Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    
 

 -Masterweb Reports
(Submission By Esin Suji)
 
Some six years ago, in May 2006, an apparently unknown political neophyte, named Peter Obi, upset the Apple Cart when he was finally declared the REAL Winner of the 2003 Governorship elections in Anambra State – after about 30 months of unrelenting legal battles.

 
The routine challenges of delivering good governance to a long-neglected populace are onerous, and coupled with predatory designs on public assets the burdens of steering the ship of Anambra State begin to come into marked focus. But as the Igbos would say” A naghi aso ngide eje ogu” [One does not shy away from battle on the scare of being captured].
 
At bottom were the challenges of a State made prostrate by a cohort of self-seeking and venal politicians, private individuals and their bogus outfits. In response to Peter Obi’s refusal to key into their modus operandi, they adopted all kinds of fiendish and physical means to render the State ungovernable. They sponsored thugs, arsonists, murderers, armed robbers, cultists and political jobbers to unleash terror on the administration and hapless citizenry alike.
 
Over time, the Good Lord granted the administration victory and the erstwhile ‘enemies’ are increasingly toeing the line of peace. Peter Obi’s message was unambiguous a situation where a minority would hold the rest of citizenry hostage was unacceptable. Of course, it is only a committed leadership that can successfully checkmate this unwholesome phenomenon.
 
Institutional structures were hardly enabled and public service morale was at an all-time low. It was indeed appalling and sobering to discover that – some 15 years into the creation of the State -- Judges had no official quarters, Permanent Secretaries without official vehicles, salaries/emoluments and pensions in arrears, offices in rented buildings, internally-generated revenues controlled by the predators and so on. Tackled with dogged determination, the Obi administration has changed the situation extensively for the better. Conditions of services have improved, majority of the Judges now have official quarters, Permanent Secretaries have official cars and drivers, new State Secretariat complexes have been constructed and now effectively occupied, salaries are paid as at when due, promotion is based on merit, pensioners get their gratuity within 3 months of their formal disengagement from service and the public sector is re-established as the main engine of development.
 
The Obi administration was also confronted with the heavy burden of local and external debts running into billions of Naira; much of which had no relevance to the development of the State, but to which the State had been committed. As at end-2011, the incumbent Anambra State Government had cleared all pension arrears to the tune of about N7 billion as well as other indebtedness it inherited. It is on record that the administration has not borrowed money from any person, organisation or Government within and outside the State. In spite of his background in finance and management, Peter Obi has stoutly resisted the attractive temptation to issue Bonds, which has become the bane of most other State Economies. He is not one to mortgage the future of the people.
 
The peace and security challenge conveyed the image of a State at war with itself. The predators that held the State hostage had unfettered access to public sector apparatuses through their influence in many corridors of power. With massive investments in community policing – involving regular agencies and screened vigilance groups – the Government has now successfully promoted collective responsibility in the maintenance of peace and security in the 177 major communities of the State, particularly against various manifestations of violent crimes.
 
All told, the Obi programme of action -- the multi-focused Anambra Integrated Development Strategy [ANIDS] -- clearly demonstrates the enormity of the challenges on ground. Evidently to date, there have been tremendous achievements in all sectors and sub-sectors of the economy, polity and society at large. Included here are significant boosts to transparency in the conduct of public affairs, education, ICT competences, healthcare delivery, agriculture and agri-business, water supply, social and economic infrastructure, youth & women empowerment and entrepreneurship, security, human capacity development, among several others. The impressive list is really a thing to tell: return of erstwhile mission/voluntary organization schools to their original proprietors, resuscitation of education and health services, ICT-Microsoft Academies in the Local Government Areas, the youth empowerment initiative better known as ANSYREP-Anambra Re-Birth, collective responsibility in security, expanded rural & urban road network of over 500 kilometres, community participation in development, ana enabling environment for business and deepening sense of self-worth among the people.
 
Governor Peter Obi is one of the three State CEOs invited into the select Nigeria Economic Management Team and an Honorary Presidential Adviser on Finance. Beyond this commendable and earned recognition, these twin roles impose great burdens on him to make impact in the fulfilment of the national transformation agenda.
 
A few years back, Peter Obi’s colleagues on the South-East Governors’ Forum unanimously decided that he should be their permanent Chairman thence, rather than the rotational 6-month tenure per Governor. Also, though the [then] sole APGA Governor, his counterparts in the Southern Nigeria Governors’ Forum and in the larger Nigeria Governors’ Forum also made him their Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively. As he bears the weight of imprinting his acclaimed integrity, transparency and accountability in the conduct of public affairs, he should become one of the rallying points to help galvanize these fora into greater relevance on issues of regional, national and international interests. There are critical issues of restoring unity of purpose and dignity among the people and Governments of the south-east; peaceful co-existence, co-operation and harmony among the ethnic nationalities of southern Nigeria; and mutual understanding and concord within the Nigerian geo-polity and economy.
 
