Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

 [ Masterweb Reports] - Some Nigerians are beginning to express their disapproval by the rate at which the story has gone and thinks the victim should be pardoned at this time since it could only be assumed to be a common mistake, including unverified rumours that the wife to the victim went as far as visiting Channels Television to alert the management of the gravity of damages the programme has caused his family, and tweets said to have been made by a famous artist known as “Rugged man”, blaming Channels Television presenters for acting unprofessionally. I was opportune to watch the programme life and I believe the presenters did what was supposed since it was their duty to carry the audience along.

The scandal depicts a great show of dismal, negligence and malpractice in the security sector. This is one opportunity to get things right, in as much as we all know that no one is perfect, some actions should be intolerable hence we intend to revive the sector. The exasperating fact of the issue is not only that the victim does not know the official website of his organization which could only be assumed to be careless ignorant mistake, but that he does not know what a website is, the format of a website, and that a website should end with a worldwide generic domain (.com, .org,, .co, etc.).

This divulges the rate of gross inequality of recruitment processes not only in our security apparatus but also in the public sector at large, more qualified candidates apply for positions but those positions are being influenced and manipulated by top politicians, directors, and other senior public servants who unduly give out those positions to incompetent candidates. Most government parastatals are fond of what is commonly known as secret or in-house recruitment, which gives them the opportunity to select their relatives and well-wishers, thus, resulting in high rate of inefficiency and ineffectiveness in the sector. More competent and qualified candidates roam the street in search of jobs but those jobs are given out inaptly.

The issue of a security commandant not knowing what a website is at this time of computer era goes far beyond reasonable doubt that there is a misconduct in his recruitment exercise, which in a working society would not only lead to rigorous screening and re-check, but also  questioning of the recruitment team that was in-charge of his recruitment processes. How was he recruited? Did he pass through a school of learning? How did he pass through the rigorous screening tests for a security post? Does he have a basic knowledge of computer and internet? How would he efficiently and effectively discharge of his duties without the use of computer and internet? Does he research online? There are questions and there should be answers.

Okeke Vincent Chidozie reports. Okeke Vincent Chidozie is a revolutionary writer, a public speaker, researcher and campaigner of truth. He writes from Lagos, with huge interest in good governance, youth empowerment and global issues.

*Photo Caption - Cross section of NSCDC Armed Squad officers at passing out parade in 2011.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – Pastor Enoch Adeboye, the General Overseer of Redeemed Christian Church of God has numerous converts who are potentially capable of changing the course of imbecile leadership plaguing the nation. This church with estimated membership of about 12 million is the most populated pentecostal fold in Nigeria and history beckons on them to use their numerical strength and spiritual resources to effect a change in the mediocre administration of Nigeria.

Pastor Adeboye, a former teacher and lecturer in mathematics from the University of Lagos and Ilorin was among the first set of academia in Nigeria to become disciples of the then 'church ratist' Pentecostalism. Then from the early seventies to the early nineties to be a Pentecostal is akin to being an outcast. Families prefer a drunkard in their fold than a Pentecostal. Pentecostalism was associated with non-violent but radical trait of Christianity where the convert loses taste for the things of the world, fashion of the world, music of the world etc.

During my own time, my father had to drive me out of the house in 1986 because, according to him, I failed to genuflect before the statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary. I had to live from church hall to queer places until my elder brother came around from his postings and temporarily normalized the situation . My school fees and pocket money were constantly withheld and I was treated with contempt as a religious rebel. Such was the fate of Pentecostals till Archbishop Benson Idahosa of Church of God Mission and Pastor Joe Anwuzia of Zoe Ministries made Pentecostalism fashionable.
Pastor Adeboye was among the people who gradually led the migration from extremist Pentecostalism to moderation. This was coupled with various testimonies of creative miracles like healing of blindness, lameness and other incurable health condition under the power of God which used to be hallmarks of his conventions then.
The emergence of Archbishop Benson Idahosa, Pastor Joe Anwuzia and Prophet Gabriel Oduyemi birthed the introduction of prosperity into the Pentecostal fold. Pastor Adeboye believes in prosperity, preaches prosperity, healing, salvation and spiritual maturity.
Adeboye runs a loose administrative structure which gives his pastors the freedom to exhibit their peculiar spiritual gifts of prophecy, healing, teachings, worship or a combination . The Redeemed pastors are not perpetually in fear of frequent transfers like their Living Faith counterparts. In terms of pastoral allowances, Redeemed pastors receive more pay than other structured Pentecostal churches perhaps except Winners Chapel. During our time, pastors are sent to a field with a horn speaker, mat, stove, huge Bible and Matthew Henry's Commentary and a member to house the new work in his apartment. The pastor were to use his 'God of Elijah' anointing to bring down the rest of the chairs, instruments, place of worship, members etc, or face hunger and starvation. The Redeemed Christian Church of God will have none of it. They equip every branch with minimum requirements including migrated membership to enable the new branch start up with less friction.
In terms of sermon delivery, the Redeemed style is simple and devoid of logical sequence and revelational word craft associated with Winners Chapel. Messages in Redeemed Church is delivered with high level of simplicity; devoid of intellectual flair that one begins to wonder what a professor is doing in that environment. Bible students are not excited about their message pattern, they view it as too simplistic, however, the cohesive families like relationship in their fold beats that of any Pentecostal fold in Nigeria and have held the church together like a rock.
In terms of organization, the church is second only to Winners Chapel. In terms of worship, it towers above many Pentecostal churches. In terms of hierarchical structure, it has the most disciplined hierarchical order. A district pastor with 100 members in his parish takes precedence over a parish or area pastor with 5000 Congregationalists such that the parish pastor must surrender pulpit at the presence of the district or any other senior pastor. This is just to ensure discipline and order. They have low turnover of pastors as you will see those who started with Pastor Adeboye still in the fold.
The daily devotional 'Open Heavens 'is the most incisive daily devotional in circulation. It showcases the teaching ministry of Pastor Adeboye .The Redeemed Camp has a sitting capacity of over four million and during conventions and Holy Ghost Congress the visitors exceeds the number. Pastor Adeboye possesses unusual grace. During Holy Ghost services people run to the altar arena in response to alter call, before he finishes counting one to ten, yet one cannot pinpoint the highpoint of the message that drew such crowd of sinners out for repentance.
Pastor Adeboye have influenced pastors all over the world , the Presiding Bishop of Living Faith Church, David Oyedepo refers to him as his 'father in the lord', same goes for many other pastors. Newsweek Magazine in 2008 named him among 50 most influential persons worldwide. Pastor Adeboye has built a solid institution of religion, having all administrative and managerial effectiveness in place including the Redeemers University. With a membership of over eight million it is time for the Redeemed Christian Church of God to move to the next level.

