Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

[ Masterweb Reports ] - “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel”… (Mathew 15:24). Jesus words here depict a setting of priority and an awareness of Israel’s place in God’s plan of salvation. Every ministry and mission must have priorities. And Ambassador Bianca Ojukwu’s mission in Spain is not an exception. She knows where her duties lay and has a clear cut agenda. Before she came, Spain was like a dead zone and not much was heard of it. But today, the blind see, the lame walk and the dead in Spain will rise before her mission ends. And these have proved that it’s not only our own T.B Joshua that has the monopoly for miracles, even diplomats do. The African most outstanding Ambassador in Europe implements citizenship diplomacy as her utmost priority. Bianca Ojukwu has taken her crusade of citizenship diplomacy to the door steps of Nigerians in Spain. She says to them, “come let us reason together”. Of recent, she has been having town hall meetings with the Nigerian communities at various cities in Spain. The most recent are the meetings in Malaga and Sevilla where various issues affecting the Nigerian community in Spain were addressed during the interactive sessions.
“We are here to serve you and not to do you a favor”
She said that many Nigerians wallow in ignorance, as they are not well informed, and do not know what their rights, duties and obligations are. Consequent to that, they seek to obtain solutions to their problems through short cuts and wrong channels. The Ambassador gave answers to some questions on salient issues bordering Nigerians such as;
Que. Why are Nigerians asked to bring police report which after a short while the validity expires?
Ans. Police report matter remains a perennial issue. Embassy has always lodged the complaints to the Spanish government concerning obtaining police report from Nigeria instead of Spain where they live and many have not gone home for many years. The matter has been taken to foreign affairs several times. It is a constitutional and statutory issue between Nigeria and Spain and involves some rigorous process to resolve. The mission flow with the tide sometimes and cannot twist the hand of the government on certain issues. However, in view of the problems the police report imposes to Nigerians, the mission has taken a step forward to request for a certificate of good conduct as an alternative and is waiting for the approval. Also the Embassy has obtained a concession on extension of the 3 months validity date of the police report. Now, the validity date should begin by the date the Embassy stamps the document. Therefore, we appeal to Nigerians to take advantage of this concession.
Que. Why do Nigerians pay so much to obtain police report?
Ans. Police report exercise in Spain stops you from traveling to Nigeria to collect the document. In doing that, the Embassy applies for policemen from forensic department to come to Spain. Bearing in mind that most of our citizens cannot come to the Embassy in Madrid because of not having the legitimate documents to travel. To be able to do that, police sometimes stay up to 3 months in the process travelling from one region to another. The processing department has to be paid. From the police, certificate travels to interiors affairs ministry, to consulate Embassy Spain in Lagos, from there back to Spain. In addition to all other administrative costs, it is a cumbersome process. The Embassy has even asked association leaders to take up the responsibility if they can. Even at that, the cost has been reduced. And if anyone is asked to pay other than the amount approved by the Embassy by any of the associations, you should report to the Embassy.
Que. Why does Spanish police cease Nigerian passports and easily deport Nigerians. Is it a crime to have Nigerian passport?
Ans. Police has the right to detain a person’s passport while the person is been investigated. Embassy doesn’t interfere with the cause of investigations. But if that goes beyond the stipulated bounds, and is brought to the attention of the mission, we intervene. Police are trained to break the law while keeping the law. In cases of deportation, the Embassy ensures that no Nigerian citizen is unlawfully deported. There was a case where a citizen was deported, after it was brought to the attention of the Embassy, we went into action and found out that the police did not act very well, and demanded that the citizen be deported back to Spain and he was brought back. In a foreign land, it is important that citizens should be in solidarity and be there brother’s keeper. The Embassy has always encouraged our citizens out there to let us know their plights and give information about others in need of assistance. And the Embassy has made it clear that they will not take it lightly if the rights of our citizens are infringed upon.
But you notice that Nigerians are the weakest in terms of solidarity. An average Nigerian does not want a fellow Nigerian to know how he thrives. Nigerians are not together. The extent of how your problem gets solved is a function of how conscious you are. For your problem to become solved, you have to care for yourself first.
Que. Why do Nigerians find it more difficult to renew their documents?
Ans. The Embassy are doing their very best to make sure that things to a large extent are better for Nigerian citizens. To the average European, there is rampant falsification of documents by Nigerians. Documents are sent to the Embassy for verifications and authentication. And you find out that documents people are paid to forge and falsify are issued by the Embassy free of charge. We are our own worst enemies. The less falsified documents are the better for Nigerians.
Que. What is the Embassy doing to integrate Nigerians into the system?
Ans. This is a societal problem. People decided on their own to migrate to Spain for some reasons. Integration depends more on the individual. The Embassy acts as interface. Embassy showcases Nigerian culture through workshops and seminars on right of citizens. The integration an economic immigrant requires is to take what the host offers. The day to day activities lies within the individual. Citizens should engage in meaningful activities to develop themselves as to fit in the system. Take advantage of NGO’s that offer training services. Every parent should impart on children born here an identity they should own. That could be inculcated through language. Teach the children your home language and let them know that they have a place they could call their own. Time catches up fast. Give the children what your parents gave to you. And Think more of creating your own society wherever you are.
Delivering a speech which was like a gospel during the event, the Ambassador used the occasion to inform the Nigerian community of the plan to issue ID card to Nigerians in Spain for proper identification in view of the future plan for Nigerians in diaspora to vote. She said, revolution is taking place in Nigeria, and Nigerians in diaspora must be part of it by exercising their voting rights wherever they are. The purpose for issuance of ID card is to identify those who are Nigerians. She noted that many Nigerians have refused to register with their local associations. But with the issuance of the ID card which is free of charge, every Nigerian will be identified.
The Ambassador emphasized on the need for Nigerians to be their brother’s keeper and for solidarity and unity among Nigerians. She lamented that Nigerians are the weakest in terms of solidarity as they are not together as one.
“Our diversity as Nigerians should be our strength rather than weakness”
She made it clear that Mission condemns criminal acts such as 419, drugs, and prostitution. And emphasized on the need to re-orientate our youths to shun crime. She stated that as a matter of commitment, the mission is doing its best to ensure every Nigerian is protected and not molested.
Bianca drew attention to the changing trends in the world such as, the recent Xenophobia crisis, where Africans are being attacked by fellow Africans. Also stressed on the increasing wave of illegal migration. Referring to the recent tragedy on the sea between Libya and Italy, where thousands of Africans perished in the quest to cross to Europe. She minced no words to say that many were lured into this suicidal mission by people abroad who present false impressions about realities on ground.
“Give correct information of what Europe is like”
The Ambassador urged those in diaspora to join efforts with government to curb the tragic incidents of our people perishing in the bid to migrate to abroad. She also drew attention to the political situation in Nigeria. And informed that a new president elect Buhari, would be sworn in on May 29. She commended the sportsmanship of President Jonathan to concede defeat to the President elect. And enjoined Nigerians to support the incoming government of Buhari.
*Photo Caption -  Ambassador Bianca Ojukwu chairing Malaga town hall meeting.