As is well-known, the reign of terror in the pre-Obi administration era practically tagged Anambra State a pariah State. Investing his tremendous personal and corporate goodwill as well as governance credentials, Peter Obi has restored the confidence of the international community in the State. Across the State, quite a number of organizations within the United Nations system, the European Union, bi-lateral, voluntary, other donor agencies and Development Partners are actively involved in various value-added programmes and projects in Anambra State. These are verifiable.  
 
A man of vision and mission and a positive Change Agent, Peter (the rock) Obi represents a new genre of leadership that well-meaning Nigerians and Friends of Nigeria have prayed and hoped for over the years. In the Nigerian experience, there is a thin line between loyalty to the State, admiration, support and sycophancy for Oga. But, Peter Obi has avoided the creation of a leadership cult around his person. Rather, he has been focused on the daunting task of strengthening institutional structures that would render abuses of public trust unattractive.
 
The trip-wires are still being laid on his path and the pressure has been mounting, but he is unwavering in his commitment to meaningful societal development. His attainments and determined focus in the service of his State and country at large speak volumes of Divine intervention in his mission. So help him and the rest of well-meaning Nigerians, God.
 
Esin Suji writes from Owerri

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By: Ikechukwu Enyiagu)
 
As a result of my commitment to ensure that the Antichrist remains as defeated in the lives of those who look up to God in Nigeria (those called and chosen for victory and freedom) as he eternally is before our God, I have written several messages, directed to all areas of the Nigerian society, on what has befallen the society, what to do about it, and on what to expect when heeded or ignored. Since then, I have been getting loads of emails from supporters and critics alike. But today, Saturday, the 17th day of December, 2011, and at 9:56 PM, I received a touching email from a Nigerian of Yoruba tribe who truly knows that the story of Nigeria is as unusual as the leaders who have led the country these decades and have tried everything to cover sin with sin. His letter was touching because, when genuine prayer comes with true repentance, there is always an answer. He was particularly worried as a result of the truths in the message I wrote on the similitude of Nigeria as a country and the Tower of Babel:
http://nigeriamasterweb.com/blog/index.php/2011/12/14/like-the-old-tower-of-babel-nigeria-is-falling
In his sincerity and determination to know, and because his soul has utterly rejected the status quo, he asked me in his mail:

 
“I read your articles. They are very interesting and educative; but let me ask you the following questions:
 
1. Where are we in the aviation industry?
2. Why do our Airports look like village squares?
3. Why do the roads and motor parks look bad always?
4. Why is it that our refineries are not working?
5. Why did Ajaokuta steel stop?
6. Why is our railway functioning like an epileptic patient?
7. Who killed Nigerian Airways, Nigerian National Shipping Lines, NITEL?
8. Why are we struggling to get 10,000 Megawatts for over 50 years?
9. Why creating, removing and recreating ministries from every regime?
10. Why are we still using ancient method of teaching in all our educational system?
11. Why do all police colleges, barracks and police stations lack adequate equipment and modern edifice?
12. Why must Universities and Banks collect almost N5, 000 as post UME?
13. Why must NDLEA ask poor unemployment youths to buy N1, 500 cards each to apply for jobs, and who accounts for all the money?
14. Where are the proceeds from oil since the tenure of Gowon till date?
15. What happens to those who stole billions from the nation's treasury?
16. Why is it that National Hospital in Abuja and every teaching hospital will be referring patients to Eye Foundation in Ikeja for treatment?
17. Why is it that Nigeria cannot boast of 21st century health care system, technological-driven higher institutions of learning, modern airports and state of the art agricultural system having been independent for over 50 years?
18. Why is it that our country cannot witness a substantial development despite the fact that every street in Lagos and it environs can boast of three or more churches/mosques?
19. Finally, why must Nigeria fall "Like The Old Tower Of Babel" when we have spent hours in churches and mosques with 500 terabytes (sic) of prayers request in Almighty God's server?”
 

Well, to some, these questions may sound redundant, and even funny; while to others, these get them on the defensive, and then, on the offensive. Yet, to millions like this honest enquirer, and to all who love the light and the truth and have come to abhor the shadow of hell which has gradually gained reasonable ground in what is called Nigeria and among Nigerians, these questions call for a rethink, and a vehement stand. Whether you are of the opinion that the person who asked these questions is not serious, or you are among the pillars of this decay, or even among those who are genuinely worried about these questions, one thing remains sure: Something is terribly wrong about Nigeria. And no matter whom you are or how high you have elevated your graces or vices, you can’t possibly deny that Nigeria is seated on the hill of a curse. A country where Pharisees and Sadducees represent God before the people will surely mock that man of the cross. It’s not about having churches/mosques at every corner, only the truth can truly set free. Included here are some of my answers to him:
 
1. I want to start from the second to his last question because therein lies the foundation and the curse; other events fueled it to the point of no return. Jesus, in replying to the Pharisees (those who claim to know the secrets of God), said: “Every plant not planted by my heavenly Father will be uprooted.” How does that relate to Nigeria’s situation? The answer is right there from its root. History has taught us that the British blocked the early Christian missionaries from taking the gospel into the North of Nigeria when they did all over the South. The reason behind this was because the North already had a faith which was vehemently thrust upon them (by Usman Dan Fodio and his gang of raiders), which faith they have vehemently upheld- even to date. It was also this very reason western education was more pronounced in the Southern part of Nigeria than in the North in the early days of this very false amalgamation. The Northern part of Nigeria rejected Christ, and in falsely handing over the leadership of Nigeria to the North by Her Majesty, Britain also rejected Christ and His place in what they were going to call Nigeria. Then, in agreement with Britain and North’s rejection of Christ, and handing over of power to the North as the main conditions for North’s acceptance of a “One Nigeria,” a country was birthed and given a name by a mistress. Therefore, the foundation of what is today still referred to as Nigeria went out of course into a curse; the building was destroyed from its foundation.
 
