overwhelming choice of the people of Niger Delta who all rooted for a Jonathan presidency, the same way he decamped from the ACN when Atiku directed all his followers to return to the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP.
So, in Princewill could be found a consummate party man, dependable loyalist and a team player who is a nationalist indeed. He does not believe that the Niger Delta should produce a president just to take a turn, but that Nigeria should have a president who has what it takes to move the nation to the next level, politically, socially and economically.
And so, for his broadbased vision for our country and the impeccable principles, he holds, Princewill has continued to endear himself to people and organization of goodwill. He is the youngest member of the Economic Think Tank of Rivers State Government that counsels the state on investment and good governance. He is also involved in most key investment decisions of Amaechi Administration. He was member, presidential technical committee on the Niger Delta and was the chairman Niger Delta subcommittee of vision 2020.
Princewill believes and preaches the sermon that all Rivers people should have a stake in building and developing the state despite anyone's political leanings. Thus while in the ACN, he galvanized all the opposition political parties in the state under one umbrella organization and they came to be known as forum of opposition political parties in Rivers State (FOPP).
He used the platform to bring sanity and finesse to politics in the state, thus promoting a healthy opposition that speaks in one voice, instead of having disoriented parties throwing muds and missiles in the name of opposition. So even in opposition he believes that the state is bigger then any individual or any political party for that matter.
When he eventually moved into the PDP, Princewill again galvanized his followers into PPA Princewill Political Associates. Through this platform the Prince of Niger Delta politics has amassed an astounding support for the Amaechi administration, to the extent that observers often wonder why he spends so much to bring the Amaechi government into positive public view more than the government deems fit for itself. At many strategic points in the state capital are towering bill boards with varying inscriptions either professing support for Amaechi or urging Rivers people to key into the programs of the governor.
Perhaps where Princewill demonstrated the highest humanness in him that shocked many observers was when he declined to accept hundreds of billions of naira Omehia camp had reportedly offered him to truncate Amaechi ascension to power even when the Supreme Court had enthroned Amaechi.
Princewill had then opted to withdraw the suit he had instituted against the victory of PDP after the 2007 gubernatorial elections but Omehia and his team wanted Princewill to sustain the action, believing that the tribunal would find sufficient reasons to cancel the election and order for a fresh election. But Princewill refused to be a conduit to nail Amaechi! Observers often refer to this gesture of Princewill whenever Amaechi goes about boasting that he is a product of the Supreme Court, forgetting that his case could still have gotten another k-leg here if Princewill was hungry, looking for money.
Beyond all this, Princewill has been going about touching lives in various ways. Mention his name in the orphanage homes in Port Harcourt and see the inmates all stand in awe because of the impact Princewill has made in their lives. And it was for the sake of such less privileged children that Princewill got involved in the production of a movie entitled "Nnenda", which was dedicated to showcasing the plight of the less privileged children in our society and calling attention to their care and upbringing.
Recently, Princewill also gave hundreds of millions of naira to some Nollywood artists to enhancing their career and extended micro credit to the women in PPA. He is unarguably the only politician in Rivers State whose door is open to journalists 24 hours a day.
Although not overly ambitions, there is no way anybody doing any informed analysis and projections into 2015 elections in Rivers State would not factor Princewill seriously into the discussion. He has demonstrated purposeful leadership in many spheres. He has taught many that selfish interest should be subsumed under the greater interest of the state. He has given unequalled support to the incumbent government in the state. He is also involved in many of the investment decisions of the incumbent government and as such, the problem of continuity or sustenance of ongoing program of government would non existent if he becomes governor.
Even if he argument would be on power shift in the state as the people are fighting hand to play down the Riverine- upland dichotomy Princewill would still be in the picture. The Riverine people started looking up for the governship position since the Peter Odili era. Amaechi has also come with the Riverine still playing the second fiddle. The Riverine many come out boldly and strongly this time to make a claim and Princewill a Kalabari Prince from the Riverine may be their joker.
This however does not mean that it is only when the choice is narrowed down to blocs that Princewill will have a chance. Far from that. The Prince of Niger Delta politics as he is often addressed has his influence traversing even beyond the creeks of the Niger Delta. As he is received and accepted in Kalabari his native home, the same way the Ikwerres, Ogoni, Etches, Opobo, etc receive and accept him based on his proven track record.
The governor of Rivers State recently made a curious statement. He said he would not have a hand in choosing his successor. Let us believe him, and expect a level playing field. When that times comes, it may not be surprising if Princewill having endeared himself to all the nooks and crannies of the state emerges almost effortlessly. But come to think of it would it not even serve Amaechi better that he is succeeded by one who has almost a similar idea on how best to govern and develop the state as Princewill has hinted demonstrated over the years.
Princewill apparently knowing that the bell is tolling for him to come of the shadows to make a statement about his 2015 plans had hinted that when he makes up his mind on 2015, it would be public knowledge without fear or favour, but with the consent of a multitude of stakeholders. Rivers people are waiting.
