Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Dr. Ekeke)
Nigeria is in a serious crisis and state of emergency.  There is crisis everywhere in the national space.  There is crisis of commitment in the home, moral and spiritual crisis in the church, crisis of conscience among the citizens, crisis in national government, state and local, security crisis, employment and job crisis, electricity crisis, healthcare crisis, crisis in education sector, road and transport crisis, infrastructure crisis, and even crisis in the business and banking sector.  The Nigerian State is chronically sick, ethically and morally decadent, and frankly, suffering from a serious and severe identity crisis.  These are horrible and challenging times in Nigeria. And nobody cares.  Nobody really seems to be in-charge here.  Whenever there’s a crisis, people want to know, who’s in charge?  People want to know what those entrusted with power and authority is doing to bring about stability and peace.  In the case of Nigeria, no one really cares.  No one seems to be doing anything.  Who will deliver Nigeria and Nigerians from the murderous sect called Boko Haram and from selfish politicians and self-serving public servants managing the affairs of the nation today? 
The problem of Nigeria is not just socio-economic but ethnic-religious.  Nigeria is in a serious ethno-religious warfare that has been going on since her amalgamation.  It’ll take spiritual, moral and courageous leaders to understand and deal squarely with the ethnic-religious challenges facing Nigeria.  Our politicians, leaders and intellectuals need divine discernment and holy wisdom on spiritual and religious warfare confronting Nigeria today. And I firmly believe that lack of godly, courageous, and compassionate leaders are the root cause of Nigeria’s problems and the primary cause for poverty and the travails of our society. 
As I reflect upon the sorry-state of affairs and the on-going conversation in Nigeria  regarding – the urgent need for Sovereign National Conference, the call for Fiscal Federalism, the sincere need for Nigeria’s Break-up, the inability of Federal Government and Security Agencies to crush Boko Haram and protect innocent citizens, the rancor and ethnic hatred, the rambling for 2015 Presidency - still 3 years away, the risk of one-party demo-crazy, the rascals and rogues in the House of Assembly and Senate, James Ibori acquittal in Nigeria and recent sentencing to 13 years prison in London, and the mind-boggling and unbelievable Police Pension scam, my heart bleeds.  However, I remain hopeful that one day – well meaning Nigerians will find the godly anger, muster the courage, and divine strength to work together to fight the enemies of human progress, flush out incompetence, inefficiency and combat evil and wickedness in our society.  I am deeply convinced that the greatest need of our generation is finding Nigerians with righteous anger, godly fear, strong, compassionate and courageous men and women to take over the affairs of our beloved nation from the savages that are have hindered her progress for so long.  
In this piece, I’ll give some of my commentaries as well as offer some solutions on the current topics and on-going issues being debated in Nigeria today. 
[ Bribery & Corruption ]
Let me begin with the satanic habit of most Nigerians, which is bribery and corruption.  Since the return to democratic presidential system of government in 1999, we have seen an unprecedented scandal for bribe, tax evasion, stealing, embezzlement, fraudulent contracts looting and money laundering by the very people entrusted with power and management of public treasury.  Let me name a few:  Siemens and Wilbros bribery scandals for contracts, Halliburton tax bribery, Chevron, Texaco, Royal Dutch and Bake Hughes bribe for tax evasion, looting and money laundering by 31 governors during Obasanjo’s first and second-terms in office.  Billions of Naira spent by INEC that regaled PDP the most fraudulent election in the history of Nigeria in 2003 and 2007, the national identity card project fraud, N300 billion of federal road construction without any good road to show for it, PTDF looting, privatization of federal establishments to friends and families, and trillions of waste in the energy sector, Fuel Subsidy corruption, scam and waste, etc.  In 2007, Nigerians also learned that the past military rulers squandered nearly 400 billion US dollars in the last forty years.  That same week, the World Bank and other international organizations reported that Nigeria risks collapse and disintegration if the current looting, corruption, and criminality do not stop.  Currently a list of Nigerian looters and the amount deposited in various banks and currencies are circulating online – source: World Bank.  The validity of this list cannot be ascertained; however, the list is missing critical names of Nigerian looters – former and current political actors.
The $400 billion that our military rulers looted and embezzled in the last fifty years is thirty times more the $13 billion Marshall Plan economic aid and technical assistance that was packaged to rebuild sixteen European countries after the devastation of World War II in 1945.  Today our leaders travel to those European countries for holidays and medical treatment or send their children there for studies.  The public funds that Nigerian past military and politicians looted and embezzled could have been utilized to rebuild the entire African economies and create the same luxury they see today in Europe, America, and Dubai.  Rather our rulers preferred to steal, loot, and launder public funds into their private accounts in secret banks overseas where those same financial resources are then loaned to residents of those countries to start businesses and carry out major infrastructural projects and human development.   Today, the loots of General Abacha are not only located in secret banks in Switzerland and other foreign banks, but are being discovered hidden in juju houses in Nigeria while poverty, disease, corruption and hopelessness buffet the people.  What a travesty!
[ Police Pension Scam ]
Just a couple of years ago, we read the scandalous looting and embezzlement of Police budget by the former IGP, Chief Balogun, who looted hundreds of millions and acquired houses practically in every major State of Nigeria including a few overseas.  He depleted the police department budget, paid the police personnel meager salaries that forced most of them to openly ask for N20 bribe at checkpoints.  Today, it is Police pension scam.  My heart bleeds when I read about the illegal financial transactions and mismanagement of N26 billion of Police Pension Funds into private accounts.  Yesterday, the newspapers reported that five banks – First Bank, Fidelity, UBA, Guarantee Trust and Ecobank were engaged in the scandalous and fraudulent scheme.  The on-going revelation of this monumental corruption and pension scam is minded boggling and unbelievable.  How can this occur in a nation that have leaders and aspires to develop and prosper?  How can the banks not suspect such illegality and huge deposits of funds without any business backup?  The banks are not only supposed to encourage individuals to save and companies to invest and compete in capital markets, but must also question and discourage fictitious and illegal financial transactions. 
Over the years, especially since the return to democratic presidential government in 1999, we have seen and read many scandalous reports about banks and their greedy CEOs issuing un-collateral loans – savings from poor Nigerians to themselves by using fictitious names and sometimes non-existent companies abroad to steal and stash billions of Naira to the detriment of the poor Nigerian masses.  Case in point was Mrs. Cecilia Ibru and others.  The appointment of Mallam Sansui by the late president Umaru Yar’Adua in 2007, to sanitize the banking sector after the failure of Prof. Charles Souldo to do so, was welcome news for most.  But today, we have seen that Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi is also failing in this endeavor.  His fiscal and monetary policies – including the introduction of Islamic banking, which kicked-off in Abuja, Kaduna and Kano, were designed to Islamize Nigerian economy and fund the jihadist sects for political power and control.  Rather than establish and enact polices that will checkmate cronyism , illegal financial transactions and beefcake businesses, Mallam Sanusi is  engaged in radical rhetoric  Islamic discourse  by establishing  Islamic banking and promoting it.  He has also become a Boko-Haram and Jihad apologist, defending Boko Haram murderous activities in the North.  Recently, he’s been arguing that the North is poor because of the derivation formula, which rewards the South more, especially the oil producing states, than the North.  Also, we have not seeing the effects of his cashless program, but rather, Mallam Sanusi is positioning himself to run for governor of Kano state in 2015 and ultimately for presidency at some point. 
The CBN Governor and bank CEOs must understand that the 21st century bank must not only work to encourage individuals to save and companies to invest, compete, and hire a strong and well-educated workforce, but must have a vision to use information technology to benefit consumers and stimulate investment, innovation, and create jobs. 
Those persons and banks implicated in the Police pension scam should be properly punished.  I believe this is happening in other sectors as well.  EFCC, ICPC, Police and other crime management agencies should be investigate other sectors of the economy and arrest and prosecute those implicated in this monumental fraud and illegality. 
[ James Ibori conviction and sentencing in London ]
James Ibori is just one among many superficial, selfish politicians and self-serving public servants running and overseeing the affairs of things in Nigeria.  During president Obasanjo’s 8-year reign, 31 out of 36 governors were indicted for various public funds looting and money laundering.  Today, most – if not all of them, are walking free in Nigeria and reside in various countries of the world enjoying their loot.  By the way, this same animal called James Ibori was acquitted of the same 170 charges in Asaba by a Nigerian Judge in 2009.  What does that tell us of Nigerian Judges and courts?  Our justice system – courts, lawyers and Judges have now become cohorts and share abundantly in the monumental corruption going on in Nigeria.  It’s terrible and sad indeed.  The very institutions that suppose to punish crime and protect against embezzlement of nation’s assets are now cohorts in the very robbery, bribery, corruption, embezzlement, looting and laundering of the nation’s oil wealth.  James Ibori believed Britain is Nigeria where he would've walked scot-free.  Will Nigerian Judges and courts learn anything from Ibori’s sentencing in London?  What about the lawyers defending and arguing sheepishly for a crook and criminal like James Ibori?  What about the many Ibori’s still in position of power and leadership positions today in Nigeria?  Will they learn anything from Ibori’s trial and sentencing in UK?  It’s really a shame that politicians and so-called leaders are reduced to fools and nonentities because of money and material things. 
I propose the following threes things before anyone is elected into public office:
-         That those aspiring for public office should go for psychological evaluation.  Men and women aspiring for higher office or position of leadership in Nigeria must present a certificate of psychological evaluation. 
        Aspiring politicians and public servants should be evaluated mentally, emotionally, psychologically and yes morally, before they are enthroned into position of leadership.
-         Their private life, public record, and professional experience should be examined and scrutinized by an independent board before they are elected or voted into public office. 
[ How to stop bribery & corruption – Measures and solutions to eradicate corruption and embezzlement of public funds ]
-         I also propose and firmly believe that it is time to take corruption and public funds embezzlement very seriously in Nigeria, otherwise this aberration and savage habits will not stop.  Let’s start by making people to swear in the name of their god or higher power.  Personally I do not believe in capital punishment even in the case of premeditated murder, but because of the satanic greed and the mind-boggling looting, embezzlement and mismanagement of public wealth, I whole-heartily support capital punishment for those clearly convicted for such crimes like ex-governor James Ibori, Pension scam fraudsters and other monumental public funds mismanagement that we have read and seen in Nigeria.
-         Setup a management office staffed with men and women of integrity and honesty, character and principle to oversee the payments of government workers and other civil servants, public servants, governors, ministers, senators, legislators, ministers, president’s aides, staff, VP aides, staff, VP and president - using the means of modern technology like electronic payment and direct deposits.  This is 21st century and there are various  technology software that can implemented and setup to directly wire and pay into the accounts of government workers and public servants on bi-weekly or monthly basis as designed.
-         The management payment office should also be established in each State and with a central office in Abuja.  With robust database like Oracle and electronic payment software, it takes just a matter of minutes to manage funds and disburse funds to each government officials and public servants bank accounts and email or mail the deposit slips to them.  Basically, the idea of cash-less society and electronic means of payment will go a long way to discourage bribery and hinder corruption.
-         The same mechanism should be replicated for State and Local government.  If we are really serious about eradicating bribery and corruption, electronic payment and a centralized management office staffed with men and women of character, principle, honesty and integrity is the way to go.
        Make those serving in sensitive money departments to swear in the name of God or Bible, Allah and Koran, or god of thunder, etc., and finally
-         Introduce and enforce death penalty for those convicted of embezzlement of public funds. 
Until the use of technology is deployed and these drastic and draconian measures are taken to punish corrupt politicians and leaders in Nigeria, the nation will not move forward.  Until, the Nigerian people learn to elect, appoint and put people of integrity and people that can be trusted in charge of the nation’s business, Nigeria will never see any genuine development and progress.  Bad leadership, corruption, ineptitude, myopic and visionless leaders must be restrained from the nation’s polity for the nation to achieve any meaningful progress.  
The Police pension scam is ridiculous, unbelievable, and insane.  Such acts can only be carried out by crooks, criminals, savages so speak – by a crop of satanic minds that are superficial, cryptic, inept, greedy, corrupt, unqualified, arrogant and incompetent, whose stock in trade is to steal, embezzle, diminish and rubbish the potential of Nigerian people and society. 
Look-out for Part 2 of this essay.  I will be  discussing the following topics:  Why Dr. Mrs. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was not elected World bank president, 2015 Presidency and Nigeria’s Risk of One-party Demo-crazy, Fiscal Federalism, Resource Control and Poverty in the North, Boko Haram, Insecurity, National Dialogue, and Nigeria's Break-up.  I will conclude with the call for Courageous and Great leadership.
Dr. Ekeke is a theologian, author, consultant, and leadership scholar. He is the president of Leadership Wisdom Institute.

-Masterweb Reports
Nigerians and the world woke up on December 7, 2004 to read a news article titled ''Internet encounter strands Nigerian woman" by Roselee Papandrea, a news reporter with Jacksonville Daily News ( ), a local newspaper based in Jacksonville, North Carolina, USA. The same news article was republished by different news media days after the original publication, either with the same title or slightly modified, for example "Nigerian deported after US Marine dumps her on arrival ".  Masterweb News Desk received two phone calls early last week to alert her that Folashade Adebere, the Nigerian woman at the center of the news article by  Roselee Papandrea was complaining that the write-up was biased and prejudiced. Masterweb Reports caught up with Adebere who now lives in U.S. in Virginia, to get her own side of what transpired in Jacksonville,  North Carolina in 2004. The Nigerian woman who now stands tall with a promising career told our reporters that the article by  Roselee Papandrea was nothing but a fabrication based on distorted facts, bias and prejudice. She said it was a case of the criminal running to press through a media associate to save face and discredit the weak and innocent.
Below is what Folashade Adebere had to say when Masterweb interviewed her on the incident.
Masterweb Reports - We took time to read the article by Roselee Papandrea before this interview and would like to hear your own side of the story regarding the incident.
Folashade Adebere - Thank you for the opportunity of reversing this great injustice on the innocent, weak and gullible.
Masterweb Reports - Why do you say weak and gullible?
Folashade Adebere - This is because at that time, I was a student in UK and invited by one Tyran Jay Loggins to the U.S. to visit while also doing some aspect of my research work. My research professor at that time was aware of my trip and he had given me a letter to take to another professor at the University of North Carolina, so I could work closely on some aspect of my proposed topic, while in the US. It was my first trip to the U.S. and that made me to be weak and gullible because I was in a new environment. I was innocent and trustful.
Masterweb Reports - That makes a lot of sense. Now what is your side of the story to the first paragraph of Papandrea's article which reads as follows: "A 27-year-old Nigerian woman was stranded in Jacksonville this weekend after a Marine she met on the Internet decided he didn't want her to visit."
Folashade Adebere - This is not true because Tyran Jay Loggins invited me and gave me a letter of invitation which enabled me get visa from the U.S. Embassy. It is untrue he didn't want me to visit, in fact he initiated the visit knowing fully well of my status as a student to enable me do part of my research work in the U.S.
Masterweb Reports - That also makes a lot of sense. One cannot invite another to a foreign country and after the invitee clears customs and immigration, the host claims his guest is unwanted. Then how was the invitee able to obtain a visa for the visit? Interesting. What do you say about the paragraphs that read: [ Jacksonville police on Sunday helped Folashade Adebere return to England, where she is attending school. Adebere was brought to the Jacksonville Police Department at 1:30 a.m. Saturday by a shuttle driver who picked her up at the Raleigh-Durham International Airport, said David Shipp, deputy chief of the Jacksonville Police Department. When Adebere arrived in Raleigh, she called the Marine she had been corresponding with via e-mail for the past two months, Shipp said. "He advised her to get back on the plane and go back home," Shipp said. Adebere decided to come to Jacksonville anyway. She negotiated a $150 fare with the shuttle driver, even though she only had $80. When they arrived in Jacksonville, the Marine was called again to get directions to his house, Shipp said. "According to (Adebere), the Marine said again that she should go back home," Shipp said. "He wasn't going to pay for her fare."  The shuttle driver wanted his money, so he took Adebere to the Police Department.  "He said he wanted his money and would prosecute her if she didn't pay," Shipp said. Police officers negotiated with the shuttle driver and he reduced his fare to $125. Adebere was still $45 short, so several officers chipped in money and paid the shuttle driver the remainder of the fare, Shipp said. Throughout the day Saturday, officers worked to get Adebere home. They called several agencies, including the U.S. State Department and Nigerian Embassy. While she was at the Police Department, officers used their own money to buy her several meals, Shipp said. The Marine was called by an officer, and he eventually showed up at the Police Department. He didn't want to see Adebere, but he did want to pay the officers back for the portion of the shuttle fare that they paid, Shipp said. The officers allowed him to pay some of it, and the remaining $20 was given to Adebere so she would have some money when she arrived back at the Raleigh-Durham International Airport on Sunday, Shipp said. ]
Folashade Adebere - When I arrived in the US, I had with me a suitcase, a handbag and a purse where I had kept some cash of about 320 pounds an equivalent of about $600. I had even made some purchases earlier on the aircraft, where I had bought a wristwatch and perfume in flight. So, definitely, I had no cash problem on that trip at all. When we got off the aircraft I asked someone on the queue with me if I could use his phone to call my friend ( Tyran Jay Loggins ) who was to come pick me up. I used this man’s phone to place the call. Loggins then spoke to me and told me he will be coming in about an hour. I knew Loggins for about six months (and not 2 months as alleged in the article) before my travel. I could not use my UK cell phone because the battery was dead and I could not recharge it on US electrical outlet, the voltage of which is half that of UK (220 volts). I did not realize until when I got to the bureau de change area that my purse and a few documents were missing either on-board the plane or in getting through the checks at the airport. However, I took some of the other change I had and converted them to US currency and coins, and started calling the guy on the pay phones, so that he can come and help me with the trouble I had encountered here. I made a complaint to the customer services manager as well but I was told they will look into the matter and that was it. I had to go by what she told me because I was a visitor and I did not know what to do. At this time, my charger would not work with the wall units, so I could not retrieve numbers of contacts I had on my cell phone and time was far spent. Everything was different unlike when I left Nigeria for England, where I continued using my phone and charger without any problem. All I had to do when I arrived in London then was to get a new sim card and continue the use of my handset. So, not being able to use my phone, was one unexpected difference for me that day. I waited for an hour and did not see Loggins, so I called him that I could take a taxi if he was running behind schedule. Finally, I got the number for a taxi and I told the driver to take me to  Loggins' address. The taxi driver did not tell me it was that far away, and how much it would probably cost to get there. I remember Loggins was going to come from work and pick me within an hour, so I thought it couldn’t have been that far away. I placed series of calls to Loggins on our way with the taxi driver's cell phone. The cab driver heard some of these conversations but did not know the antecedents to the conversation. When we were getting close to the address Loggins suddenly stopped answering his phone. It was already very late and dark; we couldn’t see anything.  The driver started to get impatient and actually started acting out about his money, saying he has to go. I told him to take me to an ATM so I can use my credit card. He took me to a store like a 711 (I am not sure) with an ATM inside. This was unsuccessful for obvious reasons, it was a Barclaycard issued in London and this was 2004. When the trouble became too much I told him to take me to the police station as the police will be able to help me. I was the one who told the cab driver to take me to the police station as I needed to tell the police what has happened since I arrived at the airport. When I got to the station, the cab driver was just shouting and screaming for his money, so I told them I have been in trouble for hours, I lost my wallet, could not use my phone, now am in this area - middle of nowhere because a friend of mine whom I met online that is a Marine officer had abandoned me for no just reason and I obviously needed his help as my only contact there. So they promptly took his phone number and address from me, and in their database they pulled his information out and told him to come to the station and pick me up. Loggins showed up hours later but then I had already seen some stuff (bad records) about him on the computer in the police department that were unsavory and coupled with his shifty and unstable behavior that day, I decided not to have anything to do with him any longer. When he came in, he paid the fare and wanted to take me with him, but I refused to go with him. Note this, I was the one who told the officers that I am not going anywhere with Loggins and that once I get to the airport, that I can find my way from there.  I later got help to go back to the airport in the morning were I used the airport internet portal to reach some friends via e-mail. I later checked into a hotel for the next three days before I returned to England.
Masterweb Reports - Did the police give you $20 so you could have some money when you got back to the airport? Did the police contact Nigerian Embassy?
Folashade Adebere - The police did not give me $20 nor any money. They did not tell me they contacted Nigerian Embassy and they did not put me on the phone to talk to any Nigerian Embassy official.  
Masterweb Reports -  Nigerian Embassies and Consulates do not open weekends as far as we know, unless the police called and did not get a response. If that was the case, they would have indicated so. What do you say about the last paragraphs that read: [ An officer managed to get the return flight date on her round-trip ticket changed, and another officer drove her to the airport, Shipp said. "They did a good job accommodating her and getting her back home as soon as possible," Shipp said. "The officers went out of their way to help her."  ] 
Folashade Adebere - My return flight date was not changed by police, I returned at my convenience. The police did a good job in providing me security; I thank them for that. However, it is ridiculous what was reported because I did call them from England when I heard about this news and they denied ever doing anything in connection with this story. Officer Shipp himself denied having said what he was quoted as saying.
Masterweb Reports -  How will you describe your 2004 U.S. experience and how does it feel being a U.S. resident now?
Folashade Adebere - It was a horrible experience; I thank God for seeing me through it. It was shocking to read of being deported, knowing it was just impossible. In addition, to be maligned as a desperate woman looking for an American spouse cannot be furthest from the truth about what I stand for. I do not believe in being with a man because he is a citizen of a particular country, -that means absolutely nothing to me. I only associate with highly intelligent people who are committed to using their influence and substance to advance humanity positively; wealth or status without these attributes is inconsequential to me. I still demand an apology for the conduct of all those involved, however, it is hard not to wonder at how silly and childish the whole plot was. Like, I always tell people, America is a great country and I am glad to be part of it. I am very happy with my career as a project manager and a budding entrepreneur.
Masterweb Reports -  Thank you for granting us this interview.
*NB: Masterweb contacted Jacksonville Daily News and was told Roselee Papandrea no longer works with the newspaper. When we told them that Folashade Adebere refutes the article on her on their paper, they said they would like to hear her own side of the story.  Masterweb also contacted Jacksonville Police Department and was told David Shipp (Jacksonville Police Department Deputy Chief at the time of Adebere incident) was no longer with the department, neither did they have records of the incident. The staff we spoke to said that apparently a report was not filed in the case, otherwise it would have been in their system since they keep files 20 years before destruction. Masterweb Reports later gathered David Shipp retired from service in 2009.

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Kali Gwegwe)
On the 15th of September, 2011; I posted a piece on my blog titled “Okonjo-Iweala: A Patriot Blinded by the West.” This piece was also published by some off and online media. I had attempted to highlight three major points. In the first place, I had wanted to drum home the point that Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, minister of finance and coordinating minister of the economy has the passion and courage of a true patriot. The second point I wanted to establish was the fact that Okonjo-Iweala was an involuntary “apostle” of western democracies. Thirdly, I was of the opinion that western democracies can only use but never trust “apostles” like Okonjo-Iweala. The outcome of the election to select a replacement for the outgoing World Bank chief, Robert Zoellick has vindicated me. The withdrawal of Colombia’s former finance minister, Jose Antonio Ocampo from the World Bank presidential race was enough for Okonjo-Iweala to see the spirit of United States celebrating with bottles of champagne on the streets of Washington DC. Sentiment apart, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala had a superior credential to occupy the World Bank presidency.
Typical of every vibrant and complex society, some applauded my candid opinion and others poured heaps of condemnation on my head.  One fair point to note however is the fact that the criticisms that followed my piece had no capacity to change what was wrong to right. What was then wrong, if one must ask? It was wrong for Okonjo-Iweala to look at Africa with western eyes. While it is true that advancement in science and technology has compressed the world into a global village, we cannot stand on this truism to deny the fact that population, culture, and religion plays critical role in shaping the local economy of every society. Perhaps, owing to the fact that she was an “insider”, Okonjo-Iweala often times acted in manners that suggested she was too informed to accept contrary opinions- especially the ones dressed in the robes of criticism.
Not only was the foundation of her campaign very shallow and stained with racial sentiments, she was undoubtedly a victim of her own characteristic arrogance. Right from the first day she came to work for the Nigerian government during the Obasanjo administration, Okonjo-Iweala has refused to accept the bitter fact that in economics, issues are isolated and treated on their individual merits. Only lazy people who do not believe in themselves will rely on the ideas of others without paying attention to associated evidences and facts. It would also not be fair for any person charged with managing the economy of a nation to rely only on old ideologies or viewpoints of political parties to design fiscal policies. What else can one expect from a World Bank apostle?
Not aware of the hidden agenda of her western mentors, Okonjo-Iweala was deliberately deceived into looking at Nigeria’s economic problems with “western eyes”. It was for this simple reason that she could not accept a fundamental truth spoken by even uneducated women in village markets: every society on the face of the earth has its peculiarities. Sadly, this was the very point her sole opponent and eventual winner of the World Bank presidential election on Monday 16th April, 2012; Jim Yong Kim used to sink her boat. Kim later revealed to the BBC that he would consider the cultural and social peculiarities of various regions to ensure that the Bank’s schemes achieved the desired results.
As part of efforts to successfully use both the IMF and World Bank to secure pole positions in global finance and economy, western democracies intentionally creates the false impression that population, poverty level, culture, and religion does not matter in designing fiscal policies. It was based on this false opinion that Okonjo-Iweala spearheaded the subsidy removal battle against the Nigerian masses. This was what I wrote on my blog: “It must be noted that every society has its own peculiarities. As a result of this, what has worked in country A may not necessarily work in country B. Africans wearing “western eyes” will never realize this fact even though it is profusely clear. For instance, the governor of Nigeria’s Central, Lamido Sanusi and Minister of Finance, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala are all bitterly agitating for the removal of fuel subsidy simply because same has worked elsewhere in America and Europe. Since they are wearing “western eyes”, they have failed to realize that: (a) Unemployment figures are very low in America and Europe (b) An average American or European worker earn as much as $130 or N19,500 per day. With this kind of salary, Nigerians can afford to buy fuel even at N150 per liter.”
If after failing to win the confidence of her mentors, Okonjo-Iweala does not learn anything, repent, and jettison her World Bank “mentality”; President Goodluck Jonathan should waste no time to offload her. Industrialized western democracies have through her, succeeded in turning most Nigerian masses against the president owing to some non-aligning fiscal policies she introduced. We must not forget the fact that one of the veiled aims of the IMF and World Bank is to prescribe fiscal policies that will pitch the masses against governments of developing countries. This is to create crisis and give little or no room for political leaders to build their national economies and secure economic independence. Western nations are afraid that Africa securing economic independence will mean lesser exports and dwindling foreign exchange revenue.
Is it not sad that Okonjo-Iweala suggested the removal of fuel subsidy as a sure way of fighting corruption in the nation’s oil sector? Is this how other countries fight corruption? Subsidy in itself is not a bad idea. Nations introduce subsidy to protect its citizens. As you read this, the EU subsidizes agriculture and fisheries and yet advice Nigerian government to withdraw fuel subsidy. This is not just ironic but suspicious. The fiscal policy of fuel subsidy removal is directly in conflict with the World Bank’s commitment to fighting poverty in developing countries. We are aware that the partial removal of fuel subsidy in January has expectedly jumped the prices of goods and services thereby weakening the purchasing power of a greater percentage of Nigerians. The direct consequence is increase in poverty level. Those that used N20,000 to meet the needs of their families now require about N40,000 or more to do same because the cost of transport, rent, food, education, and health care services have climbed up the ladder.
I have always maintained that just as there are many ways to kill a rat, there are also many ways to remove fuel subsidy. It is quite sad that Okonjo-Iweala preferred the option that will serve the parochial interest of her western mentors.  We are no longer fools. 
Kali Gwegwe
CEO, Nigeria Democracy Watchtower
2, Greenvilla-Customs Link Road
Baelsa State

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Obinna Akukwe)
Theophilus Danjuma is not a person the Biafran people will forget in a hurry. He supervised the brutal killing of General Aguiyi Ironsi, the first military head of state of Nigeria. He was among the troops that invaded the  Biafran territory during the civil war and was fabled to be heartless in the discharge of his duties towards Nigeria.
Theophilus Danjuma became a general in the Nigerian Army and it was said that he convinced Obasanjo to become Nigeria’s head of State after the assassination of fellow Biafran killer man, General Murtala Mohammed in 1976.
During the Obasanjo recycling presidential jamboree, Danjuma posited that if Obasanjo fails to win the 1999 presidential election, he will run away from Nigeria. Obasanjo won the election and rewarded him with the post of Minister for Defence and charged him with dismantling the military structure capable of truncating his democracy.
The sharing of national cake of oil block to PDP party men in the most non transparent manner is one of the  fallout of the Nigerian brand of dictatorial democracy. Oil blocks worth about $2billion dollars auction value could be sold to a party faithful for as low as $500million dollars  .The facilitators share the difference  between the auction value and the real value among themselves  in the ratio of 50:50. Or 60:40 in favor of the awarder, the facilitator or the government middleman who could be fronting for the strongman  in the state house.
Theophilus Danjuma  got his on a platter of gold. Late Head of State  Sani Abacha awarded the Oil Prospecting License (OPL) 246 to SAPETRO in February 1988. The block covers a total area of 2,590 square kilometers .SAPETRO partnered with Total Upstream Nigeria (TUPNI) and Brasoil Oil Services Company Limited (Petrobas) to start prospecting on OPL246.  Akpo, a condensate field was discovered in April 2000 with drilling commencing in 2001. In 2006 Danjuma divested his investment in Akpo oil field to China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) for $1Billion dollars. However, Danjuma still had some conscience left in him. He paid tax of $500million dollars to the Nigerian state and had about $500 million dollars remaining. He then released $100 million dollars to the Nigerian people in the form of foundation for social responsibility projects. This sum as  paltry as it seems is better than nothing. General Danjuma should do well to bring out more for the impoverished Nigerians.
This is where this former Biafran killer man towered above his fellow oil block commandeers. There are so many Nigerians from all the six geopolitical zones who have oil blocks. They include former presidents, former governors, former ministers, party chieftains, friends of government, serving and retired military officers especially service chiefs etc .To date there is no record of what they did with the proceeds of their oil blocks. They are building more estates, more refineries, factories etc outside the shores of Nigeria, especially Europe, America and the Middle East and recently South Africa. The rest of their proceeds they use to purchase INEC officials, impose candidates on the electorates, rig elections and throw fabulous victory dance and thanksgiving services. Others engage in frivolous constant reburials of long dead ones, constant acquisition of new wives, concubines , jets, private mansions all to the mockery of impoverished and ‘ancestrally cursed‘ fellow countrymen.
If all the people who cornered the nation’s resources in the name of oil blocks decide to bring twenty percent of their loot, the nation could raise about $40 billion dollars in a week. This amount translates to N6trillion naira, which is more than the entire Nigerian budget of $31 billion dollars for 2012.
How can a few set of Nigerians be so heartless, wicked and insensitive to the hungry faces around them that they  cannot device a veritable means of giving back to the impoverished  suffering ‘son of a bitch ‘countrymen what they obtained through processes that is far from transparent, it is shortof being called fraudulent. Danjuma received knocks when he announced what he did with his own commandeered resource. Nigerians called him a thief, but if Danjuma is a thief, what of the others who sat on their own oil proceeds never considered returning any back to the people. A friend of government who owns oil block took a young girl friend to Dubai in 2010 and gave her a gift of $1million dollars just to prove his everlasting love for the nagging babe. That is the kind of expenditure they do with their oil loot.
A lot of Nigerians have died in hospitals because they cannot pay medical bills, others have taken to robbery because they cannot see any gainful thing to do while another group takes to prostitution to raise money to pay school fees. Others are seeking for academic sponsors for educational improvement but cannot find. The list is endless and there is frustration palpable everywhere in Nigeria, yet a few Nigerians are so insensitive that they cannot surrender part of their loot back to the Nigerian masses from which they fraudulently commandeered their resources.
Danjuma had the  conscience to surrender a part of what belongs to Nigeria which Obasanjo gave him when they were sharing the never ending national cake. Others should follow suit. They should repatriate these loots back home and use them to establish affordable universities, hospital services and other ventures capable of reducing frustrations on the streets. Others should equally build roads in their villages, provide transformers, pipe borne water for communities across Nigeria. There is equally need for scholarships for indigent students, sponsoring medical trips for acid victims and other traumatic and life threatening victims.. Some could fund sports and build sporting facilities for recreational and sports development purposes. Others could   sponsor activities that brings up talents in the people. The list is endless. Farmers need to be given free or highly subsidized fertilizers; seedlings and storage facilities need to be built.
These oil block commandeers should as a matter of urgency borrow a leaf from  Theophilus Danjuma , repent from insensitivity and take urgent steps to give back to the impoverished, frustrated Nigerians what they collected through the back door. Failure to do so and urgently too, a time will come when even God will engineer the people against them and there will be no end to their calamities.
Obinna Akukwe

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Kelvin Osa-Okunbor)
National leader of Action Congress of Nigeria( ACN), Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu yesterday denied having any meeting at the weekend with President Goodluck Jonathan, even as he affirmed that he was not in town  for the said meeting.
The former Lagos State Governor also said there was no meeting between the governor of Lagos State Babatunde Raji Fasshola and the Oba of Lagos, Oba Rilwan Akiolu with Jonathan.
The clarification from the ACN leader comes amid speculations that there was a meeting between the trio and the president when he visited Lagos.
Tinubu said, he would be favoraurably disposed to meeting with the president, if it cuts across party lines, with a view to seeking their views on how to unlock the spate of threats, insecurity and other national headaches if the president invites him.
The ACN leader, said much as any of such meetings called at the instance of the president is convoked without politicizing issues, it will be good for all stakeholders in the Nigerian project to put their heads together to find a common solution to the problems starring the nation in   the face.
Tinubu  who spoke to journalists at a privste terminal at the Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos to visit the Edo State Governor Adams Oshiomhole, over the recent road crash involving his convoy was accompanied by the national chairman of the part, Chief Bisi Akande, former Ekiti State governor, Niyi Adebay, and the ACN spokeman, Lai Mohammed.
Tinubu said : " That report is not correct. To tell you categorically  I did not attend any meeting with the president  in company of Oba of Lagos . I wasn’t even aware that the president was coming to Lagos until later  after the visit of the Oba at night. So there was no meeting between myself , president and the Oba of Lagos and have not , and I am very sure that the governor did not attend any such meeting with the governor."
On his disposition to any meeting if invited by Jonathan, Tinubu said : " We have all  been meeting on the national issues, we had the meetings several times in the past, so when the party leadership across the board are all invited to a meeting  to solve the problems of the country why not.
This is  a critical time when all hands must be on deck to help solve the security  problems  of the country, this is the time to get together to develop ideas , and all necessary reasons that can help the nation  as a whole, the matter of security should  be less politicized , advice should be solicited in good faith , if ideas are solicited in good faith , one must offer it , they should not reject the ideas outright of any person, but that has to come through the political parties; leadership"
On the crisis of Boko Haram and the attendant insecurity in Nigeria, the ACN leader said : " You have touched on a critical issue confronting the nation  and it is reaching a phenomenon dimension that we all can not afford to sleep with the two eyes open up  or ignore the national issue of security.
The president as commander in chief of the Armed Forces , he is the first person who probably should  commence the consultation with the people and must not politicize this problem.
Since 1999, the PDP has been ruling this country , they claim to have the wisdom and the apparatus and each time when they react to this question of national security the tragedy confronting the country, they  have not gone without blaming  one political party or the other .That is passing the buck.
They  are the ones who would say we are in government, we are in power  so if they can not solve the problem of security , why blaming it on others .
Now there is a clear line and ideological differences between us yet but this Nigeria  belongs to all of us . the best is that PDP led   federal government should do is to cry for help and if they do they will get it  instead of putting blames or categorizing one party as  one man party , they are running around like headless chickens."

-Masterweb Reports
How the transport sector could serve as a catalyst for transformation in any sector of the economy once again attained front burner status as experts and stakeholders in the aviation sector converged in Lagos to examine how to sustain a formidable road map to turn the aviation industry into one of the major planks of development.
The seminar with the theme: “Evolving a road map for transformation of the air transport sector in Nigeria “, being the eighteenth in the series of the League of Airports & Aviation Correspondents (LAAC), annual event provided another platform for experts, leaders and players in the sector to examine issues bordering on how to evolve a workable and sustainable template for turning around the gateway to economic development.
The seminar  drew participants from aviation parastatals including the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA),Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB), the Nigeria Police, airlines, ancillary service  providers    including Nigerian Aviation Handling Company ( NAHCO), Plc, Skyway  Aviation  Handling Company Limited ( SAHCOL), Para- military agencies including Nigeria Customs Service, Immigration and other  stakeholders.
Setting the tone for the seminar, the chairman of LAAC, Mr Chukwuemeke  Iwelunmo explained that the theme of this year’s seminar is apt given recent developments in the industry , stating that the transformation train appears to have come at the appropriate time, given the obvious decay of airport operational equipment and infrastructure resulting from  neglect by government.
Identifying the eleven airports remodeling project as a major plank of the transformation agenda of government, Iwelumo observed that the aviation sector was on its way to regaining its lost glory.
He applauded the leadership courage of the current minister of aviation, Princess Stella Adaeze Oduah, in tackling the myriad of infrastructural challenges in the industry; even as he observed the pains domestic operators are grappling with over failure to complete the installation of the air field lighting system of the 18 left runway at the domestic wing of the Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos.
He called on the minister to expedite action in making public the outcome of the report of the committee set up last year to investigate the high cost as well as scarcity of aviation fuel.
Giving his assessment of the state of affairs of the aviation sector, he brought to the fore the current travails of private sector carriers, which is accentuated by the absence of a national carrier, even as he canvassed the strengthening of capacity for the airlines by government.
Others issues that he dwelt on revolved around the need for airlines to pay up their debts to enable aviation service providers meet their statutory obligation.
Conference examined the challenge of dearth of pilots and engineers and other key professionals in the industry, which has become obvious owing largely to inability to train younger professionals to replace the old ones.
Considering the obvious security challenge in the country, conference notes that there is need to ensure adequate security in all the airports, as well as the need for all security gadgets installed to be in optimal capacity, rather than exposing irregularities in the system.
Conference however calls on government to consider the media as partner in developing the aviation and allied sectors of the economy, even as it continues to condemn in the strongest terms, the lingering sealing off of the Press Centre at the Presidential Wing of the Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos.
While delivering the key note address, the director general of Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority ( NCAA), Dr Harold Demuren, noted that the conference theme is symmetrical  with the master plan of the aviation , which was unveiled in Abuja by the minister of aviation.
Demuren noted that apart from the development of a master plan, an implementation framework is necessary to confront the sector’s numerous challenges.
Key among the components of the master plan, which the minister has unveiled for the industry include how to develop hubs in line with international standards and best practices; develop the requisite capacity and manpower to meet the needs in the industry.
Others are the need to change the business model of the industry into self sustaining model, through increased private sector participation to reduce financial burden on government; maximize the contribution to the social-economic development of the Nigerian economy as well as the attendant foreign direct investment.
On the harsh economic climate resulting in airlines groaning, he canvassed the need for government to encourage the financial institutions to provide financial instruments that would ensure local airlines have access to low interest rate on loans.
The presentation did not hesitate to canvass a regime of waivers for aircraft parts imported by domestic airlines, as doing such will afford local carriers the needed revenue to improve their operations, even as it noted that funds accruable could be used for aircraft purchase and training of personnel.
The issue of airport tariff and charges that should be reviewed was brought to the front burner, even as government was urged to look into how the needed succor should be provided for local operators.
In his keynote address, the minister of aviation, Princess Stella Adaeze Oduah, canvassed for synergy among stakeholders in the ongoing efforts to transform the sector, even as she called for consolidation among domestic airlines to enhance their capacity in a globally competitive environment.
The minister also unfolded plans to partner the ministry of petroleum to ensure the availability of aviation fuel at affordable prices.
On the vexed issue of security  and the sealing off of the Press Centre, the minister affirmed that as regrettable and inconveniencing as the matter appears, government is resolute in not taking lightly issues of security even as he expressed optimism that something positive is in the offing.
In his contribution, president of Aviation Round Table affirmed that the challenges the Nigerian aviation industry is grappling with , is not different  from what other  parts of the world are grappling with , even as he raised concerns over the  calibre of professionals who drew the road map for the sector, which is serious need for reassessment.
Ore highlighted that the validity of the roadmap, could only be ascertained if it had the input of stakeholders, before it could be subjected to serious analysis and ultimate endorsement.
In his contribution, Mr Gbenga Olowo canvassed a rechristening of the seminar’s theme, to reflect understanding the road map for the aviation sector, even as he called for self examination by all players in the sector on why aviation growth and development has taken a nosedive in the past few years.
He raised issues bordering on ageing professionals in the industry, the bust and boom of many domestic airlines, the factors responsible for the growth of the industry, and surgical operations financially on why Nigerian carriers are not doing well at the expense of other carriers.
His presentation was not limited to how the creation of a level playing field, will bring about four strong carriers out of the 22 carriers on the list of the NCAA, as continuous injection of funds into the carriers without proper consolidation is the way to go for the industry.
Olowo canvassed that until the right policy is in place, through government supported consolidation, operators could pull their aircraft together to form a strong carrier, such that there are sufficient aircraft for the strong carriers to emerge, through what he described as “Magnet approach”.
The harsh experience of many domestic carriers has made Nigerian operators a good case study of how not to run an airline, with a schedule that cannot guarantee profitability.
The state of Nigerian airports also drew the attention of speakers. He called for the remodeling of the airports based on the airport master plan instead of remodeling in beats and inconveniencing airport users and operations.
On the part of the Unions in the industry, the president of Air Transport Services Senior Staff Association of Nigeria ( ATSSSAN), Comrade Benjamin Okewu noted that rather than criticize the road map of the ministry of aviation, it is incumbent to rally round the transformation train of government to ensure that ongoing projects are not thwarted for the ultimate benefits of aviation stakeholders.
At the level of the unions, he noted that the clarion call is to keep abreast with the transformation agenda of the government and support the ministry, which appears from experience to have had the courage to remodel the airports.
On the controversial issue of setting up a national carrier, Okewu affirmed that the time is now to set up a national carrier, which is instrumental to the development of airport hubs, manpower development and operational capacity that could provide the platform to compete with foreign carriers.
If the manpower depletion in the aviation sector must be addressed, the establishment of a national carrier is key is closing the gap.
With the increasing passenger traffic, there is no going back on the need for government to remodel the airports, as a model for the development and growth of the industry.
In his contributions, the managing director of First Nation Airways, Mr Kayode Odukoya called for consistency in government transformational measures that will fast track the growth and development of the aviation sector.
The operators, he affirmed are well aware of the operational challenges of the industry, which government could have a full understanding of, if a forum is created for input gathering.
The need to find a common thread and work out ways of pursuing it is key to the development of the industry, even as access to robust funding at minimal interest rate remains key as the indicators that will form the pathway for the recovery of the industry from collapse.
Conference also considered ways and means of interfacing aircraft manufacturers, with funding and acquisition window that will be good for the sustenance of the industry, with reduced interest rates.
The mix of long haul operators and the distribution of passengers to the hubs must be given adequate consideration, as it opens opportunities for Nigerian operators to provide fueling, catering and other revenue enhancing window.
Discussions, as the setting up of a carrier will boost the nation’s economy amid the plethora of investment window it offers without injection of public funds, rather it will be purely private sector driven.
In his presentation, the managing director of Nigeria Airspace Management Agency ( NAMA),  Engineer Nnamdi Udoh,  called to domestication of whatever model is adopted as a road map for the development of the aviation sector, that is predicated on a foundation that could endure.
He also called for realistic target given the peculiarities of the Nigerian environment, even as he cautioned against ambitious projects that could be realistic, timely and measurable.
He raised a poser: If there is a robust business plan before government could be swayed by sentiments to float a national carrier without recourse to the sustainability of such a carrier.
His presentation also touched the raw nerve of the industry, which he described as proliferation of unviable carriers, proposing mergers and consolidation as a way forward.
Mr. Chris Aligbe in his presentation applauded the minister of aviation for the giant strides in coming up with a roadmap for the industry which never existed. He called on stakeholders to key into it irrespective of its deficiencies. He however, disagrees with the floatation of a national carrier, owned and operated by government. Rather, he recommends flag carriers operated by private concerns to fly the nation’s flag.
He recalled the absence of political will by past ministers of aviation to turn around the sector.
If the airline sub sector must be delivered from collapse, the hiccup of owner manager syndrome must be removed, because failure by the operators to look inwards has not accelerated the growth and development of the industry.
This has become imperative, as the need for government to by way of legislation and policy create a platform that will bring about the consolidation of domestic carriers, because examples abound all over the world on how government policy has accelerated the growth and sustenance of the airline industry.
There must be alternatives on the way, in the fast tracking of a roadmap for the industry as the roadmap that accentuated the building of a new terminal in Abuja, the MMA 2, facility, as well as the building of a new terminal at the General Aviation Terminal (GAT), at the domestic wing of the Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos.
Except operators come together on how to forge mergers and consolidation, the existing carriers will pale into insignificance, when the new national carrier if floated.
In the open forum, the national president of the National Association of Aircraft Pilots and Engineers (NAAPE), Engineer Isaac Balami, observed the porous service delivery by airlines, which have fallen below the bar in service delivery characterized by incessant flight delays and cancellation, which is dovetails into poor training for their personnel.
His presentation raised posers over the expatriate quota in the aviation sector, which has reduced indigenous professionals to be second fiddle, affirming that if operators harp on training of Nigerians, the industry could move forward, as empowerment is a key indicator in the quest for transformation.
Stakeholders also raised concerns over the seemingly cosmetic measures taken to turn around the aviation industry, not minding the deficiencies in the new approach at righting the wrongs of over many years.
Wrapping up the discussions, managing director of IRS Airlines calls for inclusion of all strata of the industry, including identifiable and achievable milestones, as well as the need to address the security challenges as the way to make the roadmap workable, even as he called for proper identification of the challenges of the industry, rather than a diagnosis of the industry.


-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Obinna Akukwe)
The process of sharing Nigeria’s oil block national cake is as fraudulent now as when Ibrahim Babangida started the process of discretionary allocation of oil blocks to indigenous firms. Discretionary allocation of oil blocks entails that a president can reward a mistress who performs wonderfully with an oil block with capacity for cumulative yield of over $20 billion dollars without recourse to any process outside of manhood attachments. Babangida, Abacha, Abdulsalami and Obasanjo awarded discretionary oil blocks to friends, associates, family members, party chieftains, security chiefs and all categories of bootlickers, spokespersons and cult members without any laid down procedures.
The recipients of such oil blocks will get funds from ever willing offshore financiers and partners to graciously settle the benefactors, the awarders, facilitators and the Commander-in-Chief through fronts. These settlements mostly paid into foreign accounts runs into hundreds of millions of dollars according to the potential yield of the block. Sometimes, the awarder (sharer of national cake and direct intermediaries) demand additional stakes in the bidding company. The awarder sends fronts as part of the directorship and management of the bidding firms without leaving a link to them.  That is how the oil block national cake is distributed to a few Nigerians.
Signature bonuses which are paid when an investor successfully bids, wins and signs agreement with the petroleum ministry, running into tens of millions and sometimes hundreds of millions of naira ,is often waived off. There is actually no waiver; rather a diversion of what would have been paid to government t coffers is paid into private purse as appreciation gifts. That is why those in the Petroleum Ministry dread retirement as though it signifies going to hell fire. No matter how little your influence, something substantial must enter your hands especially in hard currency. The nation loses billions of dollars in diverted revenue whenever any round of auction occurs.
OML 110 with high yield OBE oil fields was given Cavendish Petroleum owned by  Alhaji Mai Daribe, the Borno Patriarch in 1996 by Sanni Abacha. OBE oil field has estimated over 500 million barrels of oil. In layman’s language and using average benchmark of $100 dollars per barrel, translates to $50 billion dollars worth of oil reserve. When you remove the taxes, royalties and sundry duties worth about 60% of the reserve payable over time you get about $20billion dollars worth of oil in the hands of a family.
OPL 246 was awarded to SAPETRO, a company owned by General Theophilus Danjuma, by Sanni Abacha in 1998. Akpo condensate exports about 300,000 barrels of crude daily.
OML 112 and OML 117 were awarded to AMNI International Petroleum Development Company owned by Colonel Sanni Bello in 1999. Sanni Bello is an inlaw to Abdulsalami Abubakar, former Head of State of Nigeria.
OML 115, OLDWOK Field and EBOK field was awarded to Alhaji Mohammed Indimi from Niger State. Indimi is an inlaw to former Military President Ibrahim Babangida.
OML 215 is operated by Nor East Petroleum Limited owned by Alhaji Saleh Mohammed Gambo.
OML 108 is operated by Express Petroleum Company Limited is owned by Alhaji Aminu Dantata.
OML  II3 allocated to Yinka Folawiyo Pet Ltd is owned by Alhaji W.I. folawiyo.
ASUOKPU/UMUTU marginal oil fields is operated by Seplat Petroleum. Seplat is owned by Prince Nasiru Ado Bayero, cousin to the Central Bank Governor Lamido Sanusi. This oil field has the capacity of 300,000 barrels of oil daily. This translates to $30million dollars daily at average benchmark of $100 dollars per barrel. Deducting all sundry taxes, royalties etc , this field can yield $12billion dollars daily for the owners.
Intel owned by Atiku, Yarádua and Ado Bayero has substantial stakes in Nigeria’s oil exploration industry both in Nigeria and Principe and Sao Tome.
AMNI owns two oil blocks OML 112 and OML 117 which it runs Afren plc  and Vitol has substantial stakes in oil blocks. Afren plc is operating EBOK oil fields in OML 67.  Vitol lifts 300,000 barrels of Nigerian oil daily. Rilwanu Lukman, former OPEC Chairman has stakes in all these named three companies.
OPL 245 was awarded to Malabu Oil& Gas Company by Sanni Abacha. Dan Etete, Abacha’s oil minister owns Malabu Oil. In 2000, Vice President Atiku Abubakar convinced Obasanjo to revoke
OPL 245 given to Malabu Oil. Etete had earlier rejected Atiku’s demand for substantial stakes in the high yield OPL 245 and it attracted the venom of Ota Majesty who revoked the licence. However, in 2006, Obasanjo had mercy on Dan Etete and gave him back his oil block worth over $20 billion dollars.
OPL 289 and OPL 233 was awarded during Obasanjo era to Peter Odili fronts, Cleanwater Consortium, consisting of Clenwater Refinery and RivGas Petroleum and Gas Company. Odili’s brother in law, Okey Ezenwa manages the consortium as Vice Chairman.
OPL 286 is managed by Focus Energy in partnership with BG Group, a British oil concern. Andy Uba has stakes in Focus Energy and his modus operandi is such that you can never see his name in any listings yet he controls OPL and OML through proxies.
OPL 291 was awarded to Starcrest Energy Nigeria Limited, owned by Emeka Offor by Obasanjo . Immediately after the award, Starcrest sold the oil block to Addax Petroleum Development Company Limited (ADDAX) Addax paid Sir Emeka Offor a farming fee of $35million dollars and still paid the signature bonus to the government. Emeka Offor still retains stake in ADDAX operations in Nigeria.
Mike Adenuga’s Conoil is the oldest indigenous oil exploration industry in Nigeria. Conoil has six oil blocks and exports above 200,000 barrels of crude daily.
 The oil block national cake sharing fiesta could take twists according to the mood of the Commander-in –Chief at the particular time. In 2006, Obasanjo revoked OPL 246 which Abacha gave to Danjuma because he refused to support the tenure elongation bid of the Ota Majesty. In 2000, Obasanjo had earlier revoked OPL 241 given to Dan Etete under the advice Atiku. However, when the Obasanjo-Atiku faceoff started, the Ota Majesty made a u-turn and handed back the oil block to Etete.
During the time of Late President Yarádua , a panel headed by  Olusegun Ogunjana  was set up   to investigate the level of transparency in the award of oil blocks. The panel recommended that 25 oil blocks awarded by the Obasanjo be revoked because the manner they were obtained failed to meet the best practices in the industry. Sadiq Mahmood, permanent secretary in the Ministry of Petroleum endorsed the report to then president with all its recommendations. As a result of the report Yarádua revoked eleven oil blocks.
In April 2011 Mike Adenuga attempted to buy Shell’s OML 30 for $1.2 billion dollars. The Minister for Petroleum and Nigeria’s most powerful woman refused the sale of the OML30 to Adenuga citing national interest. This block was later sold to Heritage Oil for $800 million dollars eleven months later.
This oil block business is so lucrative that Danjuma’s Sapetro divested of its investment in Akpo condensate for $1billion dollars. This business is second to none in Nigeria. That is why any attempt to investigate the activities in this sector will always be futile. The money is so much that they give bribes in millions of dollars. A birthday gift or child naming gift from an oil block owner to a government official could be as paltry as $2million dollars, and if the official’s father died, the condolence gift could reach mere $3 million dollars. When they want to bribe legislators, it is in millions of dollars and any ongoing investigation ends within weeks. They are so confident that with excess money they can buy up Nigeria and they are succeeding. In the name of competitive bidding, which Obasanjo introduced in 2005, Officials bring companies overnight and through processes best described as secretive and voodooist they award blocks to party faithful, fronts and phoney companies. They collect gratifications running into hundreds of millions of dollars which is paid into offshore account and the nation loses billions of dollars of revenue to private pockets.
During the third term agenda, Obasanjo was deceived that the allocation of oil block to party faithfuls is to fund the third term agenda. With the failure of the third term, the beneficiaries went home with their fortunes and thanked God or Allah for buttering their bread. Senator Andy Uba co ordinate the award of the last rounds of oil block by Obasanjo in 2005 and 2007. The then minister of petroleum, Edwin Daukoru was a mere errand boy who took instructions from the presidential aide.
The regime of President Goodluck is not showing any signs of changing the status quo. Controversies have trailed the activities of the Minister of Petroleum and many players in the Industry accuse her of demanding stakes from every oil deal. It is hoped that President Goodluck Jonathan will remember his transformational promise to Nigerians and endeavour to face the hawks in the oil industry. The angst in the air is so much that if this monster of illegal allocation of oil block is not addressed, the much touted revolution could begin all of a sudden and all who condoned this illegality at the expense of hungry Nigerians may have nowhere to hide.
The religious leaders should tell these oil block beneficiaries, awarders, fronts, brokers and all involved in short changing the Nigerian people to find means or returning all these back to the Nigerian people, through massive development projects. They should curtail their constant visits to Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem for prayers and attend to the poverty they spread in the land. They should build affordable secondary schools, universities, specialist hospitals, roads, silos, etc for the Nigerian people. They should fund talent development programmes and sponsor activities capable of alleviating poverty. The voice of impoverished Nigerians is crying daily and if care is not taken the God who delivered Nigeria from Abacha dark days will visit them with calamities untold. With the rot in this oil block awarding system and other loot all over the Nigerian nation, something worse than revolution may happen.
Obinna Akukwe

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Chuks Ibegbu)
I knew right from the beginning that it would be easier for the carmel to pass through the eye of the needle than for Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala to be the next World Bank President. As a student of history, international politics and economy, I knew that USA and Europe cannot commit class and geo-politcal suicide by relinquishing the headship of the WORLD ECONOMIC CZAR, the World Bank to a woman from a third world country, more so from a nation that has refused to get it right in everything. How on earth do we expect EUROPE AND USA to take such risk even with Ngozi Iweala's impeccable academic records and chains of degrees.
How on earth will a nation that has refused to get it right in her human rights record,  politics, economy and infrastructures be trusted with such a global position. I am not one of those carried away with the fake patriotism and self-deceit that have kept us where we are today. A spade must be called a spade.
One thing Africans and the third world have refused  or ignored to realise is that the world geo-economic and even geo-political order would continue to disfavour them until they build stable, and prosperous polity  that would command the respect of the world. Granted that most problems in Africa and the third world were caused by Europeans, is it not enough time since the era of decolonisation for Africans and the third world to get it right and device home grown developmental strategies? It was this home grown strategies that made the former Eastern region of Nigeria the fastest growing economy in the third world in the 60s. Okpara, the Premier of that region did not need truckload of dollars or pounds to fastrack the Eastern economy.  What he needed was the will power which many of the rulers of this generation either lack or are not ready to imbibe. Awolowo did it in the West. Ahmadu Bello did it in the North.
The interest of the present rulers is colossal SECURITY VOTES, IMMUNITY FROM THEIR CORRUPTION, AND MAINTAINING UNCONSTIUTIONAL OFFICES LIKE THE OFFICE OF THE FIRST LADY AT FEDERAL, STATE AND LGA LEVELS. Their interest is far removed from developing Nigeria, forget about their preachments and lip service.
Coming back to Ngozi Iweala again, she lost out to a world economic order that has no place for economic and political weakling and toddlers. The same thing happened to Nigeria in the choice of AU chairman, and other continental bodies. Something is expected from Nigeria by Africa and the World  but they are awefully disappointed to see Nigeria as a GIANT ON MOSQUITO LEGS.
Well, Ngozi has tried her best. She should now get to work and see how she can influence her employers to turn a new leaf. By the way how come Nigeria paid colossal billions of dollars to the so-called creditor nations when OBJ was in charge and NGOZI as the Finance Minister then and yet we are worst-off today? The lesson all should learn is that it is not verbose theories and imperialists grandstandings that can save Africa. It is only prudence and homegrown economic measures that can do it. Europe and the West would continue to claim that we owe them and our naive rulers would fall into their antics only to discover that its all APRIL FOOL. WHAT A PITY.

-Masterweb Reports
Eight people were killed  Thursday night around 11:30 GMT when Boko Haram, an Islamic terrorist group carried out coordinated attacks on two offices of  Nigerian ThisDay Newspaper and two other papers.  Three people were killed in the Abuja ThisDay office attack and five in Kaduna blasts. Witnesses, including ThisDay's Editorial Board Chairman said the attack in Abuja involved a suicide bomber in a jeep. A suicide bomber in a black Isuzu jeep according to witnesses  forced his way through the back gate of ThisDay office and rammed his truck into the main building housing the printing press and other facilities. The whole place was ablaze as the bomb went off. Some sections of the newspaper building were completely destroyed. The impact of the blast also destroyed nearby commercial and residential buildings and caused panic and commotion at Jabi Motor Park which is directly opposite ThisDay building. Police and security forces cordoned off the area  while paramedics and emergency workers evacuated the injured and removed bodies of the dead. Samson Oliver, a ThisDay employee was sleeping after a night shift when the blast occurred. Oliver told reporters: "When I woke up with shock and fear, I saw everywhere was so dark, something like smoke everywhere, and I ran out and saw that it was a bomb explosion." "The roof of the building was blown off, company and staff vehicles were also destroyed. I am certainly sure of the death of the two security men at the gate," a ThisDay reporter told newsmen. In contrast to accounts by witnesses,  a spokesperson for Nigeria's National Emergency Management Agency said the Abuja blast appeared to have been caused by a bomb planted inside the building.
The Kaduna attack was carried out  outside a complex housing several newspapers. Media offices that were affected by the blast included ThisDay, Daily Sun and Moment newspapers. A smaller explosion was reported in the city shortly before 16:00 GMT, some distance from the newspapers building complex, which according to sources wounded two people. Witnesses told reporters an explosive device was thrown by a passenger on a motor bike at the junction of a highway. A man suspected to be a member of Boko Haram has been arrested in connection with the blasts and is still being interrogated at the time of this report. Hardest hit was ThisDay whose office in Jabi, Abuja, was almost brought down by the impact of the blast.
Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the newspaper offices bombing. The group in a statement published on Premium Times, a news website claimed the media was not reporting them accurately. It said that Boko Haram attacked ThisDay to send a strong message to the media that it would no longer condone reports misrepresenting her or blaming her for acts she knows nothing about. Abul Qaqa, spokesperson for the group told Premium Times in an exclusive interview that Boko Haram was fed up with the deliberate misinformation about her both in Nigerian and foreign news media. "The media in Nigeria are not a problem to us if they do their jobs professionally without taking sides," Abul Qaqa said, adding that each time they say something, it was either changed or downplayed. "But when our enemy says something even without logical proof, it is blown out of proportion. We have repeatedly cautioned reporters and media houses to be professional and objective in their reports. This is a war between us and the Government of Nigeria; unfortunately the media have not been objective and fair in their report of the ongoing war, they chose to take sides," Qaqa added. He identified three instances he claimed his group was deliberately misrepresented by the press. The first was the rumour of his capture by Nigerian intelligence agencies.
“Some reporters are aware that I am Abul Qaqa, they know my voice through our long interactions and they also know the role of Abu Darda who heads the enlightenment committee and sometimes facilitates interviews; yet they (media) go by the unsubstantiated view of government that Abul Qaqa is in custody and I am the new spokesman or number two,” he said.
The second media misrepresentation according to Qaqa was the report on the kidnappings of foreigners in Northern Nigeria. He said: “Another issue was the recent kidnappings in the north; we were clear with our position as a group during a teleconference with reporters but we were shocked the next day when newspaper headlines added a lot of things which I never said during that interview.” The third misrepresentation according to him was the mistranslation of the video the group posted recently on YouTube. “Another example is the recent video posted on YouTube by our Imam; I challenge every Nigerian to watch that video again. There is no place our imam either said he will crush President Jonathan or issued an ultimatum to the government in Nigeria; but nearly all papers carried very wrong and mischievous headlines,” he said to support the assertion.
When asked why ThisDay was primarily targeted, Qaqa said ThisDay’s sins were more grievous. “It is not only THISDAY that has been engaged in negative media campaign, fictional stories and constantly promoting fake stories by the JTF to give an impression that they are making headway against us yet there is no time the media investigated further as an objective and responsible bystander in this war. They once insulted the Prophet Mohammed in 2001 and we have not forgotten. They recently said our Imam executed me which is false. Here I am speaking to you, I am alive and healthy. The sins of THISDAY are more,” he said. He warned of more attacks on media.  "We have just started this new campaign against the media and we will not stop here, we will hit the media hard since they have refused to listen to our plea for them to be fair in their  reportage," Qaqa warned. Last month the group issued stern warning to Nigerian journalists not to misrepresent its views.
Boko Haram whose name in Hausa language means "western education is sinful" is modeled after Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. It wants to impose sharia law across Nigeria through terror attacks in drawing attention to their demands.  Human Rights Watch says over 1000 people have been killed since Boko Haram began its terror campaign in July 2009, including over 250 so far in January this year. Boko Haram casualties are from diverse attacks on churches, government buildings, police stations and other targets, including drive-by shootings. Many have fled the north from these attacks. The recent attacks, approximately a year after Osama bin Laden was killed by US Navy SEALs in Pakistan, were a bloody reminder of Al-Qaeda's growing "Africanization". Boko Haram of Nigeria, al-Shabaab of Somalia, Ansar Dine of Mali and similar Islamic African groups fly  Al-Qaeda flag but autonomous from her.  They receive little or no direct support from Al-Qaeda, but motivated by its idealogy. Boko Haram draws support from segments of Muslim northern Nigeria who see the current  Nigerian administration as a Christian government. Some of their fighters are recruited from Muslim North African countries.
Boko Haram has announced its official name to be Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Liddaáwati wal-Jihad which in English means People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad.

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By Chuks Ibegbu)
It is disheartening that Igbo Political leaders and actors have kept
pernicious mum over the issue of the structural disadvantage of the
group in Nigeria, a situation that is affecting the ordinary citizens
of the zone. Outside the governors and political office holders in the
zone, the ordinary citizens of the South East are the greatest victims
of the structural imbalance in Nigeria.
Since everything in Nigeria is shared on the basis of states and local
Governments, the densely populated South East zone will continue to
trail behind in all indices of development in Nigeria. Kano state alone
has 44 local government areas, nearly what all South East states
have. It is bizarre that political leaders in the zone are not doing
enough to correct this imbalance now. They ought to be shouting,
talking, protesting, and pushing for the rest of nation to listen to
them.  It is all about the future of the Youths and children of the
They are the ones that are not having the unfettered opportunity to be
recruited in the army or security agents because of the restrictive
quota system based on states and local governments. They are the ones
affected by limited opportunities in the federal civil service,
federal institutions, etc since all these are based on the number of
states and local governments a zone has. With only five states and
ninety seven local government areas, the South East is at the butt of
everything in Nigeria despite a dense but unfairly assessed
The national political reform of recent time approved an extra state
for the south east to bring it at par with other zones. Since then
nothing has happened and when the zone renew their demands other
zones that have been favoured all these while will also clamour for more
states. Is that how we have a sense of fairness in Nigeria? Today
there are policies that address the problems of the Youths of the
Niger delta. We have the amnesty program, NDDC, Ministry of Niger
Delta, etc. Now the federal government has begun the almajiri
program for the youths of the north. There is also the nomadic
education for the north.
What is there for Igbo Youths who have borne the trauma of a distorted
nation for long? What is there for our Youths that trade in all the
streets of Nigeria? What is there for our Youths that criss-cross all
parts of Nigeria in the nights with all the attendants risks when
other Nigerians sleep? What is there for thousands of Igbo youths that
are economic slaves in different parts of the world due to limited
opportunity in Nigeria?
If a militant from the Niger Delta is now a pilot in South Africa,
courtesy of the amnesty program why should a MASSOB activist not
have the same opportunity to better their lives. This is food for
thought to our selfish political leaders. JONATHAN GOODLUCK must
address the structural problem affecting Ndigbo now. He is in a
better position and have the moral ground to do it . If he does not,
who, except an Igbo can do it. THE TIME IS NOW
Chuks Ibegbu
Political And Social Analyst