 
 

2. Since then, it has been a fight of deities, a war of whose god is the true God. The North took everything and ruled for decades, yet all everyone sees is decay on decay. The gospel was rejected and education was also rejected. Then the mistake called Nigeria became a habit and a conviction…a tradition and then a curse. Schools were wrecked and the worship of God became a display of falsehood- all over the country.
 

3. Then came the invasion of Igboland by this very falsely-founded country, and a genocide sanctioned and carried out by those who claim to know God, yet deny His power. Gowon, and Obasanjo (who allegedly gave his life to Christ inside the prison, but rejected Jesus’ blood being enough for every sacrifice. He believed the blood of the Igbo would ‘complete what Jesus started,’ and then went ahead to kill everything he saw in Igboland- “man, chicken, even things that do not move”), both Christians, gave themselves, for the love of money and man’s reward, to descend heavily on states whose majority are Christians, and then killed all they could- children and mothers together. The spirit of Balaam was released against the Igbo and every other Nigerian shouted: “Downed with the Igbo, down with the inyamiri!? The dead of each Igbo child in his hometown became an added joy to each family of the rest of Nigerians- Muslims and Christians alike. And years after the pogrom and genocide, neither the Christian nor the Muslim bodies have come out to renounce what was done against the Igbo. To every other Nigerian, the Igbo are a mutual enemy which must be defeated and destroyed. The government of Nigeria did not stop at the war crimes, it went further, to, economically set the Igbo nation on the path of (so they thought) inevitable extinction. Still, these religious bodies kept quiet, and instead, went ahead to pronounce blessing upon blessing on those already cursed from above. Then even those sent to declare the truth took the way of Balaam and brought great curse upon themselves. They were left to their folly and their gods- money and belly. These people who claim to represent Christ knowingly and unrepentantly gave the devil the chief seat in the land. They were allowed, just like that man of pride who fell from his lofty height, to operate with the mimshack (anointing for expansion) anointing- theirs having been corrupted together with that man of corruption and sin- until that time of great justice. They build churches at every five poles and host program and seminars in the name of God, but heaven and earth resist them vehemently. They preach peach to other countries and the world, yet they ignore the falsehood, wickedness and bloodshed in their own household and country. They would rather join to insist on the rights of Nigeria for the Genocide against Ndigbo than speak the truth of God which is at the tip of every mouth. They resist God’s truths and, therefore, every creation resists their shepherding. The society is the fruit of their messages and workmanship; their pocket, bellies, mansions and private jets became the souls they win and their results before the one whose love chose and sent them. Who is that blind that the light of truth can’t convict? Look! And you will surely see.
 

4. As a result, every other thing was adequately cursed: The government, leadership, parastatal, infrastructures, schools, economy (too much, yet nothing), the society, citizenship, etc. Nigeria became a load on everyone under that name, a load of sin on the shoulder of the guilty and the ignorant. Today, South Africa (a country we went to defend in the days) is now a member of the body of world economies, Ghana (Ghana must go, remember?) is working on selling electricity to Nigeria while Uganda has just built an electric car. And Malaysia, a small country which Nigeria helped from falling, is now a place where billions on Naira go to annually under student scholarships and amnesty programs. But Nigeria’s government, which cannot protect the public fund, now wants to be the ‘space-giant of Africa;’ it cannot maintain a bicycle but wants to fly an airplane. Nevertheless, for the sake of the very elect of God, Nigeria will break up. 2013 is too far a time, yet God’s word does not tarry, no matter how long it takes in man’s dependence on time. To those under the burden of the chosen Naaman of Assyria, to those in Nigeria whose positions (politicians) force them to bow, because of the king (politics), before the empty god of Assyria called Rimmon, and to those whose emblem of God had been stained with the leprously of serving self, all you have to do is come before the Lord of mercy and love in repentance and truth; release His children which you have bound by your lust for vanity, and restore what you have stolen. He shall then lead you in the right path. The Word says that only true repentance can draw God’s attention, bring forgiveness, healing and restoration.
 

The only way forward for Nigerians is to cry out, with one voice, against "One Nigeria" and demand for immediate breakup. Nothing else will work in Nigeria until and unless Nigeria breaks up. Nigeria stands as the Antichrist, opposing everything from the Word of God in our lives. And God will not have it so. I have always spoken and relayed the messages I have been given; it remains on Nigerians to act on it the way they want. But one thing is sure: Nigeria stands as a curse before my Holy God and her abominations have become unbearable. If Nigerians will not speak up against this Babel of Evil and bring it down safely, God will surely bring it and those who do everything to keep it standing down together. Yet, Nigeria will break because it’s already standing as an abomination before the Almighty, and as chains in the hands and feet of those for whom Christ died. May all men be liars but God alone be true. Amen.