Nigerian Politicians have discovered through their astrologers and soothsayers that a lot of power circulates within the vicinity of Redemption Camp and they tend to misuse the open door policy of Pastor Adeboye by tapping from his grace and anointing without abiding by the tenets of faith. Former President Olusegun Obasanjo visited the Redeemed Camp more than thrice especially when he was faced with travails, yet by the time he was through with his eight years tenure, he invented ‘do or die’ brand of electoral fraud which further shot Nigeria into infamy.

President Jonathan had visited the place twice and on each occasion was given the podium. During the 2012 Holy Ghost Congress he climbed the podium and lied that he has not made up his mind on 2015 presidency. Two weeks later, his sycophants and bootlickers spread his posters all over Abuja and shortly afterwards he taught the Rivers State Governor, Rotimi Amechi, lessons in subordination, by sponsoring attempts to remove him as the Chairman of the Governors Forum for not falling behind his second term ambition.

Therefore, Pastor Adeboye should extract promise of good governance from all these mischievous politicians parading around the camp ground. This is to ensure that they do not get elected through the assistance of prayers and yet turn round to oppress the masses and the church with corruption, injustice, extra judicial killings, electoral fraud and poverty.
The followers of Pastor Adeboye should come out of hiding and praying and lead in the transformation process of Nigeria. Redeemed members have collected enough anointing and impartation from their leader. The nation is in search of reformers who can take strategic positions in the civil service, the banks, security agencies, political parties and use their spiritual knowledge, anointing and grace of God to institute righteousness and good governance for the benefit of the common man. The follower-ship of Pastor Adeboye is in the best position to lead the change. With a church population estimated at about 12 million and a balanced array of Biblical exposition, spiritual exercise and zeal, it is time to utilize these advantages in the quest for a new Nigeria. another one.

The Redeemed members should rise up from slumber and use the spiritual resources at their disposal to checkmate evil in the armed forces, economy, politics , business and other sectors of the ailing nation. The Bible says in Romans 8 vs 19 that ‘’.For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.'' Where are the sons of Pastor Adeboye, they should wake up from slumber , stop hoarding and storing anointing, rather, they should release those already collected for the purpose of transforming the fraudulent leadership plaguing the nation or else be counted as another wasted generation of spiritual followership.

Obinna Akukwe ( ) reports.

*Photo Caption – Christian Symbol

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - The pesky ambition of President Goodluck Jonathan to seek a second term in office was given the green light by an Abuja High Court ruling. Though he has remained coy – a loud silence to me – on his ambition to seek re-election, his body language, actions and inactions have suggested he is set to run for a second term. He seem to be fully persuaded for 2015 by the trappings of Aso Rock, the lure of power, fame, a horde of sycophants and hangers-on whose only interest is another four years of the continuous milking of the cash cow – Nigeria.

We all can recall, on the first of January 2013 residents in Abuja woke up to behold the posters of Jonathan in their neighbourhood, the strongest indication of the new year that he will contest in 2015 at a time Nigerians were trying to grapple with the stale air of his administration. It was no mistake that thesame posters resurfaced in Abuja, less than 24 hours after the election of Tony Anenih as the BoT chairman of the PDP.

No one will believe the tale that Mr Jonathan will not contest the forth coming election. The recent repositioning of the PDP field marshals and foot soldiers in the Board of Trustees (BoT) and the PDP Governors Forum, carved out of the NGF, are strong indications that the ground is being prepared in the forth coming elections. The unanimous election of Tony Anenih to double as the chairman of the money spinning NPA and BoT of the PDP on one hand and Governor Godswill Akpabio of Akwa Ibom state, loyal servant of the PDP as the chairman of the newly formed PDP Governors Forum, on the other hand is a loud political statement in itself. The formation of the PDP-NGF was in a bid to whittle down the influence of the chairman of the NGF, and Governor of Rivers state, Rotimi Amaechi. The PDP wing of the NGF was apparently formed to promote the interest of Jonathan’s second term ambition within the ranks of the PDP governors. With the PDP machinery in motion, and more billions needed to keep it steamrolled, we should expect more frivolous white elephant projects in the coming months. Unsurprisingly, a diffident President Jonathan in 2011 has shown lately, with his deft political alignment that he knows his way around his party and he is capable of playing politics dirty.

Advertently, his rumoured ambition has been amplified in decibels from the ruling party. The chairman Bamanga Tukur has been effusive about it, declaring he is free to contest the election on the platform of the party. With the appointment of the PDP election machineries to key government agencies, fictitious multi-billion naira projects awarded and those on the cards, delibrate non-implementation of budgets, the party is sure to be armed with a war chest for 2015.

For incumbent President Jonathan to renege on a gentleman arrangement, written or verbal, he entered with his PDP cohort from the north raises integrity and credibility questions. The fact that Mr Jonathan has not denied the existence of an agreement, speaks volumes.

Needless to add, am not a proponent of zoning. Overtime, zoning has become insidious and the aftermath disastrous for our fledging democracy. The likes of Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu should realise that zoning as a political philosophy is as of today, pernicious and inconsistent with the changing political landscape and must be jettisoned. For second term seekers, performance in office, character, proven track record and merit should be subject to competitive forces that will throw up a competent winner at the polls. The office of the president or any other elective public office is nobody’s birth right, everyone has the right to contest. The way to eliminate mediocres from leadership positions is to create a level playing ground for all aspirants where the worst prepared and least capable candidate is weeded out by the most competent aspirant.

The jostling for 2015 is uncalled for. It has overheated the polity, breeding unnecessary tension. The NGF has been polarised along party and regional lines, the PDP is a house divided against itself, the National Assembly is crossed with the executive. In the months to come in Jonathan's administration, all hope is virtually lost on his ability to deliver on whatever remains of the dividend of democracy that was promised.