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. James C. Agazie reports ] - My former student and I had a heated discussion over  "Why are we Igbos falling behind in Nigeria?" Dr. O and I are Igbos of Anambra origin and have had the knack of bantering over the progress of our people. This time, Dr. O disputed every argument I presented since he believes Igbos in Nigeria  and abroad are faring rather poorly in every aspect of human endeavor.
ME:  "What of Igbo progress in education?
DR. O: "No, Igbos are making no strides. In fact, they are regressing educationally".
ME: "Don't Igbos have  money?"
DR. O: "Not at all. Their money is useless without doing anything for their community. They build castles in Northern Nigeria and then are chased away while their home states remain largely undeveloped."
"What else?" I asked  in desperation.
Dr. O:  "Nothing else, Doc, You see, Igbos may end up being the underclass in Nigeria as they are hated by all the other tribes ".
He went on to discuss the exploding numbers of non-Igbo (Yoruba and Hausa) physicians, engineers, scientists, mathematicians, bankers, politicians, billionaires, and manufacturers scattered in Nigeria all over the world.  Throwing my hands up in desperation, I asked my assailant: "Do you know that without Ndiigbo pioneers, Nigeria would not be where we now are educationally?"   I repeated the question much to Dr. O's amusement.  He thought I should know better than that.   I am tempted to concluded  that Ndigbo are falling behind because they are not interested in helping  others and  all this is happening  while Igbos are neglecting some important personality issues that might be stunting their progress. That happens when Igbos  are so busy chasing after "toro na afu" (pennies), just as the old proverb used to say "penny wise pound foolish".
Many Igbo professors  I  have known to be working at various American institutions of higher education have recently been dismissed before attaining  tenured positions of full professorships. But there are scores  of Yoruba Deans, Vice presidents, Vice Chancellors, and Provosts. I called two Yoruba men I know, a Vice President on the east coast and  Associate Vice Chancellor at a large community college system on the west  coast to ask "What are you doing right that the Igbos are doing wrong?" More Yoruba professors and professionals in the USA appear to be quieter, less troublesome, and get along better with spouses, colleagues, and the Americans in general. Some  Igbo professionals appear to be louder, more quarrelsome and argumentative, more ostentatious, self- aggrandizing,  and showy when displaying material stuffs like vehicles and houses. One Igbo Department Chairman had the habit of arguing  with his university President at staff meetings until he was replaced with another  mathematician. One Igbo physician had the engine of his Rolls-Royce running on display outside his office while attending to his patients.  This doctor was more interested in acquiring best automobiles than in providing best patient care. He had to quit his practice in America and move to Nigeria when old patients moved away and new ones  weren't forthcoming.
On US college campuses, Nigerian professors tend to look down on students, comparing them to Nigerian students they had taught much to the annoyance of faculty and staff. Though Nigerian  professors are considered to be very intelligent, the Igbos  tend to be held to lower esteem than the non-Igbos due to personality issues, including infighting. I saw this happen to three Igbo young men who obtained their PhD's from the same university in the same discipline and taught at the same university. They were from Enugu, Imo, and Anambra States and got on well in graduate for four years, often entertaining white faculty at their Nigerian parties to which they invited their white professors and other Nigerians. Trouble started after the Imo man graduated first and was hired as Department Chairman of a State school, and he hired the other two as Assistant Professors. The first two years of working together were fine until hell broke loose in the third year. The chairman turned autocratic, becoming openly confrontational, and being accused of bearing tales to the Dean to engineer dissent among the Department employees and have his friends fired. "Watch out," he told the Americans, "these Africans may take over the Department."  He was right because the Nigerians were plotting to hire other  Nigerian professors to  form the majority and gain promotions and tenures through each other's recommendations  A bitter war ensued, culminating in the Chairman's inability to function and eventual resignation.  When I tried to mediate since I knew all three of these Igbo men,  the Anambra man warned me to  keep out. What happened was the Enugu professor relocated to Florida after former Chairman from Imo escaped to a quieter Texas city, leaving the lone Anambra professor to figure out the cause of bickering. I told him he was the fool and chief instigator of palaver.
Incidentally, I  am tempted to initiate a blithering indictment of NdiIgbo and their leadership at home and abroad as cause of why Igbos are falling behind . Igbos do not get along in any organization. Bitter infightings are the order of the day. Petty jealousies, love of money and obsession with chieftaincy titles add up to render Ndigbo further disunited. We condemn the Igbo governors for failure to take care of the rest of us at the difficult times in our history as the Yorubas and Hausas have done for their people. We denounce Igbo parents and elders for over-emphasizing the pursuit of money over and above respect, education, and igwebuike (community unity) as instruments for Igbo nation-building.  We accuse Igbo religious leadership of its unfaithfulness in abandoning their calling and prostituting  (being akwunakwuna) after prosperity. We condemn Ndigbo in general for their excessive pursuit of "ebe  onye si bia" (where one comes from). Ndiigbo have excessive clannishness   (Abiasm, Enuguism, Imoisn, Anambraism, Ebonyism). We fault Igbo people in general for their abandonment of technical education that generates employment, and we condemn Igbos for their fixating on excessive use of defeat in Biafran War as unwarranted excuse for developing the inability to form relationships across tribal boundaries and for being lazy and remaining in deep stupor, trance, coma, daze, state of unconsciousness.
Having said this, why are Ndiigbo falling behind In Nigeria and in the United States? Are the Igbos discouraged in their circumstances? Are they brow-beaten as a result of losing the Biafran War? What is the cause of their feelings of being trapped, downtrodden, subjugated, broken, oppressed, demoralized, or exploited?  Can we trace the demoralization of Ndiigbo to post traumatic syndrome (PTS) suffered from defeat, or atrocities of Biafran War?   It is safe to believe the Igbos didn't suffer a defeat in war; they simply gained the opportunity to regroup, rethink,  re-strategize, and return stronger and more resilient. Igbos have always bounced back. There is nothing shameful about falling down from time to time; but it is discreditable to remain on the ground after a fall. Isn't what seems to keep us Igbos down for 44 years since the Biafran War ended is that we are not united? Are we Igbos less likely to lift both ourselves and each other up after a fall? Are we carrying unnecessary baggages consisting of guilt, "mmegbu" (oppression);  "anya ufu" (jealousy), "anya ukwu" (greed), and "obi –ojoo" (bitterness)?Let's look at some of our glaring problems.
In education, fewer Igbo children and adults are going to schools than they once did, than the Yorubas. More Igbos are interested in making money and dreaming of becoming billionaire Dangote  or politician President Goodluck  than they are in acquiring education for the love of it. More Yorubas  are acquiring higher education to the PhD level than the Igbos. There are fewer Igbos in SEM (science, engineering, and mathematics) and technology (plumbing, air conditioning, airplane mechanic, etc) than there are in the other Nigerian tribes. In employment, more Igbos are unemployed and unemployable than the other tribes because Igbo employers are quite unwilling to employ other Igbos, and when they do employ, their Igbo employees would be robbing the business owner or doing their own businesses within the master's business.
Do the Igbos get along? No. Igbo States are more likely to be hot-beds (or boiling pots)of dissent, with strings of Ngiges, Ubas, and Rochas, Chimes vying for power in the midst of "esem okwu" (troubles). If you are Igbo Nigerian running for dear life from boko-controlled North, you are more likely to be denied employment in Igboland and asked to go to your state of origin than if you ran to Yorubaland. You are more likely to be robbed, kidnapped, or even killed if you venture into Igbo majority places than if you seek refuge  in Igbo minority areas. If you were  one of the 72 destitute Igbos in Lagos that Governor babbatunde Fashola deported to Onitsha bridge, other Igbos would most likely ignore  you and not come to your aid, or you might end up being a bloated corpse  floating in Ezu River. Self hatred,  hatred of others and wickedness seem to be the hallmarks of the tribe Hausas refer to as Anyamiris. Igbos are drinking large quantities of Star lager, Heinekens, Extra Stout, palm wine, and burukutu to self-medicate. Igbo men are developing large onyeagba pot bellies that make men appear to be pregnant. More breweries are being built in Igboland and Ndigbo are likely to deaden their frustration through becoming alcoholics rather than they are to nourish their bodies with proper diets and exercise.
No one can compellingly argue against the fact that Ndigbo of Nigeria  are a force to be reckoned with. Though Ndiigbo did amazing exploits before Nigeria became the Nigeria it is today, long before the granting of self-governing in 1960, today's  Igbos  are now as dormant as inactive volcanoes under the seas.  Though Ndigbo did achieve tremendous, "forward ever" strides during the 60's, 70's, 80's, and  90's, the happenings among today's Igbos reflect "backward ever" syndrome.  Think of the schools and cathedrals the Igbo did construct throughout Nigeria. Do you remember how Igbos provided the early manpower Nigeria needed as she marched towards sovereignty; the teachers, merchants, administrators, health workers, and miners? And if you add the fact that the Igbos have always loved education and are skilled in the accumulation of wealth, you'll begin to appreciate these people's indomitable spirit and adventurism. Indefatigability seems to be a better choice of words. To be indefatigable is to be incapable of being tired out; to be tireless, unflagging, unrelenting, unfaltering, remorseless, tenacious, resolute, inexorable   Isn't it true that, all things being equal, some animals are more equal than their neighbors? It seems the Igbos are steadily becoming less equal in a country of 170 million souls.
Money alone cannot give Ndiigbo needed predominance. The question is : how much of Nigeria's money is controlled by Ndigbo? Let's say Igbos control over N930 trillion. A trillion  (or a million million) is 1 followed by 12 zeros. A trillion is  1,000,000,000,000 to be exact. It's fair to wager that Nigeria would not be Nigeria without "ego Ndigbo" (Igbo wealth). My former student Dr. O  wasn't impressed when I attempted to amaze him with a breathtaking estimate of Igbo wealth from the internet;  it fell off his brain like water rolls off the back of a thickly feathered duck. Igbo investments are" hugomongous": not less than N600 trillion in Abuja; N10 trillion in Kano and Kaduna each; N5 trillion in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa States each; N15 trillion in Plateau State; and there is no Nigerian state where Igbo investments do not exceed 5trillion.
Read:  It is said that no Nigerian State or town can survive without Igbo economic contribution. What does it mean in terms of nsopulu (respect) and ako na uche (commonsense)?
Granted Igbos have so much Naira it comes out of their ears and mouths. The question is: what have they done with all that money? Economic power without political power to accompany it is as good as soup without salt. In conclusion, in order to overcome feelings of marginalization or of falling behind the Ndigbo must prioritize goals in the order of significance. Time is running out. School should take greater priority in Ndiigbo scheme of things than emphasis primarily on trading and acquiring naked cash. Child development should include training in self-respect, respect of others, working in unity, humility, honesty, and unselfishness. Education should focus on scientific and technical education aimed at full employment of the youth. Strengthening Igbo families would have the advantages of preventing crimes and violence as well as creating a secure environment.
Dr. James C. Agazie ( Email: ), retired college Professor  with educational backgrounds in law (JD) education (Ed.D, MA) counseling,( MS) and and mathematics reports.  
*Photo Caption - Map of Igboland