-Masterweb Reports

Below is an apology to Ndigbo from Kunle Adegoke with respect to tribal backlash and threats emanating from forum comment he made in anger in response to what he saw as ethnic attacks on Yorubas by a group of Igbos. He said people have been calling and threatening him mostly from the Diaspora with regards to his forum post. He says the statement was made in anger and from the bottom of his heart, sincerely apologizes to Ndigbo.

BELOW IS ADEGOKE'S EMAIL TO MASTERWEB REPORTS AFTER HIS PHONE CHAT WITH US

_______________________________

Sir,

I am forwarding this to buttress the fact that i do not have anything against an average igbo man or woman. The stand maintained by the man 'Africa Today' as shown below is a testimony to the fact that all he is concerned with is just to cause war by a campaign of ethnic irredentism. I do not think that is what we need.

Kindly help publish as you may consider appropriate.

Merry xmas in advance.

Kunle Adegoke
Solicitor & Advocate of the Supreme Court of Nigeria
+234 8023337003

_______________________________

BELOW IS ADEGOKE'S APOLOGY-POSTING ON NIGERIAN & IGBO FORUMS (FORA)

From: kunle adegoke sultanadegoke@yahoo.co.uk
Sent: Tuesday, 20 December 2011, 20:26
Subject: Re: GENOCIDE PREACHERS - VAL OJO, AFIS, BOLAJI ALUKO AND KUNLE ADEGOKE APOLOGY

*Note: "Africa Today" is an alias or business name used by one of the Igbo forumnites that Adegoke got entangled with that resulted to his anger-post.

Africa Today,

THIS APOLOGY IS SERIOUS AND NOT A FLY BYE.

I WAS THINKING THAT MY OFFENSIVE POSTING WAS ONE OF THOSE ANGRY RIPOSTES THAT HAD DOMINATED DISCUSSIONS ON SEVERAL FORA HERE TO WHICH NO SERIOUS CONSEQUENCES WERE MEANT TO BE ATTACHED.

BUT YOU SEEM TO BE LOOKING FOR SOMEONE TO JUSTIFY YOUR MINDSET THAT YORUBAS HATE IGBO. I KNEW I FELL INTO YOUR TRAP CHEAPLY BUT I DO NOT WANT UNNECESSARY WAR ONLY BORNE OUT OF HATRED NURSED BY A DANGEROUS FEW.

WHILE YOUR IDENTITY IS STILL WRAPPED IN MASKS, I BELIEVE THE NEED FOR UNIVERSAL BROTHERHOOD AND PEACE TRANSCENDS IMMEDIATE ESTABLISHMENT OF IDENTITIES. LET US STOP THIS CALL FOR ETHNIC VIGILANCE AS IGBO'S INVESTMENTS IN LAGOS BENEFIT EVERYONE TO THE EXTENT THAT THE LAGOS CABINET EVEN ACCOMMODATES IGBO REPRESENTATION.

TO ALL, ONCE AGAIN, LET US MOVE FORWARD AND RATHER ADDRESS THE PROBLEMS CONFRONTING US AS A PEOPLE. A POOR MAN IN KANO IS A POOR MAN IN CALABAR, ENUGU, ABUJA AND OSOGBO. LET THE SPIRIT OF YULETUDE MINISTER PEACE UNTO OUR HEARTS AND NOT HATRED. AFRICA TODAY, LET US STOP THE ETHNIC IRREDENTIST CAMPAIGNS AND ADDRESS A COMMON FUTURE.



THANK YOU AND HAPPY XMAS.

Kunle Adegoke
Solicitor & Advocate of the Supreme Court of Nigeria
+234 8023337003

_______________________________

-Masterweb Reports (Submission By: Lateef Lawal)

Labour, the popular saying goes, create wealth. We are all aware of this age old simple but strong statement. However when such wealth is not equitably distributed among the toilers of the wealth, agitations take root. In agitating, a mass movement is formed to correct the in-equality so discovered. Such mass movements have always led to the formation of labour unions for years till the present. Labour unions are known for unearthing corruptions and corrupt tendencies within corporate entities- be it- in government, public or private organisations. However, when unions or association that ought to fight corruption and agents of corruption and injustice descend to infamy and perpetuate the vices of social injustice and immorality, then what hope is left for members of such labour movement and especially the leadership of the union. This, in a nutshell is the story being unfolded at the National Union of Air Transport Employees (NUATE). An abberation has been unfolded at NUATE on how not to fight corruption when the suspects are members of its leadership at national and branch levels.Sometime, early this year, there was an expose on an alleged planned extortion by the Secretary General of the union when he met with an official of one of the companies in concession agreement with the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria(FAAN). The aim of the meeting was to placate the company-MAEVIS- to part with some millions of Naira so as back down on the criticisms of the concession agreement which workers, as represented by the union leadership claimed was not in favour of FAAN.The recorded tape of the conversations were transcribed and published by this medium to expose the level some of the leaders of the workers could go to compromise the workers agitation on the platter of pot of “porridge”.