Chris Eze is a Port Harcourt based Journalist

-Masterweb Reports (Release By Presidential Amnesty Office)
Following the growing penchant for some persons to pick on the Presidential Amnesty Programme over occasional security breaches in the Niger Delta, the Amnesty Office wishes to reiterate once again that the Amnesty Office is not a security agency and that the mandate of the Presidential Amnesty Programme does not include curbing crime or enforcing laws in the Niger Delta.
Yes, it is true that the Presidential Amnesty Programme has aided the stabilization of security conditions in the Niger Delta by successfully overseeing the disarmament, demobilization and currently reintegrating the entire 26,358 Niger Delta ex-agitators who accepted the offer of amnesty and enlisted in the Amnesty Programme in two phases; however the Amnesty Office has neither the powers, competences or wherewithal to stop any person who willfully decides to commit crime in the Niger Delta. The Amnesty Office neither has guns nor ammunitions; thus cannot physically combat willful crime or criminality in the Niger Delta. The very critical role of enforcing extant laws that deal will crime in the Niger Delta and other parts of the country is constitutionally vested on the Nigeria Police, the State Security Services and of course the Armed Forces as currently represented in the states in the Niger Delta by the Joint Military Task Force (which now goes by the name Operation Pulo Shield).
The Special Adviser to the President on Niger Delta and the Chairman, Presidential Amnesty Programme, Hon. Kingsley Kuku once again affirms his confidence in the ability of the gallant officers and men of the JTF to protect vital oil and gas installations in the Niger Delta and also to deal decisively with person or persons who for any reason or reasons attempts to attack oil facilities or generally attempt to breach the peace in the zone.
For emphasis, it must be clarified for the umpteenth time that pursuant to its mandate, the Amnesty Office, aided by gallant officers and Men of our Armed forces pursued a very successful disarmament campaign and huge cache of arms and ammunitions were submitted by the ex-agitators prior to their being admitted into the post-amnesty Programme. Disarmament was concluded in December 2009 but the arms and ammunitions collected were stored at the 82 Division of the Nigerian Army in Enugu and in compliance with extant DDR codes as spelt out by the United Nations, these arms and Ammunitions were on May 25 2011 completely destroyed by the Nigerian Army in Lokpanta, a boundary town in Enugu State, under the watch of the Amnesty Office. With the destruction of the arms and ammunitions, the Presidential Amnesty Programme exited its Disarmament component.
Similarly, the Amnesty Office has successfully pursued and completed the Demobilisation of the entire 26,358 Niger Delta ex-agitators enrolled in the two phases of the Programme. The Demobilisation exercise which was carried out in two camps: Obubra in Cross River State and Akodo in Lagos State entailed biometric documentation, wellness check, nonviolence transformational training, series of counseling and career classification for the ex-agitators. In December 2011, the Amnesty Office completed and exited the Demobilisation component of the Presidential Amnesty Programme. 
With the completion of the full demobilisation of the 26,358 ex-combatants enrolled in the first and second phases of the Presidential Amnesty Programme, our great nation entered history books as one of the few countries in the world that achieved a successful closure to the Disarmament and Demobilisation phases of its DDR Programme. True, virtually all the 24 United Nations-piloted DDR interventions in Africa since 1992 are still battling to achieve full Demobilisation even with huge financial and technical assistance from the United Nations and several other international partners. Some of the nations still battling to exit the Demobilisation phase of their DDR Programmes include Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Given the successes of the DDR Programmes in Nigeria and Burundi, there is currently a global push to transfer all such programmes from the United Nations and other international agencies to national governments just like is currently the case in Nigeria.  
Perhaps the most critical other component of the Amnesty Programme is the Reintegration of the ex-agitators. That is exactly where we are today. Following the completion of their non-violence training and career classification in camp, the Amnesty Office has successfully placed a total of 10,395 former Niger Delta agitators in skills acquisition/training centres as well as in formal education within the country and offshore. Similarly, about 12,067 transformed ex-combatants are currently being processed preparatory to their deployment to reintegration centres to pursue either formal education or vocational training in the 2012 fiscal year. Several of these trainees have graduated and a number of them have secured gainful employment. The Amnesty Office is also collaborating with key governmental institutions to aid the self-employment of many of the graduates.
Hon. Kuku also seeks to stress once again that the fact that several former agitators in the Niger Delta accepted the offer of Amnesty does not in any way mean that the region no longer has aggrieved persons. But he insists that all aggrieved persons any where in Nigeria should seek and embrace nonviolent and peaceful ways to express themselves, especially given that the Federal Government under His Excellency, President Goodluck Jonathan GCFR, has clearly shown that it has the capacity to listen and act in the greater good of the citizenry.
Flowing from the above, it is abundantly clear that the Amnesty Office has been discharging to the best of its abilities, the responsibilities and mandate assigned to it and as enshrined in the Amnesty Proclamation. Indeed if the Amnesty Office was charged with security duties, perhaps we would have pursued it doggedly and surely profound results would have been achieved by now.