[ Masterweb Reports: Interview by Philip Probity, Raima Khan & Babaji Halilu ] - Preamble: In our discussion with Dr Kusum Gopal, who has served as an UN Expert and is also a Technical Expert on governance and conflict had stressed on the extreme urgency-- for the Government of Nigeria at all levels to act with immediacy to implement inclusive measures towards providing citizenship, guaranteeing social security and civic facilities in all regions to redress the extreme poverty, built in-injustices and the recurring violence of vigilantism. She observed also that the military action by troops and air strikes without these curative measures have fuelled further carnage, alienating citizens and spreading into neighbouring regions involving armies and civilian populations for example, Niger and Chad. ISIL, Racism were also addressed: see below for some excerpts from our interview in Kathmandu.
Q: The massacres by the Boko Haram have increased tenfold, and now they are pledging obedience to the ISIL! What is the way forward?
Unless we understand the ‘why’ question, that is undertake a holistic analysis, evaluating lessons learned, persistent failures will continue to result. We are confronted by profound ethical dilemmas intensified in recent months by the appalling bestiality of ISIS, Prophets of Un-Truth, whom even influential leaders within Al Qaeda’s splintered factions have scathingly denounced, cautioning their brethren to distance themselves from its Pulpit. We cannot engage international blue prints or Road Maps, it has to be region specific.
Yes, their leader Mr Abubakr Sekhou has avowed allegiance to the leader of ISIS dazzled by the prospect of the Caliphate. But the Boko Haram and groups or individuals claiming to be operating under its banner, it must be emphasised are manifestations of wider culture, home-grown vigilantism specific to Nigeria. We know why the Boko Haram has been able to strike successfully—it is not so much fragility of the Nigerian state as it is in its hesitation to introduce reforms -- The true test of "good" governance is the degree to which it delivers on the promise of human rights: civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. The key question is: are the institutions of governance effectively guaranteeing the right to health, adequate housing, sufficient food, quality education, fair justice and personal security? Nigeria has the wealth and resources to help all Nigerians and thus vanquish the Boko Haram and other vigilante groups.
In sharp contrast, the western initiatives for regime change, extraneous help in the removal of powerful dictatorships, for example of Mr Saddam Hussein and Col Gaddafi has dismantled the administrative and military apparatuses which had sealed the borders, kept the populations united and controlled these regions for over half a century, naturally with calamitous consequences. Thus, ISIL has emerged in the wake of the occupation and regime change; it simply could not have happened or grown as it has otherwise. Alarming as it is to witness such bonds of allegiance proclaimed across vast swathes of territory by armies and militias that have no regard for the sanctity of human life, or humanity, its ties with the Boko Haram cannot but be tenuous.
Q; Could you explain how ISIS has come to be?
ISIL or ISIS as it is now called– ‘Islamic’State of the Levant came into existence in early 2003 -04, as Jamaat al Tawhid wa al-Jihad or IS after which Zarqawi the erstwhile leader pledged allegiance to Al Qaeda --its name changed to Tanzim-e-Qiadat al-Jihad fi Bilal al-Rafidayn. It was formed from the Iraqi Sunni groups Ansar al-Sunna and Iraqi Army fighting the Occupation under the leadership of Abu Masab al Zarqawi .Comprised in part of Saddam’s former soldiers with disparate groups of volunteers and mercenaries-- committed ‘soldiers of faith, well-armed with captured high- tech military equipment left behind by the US army for the Iraqi army. The military equipment captured by the ISIL fighters is reported to include AN/PVS-7 night vision goggles, MI6 rifles, M4 carbines, M203 grenade launchers, M60 and 240 machine guns, RPGs, surface to air stinger missiles, MI98 Howitzer artillery guns, Ack Ack guns, SP guns, scud missiles, T-55 and T-72 tanks, AMZ Dziks, MT-LB, Humvies, Helicopters, MII3 APCs, recovery vehicles. Indeed, substantial currency conservatively estimated to be in possession of over $2 billion was seized from Mosul, and their coffers are growing. Since 2010 Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi has been in-charge and declared himself the Caliph Ibrahim in an attempt to hark back to the times of the Caliphate.With oil fields under their control, the Peshmerga and other armies are being overcome. Many groups of committed fighters comprise ISIL such as Jaish al-Fateheen, Jund al-Sahaba, Katbiyan Ansarul Tauhid  wal Sunnah and Jaish al Taifa al-Mansoora regard themselves as mujahedeen reminiscent of the Afghan mujahedeen fighting to liberate their peoples and land of’ all infidels’ as they put it – however, they are in truth, alienating the vast majority of their own people.
And, now with all these armies on the rampage we witness genocides in that ancient cultural terrain, the cradle of human civilisation despairing each day at the bestiality towards fellow human beings as we also witness the destruction of sacred archaeological sites. To cite a few: bombing of the holiest Shia shrine the tomb of Imam Hassan al-Askari in Samarra in 2006 and since then, destroying the holy shrine of Prophet Yunus, the Nabi Shees shrine in Mosul with dynamite, Nimrud . Such developments and the Occupation forced Shi’ia armies to be formed along with Sunni armies, and revered leaders such as Moqtada Al- Sadr have given a call to arms in self-defence. Further, on the ISIS list are Najaf and Karbala. It is extremely disturbing and, they must be stopped, sectarian conflicts have engulfed this region in flames.
It must be emphasised that these are new happenings. It is significant that the Levant experienced the benevolence of the Ottomans who governed successfully for over six hundred years, allowing freedoms of worship and conviviality: minorities of all descriptions lived together. Ottoman Sultans were Sunnis and built Shi’ia mosques, by and large permitting freedom of religious practice, allowed funds for churches and synagogues. Unbeknownst to most people is that until Islam had a well-defined Church and State (politics and religion) divide, much more so than Christianity. As theologians enlighten us, under the Ottomans, the Mughals, the Safavids as also other contemporary rulers– while the Badshah or the Caliph were seen to be imbued with divine writ for legitimacy, they did not legislate or control over religion and its practice, they did not give sermons on it either. Religion had no formal control over them and none of their subjects expected them to pontificate on spiritual matters. Islamic traditions during the medieval times, indeed until the Ottoman empire was desecrated, it maintained a palpable distinction between the civic/administration and religious matters—contributing to the success and enrichment of the Empire. The Caliphate commanded considerable support and respect, it also knitted together not just Sunni and Shi’ia but also minorities, Kurds, Druze, Coptics and so forth, employing special efforts to accommodate various, diverse cultures. In the Indian Subcontinent –an important pre-Partition agitation was the Khilafat movement supporting the Caliph in the 1920s; it was a people’s movement – all faiths. Islamic scholars and theologians also point out that the present fundamentalism is new and has garnered support because of the vacuum created by what they perceive to be the corruption and greed in their countries , which includes pre-revolutionary Iran. Arab cultures are extremely hospitable, egalitarian, democratic, indeed, tolerant since earliest times. While Jews were being persecuted in Europe for several hundred centuries in the Levant, they were treated as equals and occupied important posts: these cultures do not need to be taught democracy, it is embedded in their lifestyles. In sharp contrast, despite the immeasurably rich contributions, indeed assimilation by Jewish peoples to European civilisations and culture, they were deprecated and always made aware of their unequal status, their separateness. Not only the interpretations from religious texts including the New Testament condemned them, but nearly all European rulers passed Edicts and other laws to banish those of Jewish faith from their kingdoms or forced them to convert despite the immeasurably rich contributions they had made in various spheres of human endeavour. These discriminations has not ended as anti-Semitism is not subterranean in Europe despite the Holocaust! European nations indeed, the MENA region would benefit from learning from Ottoman wisdom: there is need to resuscitate these traditions of governance. It is only by embracing ancient wisdoms with inclusive forms of governance: these Prophets of un-truth can be vanquished.
To my mind, the Sykes-Picot lines destroyed the heimat in this terrain, trapping them into narrow ways of thinking by separating them from familiar taken-for granted habitats; it prevented natural, unconscious flowering of these cultures. Nation states were carved out without local involvement unlike as in Europe where various countries happened by naturally detaching themselves gradually over three hundred years. And, indeed, this is to my mind the roots of the angst, raison d’être of the present conflict. Brutal dictatorships which overthrew monarchies set up during the Mandates came into being such as that of Saddam Hussein who deemed the only way to govern was to annihilate all opposition. Further disquiet has been triggered by the punishing embargo which caused civilian populations to suffer, followed by the Gulf War and then, regime change: all this adding to the tensions simmering underneath for almost a century. These armies are being funded generously be they governments/ others: it is these funding interests who must reflect on the horrific slaughter of human lives and genocides to decide firmly on a peace plan. To solve these problems we need to weigh these tensions to establish forms of governance that would appeal to the people. Perhaps learned, religious representatives meet and decide with respected community representatives, and religious leaders, Sunni and Shi’ia leaders to come forth with a proposal to end this carnage.
Q: You say there needs to be greater reflection on the Sykes-Picot agreement. Can you elaborate on its connection with ISIL?
Although it happened almost a hundred years ago, these are moral fault lines, harbingers of human tragedies. The Sykes-Picot agreement sought to partition the Empire even before its demise, capriciously– the French and the British secretly drew lines: it was not done with the consultation of the peoples or their learned men. For example, the Mandates French in Lebanon and the British in Iraq carved out geographically were masks for colonialism—all the previous laws were declared null and void; the promulgated new utilitarian laws transplanted in this syncretised terrain became the source of divisiveness between Arabs, between Arabs and Turks, others. Indeed, separating peoples who were once united in conviviality and sociality; living in vilayats and sanjuqs had encouraged a freedom of expression and movement. For example, if one studies the Document, there appears to be no respect for the people nor any attempt to understand their heritage, habitats, their cultures. To illustrate: At a Downing Street meeting of 16 December 1915 Mark Sykes had declared "I should like to draw a line from the e in Acre to the last k in Kirkuk." Naturally only strong arm tactics and brutal regimes had to come into being –as traditional forms of governance were submerged. And, ill-advised events of the last century, indeed the present are a testimony to this ‘meddling’; it has now boiled over. The influence of ISIL cannot be underestimated - Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq have been overrun and the lines that divided these regions have been declared null and void. Unsurprisingly, In a video titled ‘End of the Sykes-Picot’ an ISIS spokesman noted: “This is not the first border we will break, we will break other borders"; Pointedly, their leader, Dr Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi proclaimed in July 2014, "this blessed advance will not stop until we hit the last nail in the coffin of the Sykes-Picot conspiracy. What is extremely worrying is their motto to remain and to expand-- Bāqiyah wa-rg –-they have disciplined armies, funds and administrative apparatus in place.
The ISIS proclamation of a new Caliphate under Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi is a dangerous one, justifying their brutal actions as harkening back to what they interpret to be the time of the Prophet. It has attracted support, all age groups, both idealistic and disaffected- the deep-rooted desire for the Caliphate that all disparate groups and individuals, some as young as 15 years to travel, to serve to obey, an allegiance that cannot be broken, as sacrifice and faith motivate these people. And, the Prophets of Un-truth preaching an interpretation of Islam that has no resemblance to the Holy Qur’an. However, the majority of religious leaders, Muslims and non-Muslims are unequivocal in recognising that their promulgations and actions bear very little resemblance in spirit or in thought to what is in the Holy Qur’an, if anything it is a travesty, in contempt of the basic tenets of Islamic teachings.
Q: Could you explain further?
I am not an expert of Islam or an authority on fiqh, jurisprudence, but it is generally known that taking a life is not sanctioned, indeed, innocent lives cannot be simply taken be they Muslim or non-Muslim,   And, as a scholar has noted, Anas bin Malik, Allah's Apostle stated:"O Abu Hamza! What makes the life and property of a person sacred?" He replied, "Whoever says, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah', faces our Qibla during the prayers, prays like us and eats our slaughtered animal, then he is a Muslim, and has got the same rights and obligations as other Muslims have." ISIS cannot be understood in the context of Islam but rather as an appalling aberration, in part a consequence of the pernicious colonial legacies, replaced by violent regimes in these regions-- its peoples have been forced to persevere with since the last century. Driven by deep rage, the immeasurable cruelty and bestial behaviour in violation of the codes of war is being reported each day-be it the beheading of Kurds, Syrians by ISIS or the revenge torture of ISIS by these armies- they are using chemical weapons. The worst affected are the civilian populations-- women and children, and certainly, minorities in these regions: to the ISIS and, to the Boko Haram they remain expendable. We now have to contend with fragmented armies indeed, militias fighting each other amidst populations of displaced civilians – a significant proportion who cannot abide by the ISIS: among them are not just religious minorities, such as the Yazidis and Shi’ias but also Sunnis. For example, in Samarra, Sunni Ulemas and Sunni groups who refused to pledge allegiance to the Caliph were murdered brutally in July 2014 and, all opposing them continue to suffer the same fate.
Q: Western military Intervention has led to mixed reactions. Is it the only solution?
It cannot be a solution. Top army generals and commanders have stated unequivocally that continued military assaults cannot guarantee success. And, more recently, Mr Prescott, the former British Deputy PM has accused Mr Blair for the radicalisation of British Muslims by waging what he described as “bloody crusades”. He is not completely wrong as there is so much anger within Europe’s minorities who grow up feeling discriminated and bullied: racism at home needs to be addressed more effectively, more inclusively.
There also exists at another level, a phenomenal mendacity, indeed, irresponsibility: an enduring unwillingness to reflect on the past hundred years of meddling. One such consequence was the destruction of the Ottoman polity- there is a German word, totschweigen, wilful denial, by an ignoring silence. We must resuscitate traditions that remain submerged specific to this region they have symbolic power and emotional appeal whereby diverse communities lived together in relative harmony: no local community exercised sovereignty over any other. Euro-American governments are able to acknowledge why but policies need to be put into place: only then we can defeat these groups be they armies or militias with ease! There needs to be more research on the politics of oil and its impact on developments since the 1920’s, as also translations need of important texts need to be re-evaluated by scholars; begin inter-faith discussions.

