Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

[ Masterweb Reports ] - The launch of All Hail Africa (Cry of A Biafran Child) CD in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA on Saturday, January 26, 2013 was a huge success. It was a well attended function that reflected Milwaukee diversity; Nigerians as well as other Africans, Americans and Hispanics were all present to show their support. Composer Chief Charles Okereke’s African Union Award Winning Anthem, “God Bless Africa” CDs were also available at the event. In a nutshell, it was a successful launch in terms of attendance and financial support. Full report will be made in due course.

*Photo Caption - Event Flyer

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - On December 31, 2012, while the world was enraptured with the prospect of ushering in the New Year, someone in Kogi state, Nigeria was busy scooping the brains out of his four-month-old son whom he had just murdered. Earlier in October of the same year, the nation was shaken by the gruesome murder of four promising undergraduates who were beaten to death and set ablaze over a minor disagreement. And just as I was contemplating this piece, news filtered in again – a man has set his pregnant sister-in-law ablaze for pouring water on his dog!
 

It’s amazing the indifference with which we have adjusted to the torrents of abominable incidents that assault our minds daily. News of carnage, acid treatments (or acid baths, if you like), ritual killings and other acts of brutish violence no longer have the sobering effect that they used to have. We claim to be the most civilized and technologically advanced generation of Homo sapiens on earth, yet savagery is at an all-time high. What a paradox!

 
Over the years, the West has made us believe that savagery is endemic to Africa but recent events, such as the frequency of indiscriminate shootings in America, have proved otherwise. According to US newspaper reports, at least sixteen mass shootings took place in America in 2012 alone. Similar incidents have been recorded in other parts of the Western world. Savagery then, is not limited to any geographical location; it only puts on the garb of the dominant culture and adapts itself to the prevailing circumstances wherever it is permitted to rear its ugly head.

 
A critical examination of the current trends all over the world reveals a fundamental problem – our value system, the set of personal principles, standards and beliefs in which we have an emotional investment.

 
The gory tales recounted above are fundamentally linked to a warped value system. The herbalist who scooped out his baby’s brains obviously valued power, his religious beliefs or whatever it was that prompted his action, over and above the life of his son. We can reach similar conclusions about the other incidents; all culprits have lost touch with a fundamental value – the sanctity of human life.

 
I understand that there may be other factors such as emotional pressure, financial hardship and a host of others that might seem to trigger such actions. The fact however remains that these other factors are merely accessory; the real cause has to do with our fundamental beliefs, our value system. It therefore goes without saying that if we are serious about meaningful change and sustainable development; we must start with a deliberate and systematic process of value reorientation.

 
No quick fix will get the job done; we must start from the foundation – our individual family units. The educational institutions, religious institutions, mass media and other agents of socialization are only supposed to build on the foundation that has been laid by the family. Parents must commit themselves to a comprehensive process of child training that will help their children imbibe sound ethical principles.

 
If children are trained up in the right way, they will not become a menace as adults. This might seem farfetched but nothing less will yield lasting results. How else do we raise a new generation of refined, cultivated and civilized human beings if not by entrenching a new mindset in the younger generation? We’re not giving up on the Old Guard but we’re investing more in children and youths. This way, we can be sure that there are better days ahead even though today may seem dark and dreary. God bless Nigeria.

 
Philip Amiola reports from Lagos, Nigeria. A passionate believer in the New Nigeria, Philip Amiola is a teacher, writer and campaigner of empowerment. 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – Anambra State has been described as one of the best governed State in Nigeria going by all the indices of measuring good governance. This was declared by Chief Emeka Anyaoku Friday, January 18  during the gathering of parliamentarians, diplomats and captains of industry to honour him as he turned 80 at the Marlborough House, London, the Headquarters of the Commonwealth where he worked for 34 years rising to become the Secretary General for 10 years, 1990-2000.
 