Beyond the fact that Amnesty Office is not charged security duties, it must be made clear that aspects of the Amnesty Proclamation that deals with the development of critical infrastructures in the Niger Delta is domiciled in the Ministry of the Niger Delta while the Petroleum equity component is domiciled in the Federal Ministry of Petroleum. For example, the Amnesty Office is aware that a number of the ex-agitators have secured pipeline protection and surveillance jobs from the Ministry of Petroleum. Details of this can only be sourced from the Ministry of Petroleum since Amnesty office is not involved at all. 
As the Special Adviser to the President on Niger Delta, Hon. Kingsley Kuku is on a daily basis in touch with leaders and stakeholders in the Niger Delta. These leaders and stakeholders are clearly of the view that the Amnesty Programme is making the desired impact in the zone. Indeed they are also of the view that the humble efforts of the Amnesty Office have helped to save the economy of our dear country from imminent collapse. Like most discerning Nigerians are now aware, the key objective of the Presidential Amnesty Programme is to stabilise, consolidate and sustain security conditions in the Niger Delta as pre-requisite for promoting economic development in the zone, which we all know is the nation’s oil and gas base. I make bold to assert that the target of restoring peace, safety and security in the Niger Delta using the instrumentalities of the Amnesty Programme, has been reasonably met; and as a result, the nation’s economy has rebounded. From a production level of a paltry 700,000 barrels of crude oil per day as at first week of January 2009, the relative peace that now prevails in the Niger Delta has aided the remarkable growth of Nigeria’s oil production to between 2.6 million barrels per day as at today.
To further underscore the fact that the proclamation of amnesty for former agitators in the Niger Delta as well as the successful management of the post-amnesty Programme saved the economy of our great nation from a looming collapse, kindly note that with Nigeria producing as at today 2.6 million barrels of crude oil per day as against the abysmally low 700,000 barrels per day at the peak of the Niger Delta crisis in January 2009, the Amnesty Programme is currently making production savings of 1.9 million barrels per day for our beloved country. If these savings are computed with prevailing exchange rate of N160 to $1, daily production savings for Nigeria and its Joint Venture (JV) partners currently stands at N33.4 Billion per day. If this sum is broken down further especially given that oil production in Nigeria hovered between 2.4 and 2.6 barrels for all of 2011, it would be discovered that savings for Nigeria and its JV partners for year ending 2011 is estimated to be a whopping N6 trillion! 
Henry Ugbolue
Head, Media and Communication
Presidential Amnesty Office

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By David Amusa)
The Deputy Speaker of Rivers State House of Assembly, Hon. Leyii Kwanee has implored Nigerian Journalists to engage in advocacy in order to accelerate development of the nation.
Speaking at the International Conference and book presentation in honour of Professor Sylvanus Ajana Ekwelie on the theme: “Advocacy Journalism and National Development, organized by the Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies of the University of Port Harcourt, the Deputy Speaker said that it was unfortunate that the present practice of Journalism is on sensationalism and muckraking including sex and violence.
The practice, he said was copied from western countries and advised journalists to engage in advocacy for peace particularly in this period of security challenges.
Represented by his Media Assistant, Mr. David Amusa,he urged them to also look at other areas of advocacy such as enduring democracy, poverty eradication, harmful cultural practices, good governance, health matters and qualitative education.
“Nigerian journalists should gear their practice towards development and de-emphasize on frivolities such as sex, homosexuality and violence which they imitate from their western counterpart and concentrate on our core values that are catalyst to national development”.
“In so doing journalism will take its pride of place in the contemporary Nigeria as they did in the past to help the nation gain independence and stamped military out of power, he stated”
Also speaking, Hon. Kwanee advised Nigerians to celebrate their great men while they are alive rather than when they are dead.
He said such honour will motivate the young generations to work hard to be great.
The Deputy Speaker decried the situation in Nigeria where material wealth is celebrated more than intellectual wealth pointing out that those who are celebrated for having material wealth end up being those who acquired wealth of filthy lucre.
He appealed to Nigerians to celebrate their great intellectuals as it is the practice in advanced countries of the world.
Hon. Kwanee commended the University of Port Harcourt and the Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies for honouring one of their own who has acquired intellectual wealth to the extent of being an international shinning star in the field of communication.
Furthermore, he urged the institution to organize conferences in honour of other of their great scholars pointing out that this would serve as tonic to the junior scholars and students in order to make the University unique as it is popularly called.
Earlier in his opening remarks, the Chairman of the Local Organizing Committee, Rev. Fr. Dr. Walter Ihejirika, said the honour was bestowed on Professor Ekwelie in recognition of his immense contributions to the development and growth of the department.
“The Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies strongly believes that Professor Ekwelie has earned his position of honour, having exhibited a high degree of honesty, fairness and integrity in his chosen field of work”.
David Amusa
Media Assistant to the Deputy Speaker
Wednesday 18th April, 2012.