Q: Finally, shall we discuss race and racism?
In India there is so much discrimination also and attacks on Africans, white Europeans are not attacked! What can be done?
Racism needs to be acknowledged as a pandemic—these erroneous beliefs which wound the human spirit and humanity. In the Indian Subcontinent, we need to educate people about race. Indeed, even in Africa there is racial discrimination and there appears to be a gauge about various shades of blackness! Indeed, in India there is a very powerful misconception in India about race – indeed, these erroneous theories about Aryan invasion and about south Indians being Dravidians. The term Dravidian was conjured by Henry Caldwell a rather incompetent administrator and crept into official and thenceforth academic discourse—without being questioned! Race and colour theories emerged with European colonisers specifically German Max Mueller and British governance informed by HH Risley. A scale was drawn and anthropometric measurements undertaken to grade populations—those that were lighter skinned were deemed to be of a different race to those darker—Indeed as Frawley has demonstrated, "For example, Arya was a term of respect and not about ethnicity: it was invented as a race. There was no Aryan invasion of India and there is no divide between the north and the south—people interacted, migrations and intermarriages was extensive. We still rely on colonial translations . Translators require not just grammatical understandings but deep knowledge of the culture and metaphors- so much of colonial and post colonial published texts fall short of these requirements. Whether they are inadequate translations of Sanskrit, Arabic or indeed, Persian texts, they remain suspect. Fresh scholarship is required to reclaim history and current comprehensions re-examined.