Nigerians, and particularly the opposition must be vigilant and not get carried away with the perpetual contrived internal crisis in the PDP. Make no mistake about it, they aren’t fighting just yet, ignore the nollywood movie playing out between the presidency and the NGF. Sooner rather than later, Jonathan will have dinner with the governors like he did with Obasanjo.

With the benefit of hindsight, it is practically impossible to stop a Nigerian political office holder from running for a second term. It is futile dissuading Jonathan from contesting. Cast your mind on Obasanjo’s second term debacle in 2003 for a better understanding of the scenario playing out this time around. 

For a president who was quoted as saying one term is enough to make meaningful impact on the lives of the people, it is not so difficult to see why even his kinsmen are opposed to his second coming. Convincing the rest Nigerians to vote him again will be an uphill task, even those who said they voted for Jonathan rather than PDP in 2011 will have a rethink. Opposition parties should rather start mapping out strategies on how to defeat him at the polls.

In the light of his poor performance, unfulfilled promises, the slow pace of his administration, his preposterous fight against corruption and the growing apathy of Nigerians against the PDP for their failure to bring the country out of the wood since 1999, it makes Mr Jonathan an easy candidate to beat in a free, fair and credible elections. The opposition and those opposed to his candidature need not lose sleep, but close ranks to sensitise and strategise on how to oust him through the ballot. With the new drift towards a two party system like what is obtainable in advanced democracies, political analysts are predicting a keen contest, maybe the most keenly contested in recent time.

Jonathan should indeed be allowed to run for 2015 presidency, his scorecard should speak for him. The changing political terrain and the seeming uncertainty the emergence of APC has brought to the mix will deepen our democracy and strengthen the opposition parties when dynamic democratic forces throw up the best candidate; the people will ultimately be the better for it. There is nothing to fear about the incumbent’s candidature, as it will not be the PDP against the numerous minor opposition parties, as it was in time past, but an epic battle between two formidable political parties.

The die is cast, the race has begun in earnest with Jonathan as a presidential aspirant! The only option left for the opposition is to raise their game. Their alliance has already changed the political terrain, disturbing the “smooth sail” the PDP would have had.

Theophilus Ilevbare ( ) reports.

*Photo Caption – President Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – Human governments also have the authority to take actions which will help to relieve conditions of extreme poverty. The problem is that governments often do not make the right decisions or do not know what to do. Worse yet, many government officials are greedy, selfish and corrupt and are not willing to take the actions that would help solve the problems of unemployment and poverty. Such officials seem interested only in their own wealth, power and influence. At times some governments even oppose those individuals and agencies that try to help. Some years ago, a Christian organization set up a very low-cost feeding programme for the hungry in one African city. Other Christian heard about it and provided funds to expand the programme into more than one feeding centre in the city. When the organization providing the low-cost food approached the government for permission to increase the number of feeding centres, the government refused to help the poor, but it also hindered those who were willing to help.

What can Christian do in such a situation where the government not only refuses to help, but actually hinders those who are willing to help? The answer is they can appeal to God in prayers. Christians are commanded to pray for their political leaders (1 Tim.2:1-2). It is only the people of God whom God has promised to answer when they pray. The good news is that God has made specific promise about answering the prayers of his people (Jn.15:7; 16:23-24). Since praying for government officials is something the Bible commands Christian to do, they can be sure they are praying according to the will of God when they pray for these people. Consider the promise God gives to his people who pray according to his will: ‘This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us. And if we know that he hears us whatever we ask –we know that we have what we asked of him’ (1 Jn.5:14-15).

If God is truly God, and if it is God who has established the institution of human government as the Bible says he has (Rom.13:1), then God is willing to answer prayer for government officials regardless of the country. The problem is, are Christian really willing to pray for their government (Mt. 6:16-18)? Is the church willing to call the whole membership together to fast and pray if the situation is really bad (Joel 1:14)? There are steps which God expects his people to take. He will not likely intervene until his people show they are serious about doing what he commands. In the book of Joel, a locust plague was destroying the land because of the sins of the people nationwide. God called on his own people through the prophet Joel to a time of national fasting and repentance so that the disaster could be avoided (Joel 2:15-17). Some African countries today are in a situation of impending disaster just as the godly church leaders and their members who are willing to move the hand of God is willing to answer when his people are willing to do what he calls them to do.

God may answer such prayers by changing the hearts of government official. God change the heart of government official in the case of Nehemiah, when he appealed to the king to release him from his government duties so that he could return to Jerusalem to help his people rebuild the wall (Neh.24-6). God may answer the prayers of his people by putting a wise and godly man into a key government leadership position at a time of need. He did this when he made Joseph an important leader in the Egyptian government just before a terrible famine struck the country for seven years (Gen.41:41-43). God then used Joseph to save the whole nation from the effects of the famine by wise planning (Gen.41:33-36). God may also answer prayer by removing an existing government official and replacing him with a better official. He did this when he removed an evil advisor named Ahithophel, who had betrayed King David and replaced him with a wise man called Hushai the Arkite, who was loyal to David (2 Sam.17-14,23).

In some cases, God may answer prayer by sweeping away an entire government. He did this in the case of the corrupt Babylonian government under the leadership of King Belshazzar in the days of Daniel (Dan. 5:22-30). Secular history tells us that Babylon was overthrown when the Medes diverted the course of the Euphrates Rivers, which flowed under the city of Babylon, and the Medan army marched secretly into the city through the dry riverbed. In one night, the Babylonian government was overthrown by the hand of God (Dan. 5:30). God swept away the corrupt government of a modern African country some years ago in response to prayer. The worldwide leader of the Anglican Church, the Archbishop of Canterbury, called on Christians over the entire world to pray for the removal of this evil dictator and his government. Six months later, the dictator and his government were gone, driven out by the army of another country. In general, however, it is more likely to be the will of God to answer prayers f or a government by changing the hearts of government officials or by replacing worthless officials with good officials than it is by overthrowing an entire government. These examples from the Bible show us that God is able to intervene in any situation, including situations in Africa today, even when the situation seems hopeless.