Speaking, he said that Anambra under Governor Obi had changed for good and that Gov. Peter Obi must be granted credit for that epochal change and revolution going on in the State. His words: “Peter Obi is the Governor of My State, Anambra, which is one among the 36 federating states. In the most recent rating, Obi is acclaimed as one of the best performing Governors in Nigeria. This is not hear say. Even recently, Bunmi and I were in the State to celebrate the Christmas and can attest to the transformational activities taking place in the State under Peter Obi. At 80, this gives me special joy.”

 
Earlier, the Governor who thanked everybody that had come to pay reverence to Anayaoku, said that as the Governor of Anambra State, that he is the CEO of a global and wonderful brand (referring to Chief Emeka Anyaoku). He said that his one fear as Anyaoku was celebrated was how the State would get vanishing brands like him. He said that the real celebration would be in Anambra, where he would take the opportunity to present Anayaoku to the people of the State as the type of character to be looked upon as role models for the health of the State.

 
While proposing the toast, Rt. Hon. Lord Boateng described Anyaoku as a bridge between Africa and the world. He said that his life had been a source of inspiration to many.

 
The event was graced by members of parliaments, diplomats and captains of industry from different.

 
*Photo CaptionL-R Baroness Lynda Chalker , Chief Emeka Anyaoku , Gov. Peter Obi (right) and wife, Margaret (left) at the 80th gathering in honour of Anyaoku who turned 80 at Marlborough House, London Friday, January 18  this year.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - On January 12, 1970 at the tender age of 14 as Charles O. Okereke witnessed the end of Nigeria’s historic civil war, enduring firsthand, the horrors of armed conflict as a child, he composed the hymn friends refer to as ‘Cry of A Biafran Child’. The essence of launching this song is not for a political ideology or agenda, but to identify with the history, will and determination of the people on both sides of that historic war, who symbolized a struggle and whose sacrifice, established either positively or negatively what is the present day Nigeria. In the same vein, this launching aims to celebrate the rich values of freedom, liberty and justice which the founding fathers of the great Nation - United States of America have handed down to its citizens, through the struggles of many iconic men and women who have contributed to the civil, political, ideological and social evolution of America. Okereke says he will never forget January 12, 1970, the day the Nigerian civil war ended, because there was.......Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Event flyer

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Writing on the recent series of demolition of illegal shanties at the bridgehead, Onitsha, Emmanuel Obe of the PUNCH Newspaper (Saturday Punch of January 19, 2013, page 14), among other things, stated thus: “tales of woe and despondency hung in the air as bulldozers deployed by the Anambra State Government roared through all the markets on the River Niger bridgehead end of the Onitsha-Enugu Expressway some days ago”.
 
Yes, there were series of demolition at the bridgehead axis of Onitsha , the commercial nerve centre of Anambra State . That axis is the major entrance to Anambra State . Whatever one sees at this strategic point, as one enters Anambra State , says a lot about the government and people of this State. A visitor or returnee coming from Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Edo and Delta States or from Abuja or even outside Nigerian shores, forms his or her opinion about the hygiene, sense of aesthetics, and decorum or lack thereof of the people and government of Anambra State based on what he/she sees at the bridgehead.

 
Before now, that is before the demolition, this bridgehead area on both sides, was home to filth – animal dung, birds’ feathers, muddy and oily soil- where decayed tomatoes, onions and other condiments were recklessly displayed to the discomfiture of the residents of and visitors to Onitsha and those on transit to Enugu, Imo, Abia, Cross –River, Rivers, Kogi and the Northern States of our dear country, Nigeria.

 
It is only imperative that such dirty, such unhygienic and such unsightly scenario could not continue to be tolerated by any responsive and responsible government, least of all, one under the watch of a caring, health-conscious Peter Obi, the Governor of Anambra State – a governor who believes that leadership is doing the right things for the people independently of insinuations or appeals to sentiments, recourse to propaganda, innuendoes and the like. He would tell you with relish that governance, unlike the Entertainment and Sports Industries, has nothing to do with popularity. For him, the reason Margaret Thatcher was not popular when she was British Prime Minister was that she took tough decisions to salvage the British economy at a time when her counterparts in her Continent were not courageous to emulate her. But for her tough stature, British Airways and other corporations would not have survived till today. Is it not interesting to note that several years after she held sway as Prime Minister , Thatcher who was once derogatorily referred to as Iron Lady ,is today celebrated in Britain as the woman who saw tomorrow ?

 
Even the venerable Elder Statesman, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo could not agree more with Mr. Peter Obi on leadership and what it entails. In a recent occasion organized in Abeokuta to celebrate him as an international icon, the former Head of State among other things, held that “it is inevitable for a leader who wants to succeed in Nigeria (and I dare add, anywhere on the surface of the Earth) to step on toes”, adding that “those who lack the courage to step on toes for the right reason, should not aspire to any leadership position”(THE NATION Newspaper, Saturday, January 19, 2013, page 57).

 
What is going on in Onitsha and in some other cities and towns in Anambra State under Governor Obi’s watch, are the right things: they are logically defensible; they emanate from a clear conscience and what is more, they serve the interest of the majority of the people.

 
It is on record that for more than five years, Governor Peter Obi’s administration has been appealing to traders at the bridgehead, Onitsha to vacate the area so that it could be worked upon – cleared of refuse and rubbish, asphalted and beautified so that traffic from the Asaba end (in neighbouring Delta State) could flow freely and people entering Anambra State could feel that civilized human beings who eke out decent existence reside there.

 
The Governor had visited the traders, countless times; appealed to them on several occasions to see reasons to relocate to an area in Ogbunike – Umunya axis on the Enugu-Onitsha expressway so that work could commence at the bridgehead. Sensing that some of the traders may be reading tribal meanings into his appeals, the governor had on different occasions taken the heads of different Security agencies in the State - Army Commander at the 301 Artillery Regiment Onitsha, Commissioner of Police, Anambra State Command, Director of the State Security Service, etc to the new site for them to help in assessing its suitability as an alternative to the rather chaotic, congested and dirty scenario at Onitsha. All the Security heads agreed with the governor that with the proximity of the express road, the Police Post already built, etc, there was no reason why the traders and their clients would insist on staying at the bridgehead.

 
It is important to point out here that some of the traders literally ridiculed His Excellency on some occasions when he spoke to them at the bridgehead. They would engage him in unending argument without even showing due respect to his office. On one occasion, one of them boasted that the Hausa community at Onitsha had petitioned the Sultan of Sokoto and that they were actually waiting for his directive on whether they should vacate the premises or not.



 
And as if that was actually true, the Sultan, His Eminence, Alhaji Sa’ad Abubakar came to Anambra State . Amazingly, during his courtesy call on His Excellency, at the Executive Council Chambers of the Government House, Awka ,the Sultan shocked all those who had wrongly thought that Governor Peter Obi was a tribalist.

 
Recalling his Military Service days at Nsukka town as an Army Captain (or was it Major) and knowing Mr. Peter Obi as a student at the prestigious University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in the 1980s, the Sultan announced to the chagrin of some of the people present that he had known citizen Peter Obi for more than 29 years, adding that he (the Governor) could not “hurt a fly”.

 
As if that statement was not enough, Governor Obi later took his guest, the Sultan to the Palace of the Obi of Onitsha, Igwe Alfred Nnaemeka Achebe where he was treated to the usual royal ceremonies before the governor accompanied the Sultan to a ceremony in a mosque near Onitsha Main Market. It is important to note that the relationship between Governor Peter Obi and the Muslim/Hausa/Yoruba community in Anambra State has been very cordial. This is because the governor welcomes everyone in open arms regardless of his/her state of origin, religion, ethnic or tribal inclination. During the last Sallah, for instance, the Governor personally worshipped and broke the fast at an Awka mosque to the admiration of everyone. It is therefore surprising to notice that tribal meanings are being read into an action that is basically dictated by the urge to create a decent and civilized environment which will benefit even those shouting condemnation.

 
For the avoidance of doubt, the bridgehead axis of Onitsha is peopled by a variety of persons – Anambra traders, people from Enugu , Ebonyi, Imo, Abia States and a few Hausas and Yorubas. So the argument that the relocation order was handed down to Hausas and Yorubas to the exclusion of Igbo people, does not hold water.

 
Elsewhere at Nkpor, Ogidi, Ekwulobia, Awka, Nnewi and even Otu-Ocha, the headquarters of Anambra East Council Area, to mention just some places, demolition of illegal structures was carried out for the same reason that they were done at the Bridgehead area of Onitsha . In fact, the demolition exercises were in accordance with the decision of Anambra State Executive Council, a decision basically taken with a view to creating order, decency and civility in the State.

 
Needless to add that actions of this nature are also carried out in other States of the Federation for similar reasons. Let no one therefore single out the case of Anambra and ascribe an ulterior motive to it. It will be quite unfair to play politics with everything much in the same way in which it will be both naïve and wicked to give a dog a bad name just to hang it.

 
Mike Udah, Chief Press Secretary to Governor of Anambra State reports from Awka.

 
*Photo Caption – Niger bridgehead

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The Nigerian Senate gave constitutional approval to the deployment of 1,200 troops for combat mission as part of the Africa International Support Mission to Mali (AFISMA) – an Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) organized military mission sent to support the government of ECOWAS member nation Mali against Islamist rebels in the Northern Mali conflict. The mission was authorized with UN Security Council Resolution 2085, passed on 20 December 2012, which "authorizes the deployment of an African-led International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA) for an initial period of one year. Nigerian troops had already been deployed by President Goodluck Jonathan before a letter was transferred to the Senate for approval. This action in itself raises serious constitutional questions. The swift dispatch of troops belie the security challenges at home. It is now habitual and priority for Nigerian government to solve crisis in neighbouring African countries faster than the insurgency at home. If the federal government had responded in similar manner to the Boko Haram menace during.......Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Nigerian Army Logo/Banner 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The leadership of International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety) believes strongly that one of the fundamental challenges facing the Nigeria Police Force today is the culture of the good versus the bad & the ugly within her management and operations. Other core challenges or problems undermining the Force’s competence, capacity and capability in crime prevention, fighting and control are static policies and procedures or non-adherence/adaptation to changing security challenges and modern anti-insecurity patterns; obsolete legislations on criminal justice and court rules; obsolete crime prevention and fighting equipment including lack of modern technological policing toolkits; unprofessionalism and lack of specialization; dearth of funds and gross mismanagement of overheads and capital allocations; incompetent oversight control of the Force’s headship by the PSC, ministerial and extra-ministerial establishments; lack of moral boosting; un-patriotism; ethno-religious-cum-political allegiances; ethical dilemma and police sub culture including blue wall of silence and gross negative public perception towards the police resulting in increasing rates of dark figures of crime and the self-help syndrome among.......Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Chuka Nwankwo battered leg

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The rising influence of marine spirits in the churches is noticeable in the city of Abuja, Lagos and Port Harcourt. lot of young pastors have had course to escape from the church of a super rich, well connected female pastor because this woman whom close friends and workers claim has affinity with water spirits is always demanding sex from numerous young and hungry pastors who throng her church for ministerial assistance and is ready to handsomely reward any accomplice. When one of the pastors refused to continue with the unending sexual demand and signalled intention to quit, the woman of God cursed him and he died. The pastor’s death, under mysterious circumstances, hours after the final altercation with the super rich woman, raised a lot of dust within ministerial circles in Abuja and was reported to local chapter of Pentecostal Fellowship of Nigeria, by friends of the deceased. There is a general consensus that the then leadership of Abuja PFN lacked the courage to confront the woman because of the mouthwatering tithes and offerings from her. This matter occurred in the peak of former president Obasanjo’s campaign for Yaradua presidency. Shortly after that, in 2007, another music pastor, whose father is equally a pastor in his South-South home state, had to flee to another.......Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Christian Symbol