Unconsciously people at large remain deeply ignorant and are informed by colonial ways of thinking; they measure themselves and others that way-- it is deep rooted ignorance and only education from the earliest levels can eliminate such prejudices fostered by racial profiling. The rather revolting advertisements on TV must end and actors endorsing such products need to be chastised!
We must reiterate that race constructions or tribe constructions did not originate from the existence of 'races' or tribes. It was created through European colonialism which institutionalised processes of social division into arbitrary categories fixing racial profiles independent of people’s somatic, cultural, religious belief systems. Applying the Stammbäume (charting family trees) model (not as used by Darwin) to grade levels, how superior to inferior races were governed by selection, regardless of historical evidence, reciprocal influences between scientific thought and species discusses how orders and levels came to represent an ascending staircase of social-cultural evolution, all non Europeans natives occupying the lowest rungs graded by skin colour. Certainly this ludicrous evolutionary scheme has been discarded since ---the entire race grading of people is indeed, unscientific and fallacious. We have to reject outright colonial anthropometry ---the cephalic index, the bigonial diameter, the bizygomatic diameter as indeed, all the rest. At any rate, there has always been so much interbreeding between human populations that it would be meaningless to talk of fixed boundaries between races in most parts of the world. Also, the distribution of hereditary physical traits does not follow clear boundaries. In other words, there is often greater variation within a region or groups than there is systematic variation between two geographically apart regions. Institutionalising such thinking has led to the hardening of inward-looking attitudes which formed the basis of classifications leading to continuous wrangling, and prejudice.
Whatever our colour, religion, language, status, indeed gender, the Indian Constitution states we are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. Indeed, we know these rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. And, in India given the ancient wisdom which fostered our diversity—we have eight hundred and sixty or so languages (including dialects), accompanied by different cuisines and attire, it should be possible to correct colonial ways of thinking. Indeed there is no such thing as race just to celebrate the human race by being humanitarian in our actions.
Thank you very much Dr Gopal.
Above interview of Dr. Kusum Gopal by Philip Probity, Raima Khan & Babaji Halilu.
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Uchendu Precious Onuoha, Masterweb Special Correspondent reports ] - The story of Helen Mukoro, the Nigerian born Spanish lawyer, politician and writer fits in as the stone the master builders rejected which became the chief corner stone of the building. The same place she was rejected and thrown out due to the color of her skin has equally turned out to be a place she has gained acceptance and is in the path of making history to become the first Afro-Spanish mayor in the kingdom of Spain. And the first Afro-Spanish to form and float an approved and registered political party, Union De Todos, in Spain. A country where Africans don’t have a voice.
But for Helen Mukoro, she has chosen to tread a path where even the Angels are afraid to walk. According to Shakespeare; “The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars. But in ourselves, that we are underlings”. Helen Mukoro has caught the fire of the wheel set in motion by Obama for other Africans who aspire to follow in his footsteps to stay the course, light a star, and change the world wherever you are. She is daring, learned, intelligent, dynamic, versatile full of gait and energy, and has a sharp grasp of issues. Helen is on news in the Spanish media, and the Spanish press is going after her to have a clue of the black woman who has become the rave of the moment in Spain. Below is an interview she granted to our foreign correspondent in Spain.
Could You Please Tell Us About Yourself?
Helen Mukoro is my name. A Spanish Legal Consultant, Writer, Forensic Expert and Politician. I was born in Delta state, Nigeria to Mr. Anthony Mukoro (the late Director General of the Defunct Bendel state Government Treasury’s Cash Office, and Mrs. Mary Mukoro and Apkomudjere (a retired Civil Servant Governor’s Office, Delta State, Nigeria). A niece to Dr. A.G Onokhoraye (ex -Vice Chancellor of University of Benin. A step daughter to Hon. Justice Emmanuel Akpomudjere (the late Chief Judge of Delta State, Nigeria). I attended College of Agriculture, Anwai, Delta State, Nigeria, where I obtained a Diploma Certificate in Agriculture. And Left the shores of Nigeria to Spain in 1992.
Studied Law at the Spanish National University Alicante, and holds a Master degree in Criminology. Masters degree in Social Education, a Post Graduate Certificate in Tax and Labor Management, a Post Graduate Certificate in Forensic Psychology, and a Post Graduate Certificate in Immigration and Domestic Violence. Worked as a legal Consultant (immigration department) at the Red Cross Society, Spain. Owner of a legal firm. President at the African Europe Chamber of Commerce. And founder of the party, Union De Todos, Spain.
Why Did You Decide To Go Into Politics?
I went into politics because; we have to become more involved in decisions that affect us as citizens. And we have an obligation to ensure the legacy we leave to future generations: Politicians, we all are. I saw the need to go into politics as a means to making our own explanation of political leadership that suits the interest of the people and is ready to listen and care for the needs of its constituents.
You Are The Founder And Leader Of The Party, UNION DE TODOS, When Did This Party Come Into Existence?
Yes, I am the founder and leader of the Party, UNION DE TODOS, which means in English, We All Together, or Together We can. This is a new Political party in Spain that was born in 2014.
As An Afro Spanish, How Were You Able To Gain Acceptance Into The Spanish Society?
When you talk about being accepted, it is said that “when you are in Rome, live like the Romans” Being accepted in Spain is for you to know how to live in Spain. You don’t go and stand on the road naked, and you expect people to accept you, or you go and do drugs, and you want people to accept you. Another factor is Education, 90% of African community in Spain don’t have basic Education. All these have to do with knowing how to live. I know where to go, when to go, and whom to go with and stay out of crime. By that way I was able to integrate and gain acceptance.
You Are Running For The Mayor Of Denia- Alicante, What Motivated You To Go For That?
Denia- Alicante is a very beautiful place with about 45,000 inhabitants. What motivated me to run for the seat of Mayor of Denia is the situation Spain is now. It is even enough to make a dead man to wake up and say, I am back to my feet again. The Politicians that ruled between the past 8-10 years did more harm than good. There was corruption, and a lot of things went wrong. People could not afford to pay for their basic needs, not that the country is poor, but because money is being taken away. Spain is no longer that super country that used to be everybody’s dream. I felt that, Spain has to come back to be what it used to be, Spain has to stand on its feet, Spain is not a lazy country, Spain is not a doomed country.
How Is Your Popularity And Candidacy Among African Immigrants And Spanish People?
I start with the Spanish, because in my city Denia, we have just a few Africans. The Spanish knows about us. The Media has given us a very good coverage. The power of the Media, that’s where the campaign is. Because it’s an advanced country, they like information, they love to buy newspapers before they buy bread because they want to know what is happening. We have been on the news, everywhere I go on the street, I hear Mayor, Mayor, and the tide is high.
What Support And Assistance Do You Need To Actualize Your Dream?
What we need at this moment is that, the Nigeria and African Governments should come forth and support us morally and financially, because if it happens we win, not just me, it’s a victory for Africa. I am the first to found a political party here, and heading for the Mayor of my city, tomorrow it will no longer be news. As the first, let it not be the last, let it be the beginning and not the ending. That is the reason I need to break the ice, and now the ice has been broken, and they need this push. My aim is that, in a few months and years from now, you begin to see a lot of candidates from Nigeria and Africa all over the place. Therefore, I call upon all Africans in Spain to go for the same party and start using the name of the party to aspire for any level wherever they live, if they decide and like what we do. Because the victory will be a history that will never be erased. They can say that Nigeria is the first country to produce a black leader in Spain. That will be a pride to Nigeria and Africa. If we get there, Nigeria and Africans in Spain will begin to be respected in a different dimension.
Nigerians And Africans Don’t Have a Voice In Spain, How Will Your Party Help Africans To Gain Recognition?
I have begin to notice that the group of Africans, and Nigerians coming into Spain lately are different from the first group of people that came to Europe earlier, the Nigerians that migrated first to Italy and Europe spoiled their names everywhere. There is a different group of people coming in now, those that have the value for Education, a lot of them starting churches etc. When the people see these things, gradually, it makes their mentality and concept to change as they begin to see that they are organized towards positive things. If we win, I will convey to the National Government that the Universities here should be bi-lingual, because the language is a barrier that prevents African immigrants to acquire University Education as it is in United States of America and Great Britain. Also, I will ask that Africans should be given bursary and in addition, finance their housing facilities as rents are high and it is difficult for African students to meet up with the high cost of accommodation during the cause of their studies, because I believe that the best way to integrate into a society and gain acceptance is through Education.
You Are Multi-talented, Lawyer, Politician, Writer, And I can Say, You Are, a Child Of The Universe, Please Tell Us About Your Forays Into Writing?
I crawled into writing because of what happened to me, which made me feel, it is good to write to keep records, create awareness, and write for people to know their rights. I have launched into world history with these books: ‘The Case That Bruised My Heart, Eight Thousand Miles, A City Of Two Umbrellas, Another Will Open, Make Wealth Everywhere, The Reward Of A Good Man, What Good Is Happiness, High Level Of Effectiveness, Leadership, A Thorn Rose, and ‘In A Closed Business Growth.
*Photo Caption - Helen Mukoro

[ Masterweb Reports ] - In March 2014, Prophet T.B. Joshua granted a rare interview to Nigeria’s New Telegraph newspaper in which he made several revealing statements concerning the February 2015 elections. With the date of elections steadily drawing closer and tensions arising around the nation, the clerics words appear even more pertinent now than they did nine months ago.
Here is the transcript of the interview:
General Overseer of The Synagogue Church Of All Nations (SCOAN), Prophet T B Joshua, warns politicians not to derail the nation’s democracy. He spoke with TAI ANYANWU.

There are so many troubles in Nigeria today - problems of insecurity, threats to national unity, political manoeuvrings by rival political parties. What are your comments concerning these troubled times in the country?
It is a normal thing for a country that has a bright future, God’s promise. A bright future always attracts persecution, condemnation and enemies who realise that the future is bright - you see a lot of pressure and threats. The country is on the path to greatness; it will compete with any Western nation in the future and the Western nations know that Nigeria is going to be a giant. That is why there support in these trying times is needed. There is no country that has not passed through this.
All the countries that have become great today all passed through turbulence that nearly consumed them. How we manage the situation matters. If we don’t manage it well, we will not witness the greatness. It is not that the greatness would not come but that would not be for our generation. The greatness will still come but for the coming generation.
With the turbulence being experienced in some states of the federation and the election around the corner next year, how do you think this will play out?
Elections will not happen in some states because of the frequent attacks. This could affect between three to four states. The states would be a no-go area due to violence and elections would not take place in those states unless we move closer to God. We must intensify our prayers. This is what God has showed me and you can imagine what would happen if elections don’t hold in those states. It would have a great implication for our democracy.
How should we manage it?
We should not allow the politicians to politicise all the areas of our lives. For example if you want to enjoy anything, you have to be part of their party. For example, unless you are part of their party, you cannot benefit from things that should be available to you as a citizen. Look at electricity, health etc - they have politicised everything. Religion has been politicised. Even Christianity has been politicised. They go to church; the pulpit is where they campaign now.


Now they go to churches and mosques to bomb them. These are people in church who had gone to pray for themselves. Must everybody become a politician? How we handle the situation at hand now matters. If the situation is not well managed, we will find ourselves postponing the great Nigeria. In other words, we would not witness it but it would be witnessed by our children.
Don’t let us politicise every area of our lives. Let us carefully play our politics with keen decency because 2015 matters in the history of Nigeria. It is either we cross the bridge successfully or it collapses. A good Nigerian that wants this greatness should be able to pay whatever proper price that is needed to be paid to make this dream of a great Nigeria possible. If your being in politics will make this greatness come, then join. From now to 2015 is a very important period in the history of Nigeria and if we don’t manage the situation well, our democracy would be rubbished.
What do you mean by 'our democracy would be rubbished'?
A situation where there would be lawlessness in the sense that the law would not be capable of guiding us because of the pros (for) and cons (against) as contained in the law. That would now take so much time which would lead Nigeria to a discussion table. Where would you and I be at that time?
What can you say about APC and PDP?
In body we can call it APC and PDP but in spirit, they are one and the same thing. I am yet to see the difference. I am looking forward to seeing the difference.
With the situation in the country today and the agitation on 2015, what advice do you have for politicians not to create more tension in the polity and what is the way out?
The advice - many of us need to leave politics while many others need to join in order to inject fresh blood. The people that need to leave politics are not the common people. This is in order to avert the disaster that could rubbish our democracy.
*Photo Caption - T. B. Joshua

[ Masterweb Reports: David Onwuchekwa reports ] - In a recent interview, the National Chairman of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA), Chief Vic­tor Umeh allegedly called the former governor of Anambra State, Mr Peter Obi an empty bag. Some journalists tracked down Obi’s aide, Mr Valentine Obieny­em for an
interview with his boss, Obi. Obi­enyem insisted that his boss only responds to issues that would contribute to national development and does not have the time to exchange words with men he described as ‘political irritants’. After much prodding, Obienyem ended up speaking to the press himself, with the warning that the views he expressed are strictly his. Excerpts:

Welcome back to Anambra State.