If God’s people are willing to fast and pray with clean hearts, God is willing to intervene even in a nation on the brink of disaster. It is not that God does not have power to solve humanly impossible problems. He waits for true repentance, obedience, humility and prayer from his people. Unfortunately, some church leaders are so preoccupied with establishing their own power and influence in the church that they have no time to do what God wants them to do to save the nation. When this is the case, perhaps the local church members need to fast and pray that God will first humble such church leaders-even before they pray for their national leaders. To many people, the situations in Africa today seem beyond the power of God to change. War, famine, starvation, disease, poverty, tribalism, corruption and many other evils seem to be hopeless problems to solve. What can God really do? It is worthwhile at this point to look at a situation in history that was as bad as any in Africa today. The following true story from the Bible describes how God  kept his word and performed a great deliverance in a humanly impossible situation.

Ben-Hadad king of Aram mobilized his entire army and marched up and laid siege to Samaria. There was a great famine in the city. As the king of Israel was passing b y on the wall, a woman cried to him, ’Help me, my lord the king!’ The king replied … what ‘s the matter?’ she answered,  this woman said to me, “Give up your son so we may eat him today, and tomorrow we’ll eat my son. “So we cooked my son and ate him. The next day I said to her,         “Give up your son so we may eat him, “but she had hidden him.’ (2 Kgs. 6:24-29) How bad can a situation be that people would eat their own children? It was in this unbearable situation that God acted according to his power and kept his   word. The story continues. Elisha said, ‘Hear the word of the LORD. This is what the LORD says: About this time tomorrow, a seah o flour will sell for a shekel and two seahs of barley for a skekel at the gate of Samaria.’ The officer on whose arm the king was learning said to the man of God, ‘Look, even if the LORD should open the floodgate of the heavens, could this happen?’

You will see it with your own eyes,’ answered Elisha, ‘but you will not eat any of it!’Now there were four men with leprosy at the entrance of the city gate. The said to each other, ‘Why stay here until we die? If we say, “We’ll go into the city”- the famine is there, and we will die. And if we stay here, we will die. So let’s go over to the camp of the Arameans and surrender. If they spare us, we live; if they kill us, then we die.’ At dusk they got up and went to the camp of the Arameans. When they reached the edge of the camp, not a man was there, for the Lord had caused the Arameans to hear the sound of chariot and horses and a great army, so that they said to one another, ‘Look, the king of Israel has hire the Hittite and Egyptian kings to attack us! So they got up and fled in the dusk and abandoned their tents and their horse and donkeys. They left the camp as it was and ran for their lives. The men who had leprosy reached the edge of the camp and entered one of the   tents. They ate and drank, and carried away silver, gold and clothes, and went off and hid them. They returned and entered another tent and took some things from it and hid them also.

Then they said to said to each other, ‘We’re not doing right. This is a day of good news and we are keeping it to ourselves. If we wait until daylight punishment will overtakes us. Let’s go at once and report this to the royal palace.’           So they went and called out to the city gatekeepers and told them, ‘we went into the Arameans army… they found the whole road strewn with the clothing and equipment the Arameans had thrown away in their headlong flight.  So the messengers returned and reported to the king. Then the people went out and plundered the camp of the Arameans. So a seah of flour sold for a shekel, and two seahs of barley sold for a skekel, as the LORD had said. Now the king had put the officer on whose arm he learned in charge of the gate, and the people trample him in the gateway, and he died, just as the man of God had foretold when the king came down to his house. It happen as the man of God had said to the king: ‘About this time tomorrow, a seah of flour will sell for a shekel and two seahs of barley for a skelel at the gate of Samaria.’ (2 Kgs. 7:11;14-18).

The lesson of this story is that God keeps his word. No problem or person on earth can prevent God from keeping his word. The same God who did this in the nation of Israel long ago is well able to keep his word in Africa today. God is able to work miracles of love of love and compassion to overcome even disastrous national problems when his people come to him in repentance, humility, prayer and faith. Concerning hunger, consider the Gospel story of a young boy with a small lunch and five thousand hungry men. This story is found in all four Gospels to illustrate how God is able to multiply the little we have to meet an impossible human need. In this situation there were between ten and fifteen thousand people actually present, since the Bible tells us that there were ‘about five thousand men, besides women and children’ (Mt. 14:21). The human part of the solution to the problem here was the willing and generous heart of one young boy. In John’s version of the story, Jesus purposely challenged the disciples with the impossibility of the situation. He asked them, ‘where shall we buy bread for these people to eat?’ (Jn.6:5). Philip answered his question with the obvious impossibility of the situation: ‘Eight months’ wages would not buy enough bread for each one to have a bite! (Jn. 6:7).

In Mark’s version of the story, two other interesting facts emerge. First, the disciples of Jesus do exactly as we tend to do. They asked the Lord to just make the problem go away. ‘Send the people away’ (Mk. 6:36), they said to Jesus. But that is not how Jesus planned to solve the problem –then or now. In reply, Jesus said something that must have sounded utterly impossible to the disciples. ‘You give them something to eat’ (Mk. 6:37, emphasis mine). That was just what they did not want to hear, but that is exactly how Jesus planned to solve the problem! So also today, it is God’s will to meet the needs of the poor in the church through his people. It is also God’s will to use responsible human governments to help meet the needs of unemployment and poverty in a nation in response to the prayers of God’s people for that government. Jesus knows we do not have the ability or resources ourselves to meet the impossible needs of the poor in Africa, but he still tells us to do it. Why? Because he is God, and he has the power to do what we cannot even imagine. He simply wants from us a willing and obedient heart such as he found in the small boy who offered Jesus the little he had to feed the great crowd. Who will care for the needy in our society? Except we care, the people perish. It is possible, hence we established Helping Hands Rescue Centre for the purpose. You can volunteer service, pray and give towards the project.

Dr. Lewis Akpogena (08033399821, ), A Christian devotional writer/Minister, Consultant and Educationist reports from Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

*Photo Caption – Dr. Lewis Akpogena

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Obafemi Awolowo is the undisputed hero of the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria whose wartime policy of starvation and currency change helped kill the Biafran dream. The post colonial era of Nigerian history was dominated by three actors, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo and Ahmadu Bello. Dr Azikiwe was an avowed nationalist who preferred one Nigeria above anything else. Sir Ahmadu Bello was a tribalist who initially preferred a balkanized Nigeria to enable his people live their religious and cultural life without external negative inluence and was later reluctantly convinced to seek an agenda for a united Nigeria. Chief Obafemi Awolowo from the onset did not hide his preference for an Oduduwa Republic.
Chief Awolowo is idolized by the Yorubas because he was able to transform the South West into an educational and industrial hub in Africa and build a robust political climate. He so much understood the value of education that he made it free, affordable and offered a lot of scholarships to Yorubas to advance academically to the highest level. He ran a political system in Action Group whereby people have their say while the leader has his way. This is the system Bola Tinubu is unsuccessfully trying to emulate in Action Congress of Nigeria.

Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe, a core nationalist, never received the level of hero worship Awolowo received in the South West because Igbos severally accuses him of not taking them out of Nigeria when Chief Awolowo and Sir Ahmadu Bello were angling for a balkanized nation. Chief Awolowo was the sage whose idea ended the Nigerian civil war. He advised the Gowon Cabinet to block all food supply to Biafra so as to end the war quickly and according to him "starvation is a legitimate instrument of war’’ This led to the starvation of over one million Biafran children. Thus Awolowo’s advice and actions led to the quick end to the Biafran dream. Therefore it is right to say that what the entire armed forces of Nigeria could not do, the wisdom of Awolowo did. Chief Awolowo also ensured that every adult Biafran who managed to survive the starvation was given #20 pounds to start life afresh irrespective of amount of money in anyone’s bank account before the war started. Another policy of his which frustrated Biafra’s ability to import food and arms was the change of currency which according to Awolowo "And it is on record that Ojukwu admitted that two things defeated him in this war, that’s as at the day he left Biafra. He said one, the change of currency, he said that was the first thing that defeated him, and we did that to prevent Ojukwu taking the money which his soldiers has stolen from our Central bank for sale abroad to buy arms…So I decided to change the currency, and for your benefit, it can now be told the whole world, only Gowon knew the day before, the day before the change took place".

Chief Awolowo has been variously accused of introducing tribalism into the Nigerian politics. He chased Dr Azikiwe out of the Ibadan in 1954 when the NCNC headed by Azikiwe won majority seats in the West Nigerian House of Assembly and through a palace coup called cross carpeting Zik was denied the Premiership of Western Nigeria, at a time when Professor Eyo Ita, an Efik was premier of Eastern Region and Alhaji Umoru Altine , a Fulani, was Mayor of Enugu. Dr Azikiwe, following the footsteps of Awolowo, had to frustrate Professor Eyo Ita out of Enugu. Chief Awolowo and Sir Ahmadu Bello seems to have a deeper understanding of the Nigerian complexities than Dr Azikiwe.

While Awolowo never trusted the Igbos, the north never trusted Awolowo and theYorubas. The northern oligarchy instigated crisis in Western Nigeria in the same manner President Obasanjo used the Uba brothers to instigate crisis in Anambra State. This crisis led to the trumped up charges leading to the trial and imprisonment of Awolowo . Reports has it that he was to be poisoned in prison before the military coup altered the state of affairs.

Awolowo was released from Calabar prison by Biafran leader Odumegwu Ojukwu and there was an agreement that while Ojukwu declares Biafra in the East, Awolowo would declare Oduduwa Republic in the West. The British establishment, sensing the dangers of Awolowo declaring Oduduwa Republic in the West, convinced Gowon and the north to checkmate Awolowo’s secessionist agenda by appointing him the Vice Chairman of Federal Executive Council. This strategy worked effectively and Awolowo was deceived that after Gowon’s tenure he would be given the opportunity of ruling Nigeria. Awolowo thus had to checkmate the Biafran dream to clear any obstacle to his ruling Nigeria while the north was looking for the right opportunity to throw him into the dustbin. In frustration, Awo resigned from Gowon’s cabinet when he realized he has been politically duped.

Awolowo quashed the Biafran dream while the northern establishment killed the Oduduwa dream and betrayed Awolowo’s presidential ambition thrice. This fact was aptly captured by a prominent Yoruba leader and Nigeria’s former minister of aviation Chief Femi Fani-Kayode while replying to a boastful statement by another prominent northern leader, Alhaji Usman Farouk on how the north dominated the Yoruba people and conquered the Niger Delta. According to Fani Kayode, "... the north literally begged Awolowo not to declare Oduduwa Republic and go the way of Biafra even though that was his original intention…Fourthly it was the support that the south west gave to the north that allowed Nigeria to win the war. Fifthly it was the lie that Gowon and the northern leaders fed to Awolowo that he would be made President of the country after the war and after being effectively being made de facto Prime Minister under Gowon during the war that got Awolowo to support them’’, invariably, the Igbos and Yorubas were effectively dribbled, divided, manipulated and overpowered.

The ascension of Awolowo's kinsman Obasanjo as Head of State was another opportunity for him to realize his dream of ruling Nigeria. The 1979 election result was decided in the infamous judgement where the Supreme Court refused Awolowo’s plea that 2/3 of 19 is 13 states therefore declaring Alhaji Shehu Shagari the winner of the election. The north led by Generals Shehu Yaradua and Theophilus Danjuma convinced Obasanjo on why Awolowo should never be the president of Nigeria. Therefore, instead of a runoff election, which some believe could favour Awolowo,the Supreme Court declared Alhaji Shehu Shagari the winner.

Chief MKO Abiola at one point was used by the northern dominated NPN to oppose the presidential ambitions of Awolowo . He used his Nigerian Concord newspaper and enormous wealth to fight Awolowo and UPN and when they finished using him to deal with Awolowo, they frustrated Abiola's presidential ambition and he had to resign from the party in 1982. Alhaji Umaru Dikko, then transport minister, sent message to Abiola that the presidency is not for sale to the highest bidder. When Babangida annulled the election of Abiola in 1993, Yorubas alluded to a certain curse Awolowo released on Abiola, in the heat of the later's opposition to his presidency "that even if Abiola was to be given the presidential seat, he would not sit on it.''

In 1999, after the suspicious death of Abiola, the northern establishment sensing that Chief Olu Falae was the choice of the Yoruba people, rigged the polls in favour of Obasanjo . It is obvious that the North had shown evidence of being deadly political strategists than their Yoruba and Igbo compatriots, having used the political suspicion between the duos to dribble them. Conclusively, the north is not as dumb as people assume; they used Awolowo to checkmate Biafra and then dealt with Awolowo and his ambitions.

Obinna Akukwe ( reports.