-Masterweb Reports
The authorities of the Nigerian Air Force in Port Harcourt have confirmed that a rocket flew out of the Nigerian Air Force helicopter and destroyed a building at no 98 Woji  Street, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
The Commander of the Nigerian Air Force Base, Port Harcourt, Air Vice-Marshall Abba Zannah, gave the confirmation, when he briefed journalists in Port Harcourt on Friday.
The helicopter was said to be on routine patrol of the Niger Delta creeks, and the Commander did not disclose if it had completed its mission or not when the rocket fell off.
He said the incident occurred about 6:30am on Friday, and that no life was lost.  
"It was a technical error which was unusual in the system. But we are glad that no life was lost in the incident.
"It was not a normal thing in the Air Force system and the outcome of the investigation will allow us take certain measures,'' Zannah said on Friday.
The commander said the incident should not raise fears among the residents and appealed to them to go about their normal businesses.

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Radio Biafra London)

After two years of absence the legendary Radio Biafra London (RBL) is back on air and will resume on SATURDAY 21 APRIL 2012 at 8pm broadcasting twice a week on 11870 kHz frequency on the shortwave band from its London Studio to all African countries with concentrated footprint in Nigeria. Listeners in the Greater London area can tune into 94.3FM at the same time whilst those outside London and elsewhere in the world can follow the program online by visiting and clicking on the daily broadcast play button.

RBL is a public service broadcaster and will serve as the eyes, ears and voice for millions of dispossessed, disenfranchised, abandoned and oppressed people of various ethnic nationalities in Nigeria. According to Nnamdi Kanu the Director of Radio Biafra London, the reason for the resuscitation of the popular radio station is to set a largely misinformed public free from the twin evil of tyrannical rule of a cabal of ill-educated and institutionally corrupt men and women and the sponsored sectarian killings directed against Christian Southerners living in Northern Nigeria by terrorists operating in the name of Islam. It will also serve to articulate a solution to the plight of impoverished and confused Igbo families abandoned by their leaders in Northern Nigeria to a fate worse than those endured by black slaves in plantations in the Americas.

Radio Biafra London will use and deploy every available resource to campaign for the rights of all oppressed indigenous peoples of Southern Nigeria to determine how they wish to structure their societies and live their lives. Radio Biafra London would broadcast debates on issues of national and international importance affecting the lives and rights of the indigenous peoples of Biafra and indeed indigenous people of all ethnic persuasions in Nigeria.

Radio Biafra London further wishes to give advance warning to all looters, embezzlers, kidnappers, sponsors of terrorism, child traffickers, corrupt judges, crooked university lecturers, murderous Nigerian security forces and all thieving individuals masquerading as public officials who steal public funds thereby preventing developmental projects from impacting positively on the lives of the ordinary people. These looters and workers of iniquity will be named and shamed. There will be no hiding place for common thieves who use the cover of high political offices to steal in the name of Nigerian politics. For Radio Biafra London, there will be nothing like no-go-areas in what can be reported, discussed and analysed. The governing principle of the Public-Right-To-Know of the issues affecting their lives will be rigorously upheld.


Editorial Board of Radio Biafra London


-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Amiru Adamu)
Though there are other militant groups operating in the Niger delta, the movement for the emancipation of the niger delta (MEND) is considered as the umbrella organization of all the youths of the niger delta, fighting for their rights. The perceived objectives of the group have two sides. While the government and other foreign beneficiaries see MEND as a terrorist group trying to sabotage their effort to explore oil, the youths and most people of Nigeria on the other hand see them as a group of oppressed Nigerian youths trying to expose the unfair exploitation of the masses in the Niger delta by the Nigerian government, in partnership with some foreign corporations.
Though these 2 points of view can be challenged by  Sympathizers depending on the side they  Sympathize with, the facts from any neutral point of view will show that the people of the Niger delta have suffered an unprecedented degradation of their environment due to unchecked pollution produced by the oil industry. The people of the area have no ability to engage in fishing and farming,the two major occupations  in the region because of oil exploration. They also have nothing to show for it, because oil revenues are rarely seen by the people.
No right thinking individual will expect the youths of the area to fold their arms and watch themselves and other kinsman and women being polluted and starved out of existence by the Nigerian government and other multinationals. I have been coming across commentaries made by people mostly government  Sympathizers, who are out of touch with reality. They always condemn MEND blindly without pausing to think of the situation that forced those industrious youths of the delta into militancy.
Though I am not in support of violence in any form, I am also not is support of oppression and daylight robbery. The people of the Niger delta are really in need of people who will look at their situation from a human perspective. I believe the late president Umaru Musa Yar'adua granted amnesty to the youths of the Niger delta because he considered their situation from a humanitarian point of view.
The re-integration programme that followed the amnesty has so far been fairly implemented,but the government needs to speed up the implementation before the youths of the delta region get tired of the slow pace.
What amuses me most in the whole oil money saga, is the misinformation being encouraged by the elites who enjoy most of the revenue generated from oil exploration. An average person from the Niger delta is encouraged to believe that a large chunk of the oil revenue goes to the Northerners, while the Northerners are encouraged to believe that most of the oil revenue goes to the people of the Niger delta.
I will like to use this medium to denounce both claims, because the average Northerner is as poor as an average Nigerian from the Niger delta if not worse. The fact is, the oil revenue goes into the pockets of the political class, irrespective of the region they come from. They are conspiring and conniving in unison to loot and starve Nigerians.
The Niger delta as an oil producing region really deserves a lot more. They deserve to get more from the oil revenue being generated, considering the pains they go through due to oil exploration. By saying the Niger delta, I mean the people not some elites or political jobbers who collect and divert funds meant for the industrious and courageous people of the Niger delta.
MEND, on its own part should make sure it controls its members and avoid attacking innocent civilians who have no hand in oppressing and depriving them. They should continue to struggle till they achieve what they have sacrificed so much to achieve. At least we know what they are fighting for.
Amiru Adamu is an activist writer and publisher of Northern Wind Magazine.

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Obinna Akukwe)
Biafra was the name given by a people on the verge of extermination, to the newly seceding republic. A peoples aspiration to be left alone to renegotiate how they want to exist away from a structure which wanted to swallow them. A dream that would have turned an African nation into an African Japan in terms of technological advancement. A people whose republican nature would have made models of federalism all over Africa. A nation that probably would have been the true giant of Africa.
All these were stillborn because the British establishment with their Russian and Egyptian conspirators provided covert and overt military support while the middle belt region especially the Benue Plateau axis provided the gallant, brave and daring foot soldiers who executed on the behalf of the entire north the killings of 3million Biafrans to keep Nigeria one.
History is a reminder of past events which has the prospects of a future repeat. A Biafran proverb says that "a fowl that gloated over the butcher of the guinea fowl knew not that the fate that befell the guinea fowl will soon befall it" The Middle Belt Region especially the Benue Plateau axis , predominantly Christians, were the people who fought the actual war. Over seventy five percent of soldiers who executed the war came from this axis. The officers were spread round the rest of Nigeria but the file came from the plateau. The Benue-Plateau people gloated over the destruction of the Biafran dream.
Their first shocker was when General Murtala Muhammed led a coup that ousted General Yakubu Gowon as Head of the Nigerian State. The Dimka counter coup was repelled by forces loyal to the northern oligarchy and officers of Middle-Belt minority extraction were killed and since then the ethnic cleansing of the minority Middle Belt especially Benue –Plateau axis begun.
Despite the Dimka failed coup, the middle belt region continued to enjoy a commanding place in the Nigerian military establishments until General Ibrahim Babangida used the excuse of Mamman Vatsa coup to clear a lot of them from the military circles. Babangida then moved to dismantle the Langtang Mafia. Langtang is a town in Plateau State that has produced brave soldiers in the Nigerian Army. Generals Domkat Bali, Joshua Dogonyaro, Jerry Useni and John Shagaya among others are officers from Langtang town who at one point or the other held positions of trust and importance in the military-political environment of the Nigerian State. Other nearby towns equally boasts of senior military officers whose records in bravery and loyalty is solid.
Babangida, from Niger State, comes from a middle belt  area that identifies more with the northern oligarchy than the northern minorities, found it difficult to stomach the presence of Benue-Plateau people around his political space and he started the gradual decimation of their people. The first casualty was Mamman Vatsa, from minority Nupe in Niger state. Having checkmated the Nupe threat, he moved to checkmate the Benue-Plateau threat. The first casualty was General Domkat Bali. Bali was the Minister of Defence, Chief of Defence Staff and Chairman Joint chiefs of Staff. He was the second most powerful man during Babangida regime and the third most powerful under Buhari. By the time Babangida finished with Bali, he ran to his village to recover from the shock. Babangida removed Bali as Minister for Defence, Chief of Defence Staff and Chairman Joint Chief of Staff on the 29th of December, 1989 and handed him the Ministry of Interior, then occupied by fellow Langtang kinsman, General John Shagaya. This demotion was meant to spite and humiliate Bali and whatsoever he represents. He was promptly replaced by General Sanni Abacha who later became Nigeria’s military ruler. The shoving aside of Bali was to remove the last vestiges of Gowon’s influence from the Nigerian Army and to pave way for the northern oligarchy to completely control the military establishment. At that time other officers of Benue Plateau extraction were retired without reason.
The Langtang Mafia was the most powerful caucus in the Nigerian Army. It was an informal kindred gathering of officers of plateau extraction where matters of interest were discussed covertly. They exerted lots of influence in the military and political settings. Another mafia known as Kaduna Mafia was there to serve the interests of the northern oligarchy. Babangida, with the humiliation of Bali, started the process of dismantling the Langtang Mafia. The creation of Jos North Local Government in 1991 by Babangida, without consultations with the indigenes of Jos was to cannibalize the influence of the Langtang Mafia.
What Nigerian students and activists of southern extraction saw especially the South East  in the early nineties was the return to bondage of minority north and yet the chicken had come to roast. In the order of marginalization in Nigeria now, Middle Belt geopolitical zone comes is the number two, after the South East. This is what the Benue-Plateau had as reward for fighting the Biafran war and killing their Christian brothers.
Jos was the capital of Middle Belt or Benue Plateau region. Jos was home to all Nigerians, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Efik, Ijaw, Kanuri until the sectarian violence started in 1991. Since then Jos had known no peace. The indigenes have been waylaid in the dead of the night and slaughtered like guinea fowl. All the presence of the entire armed forces of Nigeria has not stemmed the serial killings. All the prayers and fasting have not helped either. A police commissioner who gave support to their exterminators in the hey days of the conflict, against all opposition and indictment, is now their Inspector General of Police. This is just an indication that their enemies will lord it over them.
What is happening in Plateau albeit Jos is curse in operation. In 2 samuel chapter 21, The Bible illustrates about David the King of Israel who suffered serious famine for three years under his anointed leadership .When the famine failed to stop he inquired of the Lord and was told that his predecessor Saul broke covenant by killing the Gibeonites in his zeal to please God. Therefore the Israelites are suffering as a result of the misdeeds of King Saul who was long dead. The constant urination and defecation on the socio-political space of the Plateau people is as a result of their complicity in the Biafrfan genocide. General Gowon, the military ruler who led the war on Biafra, have since the past ten years led a prayer group called ‘Nigeria Prays’’ This prayer though laudable and commendable has not worked. The reason is the same mistake of King David. David’s prayers failed to work for three years of austerity measures, structural adjustment, subsidy removal and power sector reforms until he made prayers of enquiry and was told the source of the problem. Gowon and his prayer group should change their prayer topic and ask for forgiveness for the extermination of innocent blood. They should equally send an appropriate delegation to the Biafran Headquarters to interact with the representatives of the people and the clergy and extract a covenant of forgiveness and the curse will be lifted. Failure to do so, the Benue Plateau and the rest of the minority middlebelt will soon be relegated again into the most marginalized zone in Nigeria.
Obinna Akukwe

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Louis Allison)
Dear Editor, I want to use this medium to thank you and your team for giving Nigerians the oppurtunity to veiw our local Newspapers and Magazines on the Internet and also keeping us informed on the latest happenings around the world. I want to say a very big ''thank you'' once again. My main reason for sending you this message is to draw your attention on how the Students of Lagos State University are been treated by the School board or whoever is in charge there.
Everyone in the Country is aware of the recent hike in School Fees in LASU and all the other challanges faced by the Students, but Sir, I want to draw your attention to what I would call the ''WHO CARES'' attitude of the Board or whoever is incharge. After the recent increase in school fees, parents whose children attend the institution had to adapt to the new fees and students who don't have parents to sponsor them work harder to raise enough funds to meet up the fees.
Now, the school imposed it on every student to pay within a given time or risk their education with the school. Some students where able to pay on time but some who had to readjust their pockets to the new fees could not meet up, thereby paying late. The school has a section on its website where students can register their courses for the semester (only available to the early birds that paid their fees within the time frame they gave), it is unavailable to those who pay late. This makes those paying late study in fear and discomfort as they may not be graded for the semester, since their courses were not registered online and this could lead to their faliure and withdrawal from school.
Sir, I am sending this message from my mobile phone with hope that you would help these students appeal to the board or whoever is incharge to have a reconsideration and open the web portal, or provide other means for the students to registar their courses or even assure them that the issue would be rectified instead of threatining the students with possible rustication. Please Sir, I am not sending you this message because of my sister alone, but for every student whose parent has worked hard to make sure that their children get the education they need to be future leaders. Thanks.
Louis )

-Masterweb Reports
Public Statement By Intersociety-Nigeria  
Before Dr. Chidi Odinkalu, Board Chair, Nigeria’s National Human Rights
Commission Goes The Way Of Others Felled  By  State Bullets Or Killer-Gas
(Onitsha-Nigeria, Sunday, 15th day of April, 2012)-The leadership of
International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law strongly
believes that the Chairman, Board of Governing Council of the National
Human Rights Commission, Dr. Chidi Odinkalu, one of the few young
Nigeria’s “legist” scholars, may go the way of other Nigeria’s “social
engineers” felled by State bullets or killer-gas substances, unless
sustained local and international campaigns are initiated to ward off such
possible reality.
Having critically x-rayed the circumstances surrounding the 11th day of
April 2012’s open criminal invitation extended to the NHRC’s chair by the
Acting IGP, Mohammed Dikko Abubakar, through his DIG, Force Criminal
Investigations Department in Abuja, who delegated it to one Dan Bature, a
Deputy Commissioner of Police, we fear that Dr. Chidi Odinkalu may have
become a “ candidate of formal and informal police criminal invitations”,
with the latter likely to be “he has gone to Abuja”, a euphemism for State
murder and extra-judicial execution of targeted citizens.
Dr. Chidi Odinkalu was issued with non-adjudicative criminal summons over
his legitimate assertion on March 5, 2012 at a public function, to the
effect that the Nigeria Police Force,” by estimates, carries out more than
2,500 extra-judicial execution of detainees yearly”, as a result of which
the Acting IGP claimed that it was “vexatious”.  We wish to state,
expressly, that the criminal invitation extended to Dr. Chidi Odinkalu by
the NPF amounts to gross abuse of office, executive irresponsibility and
recklessness. It is also tantamount to inviting a judge, criminally, to
explain his or her reasons for delivering a judgment, whether substantive
or orbiter dictum (or dicta). It saddens our heart that the Acting IGP and
his Force Headquarters does not seem to understand the basic provisions of
the law of the land, yet they claim to be “ officers of the law”.
For records, Dr. Chidi Odinkalu, by virtue of his position as the Chairman
of the Board of Governing Council of the NHRC have rights, privileges and
immunities of a High Court Judge, whether formal or informal. This is
expressly in accordance with the NHRC’s Amended Act, signed into law by
President Goodluck Jonathan on 26th day of February 2011. The new amended
Act confers on the Commission the powers of a High Court in its core areas
of jurisdiction such as summons, investigations of complaints, their
findings and actions. Funny enough, it is the NHRC that is legally
empowered to summon any Nigerian including the IGP, and not the other way
round. The express meaning of the new “high court” powers of the NHRC is
that if any Nigerian including the IGP, whether acting or substantive,
feels aggrieved by the Commission’s summons, investigations, findings and
actions, he or she deserves a right under the law to go to the Court of
Appeal to challenge them, and certainly, not a high court. When clearly
compared with the summoning powers of the Police, which are strictly
restricted to criminal matters, the former’s are superior to the latter’s.
The forgoing simply means that the NHRC is now in the same jurisdictional
league with the National Industrial Court, Election Tribunals and Judicial
Commissions of Enquiry. The question now is: can the NPF criminally summon
heads of the Election Tribunals, the National Industrial Courts and the
Judicial Commissions of Enquiry? The express answer to this question is
that the NPF is legally incompetent to do so.
Other than the powers of a High Court status of the NHRC, it is also
deified internationally in line with various international rights
instruments assented to by Nigeria. Reckless conducts by State security
establishments such as the one under discussion, brought about the
establishment of State Human Rights Commissions by the member-states of
the UNO, after the 1990s’ plan of action on human rights so as, among
other things, narrow the gap between the independent rights NGOs and the
State, which perpetually sees rights issues and their campaigners as a
threat and coupist As crude and homicidal as the Sani Mohammed Abacha’ s
military regime was, it still created the present NHRC, though with  a
leprous decree in 1995. This is the same Commission (now with widened
responsibilities) that the supposedly democratic Nigeria Police Force is
bent on defiling with utter impunity. Also, Dr. Chidi Odinkalu is an
appointee of the Presidency with a tenure, whose appointment was duly
confirmed by the Nigeria’s Senate. If the NHRC Boss is credibly seen as a
threat to national security or grievous violator of the law, which he is
not presently, the NHRC Amended Act of the Federation 2011 empowers the
President and the Senate, and not the NPF to handle same legally.  In the
event of sanction or removal from office for possible gross misconduct,
the Amended NHRC Act empowers the President to request for the removal of
the NHRC Boss from the Senate, which, in turn, will effect his or her
removal via a simple majority vote. The best the NPF top headship could
do, under the law and present circumstance, is to report him to his
appointing authority, the President, with incontrovertible pieces of
evidence pertaining to his or her alleged gross misconduct. By virtue of
the said Act, the NHRC Boss takes no directives from any government agency
including the President, except where he or she engages in gross
misconduct.  It is obvious that the top leadership of the NPF is crudely
ignorant of these basic legal provisions that prompted it to act
professionally illiterately. The Force, therefore, acted irresponsibly,
abashedly, absurdly, abusively, recklessly and shamelessly.
Furthermore, what the NHRC Boss has said is less than 0.1 percent of the
current realities with respect to police corruptive and homicidal
activities in Nigeria. Apart from the “Criminal Force” Report of 2010 by
NOPRIN & OSIWA, from which the NHRC Boss derived his assertion, there are
other newer and older similar reports by leading and respected local and
international rights groups such as the Intersociety’s twin reports of
December 2011(Police Corruption As Human Rights (roadblock extortion &
related issues) & How 54,000 Nigerians Died Outside The Law Since 1999).
There are also others like: “Killing At Will (AI-UK)”, “Rest in
Pieces”(HRW-USA), “Everyone’s in the Game”(HRW-USA) and the Nigeria’s
State of Human Rights Report of 2009 by the US Department of State, etc,
all documenting heinous homicidal activities of the NPF as well as other
police-bred killings in Nigeria since 1999.