Thanks. I always visited with my boss, only that it’s been more of sneaking in and out.

Why do you have to sneak in and out?

When I say sneaking in and out, I only mean coming in quietly and leaving quietly.

How has life been outside govern­ment?

Well, I think it has been busier. I was lucky to serve a man who is adjudged to have per­formed excellently as governor of Anambra State. We are all proud of him, because he served so well to the point that institutions that worked with him are all trying to celebrate him. We are now busier, traveling from one part of the state to another and from one part of the world to another.

In the last three months for example, we have been to the USA and the UK three times. We attended the 69th United Nations General Assembly session during which he spoke at one of the side events on the post-MDGs agenda, because he was the best governor on mainstreaming the MDGs in Nigeria. We also attended the World Bank Spring meeting. Obi also spoke in one of the sessions because they recognize his expertise in financial manage­ment. One can go on and on.

Locally, institutions beg him to come and speak to them basically by way of sharing ex­periences on what made him succeed as the governor of Anambra State. What is interest­ing is that most of these institutions offer to pay for his trips, accommodation and hono­rarium. He often agreed that his transporta­tion and accommodation should be taken care of, but not honorarium, on the basis that sharing experiences is a way
of contributing to the progress of the country without de­manding anything in return.

Of course he has other activities that occu­py his time. He often solicits assistance from institutions with which he assists churches to set up faith-based revolving micro credit schemes and for the rehabilitation of schools, especially those in the remote parts of the state.

What can you say about his re­cent defection to the Peoples Dem­ocratic Party(PDP)?

As far as I am concerned, that is a non-issue. When has exercising one’s right to association become a subject of inquisition?

Some think it’s normal, others see it as betrayal. What can you say about this?

We shall soon know who betrayed who. I have watched with amusement the wry hu­mour some people have made out of it. Some are showing videos, others visit Ojukwu’s grave to dance, others speak in tongues and I ask is it because one man decided to ex­ercise his right of association? In fact, I celebrated the reactions, because to me, no defection elicited such reactions in Nigeria perhaps since the evolution of parties with the exception of Dim Chukwuemeka Odumeg­wu-Ojukwu’s membership of NPN. It shows how important Obi is in Nigeria. To have elic­ited such
reactions means that the man is an institution, a colossus.

I sympathize with APGA people for cry­ing and rolling on the ground on the loss of a man regarded as the face of APGA in Ni­geria. The implication is that since this man has left, APGA is as good as dead, but it is not like that. Being his own person, he left alone and that means APGA can still reinvent itself. Moreover, they should understand that he left APGA because he was not wanted, and be­cause the party had
since lost track of its ad­vancement because of the greed of one man.

The chairman of APGA, Sir Victor Umeh was quoted as saying that Obi should not be called the face of APGA, because APGA made him and not the other way round. Do you agree?

If Chief Victor Umeh wants, let him declare that the sun rises from the west and people will merely laugh at him because he cannot change existential truth by mere mortal pronounce­ment. Why worry yourself about what Victor says when the other 99% believes that Obi was the face of APGA in the world?

As for Obi making APGA or APGA mak­ing him, Obi has not thought along that line. It’s Nigerians, based on what Obi did for APGA as a political party that submitted that he made APGA, so Victor’s point is laughable as it is baseless.

Umeh even claims that he also contributed in making Obi. He shares the faults of garru­lous people everywhere. When you encounter people that talk a lot, you will see that they do so without circumspection.

Before Obi went into politics, he was chair­man of many quoted companies, including two banks. Obi succeeded in APGA not be­cause of wolves like Umeh who are perpetu­ally after their selfish gains, but because of his inherent character which his pedigree before he became governor would substantiate. Obi is good, Obi has character , he is humble and trustworthy. He did not learn these virtues , be­cause he was an APGA member and will cer­tainly not depart from them because he
joined the PDP.

Each time Victor talks, his purpose is not to pass information, not to instruct, not to cor­rect inexactitudes, but to diminish Obi. How can he say that APGA made Obi? Between him and Obi, who would we say that APGA made? The other day, I was in London with Obi, and he was trying to pack into one of his buildings in London from another one. He acquired both before he became the gover­nor. As we were going through documents, he showed me one document that contained the amount he used to secure Victor’s first inter­national passport for him, and the one cover­ing
his first overseas trip. I know that his first car, a Mercedes Benz V-boot, was bought for him by Obi’s younger brother. I knew the two-room apartment where he lived before he built mansions all over the place and now living like a king. Gentlemen, you can judge who benefited from who.

He said it himself that without Obi’s faith­fulness, APGA could not have reached where it is now. I remember the day he presented the Most Trustworthy Party Man Award to Obi, and said if not for his consistency in going to court and fighting his impeachment, APGA could not have succeeded. Juxtapose it with what he says today and your only conclusion will be that the man is only guided by the dic­tates of the time and not by truth.

In his last interview, I even read where he chronicled what he did for Obi to return to power after his impeachment. I was at the centre of it all and, I can tell you that the only man that believed in Obi was Dim Chukwue­meka Odumegwu-Ojukwu. If not because of Obi’s tenacity or if he depended on people like Umeh, he would not have come back. I re­member during his impeachment, some peo­ple went to meet Umeh and he told them that their brother was gone for good. It was when the first judgment restoring him was delivered that Umeh started to lean towards him again.
I remember the day the Court of Appeal deliv­ered judgment, I came back from Singapore that morning with Obi and had to board a 7 am Sosoliso flight from Lagos to Enugu to be in court. The moment the judgment was de­livered, Umeh asked us to wait at Enugu that he would come there with Dim Ojukwu who was paying a condolence visit to the Akpamg­bos in Enugu-Ukwu. On a second thought, Obi decided to call Ojukwu himself, who asked to know the wordings of the judgment. Obi told him the judge said he should take over immediately, and Ojukwu said if it was so, he should move to the Government House. That was how he left, contrary to Umeh’s own position, from Enugwu-Ukwu to the Govern­ment House, and that was
how Obi eventually was reinstated. So, in all his travails, the only man that followed him and not motivated by lucre, was Ojukwu. In fact that was why Obi was touched over the lamentations of Ojuk­wu’s wife, Ambassador Bianca and decided to explain to her what happened, and assured her that a change of platform is not change of principles. That is also why Obi said he would not reply to any other person on his
reasons for leaving APGA, because others are not sincere at all.

What would you say is APGA’s problem?

I think APGA’s problem is 90% caused by Chief Victor Umeh. He is not a good par­ty man. APGA started dying the day he was made the chairman. We wished that Chief Chekwas Okorie continued. As Mrs Ojukwu said, the dismissal of Chekwas Okorie and the appointment of Umeh is like chasing away a cat to bring in the tiger. Dim Chukwumemka

Odumegwu Ojukwu saw this coming, because he actually advised against the
empowerment of Umeh and warned that the party should monitor the “little tiger being fed with milk closely to know when it grows teeth.” Look at the party and its history and you will discover that his idea of leadership of a political party is to expel anybody that dared question him in any way. Look at the national chairman of the PDP, he has been able to win those that left the party back and even more people for the party because he understands what party leader­ship is. The man is like a chief priest, appeasing different gods with what they need. On the contrary, Umeh sees himself as a god residing on the Olympian that should be appeased by many chief priests. This is why he always celebrates people leaving APGA.

When Obi was forced to leave the party, what Umeh said was that 7,000 others entered the same day. What is amazing and wicked about Nigerians is that while all attention is directed at Obi, nobody remem­bers those 7,000 that he boasted he received into APGA.

Umeh is the problem of the party because he has not allowed inter­nal democracy to work. He is the chairman, the publicity secretary and everything of APGA. When the party went to the national conference, he was the delegate. As chairman, he is also the senatorial candidate. I mean, how can a party that tolerates such a circuits show survive? I am sure that deep inside him, he does not believe in APGA and whatever it
represents. He is a nihilist who only sees APGA as a means of liveli­hood and amassing wealth.

Since he is not contented, APGA would continue to lay on the ground under him.

Are you aware that the same Victor Umeh aspires to be a senator?

That one is not my business. If the people of Anambra Central, hav­ing known his character, feel that he is fit to represent them, so be it.

Could you comment on your boss’ successor, Chief Willie Obiano?