*Photo Caption - Obafemi Awolowo

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - “Kola nut will understand English today,” the Master of Ceremony[MC] intoned, directing his gaze at the array of chiefs from Isoko kingdom seated majestically in colourful traditional regalia. The jocular MC was obviously teasing the chiefs by asking them to allow the kola nut to be presented in English language, since they were being hosted in an academic environment. The chiefs had gathered at the Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, in Isoko North Local Government Area, to witness the commissioning of internal roads built by the Niger Delta Development Commission, NDDC. The bewildered looks on their faces told all and sundry that kola nut would never understand any other language other than the local one. Everyone knew that any important ceremony in Delta State must be preceded by the often rigorous ritual of supporting the kola nut with a repeated chant of Isoko Wa doo! Urhobo Wa doo! And all the other ethnic groups that would have to be acknowledged with Wa doo! The ceremonies were well worth the time and.......Read More
*Photo Caption - Map of Nigeria's Niger Delta Region showing Port Harcourt

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - There will be nothing like a continued One-Nigeria by December this year. Those who plot increased abominations but say they are planning for a centenary celebration of goodness are living in the depth of darkness and ignorance. The abominations of a continued One-Nigeria have overflown their banks and there are no more reservations to contain Nigeria's collection of doom-treasures because the land has caved in as a result of overburdening. The cycle of atrocities in Nigeria has grown and matured just as those who have recycled leadership amongst themselves - even to their hard-hearing and blind grayness. The perpetual shackle with which these verminous entities have bound the lots of these misjudged and mistreated, as Britain did do, has worn out and cut loose. Those who have thought, believed and reserved for themselves the taskmaster's whip will be bound and tasked by their.......Read More
*Photo Caption - Map and Flag of Nigeria

[ Masterweb Reports ] – The rising influence of marine spirits among some backslidden pastors and churches in Nigeria had caused a lot of faithful to lose faith in God especially when they discover the lies and deceits about these pastors. Since the series of expose on false prophets which include ‘Nigerian Churches and the Rising Influence of Marine Spirits part 1&2’; ‘My Hero Pastor is a False Prophet parts 1&2’; ‘New Style Prophets and their Visions of Phone Numbers, Bank Details and Ladies Underwear’; ‘Backslidden Pastors and The Patronage of a Port Harcourt Based Occult Woman’ among others, my mail box has been filled with readers responses in hundreds. There have been hundreds of phone conversations and lots of meetings on the subject matter especially with concerned clergymen spanning all denominations. While some commended the write-ups for exposing things they suspected, others sought more clarifications while majority had tales of ordeals in the hands of false prophets and marine pastors. Some ordeals included rape, extortion, initiation into cults, confusion in the families, while some pastors lamented their ordeals when they invited these false prophets to their churches, including immorality with choristers, ushers, hypnotic surrender of life savings and introduction to occult and marine operations.

I decided to bring out just two most decent and least traumatizing responses from readers and the reaction of one of them Ade , who said he has been on his knees asking God to shut the alter of false prophets. Every Christian should join Ade in the prayer and ask God to shut down the evil alters in their respective churches and expose the prophets of Baal. The pastors should educate their members accordingly and help any victim traumatized by their deception.


Dear Obinna,

I duly appreciate your effort and that of Rev. Yinka Yusuf in exposing all these herbalists called prophets. I am in support of this ongoing cleansing in the body of Christ as it will help separate the wheat from the chaff.

There is one confirmed fake chief priest that calls himself prophet who has virtually slept with all the women (married and single) including his 'pastors' wives here in Lekki, Oribanwa precisely. His name is Joseph *** of ***Deliverance Ministry. The shrine called church is situated at Oribanwa, the road beside ** filling station opposite *** (before Lakowe Busstop). There are many people that are ready to testify against him anywhere and anytime including myself. This man has broken many homes, destroyed many families, taken people's property all in the name of false prophecy and I write, he has a steady sex-partner called Mrs. Jemi***.S***

This man needs to be exposed as he has been perpetrating this evil for a long time.... It is shocking and saddening to say the least. It baffles me that majority of these chief priests called prophets are from Nigeria which should be the spiritual headquarters of the gospel. It will be a great victory to the body of Christ if this herbalist I told you about is stopped immediately before he misleads innocent souls, break peaceful homes and sleep with our mothers, sisters and wives all in the name of deliverance.

Yes, I have been on my knees for God to disgrace him and close his shop this year and I will appreciate if this case is taken seriously sir. May God continue to give us much grace to bring these dogs to their knees.

...Ade from Lagos


Hello Mr Obinna

I am grateful to God that gives you the courage to bring this story to light, Please I want you to use your God given talent and courage to help many Nigerian especially women WHO are trooping ,seeking signs and wonders from occult pastors these pastors are many In Onitsha This is exactly what is happening in a church at 3.3 Onitsha called Chapels of ***,the pastor name is Rev. Nwa***he has been molesting all the ladies in his church by taking them to Hotels one by one .I am shocked when I read your write up from online today NIGERIAMASTERWEB ,HE knew how to hacked people phone number which ordinarily I believe he was a demonic pastor whose master is devil himself. But due to poverty these followers have forgotten God himself and believe in ordinary man of their own like, these pastors have made themselves the visible God and thwart, deceive and con them for their hard earning money, in the name of tithe, sowing of seed, and many others, doing signs and wonders that have come from devil to brain wash the follower. I have a family friend whose sister was a victim to this man.... I would like to have updates as you sent your investigative panels, your investigators should target when they have vigil and cancelling & delivery days

...Fred from London

Space will not permit more letters but it is obvious that Nigerian Christendom has a problem and every believer in Christ has a duty to join in dislodging the strange-hold of marine pastors and salvage the church from defilers. Elijah challenged and destroyed the prophets of Baal (1 kings 18 vs 16-40), Simon Peter rebuked Simon the Sorcerer, the first false prophet in the Apostolic age ( Acts 8 vs 9-24), while Jesus Christ rebuked the Pharisees and the Saducees and warned the apostles to beware of their teachings ( Matthew 16 vs 1-12. Therefore, every christian has a task of contributing towards eliminating the activities of false prophets. You can do so by contributing 30 minutes of prayers daily for the next one year, asking God to shut down their powers, expose their antics and deliver the elect from their manipulations. This will sanitize the church system, reintroduce the era of Apostolic Grace and Power and salvage a lot of souls from the broad way of hell.