Also, in similar deft and and corrupt move, the branch chairman of NUATE in FAAN headquarters in Lagos was fingered by his members of alleged extortion and other corrupt acts. Top echelons of the union at the branch level probed the various allegations against their chairman and found him culpable.Consequently, he was suspended. The uproar caused by the stories making the rounds among the workers and the unpopular being created for the union by the corrupt moves of some of their leaders informed the setting up of a fact-finding committee by the president of the union,Comrade Safiyanu.Inaugurating the committee on 14th March 2011, members of the 5-man panel were among others ,charged to:

*Carry out thorough investigation into the root cause of the said allegations

*Establish the veracity or otherwise of the allegations

*Verify the authenticity of the publication,and ascertain the veracity of such allegation and how it impugned on the union. Then suggest how to redeem the image and integrity of the union.

*Meet an verify with all the entities including the publisher mentioned in the publication as to determine the authenticity or otherwise of those issues raised in the publication vis-a-vis their interactions with Comrade Ogbuji.

*The committee to equally investigate the the circumstances surrounding the suspension of Comrade Uka Williams, the chairman of FAAN branch and make appropriate recommendations to the Central Executive Committee(CEC) of NUATE.

The committee started the job given to it by inviting and meeting with especially the official from MAEVIS and the publisher of the story which came out on-line in the NigerianAviationNews. Despite the appearance of the publisher of the said story before the 5-member committee for over an hour and making available to the committee the audio recording of the encounter between the secretary general and the official of MAEVIS, it was shocking that a committee as important as this will finally submit a four-page report without a single line/mention of the appearance and what the publisher said before the committee in it nor the submission of the audio recording mentioned!

Also the meeting between the committee members and that of the offical of MAEVIS and what he told them was never mentioned.What type of report is that? It is as good as being thrown into the dustbin. With this glaring omissions in a supposedly serious investigations,the committee has this to say of Comrade Uka Williams of FAAN branch-"The panel looked at the events before ,during and after the issues surrounding the suspension of Comrade Uka Williams- the branch chairman of NUATE FAAN, identified the role of greed, lies to cover ones tracks and lack of transparency on the path of the chairman as the cause of his problem with his colleagues from the branch."

Inspite of this discovery and that Comrade Williams shot himself in the legs through cover up and lies and lack of transparency, the committee went ahead to recommend his re-instatement to be preceeded with letter of apology from Uka.What sense of justice have members of the committee displayed? As fallout of the committee's recommendation on Uka Williams, there was near fisticuffs at the maintainance yard of FAAN mid-week between members of the FAAN branch and some executive over the recommendation calling for Uka's return to the fold as chairman depite the committee's double speak
On Comrade Ogbuji, the Committee said that the Secretary General failed to appear before it to defend himself based on a letter he wrote through his solicitor initially claiming illness and days later another letter requesting for at least seven days notice before he could appear before the committee.

On resumed hearing, the committee was told that Comrade Ogbuji could not appear because he -Ogbuji has gone to court and so,"...the committee became handicapped on the matter hence, it decided to refer all issues surrounding the case to the CEC in session for the next lines of action". With the above summation on Ogbuji, the committee without hearing from him and weigh his submission with those by the publisher of the on-line medium and the MAEVIS official and audio tape evidence given to it, which speaks volumes, the committee summed up its report in this following warped "jugement"-:
'...on net publication which from all purposes and intents could be regarded as a calculated attempt by the detractors of the union to bring down the reputable name of the union through the purported action of a principal officer of the union.......could not reach any conclusion on the matter.."
If that is the case, then why is the committee saying the expose was an attempt by detractors when the panel could not bring all the facts gathered in the report submitted.On what bases have they written and submitted falsehood! This is a clarion call on the NUATE CEC not to sit on the fence on this matter. There are several issues begging for answers and if NUATE at the highest level could not clear augean stable ,it is as good as recommending the transfer of the matter to the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission(EFCC) risk lossing members in droves to other unions or those that feel betrayed by activities of labour leaders and prefer tostay un-unionised as the current labour law allows for that.