No word on him. He does not need to be distracted.
*Photo Caption - Chief Vic­tor Umeh

[ Masterweb Reports: Gbenga Akinfenwa Interviews Mr. Theo Nkire ] - The burning need to promote harmony, ensure equity, fairness, and justice are some of the reasons Abia South senatorial zone should produce the next governor of Abia State in 2015. The president of Ukwa-Ngwa Professionals in Abia South, Mr. Theo Nkire stated this in an interview with Gbenga Akinfenwa. Nkire, the first Attorney-General of Abia wants the governor to come from Ukwa-Ngwa community. He says power shift is normal and natural in power sharing politics.
WHY has the Ukwa-Ngwa Professionals been silent on where the next governor of the state should come from?
It is not true.  Ukwa-Ngwa people have remained united and determined in their quest for an Abia governor of Ukwa-Ngwa extraction in 2015.  This is not to say there will not be dissenting voices.  There surely will be.  For example, there may be people to whom Ukwa-Ngwa interest is synonymous with self-interest.  Such people are for Ukwa-Ngwa governor in 2015 provided they are the candidates.  If they are not the candidates, then no Ukwa-Ngwa governor. Such people abound in every community and the Ukwa-Ngwa nation has her fair share of them.  Luckily for us they constitute a very negligible minority; but even as we speak, we are still wooing them to our side. We have no reason to antagonise them.  After all, this is a democracy and they are entitled to their opinion. 
We at Ukwa-Ngwa Professionals are at the forefront of the movement for the actualisation of the dream.  We lead the way even though a large majority of our members are from Abia Central.  They agree that what is fair is fair.  They understand it and they agree that power should shift to Abia South. Such is the nature of our struggle. 
Why are so many Ngwa people opposed to the governorship being zoned to Abia South Senatorial District?
So many?  It is not true.  They are not many.  They are very few; a negligible few.  To be fair to them, quite a good number of those who at first were fizzled by the announcement are now back in our fold.  They now understand that it is only fair for power to shift to Abia South.  Do not forget that these are very intelligent people.  As the days go by, we shall continue to plead with them and I am confident that before the party primaries, we shall all be singing with one voice again.  Such is the beauty of democracy; you must respect those who disagree with you today for they may be your greatest supporters and allies tomorrow.  All our people are coming together.  We are not sleeping.  We are working very hard to bring all dissenting voices back.  
Some have argued that the division among Ngwa people on zoning could cost Ukwa-Ngwa the governorship.
No, it cannot.  Ngwa people have never been as united as they are on the issue.
Why then is there confusion among Ngwa people about the zoning?
There is no confusion.  It is not easy to build a consensus.
How could the Abia Charter of Equity which pre-dated the creation of the state ,still be relevant to 2015? 
The beauty of the Charter is that it is eternal; it is forever.  It is founded on equity, justice and fairness. So it can never grow old. This is because a cardinal principle of justice is fairness and as you know, equity follows the law. It is and so shall it remain for generations to generations.  Fairness and justice are the guiding principles of all relationships; whether it is between spouses or friends, communities or nations what is fair is fair.
Those opposed to zoning say it is unconstitutional, undemocratic. Is zoning of political offices peculiar to Abia State?
Zoning is not peculiar to Abia.  The governorship position in 2015 has been zoned in Cross River, Akwa Ibom, Enugu, and Ebonyi, indeed, in almost all the states of the federation. More recently, at a meeting with the President Goodluck Jonathan in Abuja, Adamawa PDP leaders reached an agreement and zoned the governor in 2015 to Adamawa Central. 
Why is zoning important for the 2015 governorship race in Abia State?
Zoning is important because zoning is fair; zoning is just and zoning is equity.  Zoning will reassure the people of Abia South that they truly belong; that they are not second class citizens.  Abia North has been governor.  Abia Central has been governor. Why not Abia South.  Equality is equity!
Zoning will bring harmony. Zoning will bring more understanding. Zoning will bring peace to Abia people.
Fears abound that zoning could deny the race of quality candidates.
What a shame! Those who say so do not know the stuff of which Ukwa-Ngwa people are made.  Here is a short list of what we offer Abia people and indeed, the Nigerian people:
Does Governor T. A. Orji still support the ambition of Abia South producing the next governor?
Governor Oji is a gentleman.  He is solid in his resolve to support Abia South. There are no doubts about his determination to ensure equity, fairness and justice in this matter. Those who doubt his resolve are unfair to him. As recently as August 27, during the Abia Day celebration, he repeated his support for Abia South to produce the governor in 2015 in line with equity, fairness and justice. We salute his steadfastness.
How is Abia South generating support for its cause in 2015?
We cannot reveal our strategy on the pages of newspapers. Be sure that we are winning more support as Abia people understand the principles of equity, fairness and justice.
*Photo Caption - Mr. Theo Nkire 

[ Masterweb Reports ] - I met him in Nigeria. And it was through a friend of mine that worked together with me in my place of work and later went back to Nigeria. It happened that he was living in the same house where Kingsley lived, and he helped her. It was in that process that my friend informed me that there is a young man who saw your pictures and said he would like to talk to you. She connected us and from there we started interacting on phone until 2008 we met and got........ Read More.
*Photo Caption - Mabel Mark After Acid Attack by Husband

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Call her Misses glamour, charming, she will fit in; the presence of this bursting lady arrests the attention of her environment. She is the first Nigerian lady that gives laser treatment under beauty care in the kingdom of Spain as a professional aesthetician, cosmetologist and skin consultant. She is a role model, women leader for Nigeria and Igbo women in Spain where she resides. Recently our foreign correspondent in Spain was opportune to have an interview with her in Madrid Spain in an occasion where she provided answers with ease to questions posed to her.

Madam, could you please introduce yourself?

My name is Mrs. Jennifer Alawari Okechi Diorgu, the daughter of late chief A.W. Diorgu, held from Akwete Ukwa L. G. A. Abia state. Akwete villa is well known in the history of Nigeria for their clothes weaving being used all over the world for rich traditional weddings.

I am married to Hon. Charles Okechi from Udi L. G. A. Enugu State with four children and have produced two graduates in this kingdom of Spain. I came with my husband after my career in Nigeria and my stay in London. We are among the first Nigeria immigrants to Spain.

Please tell us about your profession?

I could say I have finally acquired what I have passion for, which are Aesthetician, Cosmetologist and skin consultant.

What are these about and how did you obtain the training and education?

These are the millennium trend that gives exit to job creations anywhere in the world. I started my first year role in cosmetics and aesthetic in 1991 at Desiree Professional Academy in Valencia Spain, where I obtained my professional national degree Diploma. I went for one year practicals and later continued intensive studies with another professional academy. Really these are off and on studies because of new research for our own good health and a healthy skin. Aestheticians must have a complete training program that is accredited by the state board of cosmetology.

Is there many aestheticians job opening available?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics ( BLS ) there are about 47,000 aestheticians and medical aestheticians employed in the United States. The BLS projects more than 11,000 new jobs to be added, which is a strong 25 percent growth rate in their country as well as here in Spain too.

What are the duties of Aestheticians?

Depending on experience and training, aestheticians provide a wide variety of services and procedures. They will meet with clients or patients by appointment, and consult on skin care needs and will examine the patient’s skin and recommend a skin care regimen and products.

Provide pre and post-operative skin care and help manage effect of diseases or skin condition such as rashes and other out breaks.

Help patients to minimize the appearance of various skin imperfections such as acne, also reduce the effect of aging on the skin.

On treatment like peelings, facial scrubs, laser treatment, Botox injections, cosmetic filler to reduce lines and wrinkles. Katie Patton, a licensed medical aesthetician says, “Be Tenacious, Believe in what you are doing”. Aesthetician career is quiet interesting but have long process. I love it with passion.

As a role model, how have you coordinated women in Spain?

Well there is a saying that where you live is where you thrive. I am proud to be an Igbo lady and a Nigerian woman, and to be precise I have contributed in my own small world. I started the meeting issue through my husband, when he was the vice president of Nigeria association and later became the president of Igbo improvement union Valencia.

So when I went to meeting, I saw a lot of women, they were like the sheep without a shepherd and I saw how uncomfortable they were in the mixt of men. The ladies saw how vibrant I am and made a clarion call to have me as their women leader and I accepted and became the pioneer president of women wing under Igbo Improvement Union Valencia. And later I was appointed as National president of Igbo General Assembly (IGA) Spain women wing. As ex-president, I still remain a board member. Then presently still the chairlady of Enugu State Association women wing Valencia.

How many dignitaries have visited during the conferences that took place in Spain?

In one of the conference hosted by my husband as the president then, I invited the former third citizen of Nigeria, Hon. Chief Adolfus Wabara and the beautiful wife. And he honored the invitation and came to Spain with the wife and the occasion was groovy. My greetings go to him and the wife for making me proud and Ndigbo as well.

Another dignitary came through Charles Oguchi. He brought Hon. Oke Nze Odu Obi and his beautiful Lolo with Hon. Shegun, all based in London. Hon Nze Odu Obi is the first Nigerian dentist, hails from Owerri. He is like a father to Ndigbo in diaspora. May God bless him and family. This occasion was first of its kind and we really felt at home and after the whole event, I was satisfied that they had lunch in my house. My thanks to all of them.