Obinna Akukwe ( reports.
*Photo Caption - 'A marine spirit'

[ Masterweb Reports ] - Those that answer Valentine dread the month of February like a plague. Besides close friends who always demand that you celebrate your name in grand style, most confront you with all manner of questions bordering on the concept that your name is supposed to embody. Thus, you are asked whether you were born on the 14th of February or whether you were a by-product of love affair that took place in the month of February. One fact I have come to discover over the years is that people take those that bear the name of Valentine as experts in all known techniques of love, starting with its fundaments to its metaphysics.

Despite much research, we cannot tell unarguably the exact date the feast started, nor the route by which it entered into history. Perhaps it is connected to the life of a certain St. Valentine who was said to have suffered martyrdom in Rome as the Church hagiography would want us to believe. Perhaps, as the legend of the saint’s heroic faith says, it grew out of the love shown to prisoners by the saintly Valentine. Perhaps it has to do with the period in the year when birds of the earth look for mates. Perhaps it is another case of substitution of a pagan feast by Christian feast as a subtle way of blighting paganism at the bud. We do not know. Valentine’s Day is part of history whose beginning has been forgotten, and whose end we shall never reach.

The popularity of Valentine’s Day could be linked to the nature of the theme it celebrates – love. Writing about love, Archbishop Fulton Sheen called it “the most used, and the most misunderstood word.” The misunderstanding inherent in the nature of love often provokes people to ask questions such as: How much of what we claim as love is love indeed? Does love have different levels and spheres? Is it possible to love our neighbour as ourselves, as the Holy writ prescribes? What is love? These are the questions with which the most comprehensive theories, treatises, and analyses of love find it necessary to begin.

To the Greeks, love could be Eros, Philia, and agape. Plato’s ladder of love in the Symposium has different loves for its rungs, up to what we commonly call “Platonic Love”. St Thomas Aquinas distinguishes between love in the sphere of the passion and love as an act of will. The former he assigns to what he calls the “concupiscible faculty” of the sensitive appetite; the latter, to the rational or “intellectual appetite”. Sometimes, people talk about metaphysical, contemplative, material and acquisitive love, etc.

Whatever form love takes, it implies a complex psychical experience of strong attraction to, intense desire for, vivid appreciation of, a profound interest in, ones object of love. The object of love could be a fellow being, institution, cause or even nature. It involves tender affection, sympathetic understanding, admiration and loyalty, with reference to its object.

But apart from a few people who recognize the fact of plurality of love in their analyses, most of us, especially the youth, talk abundantly of love, commonly in the sense of amorous appetite. These are people who confess their loving the object of their love more than their own mothers. Recall the “sugar in my tea” and similar stuff. Our elders consider this form of love to be a form of “possession” or “madness”, and would frown at anyone who would propose it as a fit guide in the choice of marriage mate. They do this, knowing that once the erotic side of love diminishes or fades away altogether, the disinterested element fades too; interest in the other’s happiness evaporates, all tender feeling is eroded, and the one desire is to get away. This is what Lucretius called “erotic befuddlement”. What Dedriot deridedly described as “the voluptuous loss of a few drops of liquid.” It is a spark thrown off by the contact or nearness of two opposite bodies.

In pursuit of this type of love there is nothing that human beings have not done, or are not capable of doing. The love portion that some ladies brew for men they suspect of unrequited love has no platonic aim. It is not out of generosity, rather to get the object of their longing, that men spend lots of money in wooing women. Women themselves do as much. To attract men, they dress in manners to arouse precipitate passion. Eyelashes are darkened with gum ammonia. Checks and lips are painted with sticks of minium or alkanet roots. Adjustable eyebrows are used and often pencilled with lampblack or pulverized or sulphuret of antimony, sometimes it is thinned to diverse shapes or shaved off entirely and painted “crescent moons” or other forms. Eyelids are shaded with kohl. All sort of things are rubbed on the face, in the hope that it will make them look beautiful. Some in the villages still wrap their fingernails over night with henna leaves to make them purple. Padded brassieres are used to make the breast look poised and … Breast enhancement has since become part of beauty regimen. There is no part of the woman’s body, in pursuit of men, that has not been perfected, decorated, refined, stretched and squeezed, bleached, reformed, compacted and shortened.

Higher than the afore-described love is what is often called genuine friendship. In this type of love, there is often the predominance of altruistic motives. It springs from mutual admiration. Here, love is thought to precede desire and to determine its wishes. Marriages built upon this type of love are often successful. Mature lovers discover that marriage transcends the act of multiplication of the species or the fantasy of sexual acts. There are some men who think that all a woman appreciates in a man is when he brandishes the erectile organ to her satisfaction. No. Marriage is more than that. It demands deep understanding and maturity from both partners.

All the foregoing classifications and distinctions, inexhaustible though, belong to the theory of human love. But the fact of love’s diversity extends to the Christian theory of love. Christianity brought about a basic shift in man’s thinking about love. Christianity sees love not in the emotion or passion, but from the infinite perfection and creativity of God. Writing to the Corinthians (2 Cor 13: 6) St Paul said that “love takes no pleasure in other people’s sins but delights in the truth...”God Himself is love (I John 4: 4). “Love ye one another”. In this profound sentence, God summarized all the commandments. Love rules the world and was, perhaps, as Parmenides thought, “the very first thing created by the gods to rule the world”.

The key to peace in the world is for men to embrace the ethics of Christ – love. Confucius taught a version of it in his rule of reciprocity (golden rule). Immanuel Kant espoused it in his book, The Metaphysics of Morals in what he called the “Maxims of Categorical Imperative”. All great religions teach it. Until we start to imbibe this golden rule (love), the battle to re-make the world can as well be labelled a utopia.

The sooner we use the day of Valentine to promote this type of love, the better the world will become. Here we are again celebrating another Valentine. How do we make it serve the purpose of making the world a better place? Is it for us just a day to buy expensive Valentine’s gifts and flowers and caress one another in the happy ignorance of the true meaning of love? These are the central questions.