By Uchechukwu Chris Arinze
 
The recently released Mo Ibrahim African Governance Index report for year 2011 which ranked Nigeria at position 41 out of 53 African countries in its governance index report inspired this article when viewed against the backdrop of our socio-economic and political condition. The report in its assessment of Nigeria on four governance indicators Viz: Safety and Rule of Law, Participation and Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development returned a damning verdict on the quality of governance and leadership in the country. Out of 100 marks, Nigeria score 41 for governance quality and scored lower than the regional average for west Africa, which was 51 and lower than the continental average, 50. Its highest rank was in sub-categories of Rights and Education (26th) and lowest in Health (51st). In retrospect, over the past five years, between 2006 and 2010, Nigeria has consistently been found wanting on virtually all key governance indicators. For instance, out of the 48 ranked countries then, Nigeria was the 40th in 2010, 35th in 2009 and 39th in 2008 respectively. Despite the fact that the 2011 report includes new indicators for assessment like Physical and Telecommunications infrastructure, Gender, Health, Welfare Service Provision; and Economic Management. Mauritius, Cape Verde, Seychelles and South Africa, performed creditably well in all the four categories. In terms of Good Governance, Mauritius clinched the first position, while Cape Verde came second. Among the 16 nations in the West Africa sub-region, Ghana was rated first in the sub-region and 7th in Africa, while Nigeria, the giant of Africa, maintained the 13th position in West Africa, while Somalia maintained its usual last position in Africa and Liberia and Sierra Leone recorded the most striking improvement in Governance, two countries that have emerged from protracted civil war. While Liberia improved across all four categories of assessment.
 
From the foregoing, the importance of good governance, exemplary leadership, and efficient management of resources cannot be overemphasized. Good and visionary leadership is necessary in providing a sense of direction towards achieving individual and collective goals, as well as the harnessing and proper management, utilization and allocation of limited resources for the satisfaction of basic needs of the citizenry. At this juncture it is pertinent to define the meaning of the two keywords Values and Leadership in order to avoid ambiguity. The advanced Chambers Dictionary of contemporary English Language usage defines Values as moral principles and standards, while Leadership is the ability to show the way by going first, to direct and to guide. Since there is no consensus as to the acceptable standard definition of leadership which led Warren Bennis et al, an authority in the field of leadership in their book entitled–“Leaders” to posit that “like love, leadership continued to be something everybody knew existed but nobody could define” And they went further to assert that there are more than 350 definitions of leadership”. But they conceded to the fact that one thing which is undisputable and not subject to semantic differences about leadership is that “ it is the pivotal force behind successful organization.” The organization in this case could be the home, government establishment, the places of worship (Churches, Mosques and Synagogues), educational institutions, business organizations (Private and Public) community development associations et cetera. The inference that could be drawn from the above definitions is that a Values-based leadership is a leadership model centered or anchored on moral principles and standards. A leadership that has a sense of right and wrong, and has the moral courage to choose what is right for the benefit of its citizens. A leadership with a sense of compassion and understanding. A leadership based on the core moral principles of interigrity, patriotism, dynamism, pragmatism, vision, courage, social justice, equity, fairness, transparency, accountability, prudent management of scarce, human and material resources, sacrifice, selfless service and above all respect for the value and dignity of the human person.
 
Since the emergence of Nigeria as a sovereign entity from British colonial rule on October 1st 1960, it has been grappling with lots of challenges. But the most pressing of all its challenges is the absence of visionary, transformative and exemplary leadership. A fact corroborated by the Nigerian celebrated literary giant and author of Things Fall Apart, the David and Marianna Fisher Professor of literature and Africana Studies at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S-Chinua Achebe in his book entitled: The Trouble With Nigeria, rightly posited that “…The Nigeria Problem is the unwillingness or inability of it’s leaders to rise to the responsibility and challenges of personal example, which are the hallmarks of true leadership.” With a population in excess of hundred and sixty-seven (167) million people, according to recent data released by the National Population Commission (NPC) and approximate land mass of one million square kilometers, suitable for commercial agriculture and abundant solid minerals, largely untapped, prides itself as the most populous Black Country in the world. Ranked among the top ten crude oil and natural gas exporters in the world by the Vienna, Austria-based organization of petroleum exporting countries, (OPEC), with daily crude oil output of 2.2 million barrels per day (Mbpd), and a total of 32.8 cubit metres of natural gas daily. Nigeria has a gross domestic product of (GDP) of $ 248 billion, while her GDP Per Capita is $1,600, which when adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP), would be about $ 2,400 per annum.
 
Yet, Nigeria with all these potentials and resource endowments ranks as one of the poorest countries in the world. With high unemployment rate at an all-time high of 20.1 per cent, low life expectancy, averaging 45 years for men and women, with over 70 percent of its citizens living below the poverty line, coupled with its worst economic indices of human development not only in sub-Saharan Africa region, but the world at large, scoring an appalling 0.511 points and ranked 158th out of 182 countries in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Index (HDI) report for year 2009, this ranking placed Nigeria at the bottom of human development, only managed to scale above Togo, Malawi and Niger. In terms of perception and image in the international community, the country has not fared better either. The annual corruption perception index (CPI) report for year 2007 of the German-based Transparency International (TI), ranks Nigeria as the 147th most corrupt countries in the world out of 179 countries polled. The CPI is based on the perception of foreign businessmen and fifteen (15) surveys from nine (9) independent institutions respectively. Prof. Achebe in an Op-Ed article in the New York Times of January 15th, 2011 entitled: Nigeria’s Promise, Africa’s Hope, stated that “since independence in 1960, an estimated sum of four hundred Billion Dollars ($400 Billion) has been mismanaged by previous administrations in this country, which is more than the gross domestic products of Norway and Sweden combined.” This fact was recently confirmed by the authoritative International News Magazine-TIME, in its special Timeframes issue of December 6th, 2010 on page 17, which chronicled global events between 2000-2010, the magazine reported that money leaving Africa illegally (Nigeria, Inclusive!), increased from $13.1 billion in 2000 to $77.8 billion in 2010. In a similar vein, Global Financial Integrity estimates that over the past 40 years over 854 billion dollars have been illegally transferred out of African nations with Nigeria’s estimated loss of over 240 billion dollars topping the list. The United States Foreign Policy magazine published a list of failed states index (FSI), which since 2006 put Nigeria in the highest red alert classification, with FSI of 90 or more. That indicates high vulnerability to collapse. A failed state, according to the Crisis States Research Centre of the United States is “a state that can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders, the evidence is all over Nigeria, that the various indicators released by the various competent international organizations were not mere fabrications, but fact of realities on ground.
 