Therefore, the criminal invitation extended to the immunity-bearing NHRC
Boss by the NPF is criminally, harmfully and homicidally intended. The
sheer ignorance of the law of the land in this respect, by the top
leadership of the NPF led by Mohammed Dikko Abubakar, is also shocking and
saddening. Instead of this clear witch-hunting of an innocent and
conscientious top public citizen by the NPF, the clarification
invitations, not criminal summons, should be holistically extended to the
leaderships of the Access to Justice, CLEEN Foundation, International
Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law, Network on Police Reforms
in Nigeria & Open Society Institute for West Africa & its founder (George
Soros); Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and Madam Hillary
Clinton & her US Department of State as well as members of the NBA who
have instituted civil  cases seeking for compensatory justice over the
extra judicial activities including unlawful  killings of their clients’
relatives by the personnel of the NPF, being some of the respected bodies
that have documented and issued various reports of police atrocities in
Nigeria, if the Force is truly desirous of unearthing the alleged
unjustifiable homicidal activities of its personnel including pretrial
We, hereby, call on the President & Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
and Chairman, Nigeria Police Council, Dr. Goodluck Jonathan, to direct the
Secretary to the Federal Government to conclusively and satisfactorily
investigate this height of abuse of office and professional misconduct by
the top leadership of the NPF, with a view to sanctioning those involved,
apologizing to the NHRC Boss, saving his dear life, effectively protecting
his revered office and saving the Federal Republic of Nigeria of this
unpardonable embarrassment and more to come. The Acting IGP and his
personnel must be stopped by the President from further harassing and
intimidating the respected NHRC Boss. Mr. Mohammed Dikko Abubakar’s
confirmation as the Nigeria’s substantive IGP should be tied to his
culpability or otherwise in this horrible national and international
embarrassment of the Government and Great People of the Federal Republic
of Nigeria.
While commending the NHRC Boss, Dr. Chidi Odinkalu, for his courage and
sagacity, we wish to call on other reputable civil society organizations
local and internationally to rise in fierce defense of the NHRC and its
boss by ensuring that its independent status and activities are not
stifled by any State coercive agencies particularly the NPF. Efforts must
also be ensured and intensified to ensure that Dr. Chidi Odinkalu does not
go the way of other irreplaceable social engineers in Nigeria, felled by
State bullets and killer-gas substances such as Alhaja Kudiratu Abiola.
Emeka Umeagbalasi, Chairman, Board of Trustees
+234(0) 80333601078, +234(0) 8180103912,
Comrade Justus Ijeoma, Head, Publicity Desk
+234(0) 8037114869

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Joseph Aku)
Governor Peter Obi of Anambra state recently handed over some elementary and secondary schools to their original owners: principally the Catholic and Anglican missions. The citizens and well-wishers of Anambra State cannot thank the governor enough for this. It is just like delivering Anambrarians from a demonic bondage to which we had been subjected to since the post war forceful take-over of the schools by the military regimes on the premise that religion breeds religious politics and would create unfavourable structural divisions in the country.
It must be noted that the ban of religious doctrines in schools affected morality. The consequences are debasement of morals and disciplines in Christian schools. Thus, favorable environment was created by politicians and businessmen in their quest for wealth, and their insensible display of this ill-gotten wealth. Hence, all sorts of crimes, ranging from fraud or 419 to armed robbery, kidnapping, prostitution, unbridled marital infidelities, proliferation of abortions, lack of respect for elders and for authorities, lack of reverence even for the clergy, ritual killings, political assassinations and even apathy to academic activities thrived.
All erupted like a volcanic explosion. Girls sell themselves to teachers and lecturers to pass their examinations, and boy's monetize their ways out, or terrorize their way through with cult formations. These are Christians from all the denominations, with no exception whatsoever. The dividends are low quality basic education and therefore low quality higher education for which many oversea institutions, to which we very much depend for scientific and technological advancement, now reject our certificates. There is therefore no sacrifice too great to make to reverse this abysmal state of affairs. Thus, Gov. Obi should be given undiluted kudos for handing over schools to missions.
However, one appreciates the apprehensions of some trade unionists in unfortunately opposing this well-meant development. Mission schools had never been good paymasters. Their guiding principal is principally profit. The fees are often astronomically high. We therefore would not expect that the mission schools should not make their own profit, but it should not be such as to disenfranchise children from Christian education, thus driving them back to private institutions where religion cannot safely be taught without facing antagonism from one denomination or the other. Thank God the state government is committed to checking such excesses by missions. Thank God also that government has accepted to pay the teachers in such mission schools.
One also would not like to see a situation where mothers teaching in these schools are not recognized as having dual divine responsibilities, one to the schools and the other to their homes.
The trade unionists should quietly and purposely discuss these issues with the government and the missions, rather than throwing up threats of strike as the first line of action. No doubt, much can be achieved through dialogue. Embarking on strike on this issue is a disservice to the educational, moral, and disciplinary wellbeing of our children as the leaders of tomorrow. Unions should please not rob us of this gem. It is not acceptable, and the missions must also think twice about the welfare of their employees to conform to modern norms and practices.
Joseph Aku, Ekwulobia, Anambra State