Obienyem Valentine reports from Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

[ Masterweb Reports ] – Although Frederick Lugard’s curse-prediction/definition of the characteristics of the several ethnic groups which Britain eventually compelled into the near-century shame called Nigeria has been the discourse of several analysts for years; it however became resounding as Nigeria culminates towards its inevitable doom. I personally believe that every word needed to address the foundation of Nigeria has been released, but seeing that those leaders who have personally passed judgment upon themselves have not really come to terms (maybe because they have truly come to accept Lugard’s prophecy of doom as their destiny) with the irrevocable gravity of their many offences, I have decided to relate to them once more as they bask in the illusory euphoria of mere games – football games. To make myself clear, I’d start with the first paragraph of the said Lord Frederick Lugard’s judgment of/on those he, in the pleasure of immorality with his mistress, named Nigeria: "In character and temperament, the typical African of this race-type is a happy, thriftless, excitable person, LACKING IN SELF-CONTROL, DISCIPLINE, AND FORESIGHT. Naturally courageous, and naturally courteous and polite, full of personal vanity, with little sense of veracity, fond of music and loving weapons as an oriental loves jewelry. HIS THOUGHTS ARE CONCENTRATED ON THE EVENTS AND FEELINGS OF THE MOMENT, and he suffers little from the apprehension for the future or grief for the past. His mind is far nearer to the animal world than that of the European or Asiatic, and exhibits something of the animals’ placidity and want of desire to rise beyond the State he has reached. Through the ages THE AFRICAN APPEARS TO HAVE EVOLVED NO ORGANIZED RELIGIOUS CREED, and though some tribes appear to believe in a deity, the religious sense seldom rises above pantheistic animalism and seems more often to take the form of a vague dread of the supernatural." Deducing from Lugard’s description of our forefathers and their offspring above, what he, and by extension Briton, actually believe Nigerians to be are: Animals in human form, who waste whatever future there may be for the pleasure of today; who lack the ability to discern or plan for the future; who believe that the law is for self-endowment on those who can afford it just as the rich can afford diamonds, and a curse on those who cannot; who are the least of humans in all societies of the world; who never had any understanding of a true God (that, according to Lugard, should not be dreaded) except that they constantly live in fear. Well, at this point, I’ll have to give credit to this man who mastered what destiny the country he was about creating would have. Although his predictions were made public in 1926 in a book called Dual Mandate, his assessments happened before the amalgamation of 1914. Many have got it wrong in that they actually believed that this Lord of a Brit, through his descriptions, was referring to the peoples he met before the immoral amalgamation. No! He was, instead, predicting the outcome of Britain’s determination to bring peoples with quintessentially divergent destinies together as one country. He took his time to pen what he foresaw as the outcome of Her Majesty’s decision. Possibly too, he could have advised the British authority against the amalgamation before it was carried out, although many Nigeria would still have it that he gathered generations of warriors and ancestral think-thank together single-handedly into an impossible compulsion and gave it a name: Nigeria. There are no ethnic or racial groups in the entire world without their history of ‘the ignorant days;’ those bound under Nigeria had theirs too before the British invaded them. However, without Britain’s bloodied-interference in the lives of the people which today are called Nigerians, it’s possibility today would have seen Europeans struggling (and dying en route as well) to enter Africa as Africans have been doing and still do to date in flight to Europe – to their detriment. In other words, the prediction of Lugard could well have been realized in Europe in general and Britain in particular. Nevertheless, I am dealing with the present leadership in Nigeria and how it clearly manifests the true nature of Lugard’s vision. Good enough for those who love soccer games, Nigeria, on Sunday, February 10, 2013, won its first Africa Cup of Nations title since 1994. The country celebrated it in grand styles to the point that many even died in the euphoria of “winning.” The presidency celebrated this victory too. But the attitude of Nigeria’s senators and Reps as they eagerly awaited soccer victory, and especially, the president’s impulsive and barbaric reaction to this soccer victory, leaves much to be desired. If anything, it clearly reveals the soul of the Nigeria which Frederick Lugard amalgamated: A bunch of animal-like and child-like leaders who dance for toys but reject toy-making factories. According to the February 13, 2013 headline of Daily Post Nigeria (and indeed several other Nigerian newspapers), the incumbent president of Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan, BSC, PHD, GCFR, BNER, GCON, perhaps in celebrating his utmost national achievement of having won a mere Africa recreational trophy, awarded/rewarded the players and officials of Super Eagles’ team with national honors, cash and plots of land in Abuja. To all who carry the soul of Lugard’s curse/prediction, this soccer-victory pleasure is all there is for these far-nearer-to-the-animal-world Nigerians to be happy for the day. As far as the presidency is concerned, it has given Nigerians all they wanted – all they ever needed. Here we see the culture of a thriftless, excitable, animal-like leadership in display. While they have destroyed and continue to destroy the houses of struggling and peaceful Nigerians all over Abuja/Nigeria without providing alternatives for them, they are throwing away plots of these very land, along with money, to those whose work bring nothing to Nigerians’ table, save the very soul of Lugard and his curse: thriftless and carefree wastages. What more could explain this show of bestial love? To Nigeria’s soul and leadership, a game victory equals spraying of unaccountable/unaccounted-for cash and plots of lands! To all who have bowed to the destructive spirit of Nigeria’s amalgamation, what the presidency did was simply customary and in line with our heredity. But to all who have sworn neither to walk in the destructive path which Britain and their son, Lugard, has set for Africans nor to let their children wallow in such destructive ignorance, the action of the presidency invites goose bumps and a shudder of rejection from/by all. Finally, it’s no longer a question of if Nigeria is ripe for dissolution or a question of willingness; it’s a question of choosing life, future and destiny between the curse with which the maker of Nigeria, Lugard, has purposed to curse all who bear this name and the destiny which we shall determine for our individual selves, our ethnic groups and our posterity in line with God’s will for creation. Even now, that prediction has born much unpleasant fruits. But for me and my house, neither the curse of Lugard nor its fruits thereof in Nigeria will ever be acceptable, no matter how it is constantly compelled. Ref: Jide Ajani (2013), “C E N T E N A R Y: The way Nigerians are, by Lugard,” Vanguard Nigeria, (Accessed on 14/02/2013) Phillip Eta (2013), “Presidential reception: Super Eagles receive cash, national honours, plots of land,” Daily Post Nigeria, (Accessed on 14/02/2013) *Photo Caption – Seal of The President of The Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is the official symbol of the Nigerian President, first used in 1979 by President Shehu Shagari.