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Igbo Community in the United States of America (U.S.A) is at the verge of making history. The Igbo States National Associations in U.S.A. have converged under Council of Igbo States in Americas (CISA) to form a common front to promote Igbo unity. It is not that CISA membership agrees on everything, what differentiates this union from previous attempts is the realization of a common threat of hounding Ndiigbo are facing in Nigeria, and the risk that Igbo culture and traditional values are gradually being eroded by meaningless pursuit of materialism, fame and money. It is not that the threat to Ndiigbo love and desire for peaceful co- existence in Nigeria Federation is new. The intensity of this renewed threat to the lives and businesses of Igbo men and women in Northern Nigeria, and the lack of will to tackle these challenges by Nigeria and Igbo States Governors presents great danger to Ndiigbo everywhere. CISA has been taking stock and monitoring these events and quite aware of the.......Read More
 
 
 
 
 
*Photo Caption - Echiemeze Chizekene Ofili, author of article 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The latest round of bickering and mudslinging between former President Olusegun Obasanjo and incumbent Goodluck Jonathan took a new twist when the former chose the auspicious occasion of a CNN interview to criticise Jonathan’s approach to the Boko Haram insurgency, he said “To deal with a group like that, you need a carrot and stick. The carrot is finding out how to reach out to them. When you try to reach out to them and they are not amenable to being reached out to, you have to use the stick”.
 
Prior to Obasanjo’s recent comment, he had stunned his audience, at a gathering to review the unemployment in the west African sub-region tagged the West African Regional Conference on Youth Employment held in Dakar, Senegal, as he fired salvos at his protégé. The ex-President as a guest speaker predicted a revolution was looming in Nigeria if the high rate of youth unemployment which he put at 72 percent remains unchecked and should the Jonathan government fail to create employment, the attendant catastrophe would consume the elite, himself included.
 
Still smarting from his Dakar outburst, he continued his barrage at Jonathan, this time around in Warri, at an event marking the fortieth year calling to ministry in the vineyard of God of CAN President Pastor Ayo Oritsejafor, where he described the president as a weak leader pointing to the government’s lukewarm approach to the Boko Haram crisis and the pervading insecurity in the country that could have been effectively tackled if decisive action had been taken by the Jonathan administration.

 
November last year, President Jonathan broke his silence in a televised media chat as he responded to Obasanjo’s prescription, describing the military invasion (to fish out militants who killed some security men) and brute use of force on the people of Odi as futile as it only resulted in bloodshed and lose of innocent lives. 

 
Not long ago, Obasanjo also took a swipe at Jonathan’s administration for waste of the country’s foreign reserve, put at about $35 billion in 2007.  Obasanjo said, “We left what we call excess crude, let’s build it for rainy day, up to $35 billion; within three years, the $35 billion disappeared. Whether the money disappeared or it was shared, the fact remains that $35 billion disappeared from the foreign reserve I left behind in office. When we left that money, we thought we were leaving it for the rainy day...”

 
Meanwhile as a strategy to checkmate Obasanjo’s overbearing influence on the ruling Peoples Democratic Pary (PDP), loyalist to the incumbent Jonathan have been mounting pressure on government to petition Obasanjo to the International Criminal Court (ICC) at the Hague on the invasion of Odi by the military which left civilians dead, by any standard this equates to crimes against humanity. Another ploy to tame the rampaging former president are plans to expose some of his misdeeds during his 8-year unimpressive tenure.
 
The postponement of the BoT chairman (s)election can easily be linked to the face-off between President Goodluck Jonathan and ex-President Olusegun Obasanjo as loyalists of both men came to a stand-off in their bid to elect a new chairman, which interestingly was the only agenda of the meeting. Delegates where thorn in two minds as to whom to pick amid intense lobbying for the former president's candidate Ahmadu Alli, a former chairman of the party, and President Jonathan's prefered choice - the newly appointed chairman of the Nigerian Ports Authority - Tony Anenih, with the sobriquet, 'Mr Fix It’.
 
As events unfolded, it became crystal clear that the battle for the BoT chairmanship had a direct bearing with the tussle for the Presidential ticket of the PDP in 2015 and whoever emerges as chairman is crucial to that agenda. Jonathan’s group opposed the election of Obasanjo's anointed candidate, Alli. His group convinced other members that it won't augur well for Anenih to be the chairman of NPA and BoT, as others should be given the opportunity to serve the party. Apparently, the Jonathan camp opposed Pro-Obasanjo’s choice of Alli, arguing that such would be detrimental to Jonathan's second term ambition. On the other hand, Anenih's emergence as chairman might hinder the choice of Obasanjo's candidate for the presidential race in 2015. Therein lies the stand-off.

 
The ex-President is getting tacit support from northern political figures of PDP extraction especially those eyeing the 2015 presidential ticket. They consider his feud with Jonathan as capable of withering his prowess and ultimately truncate Jonathan’s ambition to contest the 2015 elections. These northerners still feel shortchanged that the two terms of Yar’adua’s administration which began in 2007 was not completed before Jonathan came onboard shoving aside the zoning arrangement of the PDP. They reason power should return to the north in 2015 and any role Mr Obasanjo can play to rejig would be welcomed. This much Mr Obasanjo displayed when he invited politicians from the north to the launch of a ‘political’ mosque project. A good number of northern governors and politicians were present at the fund-raiser at Abeokuta. They made generous donation to the project.

 
Chief Obasanjo in the past was instrumental to Mr Jonathan’s meteoric rise from a deputy governor in Bayelsa state to governor, then vice president, acting president, substantive president and later elected as President in the aftermath of Yar’adua’s death in 2010. The Ota farmer was peeved by his exclusion from Jonathan’s administration as the President now prefer his kinsmen and sycophants as members of his inner caucus rather than seeking his benefactor’s opinion on key national issues. More so, his disaffection with Jonathan can easily be traced to the elections in the South-West states of Ondo, Osun and Ekiti where PDP lost to the ACN and LP. The ex-president, famous for his ability to spin election results is irritated by the failure of President Jonathan to flex his presidential muscle to influence court judgments in favour of PDP, a suggestion Jonathan turned down. Against these backdrop, if Chief Olusegun Obasanjo now finds everything wrong with the man he installed as president then it must be nothing more than an agitation for the 2015 polls.

 
That the former president is building bridges across the country ahead the 2015 elections and picking holes at Jonathan's government is a strong indication that Mr Obasanjo has pitched tent with those opposed to Jonathan running the 2015 election. Awkwardly, the President is up against his benefactor. President. Jonathan is fighting the battle of his political soul as he now seem to have reneged on the promise he made to Nigerians that he won’t seek a second term in office and Obasanjo is at the front of the queue to stop his re-election.

 
In the event of Chief Obasanjo’s inability to clinch the PDP ticket for whoever becomes his anointed candidate, his ties with the members of the PDP who have defected, and now part of the planned merger between the ANPP, CPC and the ACN will prove invaluable as his anti-Jonathan rhetoric has already won him support from the north, majority of whom are still angry at the PDP’s zoning arrangement that was breached by Jonathan.
 
As the incumbent, Jonathan can swing major decisions in his favour, he has enough resources, as some recent appointments and contracts awarded has shown, at his disposal to deploy in a desperate bid to ensure he returns, but he must first slug it out with a strong northern candidate from the PDP in the primaries and another from the possible merger of some opposition parties in the election proper.

 
It is not happenstance that Obasanjo has come out unscathed from tough political battles, ask the likes of Atiku Abubakar his former vice President; former governor of Ogun state, Otunba Gbenga Daniel; former Senate President, Anyim Pius Anyim; former Speaker of House of Representative, Umar Gha’li Na’Abbah and a host of others, the ex-President has always had his way in the end. He sure wields a lot of influence politically inspite of his resignation as the chairman of the BoT of the ruling PDP sometime ago. It has been a herculean task replacing him as I write and now it seems incumbent President Jonathan might be stretching his goodluck rather too far should he decide to contest in 2015.

 
Theophilus Ilevbare reports.
 
*Photo Caption - President Goodluck Jonathan