Leadership, according to Jean Jacques Rousseau is a social contract between the leader and the followers. This relationship is bound by the element of trust and needs to be nurtured and sustained by a culture of interigrity and uprightness. With it comes responsibility and exemplary conduct. Such leadership has zero tolerance for mediocrity, inefficiency, double standard, favouritism, nepotism, corruption and pettiness. Former U.S President Dwight Eisenhower once described leadership as the “Art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it”. This demands that a Values-based leadership must command respect from its followers. The apathy, cynicism and pessimism with regard to government policies and pronouncements will give way to fresh air of trust, confidence, optimism and synergy between the leadership and the followers. The impact visionary and transformative leadership has on the Asian Tiger economies led by Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand and Hong Kong, Western countries led by the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, The Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland) as well as the emerging BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) respectively, is a testament of its positive effect on the society and the world at large. Singapores’ Lee Kuan Yew is a good case study, whose master piece-from Third World to First World, is a must read for our contemporary leaders and aspiring ones. It is to his credit that Singapore, once an impoverished country is among the fastest growing advanced economies in the world today.  
 
The leadership crisis in Nigeria is as a result of wrong value system, that places so much premium on material possession (not minding how it was acquired) and status than good name, morals and ideology, greed, crass opportunism, materialism cum primitive acquisition of wealth, inordinate ambition to get rich quick, identity crisis, multiculturalism and diverse ethnic orientation of the country, with over 450 ethnic groupings, that has engendered internal struggle and competition for dominance and resource control at the detriment of other ethnic groups which led to instability in our socio-political system and the inevitable incursion of the military in our body polity with its attendant culture of arbitrariness and impunity, hence our inability to build, nurture and sustain strong social and democratic institutions which will guarantee the emergence of credible, competent, visionary, and exemplary leadership, we all yearn for. Nigeria’s misfortune after the Nigerian-Biafran civil war and the banning from political activities and subsequent death of it’s first generation leaders has seen the emergence of strings of either weak, ineffective, corrupt, demagogic, non-visionary, dictatorial rulers or leaders without much exception. The continuance of all-pervasive, anachronistic and highly damaging feudal system has become a fixed frame of mind for the nation. This is in direct conflict with democracy, progress and freedom, both social, economic and political. Total neglect of education has wide spread socio-economic and cultural implications and clear-cut effects on the society’s moral fibre. This neglect is only the trend of a feudal society like ours, with no any Nigerian University among the Top 200 in the world Universities ranking, after producing Africa’s first Nobel Literature Laureate in the 1980s. Constitutional acrobats of 1956, 1962, 1973 and later undemocratic amendments destroyed the system of government badly and uprooted the structural integrity of our dear country. Weak governments paved the way for abuse of official power, nepotism, tribalism, and favouritism for private gains by government officials, politicians and rulers. The masses were trapped in a vicious triangle of struggling for food, clothing, shelter and survival.
 
In the quest for the enthronement of credible and Values-based leadership in Nigeria, there is need for a paradigm shift in our leadership, at local, state and federal levels and in private and public life. There should be a top-down change in leadership perception, psychology, attitude and mentality of Nigerians, particularly the younger generation, who are the so-called leaders of tomorrow. By making them to embrace leadership from a service-oriented philosophy perspective rather than see the call to lead as an opportunity to satisfy personal aggrandizement, by amassing public wealth for personal gains to the detriment of our collective interest and posterity. Change to a more engaging, compassionate, patriotic, visionary, courageous and exemplary style of leadership and the higher ideals of selfless service, sacrifice and integrity. This will lift the country out of the morass of socio-economic and political retrogression and place it on the path of prosperity and greatness among the comity of nations. This can be achieved through the introduction of leadership and civics education as a course of study in the school curriculum at both primary and secondary school levels respectively, as well as its incorporation in the general studies programme of tertiary institutions of learning so as to expose the younger generation to the basic tenets, principles and fundamentals of leadership as well as the qualities they should imbibe to be able to provide the transformative leadership our country needs. A Values-based leadership, will not only be sympathetic to the plight of ordinary Nigerians, but will also have a sense of mission and empathy, thereby promoting a culture of peace and stability which are sine qua none for socio-economic and political transformation.
 
For the Nigeria project to be sustainable and competitive in the twenty-first century globalised economy, were the wind of globalization accelerated by forces of information and communication technology, trade/commerce, finance, nanotechnology, medicine and nuclear technology have combined to make the world a global village, a visionary, courageous, selfless, patriotic and reformist leadership is imperative. Such a leadership will redirect the social compass of this country to the path of moral rectitude, make our economy vibrant and investor-friendly, so as to attract the much needed foreign direct investments (FDIs) and the realization of Vision 20-2020, combat the hydra-headed monster called corruption, which has eating deep into our social fabric, create jobs for the teeming Nigerian youths, provide basic infrastructure like roads, hospitals, schools, utilities and address the myriad of structural and political problems hindering our development and growth, as a nation.
 
Uchechukwu Chris Arinze, ( arinzeuchechukwu@gmail.com ) is a Computer Scientist/Public Affairs Analyst, wrote in from Lagos,

By Amiru Adamu
Whatever the gay rights campaigners may say, the senate of the federal republic of Nigeria has done a commendable job by passing the bill prohibiting same sex marriage in Nigeria. This law banning marriage and public display of affection between homosexual couples, with a provision of up to fourteen years imprisonment for violators is a historic and brave move that will help save our generation and the upcoming generations from descending into one of the most sinful acts known to humanity, and the total collapse of shame and honor in our country We’ Nigerians are cultured people. We are religious people who follow the teachings of Islam and Christianity. And though Nigeria has a constitution that guarantees’ our rights, we are also bound by our religious commandments that forbids us from engaging in acts that are ungodly, unnatural, unprofitable, un-cultural and unhealthy. Homosexuality and lesbianism have no place in Islam and Christianity as clearly stated in the following quotes from the two holy books; Qur’an and Bible. The holy Qur’an in surat Al-Araf (The heights) (7:80-84) states “We also (sent) Lut: he said to his people: "Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you? "For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds." And his people gave no answer but this: they said, "drive them out of your city: these are indeed men who want to be clean and pure!" But We saved him and his family, except his wife: she was of those who lagged behind. And We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime!
 
The holy Bible in Romans (1:21-27) also states “21 For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles. 24 Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their bodies with one another. 25 They exchanged the truth about God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator—who is forever praised. Amen. 26 Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural sexual relations for unnatural ones. 27 In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error!
 
These verses from the two holy books alone are enough justification for the passage of the bill. Though the bill has a uniform support from majority of Nigerians, the gay right campaigners have refused to see reason. They insist on instigating some foreign countries to descend so low, as to threaten the withdrawal of the assistance given to Nigeria for its fight against HIV/AIDS. They also went further to instigate some youths to storm the national assembly to protest against the bill. The brainwashed youths shamelessly demanded for their right to carryout same sex marriages as is the case in other countries which have legalized Homosexualism and lesbianism. The most amazing part of the debate is the fact that, some of these countries trying to pressure Nigeria on human rights issues are the same countries that banned the use of veil (Hijab) by Muslim women, who chose to cover their faces in accordance with the teachings of their faith. As they argued that veils are alien to their culture, so also is homosexuality and lesbianism to ours. It is my opinion that banning same sex marriage will bring nothing but the much needed good luck to Nigeria. I want to use this medium to call on members of the House of Representatives to hasten the passage of the bill, so it can be signed into law by President Jonathan. Thank you Nigerian Senators for a job well done!
Amiru Adamu is the publisher of Northern Wind Magazine.

By Masterweb News Desk

Chief Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Ikemba (strength of a nation) and General, is an icon that will never be forgotten in the history of Nigeria. Ikemba turns 78 years today and is wished happy birthday and quick recovery. He has weathered through turbulent times that took the lives of revolutionaries. Dim Ojukwu, as he is also popularly referred to, lived over forty years before his time. What he saw in the 60s, spoke against and fought against, has taken most Nigerians over forty years to see. The center cannot hold in Nigeria, unless most elements of the Aburi Peace Accord are implemented. That was how Ikemba and others saw it as a way out of the Nigerian impasse after the second military coup.

Ojukwu came back to the East and rallied support for the peace accord, but as easterners clamoured "On Aburi We Stand", the federal government remained silent. Some western imperialists worked against the implementation of the Aburi Peace Accord for their own selfish interest in Nigeria. The interest of the peoples of Nigeria was not regarded. Gowon declared a state of emergency in the East and announced the creation of 12 states on May 26, 1967. On May 30, 1967, after consultations with the Council of Chiefs and Elders, Ojukwu proclaimed the independent state of Biafra. The bombs rained and the bullets flew, beating down and crushing a popular people's uprising and demand.

All the factors that led to the civil war still exit in Nigeria today. Would Nigeria have been saved if the Aburi Peace Accord was implemented instead of going to war? Every reader has the right to read details of the accord and arrive an answer himself or herself.

Masterweb wishes great Ikemba quick recovery and happy birthday. All news media that knowingly or unknowingly published news of his demise, abandonment or vegetative state, owe him an apology and should keep the records straight by wishing him happy birthday. He is not on live support as speculated by an online Nigerian news media.

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RELATED ARTICLE => Dim Ojukwu: A Visionary Statesman

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