You were National Coordinator of Good luck Jonathan campaign in the last election?

That was in 2011 when I visited home, Nigeria I came back with certificate of National coordinator of Good Luck  Jonathan election campaign through Hon Alabo Graham Douglas the ex-four times minister. May God bless you sir, first time to meet a down to earth man as a Nigerian man who has tasted power and still remain humble. I will explain, when a Nigeria man test corridor of power or affluence, he or she looks down on everyone, but in the case of Douglas, he is a friend of children, youths, old and young and always give you answers to your questions when needed and at any given time.

Please our Nigerian men and women learn this good behavior and stop asking who your god father is. The god father of everyone is our Lord Jesus Christ, thank you.
You have been outside Nigeria for long and may have seen a lot of the outside world?

Yes, sometimes is good for us to travel out as to have more experiences and courtesy. In my own case, I have lived outside for about 26 years and have lived and visited about 8 countries, London, Italy, Swiss, Portugal, Holland, Paris and New York, “I am done”

Are you doing any charity job?

Yes of course, life is give and take, as the Spanish people has impacted knowledge of  language on me, so I ‘m giving back English class to the low (I.Q) children of age 14 to 20 years under protection of European union services. And I am happy with what I am doing, thanks.

What is your dream and future plans with all these experiences you have acquired and as a cosmetologist?

Well to accomplish my dream, I will like to have a cream and cosmetic sets in International market on my name. Also I am waiting to impact my experiences to others, when we start having steady light supply in our country Nigeria.

*Photo Caption - Mrs. Jennifer Alawari Okechi Diorgu

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr Okonjo-Iweala Interviewed by Katie Couric of Yahoo News ] – Katie Couric: Dr. Ngozi Okonjo Iweala is Nigeria’s Finance Minister named recently as one of Time’s most influential people. I know that Abuja as we are talking is hosting the World Economic Forum on Africa right now, are you concerned about how the image of Nigeria is being projected all around the world at a time when you are trying to encourage Western investors?
The WEFA has just ended and it has been a success for the girls. Over 1,000 participants were in attendance – world leaders as well as global business leaders as well as African business leaders. And they came to show that they would stand against terror. That they will not accept that people can abduct girls and stop their education.
Specific initiatives also came out of the WEFA. There is a Safe Schools Initiative where Nigerian businesses have come forward in collaboration with Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister of Britain, to set up an initiative supported by business to set up safe schools for the girls and they said if the government matches them they put up 10 million dollars immediately, they will use it to launch this initiative. The president of Nigeria has announced that he will match that immediately.
That is over and above all the efforts of the government so far to try and protect the schools better. So a specific initiative, solidarity of the international community and global business, with the girls and a very large turnout. This is the second largest World Economic Forum turnout outside of Davos, according to WEF itself. So it has been a success for the girls and solidarity for Nigeria.
Katie Couric: Let’s talk about the more pressing matter of the nearly three hundred girls who are still missing. There has been a tidal wave of criticism about the Nigerian government’s response to these kidnappings, are you confident that President Jonathan’s administration has done or is doing all it can to rescue these girls?
The President has openly pledged his commitment to do everything to rescue these girls, and what I said before on CNN is accepting that the government did not communicate what it was doing previously, because there was some element of reticence so as not to cause harm to the girls. That should not have been the case, it should have been that there was communication so that the Nigerian public and the parents of these girls know that action is being taken. Since that time the government has stepped up action, has appealed to the international community for help and is accepting help from the US, France, the UK, China and they are all coming in. The government has stepped up the number of troops that are working there and is working with countries that have satellite imagery to do more.
Katie Couric: Are you confident that the girls will be found, where are they, because it’s been rumoured that many of them have been taken across the border to Chad?
Katie, no one can answer that question. There is no one who can tell you with confidence. What we can tell you is that every single possible resource will be used to track these girls. You are dealing with people who are irrational. It is unacceptable that girls should be taken anywhere in the world, and they do not represent any religion, as you have heard many muslims have rejected what they have done. You have heard Prime Minister Cameron said this is not a Nigerian problem, it is a global problem. You have heard President Obama said we should stand against these terrorists. This is a global problem, we need to come together and fight against it and Nigeria is accepting any help it can do with.
Katie Couric: How trustworthy is President Goodluck Jonathan? Why do the families seem to know where the girls are but the government does not?(Question from tweets)
I’m not sure that characterization is correct, I think we should view this in a much more complex manner. The President said they searched in the Sambisa forest, they were not using aerial surveillance, they were not able to find the girls. This is a large area and it is not clear whether they are still together in a group or whether they have been split up, and the whole idea is that nothing should be done to harm the girls. In the past, the country has used some aerial surveillance but you can’t do that because you don’t want to end up harming the girls.
So the characterization that the parents know more than the government, I don’t want to enter into that because I have to tell you I’m not a security expert. But I can only tell you that much that I know and that is to share with you the commitment of the government and the country and the solidarity of the people coming together on this issue of bringing back the girls.
Katie Couric: Dr. Ngozi Okonjo Iweala do you have daughters?
I have a daughter, I have four children. That is why I came out to say it is unacceptable, it is unimaginable that anyone would take these children. Anyone who has children, sons or daughters, one of the most unbelievable thing is the agony of not knowing where your loved one is. My mother was kidnapped in mid December 2012, and for five agonizing days we did not know where she was. I have actually experienced it; this is not from theory, it is one of the most terrible nightmares you could dream about. So, for me, it is deep pain and depression to know that for their mothers who are waiting, these are our daughters and we have to get them back.
Katie Couric: As Finance Minister I know that this week your ambition is to promote vast growth and current economic opportunity that exists in Nigeria, in fact the nation now leads the entire African continent in terms of GDP, but an estimated 62% of the population live in extreme poverty, do you believe this income inequality and lack of resources particularly in the North is contributing to the rise and recruitment power of Boko Haram?
First of all the problem of inequality is something that the entire world is struggling with. There is this new book by Thomas Piketty Capitalism in the 21st Century. That is the whole thesis, that there is the problem of inequality all over the world. 95% of the recent growth of the US was captured by 1% of the people. So this is again a global problem that we all need to learn from each other. Inequality is a major challenge in the growth story of the whole of Africa and Nigeria. And that is what we are working at, we do not want to grow with leaving more people behind, we want to change the quality of that growth. And I think the crux of that matter is creating jobs, people here do not want handouts, they want us to create decent jobs. The government is really working hard at improving agriculture, studies have shown that if you improve agriculture you are able to tackle poverty three times better and faster.
We are working on that; we are turning around agriculture and we are launching the housing sector to create jobs. We need 1.8 milllion jobs in the country, we are still creating 1.6 million; we are still falling short plus we have the pool of the unemployed. The biggest focus in alleviating poverty in Nigeria is creating jobs. The second is improving human development indicators which are not very good. Maternal mortality, infant mortality rate, children out of school these are things we are focusing on to get our resources to the level where we use them effectively to deal with these problems.
Katie Couric: I know you also deeply believe in the importance of girls’ education. Just last year the World Bank released a study on the importance of women to the growth and vitality of the African continent in general. Though the majority is small farmers, trade merchants, healthcare workers, educators. So how are you going to stop these extremists who want women to stop going to school and getting jobs?
Katie we are going to stop the extremists with a multi-prong approach. It is not a simple thing; there is the military angle, the insurgency angle, the political angle that has to be pursued and also there is the development angle where we have to give our young people hope and make sure that their school is not interfered with, that they feel more secure. All these things have to be done. But it is not easy fighting these acts of terrorism, if it was easy you will not find them cropping up all over the world. You will not see Afghanistan, or Pakistan or even the recent bombing in the US, the Boston Marathon. You will not see two or three decades of the Irish Republican army fighting in the UK; they were not able to defeat them despite the sophistication of the UK at the time. And it took a long time and political negotiation for it to end.
This kind of warfare is not standard, it’s not the kind you move soldiers and then go and face the people face to face. It is a war of attrition and opportunity, it can crop up in any place in the world, and that is why President Obama and Prime Minister Cameron have well articulated it by saying this is a war for all of us. So we have to join hands and join resources. I think we need the help of modern technology, human insurgency and intelligence experts to also help us. This is not going to be won by conventional means.
Katie Couric: Finally, before we go, on the streets of Nigeria as you well know and all around the world, people are posting #BringBackOurGirls. As a representative of the Nigerian government and a female global leader what would you say to the millions of people who are so frustrated and upset by the situation in your country?
I would say we in Nigeria are also frustrated and upset. A friend of mine tweeted me holding #BringBackOurGirls. We need to move beyond that into more action, that is what the world is asking for.
I think we should focus on what Nigerians are asking for. We are deeply frustrated, all of us are. We have to move beyond that to not let the work of the terrorists paralyse us. What I want to say to the world is don’t let the work of the terrorists create division. Criticize, but do not let it create division.
This is a time that we need to come together as a world community to stand with Nigerians and Nigerians to stand together not apart in order to fight. This is what the terrorists want, they want criticism, they want names to be called, they want frustration, they want people to be divided and then they will win. If we stand together as a world community and focus on the girls and bringing them back and we show the terrorists that terror will not win and then they will fail.
*Photo Caption -  Nigeria Finance Minister Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala