Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

[ Masterweb Reports: Theophilus Ilevbare reports ] – The General is at it again! When he is not openly criticizing the man he facilitated to the ascendancy to Aso Rock with his utterances, he is hobnobbing with state governors eyeing President Goodluck Jonathan’s seat and opposed to his second term aspiration. But his latest offering in the form of a narcissistic missive is a desperate attempt from his moral grandeur to salvage whatever is left of the wreckage of a crashed landed flight piloted by his stooge. The purpose of the mixed grill of a letter must be to rubbish the present administration and Obasanjo has succeeded, in turning himself to a hero, once again. Unfortunately, Nigerians have fallen cheaply for his uncanny ability to draw negative messianic attention to himself with his manipulatively tendencies. Little wonder, the reactions that have trailed his controversial letter are legion and everyone, wittingly or unwittingly, has been drawn to join in what is now widely regarded as the 'shege dance’.
The former president’s epistle actually overshadowed the attention another leaked complaint letter would have gotten. Dated 25 September to President Goodluck Jonathan from Mallam Sanusi Lamido, his revelation that the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) – Nigeria’s cesspit of corruption - has failed to remit $49.8 billion, being proceeds from crude oil sales between January 2012 and July 2013 to the Federation Account elicited widespread outrage. But appearing before the Senate committee on finance, Mr. Sanusi, said an ongoing review of relevant accounts between the CBN, the NNPC and the ministry of finance showed that only $12 billion (N1.9 trillion) was missing as of yet.
Without the patience to pen many pages of letter which will likely go unreplied and trashed at the State House, the number three citizen of the country, Speaker Aminu Tambuwal,on Monday, 9 December, at an event organised by the Nigerian Bar Association to mark the 2013 International Anti-Corruption Day, came down hard on President Goodluck Jonathan whom he accused of encouraging corruption with his body language. He cited examples with the recent Oduahgate that the presidency swept under the carpet while lamenting that anti-corruption agencies have gone to sleep.
The media was still awash with Obasanjo’s letter ‘bomb’ to President Jonathan, as a response was still awaited when the eldest daughter of the Mr Obasanjo, Senator Iyabo Obasanjo-Bello, joined the fray with an open epistle of her own to her father, not a response or “support to President Jonathan or APC or any other group or person,” she remarked. In the purported letter, she ruled out further communication with her father till death, describing him as a liar, manipulator, two-faced hypocrite determined to foist on President Goodluck Jonathan what no one would contemplate with him as president. Iyabo exposed how Obasanjo got away with many of his atrocities because “Nigerians were his enablers and people ultimately get leaders that reflect them.”
Not forgetting the letter to Obasanjo (Daily Trust 15/12/2013) by a former chairman of the PDP, Audu Ogbeh. In his narrative, he challenged Obasanjo over the role he played as then president, when he watched with glee from his seat of power in Aso Rock as rampaging thugs unleashed mayhem and made Anambra state ungovernable, kidnapping former Governor , Chris Ngige, and eventually swearing in his deputy, to cut a long story short.
In the spirit of the season, a former Chief Justice of the Federation, Dahiru Musdapher, on Decomber 20, weighed in with his own open letter to President Jonathan. He recalled how Jonathan brushed aside recommendations from the National Judicial Council and the Chief Justice of Nigeria to sack former Appeal Court president, Ayo Salami, ignoring firm arguments by the two authorities that Mr Salami was innocent of allegations against him. Punishing Mr Salami, they advised, would terribly dent an already integrity-deficient judiciary. But all these fell on deaf ears.
Back to Obasanjo’s missive, the most weighty of all the letters since it is coming from a past civilian president to the incumbent. My brief here is not to dismiss the message with the wave of the hand because the messenger is guilty of more grievous offences. This will be akin to throwing out the baby with the bath water. There’s no way the message can be separated from the messenger, especially when the messenger is far worse than the recipient. However, it makes sense to review the substance of the message.
Describe the former president’s letter with any negative adjective like these: hypocritical, satanic, demonic, messianic, self-serving, mischievous, deceitful and instantly, you paint a picture of a controversial epistle from a depraved man persistently tortured by the heinous crime he perpetuated in his eight years (mis)rule as a democratically elected president, culminating in a sham election that threw up a terminally ill Umaru Yar’dua and a docile Goodluck Jonathan. He knew the former could not survive one term let alone two. He was not oblivious that Jonathan was incompetent and nondescript, yet he craftily foisted him on us. Obasanjo advertised them both as the only pair capable of turning the country’s fortune around.
The former president is the personification of everything wrong with Nigeria. He epitomizes corruption, irresponsible leadership, dishonesty, double standard. Our collective amnesia is the only reason anyone will heap praises on the Ota farmer for that letter.
That said, his message is apt for the season and should be taken seriously. The issues raised, though germane are common knowledge save for the part where he talked about 1000 people placed on political watch list and training of a presidential hit squad of snipers to take out perceived and real enemies of this administration.
Obasanjo’s 18 page diatribe will likely go the way of his four previous letters to Jonathan - The trash can. This letter is a reaction from the General’s bruised ego of his previous epistles that were ignored. Maybe Obasanjo should have paused to ponder why his previous letters were shredded considering it would have taken nothing to respond with Jonathan’s horde of frothing aides. Did he not think that Mr President might have deemed it appropriate to convey in subtle manner the old aphorism: “silence is the best answer for a fool”?
His missive dripped of charlatanism and unrepentant impunity that reminds us of a freed prisoner who falsely arrogates to himself the title of a ‘Statesman’. Here is a man who hunted his political foes with state instruments, he imposed his stooges in various political offices, undermined democracy with massive electoral fraud just as he flagrantly disobeyed court orders. There was fiscal unaccountability of astronomical proportions during his administration. He usurped the petroleum ministry, he is accused of human rights abuse by way of massacres in Odi and Zaki Biam. How can we forget Mr Obasanjo’s futile attempt to change the Nigerian constitution with billions of naira to grant himself perpetual tenancy, or is it the $16 billion dollar he splashed out to his cronies in government to generate darkness? By accusing Jonathan of giving opposition parties support in gubernatorial elections was he trying to insinuate and admonish Jonathan to tamper with the electoral process and impose PDP candidates on the electorate against their wish?
Obasanjo will easily beat anyone to be inducted in the country’s hall of shame for his recklessness and manipulative tendencies but that should not make us disregard his warnings particularly now that he realises that the man he installed as president is well on course to smash every infamous and dishonest record he set.
Obasanjo should receive his torture in silence if he is now disenchanted with the ‘anointed one’ he installed as president. His moral grandeur is the height of his self-delusion. He should leave the rest of his life in silence and give opportunity to people with integrity to talk.
Beyond the messenger, the propriety of the letter and the way it was thrown in the public, there are serious treasonable allegations that in the national interest, President Jonathan must respond personally and in his capacity as President. From the political watch list to the presidential secret hit squad in covert training; abuse of office; mismanagement of national resources; incompetence; deliberately strengthening the fault lines of clannishness religion and region; factionalisation and weakening of the PDP are just a highlight of the weighty allegations Nigerians are demanding for answers. President Jonathan’s electoral promise to fight corruption headlong has since been forgotten as recent allegations from Obasanjo, Sanusi and Speaker Tambuwal that the President is participating in, and facilitating the rapid growth of corruption has blurred any impression Jonathan has made in his effort to fight the scourge.
Mr Jonathan must replace this unbroken, graveyard silence with a response of his own. He is morally bound to reply Obasanjo’s umpteenth letter. More so, he is obliged to respond to the treasonable allegations in the former president’s epistle. Such accusations are legitimate grounds for impeachment should the president keep mum.
As we match towards 2015, we watch on as the drama of unending political battle of wits between a godfather and his godson unfold.
Theophilus Ilevbare ( Email: is a public affairs commentator.
*Photo Caption - Olusegun Aremu Obasanjo

[ Masterweb Reports: Ezeani Ugochukwu ] – There is no doubt the title of this piece may rouse some sensibilities. Those not sufficiently informed, or deliberately misinformed, about governance in Anambra state may demur. The insouciant may shrug it off while those who know the development trajectory of the state in the last couple of will applaud it.
Regardless, it is fair to say that since the creation of Anambra, over two decades ago, the state did not know development until recently. The transformation going on in the state can only be compared with the best elsewhere in the country. But more than that, the effort of the APGA government will be appreciated when pitted against a background of near hopeless infrastructural development before 2006. Successive governments in the state were too distracted and embroiled in political struggles for political power to concentrate on the real business of governance. To the extent that anarchy was rife with development completely eluding the state. Where development was evident at all even if it was skewed in concentration it was regarded as heavenly. Because of past failures middling achievements were regarded with awe. It was not until the Obi administration that the state began to witness real development. Apart from its multi-sector thrust, development was to touch for the first time all the communities in the state. None of the 177 communities is not without a handful of development project, either completed or on-going. Without being immodest Anambra is among the first three states in Nigeria with the best network of roads.
Development in other sectors like education, health, environment, agriculture, judiciary, human capital, security, sports, etc is not tackled any less. The state has since returned to reckoning among the frontline states in Nigeria. However, it is the volume of work and the tempo with which it is being sustained now the Obi administration is almost closing shop that baffles a lot of people. In less than three months from now the administration would lay down the burden of office. To be precise, by March 17, 2014, Chief Willie Obiano led APGA government will formally assume leadership of government in the state. The fact that APGA victory in the November governorship election was a reward for the untiring effort of the government is not in doubt. Though there are those who hold contrary view and are quick to impute extraneous influence. However, the spread of the win at the first ballot was an endorsement of the holistic development of all sections of the state. That Obi still works with the same zeal with which he started tells so much about his persona. Almost everybody is in agreement that the man is light years ahead of his peers. On a good day, a governor, about to leave office, will be involved in only self-enriching projects. Rather than do this, Obi still works as if he just finished a first tenure, about to do a second. Any wonder Anambrarians, among them members of the clergy, have continued to eulogize him and prayed God for another Obi.
The man’s dedication to duty and his self-effacing approach to governance can hardly compare with any other. His humility amidst impressive record of achievements signposts, like his past political struggles, a new beginning in the politics of the state. It won’t be a surprise if the state begins to reject certain of politicians for the office. A swashbuckler may find it difficult to succeed to the office in the near future. A new order may have been enthroned with successive striving for a better record. Anambra has witnessed a new dawn and will resist any attempt at relapse.
It does not matter that those not on the same page with the man are quick to dismiss his achievement as not commensurate with the number of years spent. They argue that if any of his predecessors was availed as many as eight years such person would perform no less. This argument may be plausible but there is no assurance that the political whirlwind brought on the state at time would have abated. It is most unlikely. If truth be told it is difficult to say that any of them has the kind of magical wand with which Obi buried political infighting in the state. That may account as one of the most important thing the governor did. There is no doubt that states need peace to progress. An ambience of strife does not encourage development. I have had to argue that even if Governor Obi is denied every credit, the fact that he held the state in once piece is a worthy epitaph. He has brought peace to the state. He has also brought development. All these he was able to do by demystifying the office and weeding out leeches from government. Unfortunately, this has been part of his undoing. He is yet to be forgiven by those whose career he ruined by plugging loopholes in government. Conversely, that explains why he has achieved so much for the state without borrowing – working till the very end of his tenure – flagging off projects and commissioning others. This singular act commends itself to the fact the he is God sent. It takes very few governors, if any, not to suspend work at the tail end of their tenure and appropriate all the money already earmarked for projects.
Prior to the November governorship election, there were speculations that the tempo of work at various sites in the state was for the purpose of gaining electoral mileage over opposition parties. But one month after, the man is yet to slow down. A flurry of development activities is ongoing at many project sites throughout the state. Construction of roads, bridges, schools, hospitals, shopping malls, water projects is yet to be affected by the brevity of the man’s time. Human capital is no less developed as civil servants are encouraged to go on refresher courses. A good number of them have had to receive car gifts weeks after the election. Over 200 cars have been given out to them ditto for all the schools in the state. This has since debunked the allegation that the man was working just for his party to win the governorship election. It has also exposed the lie that the gift of cars, some of which came days before the election, was a bait.  There are also over 1,000 transformers being distributed to all the communities in the state. What is going on in Anambra state is no doubt encouraging and will become a benchmark for the incoming administration.
Barrister Ezeani Ugochukwu  reports from Onitsha, Anambra State, Nigeria. 
*Photo Caption - Governor Peter Obi

[ Masterweb Reports: Chuks Ibegbu reports ] - The proposed National Conference will soon commence. In this commentary, Chuks Ibegbu, a public affairs analyst looks into issues Igbos need to present at the conference. The proposed National Conference initiated by the Goodluck Jonathan administration will soon commence. The Presidential Advisory committee on the conference after its nationwide tour recently submitted its report to Mr. President with suggestions on the modalities for the conference.
Over the years , many Nigerians have been calling for the convening of a National Conference so that Nigerians can sit down and discuss their nationhood and how they can live together as a people.  Some suggested a Sovereign National Conference, National Conference or constitutional review. Whatever the tag, the basic issue is that Nigerians  need to sit down and discuss their past, present and future. No nation can afford to be moving in a circus without pausing to x-ray their nationhood at some moments in their existence . Some people argue that the National Assembly has the latitude to discuss
issues that are canvassed at the National Conference. This is not plausible . There are several issues that the National Assembly is not fully equipped to look into.

For instance, the National Assembly may not discuss and resolve such issues as the restructuring of the country or the divisibility and indivisibility of the country as may be agreed by Nigerians and other contentious national issues. It is at the realms of a National conference that such issues can be addressed without any hindrance.

For Ndigbo, this National Conference is a veritable opportunity to redress the imbalances and injustices of the past. . Ndigbo have the least number of states and local governments in the country which translates into the least federal allocation, least opportunities at the center and so on. Past Censuses were unable to capture the true demography of Ndigbo at home and outside Igbo land. The exclusion of census paradigms as ethnicity and religion wrought a great havoc to Ndigbo during past censuses as Ndigbo living outside Igboland were subsumed under the population of the areas they reside without benefitting anything however from the value they demographically add to those places. The  naïve actions and inactions of a peacefully militant pressure group in the East worsened our case during the 2006 census exercise. For instance, a  state like Abia with an estimate of ten million or more people was said to have only a little above two million persons in the last census exercise. Aba alone has more than
one million houses and none of these houses have less then twenty residents. One can then imagine how Abia state and in corollary other Igbo states were undercounted in the past census exercises with its attendant consequences on them.

There are other issues that are critical for Ndigbo to table at the
conference. For instance after the civil war many oil rich parts of Igboland were excised to neigbhouring states by the JUSTICE MAMMAN NASIR boundary adjustment committee. This is why states like Abia and Imo have fewer oil wells than they deserve which also affect their share of the thirteen percent derivation that accrue to oil producing states. The National conference is an avenue to address and redress these long years of injustice and marginalisation which is of course affecting our children today .Those who desire the status quo to subsist are the ones kicking against the conference  by inciting the polity against it.

Good enough, Igbo leaders are determined to make the case for Ndigbo at the conference. The Abia state Governor Chief T A ORJI is a great architect of redressing the imbalance of the past hence his invaluable support to the National conference.

As the conference commences early in February 2014, NDIGBO AND NDIABIA must gird their loins and put forward their case succinctly, pointedly, plausibly and convincingly.

Hon. Chuks Ibegbu ( Email: ).


*Photo Caption – Hon. Chuks Ibegbu

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. James C. Agazie reports ] - Why would someone leave the comfort of his home, travel thousands of miles by Delta Airline, brave blistering pot-holed roads fraught with highwaymen, live through “ime ego” and “igba nkwu” to marry a girl, and finally give his newborn child a name that begins with death? Put the other way, why do we celebrate death so much? Why does death always grab headlines in the media, in our conversations and social events? Must we crown death Mr. Big Shot? Just yesterday, the telephone rang and someone in Nigeria was playing “onwu zuru uwa.” He was preparing for a trip that would take him to the village for the funeral of an 86-year-old man named Chief Onwuchekwa. As we talked, I couldn’t resist being annoyed with “onwu zuru uwa” playing in the background. That Igbo music extols and romanticizes death as if the singer had just won 700 Naira NNPC lottery. What is so great about death that we seem to name our children after it, to venerate or idolize death? I called up my homeboy Sir Onwuka to lambast his surname. His wife picked up and I said: “Nwanyi, from now on your name is Mrs. Nduka, no more Onwuka”. The husband called back to tell me what a beautiful name he has. I hung up when he asked: “Won’t you die someday?”   Hardly a month goes by without someone calling with a disheartening news that starts with “we are at ‘ulo onwu’” (house of death) or some man or woman is groaning “onwu, onwu, onwu, hia, onwu, onwu, hia……”
I am tired of being tired of death. The last time I saw classmate Chief Onwuama on a Lagos road, I avoided him as you would an Egyptian plague, even refusing to make eye contact. Can’t someone give me some happy, good news that goes like: “Congratulations. We hear you are going to be having dinner with Ambassador Bianca Ojukwu ”? Or “My dear brother, how did you enjoy riding in the bullet-proof BMW with Sister Stella Odua.?” It is better than “we have just returned from burying Mr. Onwudinjo .” Igbo names that start with Onwu (Death) rub me the wrong way for some reasons. The Igbo name  Onwuamaka (death is good) is the worst offender. The others include Onwuka (death is supreme), Onwumere (death is the doer), Onwuemerie (death is winning), Onwurapum (Death, please leave me alone) or Onwuegbulam (Death, plesse don’t kill me). I do not like these Igbo names and these are reasons why they may strike fear in any heart. 
Onwuamaibe: Death knows no peers (death has no friends) –who told you I want death for a friend? I don’t for sure.
Onwuanu-mba: Death does not heed or death rebukes – We rebuke death and that’s why we are still around.
Onwuaso: Death does not respect – would you expect respect from person who steals from you? No, you don’t .
Onwuatuegwu/Onwuatu: Death does not fear – Death fears a little when you refuse to abuse your body with drugs and when you take good care of the system you are housed in.
Onwubiko: Please, Death! - We have nothing to beg death for except that it should get away and leave us alone.
Onwubuariri/Onwubualili: Death is terrible sorrow- how can death be terrible when we are more terrible, treating our bodies in death-producing ways ,such as kidnapping, overeating, drug abuse, armed robberies, and using assault weapons?
Onwuchekwa: Death should wait- death is a thief and you’re asking it to wait in the shadows until everyone is unaware of its movements before it strikes.
Onwudinjo: Death is bad/evil – death is worse than evil, more evil than boko haram that bombs harmless babies in the wombs.
 Onwudiwe: Death makes one furious or has done an evil thing- death isn’t bad if it is a time for a well-deserved rest from troubles.
Onwueme: Death has done it again – please tell Death we do not want its favors.
Onwuka: Death is greater – there’s nothing great about some rascal who destroys and/or steals the property of another.
 Onwuma: Death knows or can please itself – how can Death please itself when it is trespassing on property of another and is unable create anything of value? 
Onwumechili: … Death closes- death cannot close the case because it does not have the last laugh, according to the Holy Scriptures.
Onwurapu, Onwurah, Onwughalu: Death should leave us out- since death’s purpose it to cause pain, sufferings, and confusions, it does not know when to leave enough alone or to let the sleeping dog lie.
Onwutalobi Death has eaten the kingdom – death was cast out of the Kingdom of Heaven for disobedience so it officiates over the kingdom of this world where it moves to and fro, seeking something to destroy.
Onwuzulu: Death is everywhere – death is not in all places; it is not in heaven. Only God and saved souls are there.
Onwuzuluigbo/Onwuzuruigbo: death has reached all Igbo land- did anyone tell you that the Igbos have invited death in their midst or that the world is limited only to Alaigbo? What of Alayoruba and Alaawusa?
Onwuzuluike: Death should rest – rest for what? Death hasn’t done any work to deserve a rest
Onwuamaka- Death is good – Chai! How can this man be good when everything he does is too crazy; you can’t even have a wake or funeral without the committees of friends without eating bitter kola nuts, or without consuming large quantities of Heinekens.
Dr. James C. Agazie ( Email: ).
*Photo Caption – A grave in a cemetery

 [ Masterweb Reports: Dr. James C. Agazie reports ] - They say Nigerians are fraudulent and they are stealing millions from Nigerians. These are some of the major American businesses, including credit card companies, banks and Western Union. We must boycott and we must protest without fear. Can we find safer ways to send money? This Imo woman is leaving Western Union and taking her money to  “a friend” she says is flying to Nigeria to give to her family. I fear for her and pray she doesn’t lose her money.
I told the clerk at the Western Union I wished  to send  some money  to a friend in Nigeria and  specifically requested that it must be paid in U S dollars because $1 equaled N171 at the “black market”  but only N155 at the Nigerian  bank. Was I wrong to want folks back home  to have more  money? After the Western Union clerk and I had agreed on the transaction thinking I was dealing with an honest  business,   I proceeded to completed the “send money”  form and hand over a sum of money along with the $10.50 service charge.  After the clerk had completed the transaction on the computer and handed me some papers with the information needed to collect the money in Nigeria,  I glanced at the papers and found  to my utter chagrin  that the person I was sending the money to would be paid in Naira.
“Look here, lady, I say USD (Us Dollars), not Naira. What are you doing?” I demanded. She said: “We only send money to Nigeria in Naira the local currency.” I explained that I had been Western Unionizing  dollars for years and my friends had appreciated and expected it  in dollars. I also informed the clerk that the value of the money would be higher if sent in dollars than in naira. I believe  she understood me but chose to ignored my words.
I said: “Look here, lady, I gave you my dollars, and I want it paid in dollars,” She insisted  that sending  the money in Naira was the correct thing to do.

“Why pay in Naira?” I asked the third time. She continued to ignore me.  Could I speak with her boss? The manager came and was firm that the employee was correct  I took my complaint to a higher-up, and some man in New  England  said “That’s the way we do things at Western Union  for a very long time.” That was a blatant lie. I have sent hundreds of dollars to my relatives  in 2013 and haven’t encountered such brazen  fraud. That wasn’t the way it had always been. Some bastard has changed the rule.
I went to the Bank of America to see if I could get a better service. Bank of America was pretending to be working with me until I asked for details. Then, the clerk  let the cat out of the bag by informing me I would pay $45 service fee up front and the Nigerian  recipient would also give $30 in Naira to a Nigerian bank that pays out the money.  That would add to a total of $75 fee.
“Would my friend in Nigeria be paid in dollars?” I asked. “No,”  she said, “it would be in Naira.”
“Look her, lady,  you’re trying to take $75 from me and  trying to give me stupid Naira for the money I am sending. How fair is this?”
“Oh no, you’ll pay only $45 and the other $30 would be paid in Nigeria.”
 Surely, the Bank of America and Western Union are not about fairness, and so are all other American businesses. They are about exploitation, scamming, gaming,  and robbing me  and they think all Nigerians are as dumb as the door nails at Igwebuike Hall.  It’s unfair to pretend you are honest when  you are a thief.  it was unfair to take value and refuse to return value. It’s overreaching, taking advantage, boko haram oppression;  or being a barawo, onye ori, ore, abali di egwu.  One ought to be very wary.
Dr. James C. Agazie ( Email: ).
*Photo Caption – A Western Union location

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. James C. Agazie reports ] – This essay concludes that Ndigbo do not fare well, despite what appears to be their opulence. You are lost when you fail to love, care for, or spend your resources on others. A Nigerian song says that “onye nwere madu ka onye nwere ego” (a man who has good neighbors is better than a wealthy man). If it is true Ndigbo have been defeated in war, marginalized in Nigeria, and made to feel as second-class citizens isn’t it behooving of us to love and care for one another better than we are doing? Have we internalized defeat and turned the anger into self-hatred and abhorrence for fellow Ndigbo? The question is: “How good a people are we Ndigbo?”
The answer is : “Ndigbo are not as good as one would expect. At least, Ndigbo are not very good to one another. How good can you get if you’re not good to your fellow sufferers? Though we have written and talked so much about the shortcomings of the Hausas and Yorubas, that doesn’t absolve Ndigbo from blame or leave them immune or faultless. In fact, of all the tribes in Nigeria, Ndigbo is the only tribe that has to work the hardest to change their attitudes as well as the perceptions Nigerians as a whole have of them. One would expect Ndigbo to have more empathy and show greater understanding of human suffering. And they ought to be better behaved, having suffered tremendously as a group as a result of the pogrom and Biafra Civil War. We say it the way it is; we don’t mind hurting feelings . But Ndigbo are the least satisfied group in Nigeria. In the attempt to verify their dissatisfaction, we asked a few Igbos in Nigeria and abroad: “What irks you most about our people?” To irk is to annoy, vex, displease, trouble, bother, nag, rile, rankle, or rub you the wrong way. Here are a few of the complaints Igbos have leveled against one another:
Igbos do not love one another. This is the most recurrent complaint. To love is to feel affection for, be keen of, adore, or care for. One of my friends calls to lament: “Ndigbo kporo onwe fa asi” (hate themselves). For example, the Igbos who arrived in the United States as students in the 60’s, 70’s, and 80’s, would describe the love they shared and experienced. If you went to unfamiliar town in a distant state and didn’t know a soul, all you did was look in the telephone directory for an Igbo-sounding name. Call that number and you would be met with the best hospitality, welcomed in as a brother, and helped to solve your problems, including employment, admission to a college, and of course assisted to procure the Green Card. In today’s America, Ndigbo do not trust one another let alone welcome another Igbo to their homes. The new Igbo arrivals have been robbed by fellow Igbos, taken advantage of, or given bad advice that when followed would be detrimental. The same thing is obtainable in Nigeria and across these great United States; New York, Texas, Georgia, and even far-away Canada.
Ndigbo do not help one another. While the Yorubas and Hausas are known to assist their own, one can hardly say the same thing about Ndigbo. Igbos who had escaped boko haram violence in Northern Nigeria and ran to Igboland had sad stories to tell. Their Igbo neighbors resisted helping the new comers; Igbo Governors and politicians refused to provide services for their destitute; civil service departments told the job seekers: “Go to your state of origin.” There have been stories of Anambra civil servants in Imo State being chased out to make rooms for Imo indigenes. The States of Anambra, Enugu, Ebonyi, and Abia are all guilty of extreme clannishness. It is the usual Abia-for-Abians-and-Anambra-for Anambrians stupid mentality. In the United States, you cannot meet an Igbo and not be asked: “Which State are you from?” You are asked the question for a decision to be made as to whether t o associate with you or reject you entirely. . Ndigbo have spent over N938billion improving Northern Nigerian lands while Alaigbo remains desolate.
Ndigbo love money inordinately. A thing or act is inordinate if it is excessive, undue, unwarranted, immodest, extravagant, or unreasonable. An inordinate love of money is a dangerous thing because it means that an Igbo man or woman would value money so enormously as to render that love over and above life itself. Money becomes an end itself rather than a means to an end. Some Ndigbo are greedy and selfish in their pursuit and use of money. On what do Ndigbo spend their billions? Ndigbo selfishly spend money on “things” that really do not matter; things that do not   benefit or edify people. What is more important than fellow humans? Why do my people build 20-stroried skyscrapers that nobody live in? They build for the birds, rats, and insects, and the builders cannot live in those tall buildings because the rooms are dark, stuffy, hot, and airless. Ndigbo build for self-aggrandizement, to show they have arrived or are better than neighbors. Ndigbo have spent over N938billion improving Northern Nigerian lands while Alaigbo remains desolate.
Ndigbo are disloyal, highly competitive, and envious of neighbors’ success. Let’s take this one by one. Chief Nduka regrets entering into a business with his nephew whom he had sent to China to represent him and make contact with his exporters. Chief Nduka chooses to remain in the U. S with young school-age children while running a successful export business in Nigeria. Now, the nephew is described as exhibiting disloyalty defined as being unfaithful, treacherous, and untrustworthy. The nephew has stolen Chief Nduka’s business, refuses to share information about profits, and competes with the Uncle’s business. One of the reasons Ndigbo refuse to help neighbors is the fear of disloyalty: the person you’ve helped might turn out to be your worst enemy and do you harm. A professor friend had sponsored a brother and a few cousins in admission to a U S college. Now, the professor states his Igbo relatives have not been in touch with him in 10 years. But he hears through various grapevines: “After all, what has professor ever done for me?”
Dr. James C. Agazie ( ).
*Photo Caption - Map of Igboland (homeland of Ndigbo of Nigeria ).

[ Masterweb Reports:Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports] – It is perhaps one of the most famously quoted references on the Nigerian blogosphere, particularly in ethnic squabbles. You probably heard or read it before if you are active on the Nigerian online community. Equivalent to the Holy Grail of anti-north Nigeria population dominance is a statement attributed to late controversial colonialist Harold Smith that goes something like this:
By Tunde Adekoya, as an alleged narrative by O. A. Olagbaiye, MBBS. FRCS; in the Vanguard of, Feb. 28, 2011:
‘Brothers and sisters; on Ben TV last Thursday, Harold Smith was on a program to reveal what went behind the scene before the independence. … Harold Smith confessed that the Census results were announced before they were counted. Despite seeing vast land with no human but cattle in the north, we still gave the north 55 million instead of 32 Million.’
The same account is also given on the Harold Smith memorial website.
Even late distinguished author Chinua Achebe referenced the Harold Smith ‘Holy Grail,’ in “There Was A Country” (Pg.  50), asserting that Harold was sent by Sir James Robertson ‘to oversee the rigging of Nigeria’s first election ‘so that its compliant friends in (Northern Nigeria) would win power, dominate the country, and serve British interests after independence.’
I proceed to debunk this claim on three premises.
Firstly, the population figures:
According to Harold’s Grail, in most sources, ‘he gave the north 55 million instead of 32 million.’ This is clearly incoherent information because the entire population of Nigeria at the time was 31.6 million, so there is absolutely no way a census could have given the north 55 million. So the Grail is debunked easily based on figures late Harold allegedly put forth. If he indeed quoted these figures, his old age state of mind may have been questionable. {}
Secondly, the timing of the event:
The census in question was the 1952-53 census. Nigeria conducted decennial censuses. It appears the 1953 census was about a year late, but this is the census referred to by Harold Smith. The problem with his account however was the fact that he said he was part of falsifying the census figures. But according to the Harold Smith memorial website, Genesis Nigeria and all other sources, Harold Smith was in school and then being a new father in London up until 1954 when he saw an advertisement for a Labour Officer position and applied and then travelled down to Nigeria with his lovely wife Carol, in 1955. He was 26 years old at the time.  If he literally did not even know of Nigeria till 1954, how could he have possibly been ‘sent by Sir James Robertson to falsify our 1952-53 census figures?’ Here again, we easily debunk the popular tale attributed to Harold Smith. Perhaps young Harold heard something. Perhaps he saw massive land and imagined something—the north landscape is more than double the size of the South. It is also possible that some people had a drink with old Harold and convinced or bribed him to sell a tale; but for certain, he was definitely not part of anything related to the 1952/3 census based on the record of when he entered Nigeria a full three years after.
Thirdly, the fact of coincident earlier censuses:
Research into Nigeria’s earlier censuses actually substantiates the 55-45% North-South ratio in the 1953 census that Harold claimed to have falsified. According to AllAfrica, Nigeria’s most credible census was that held in 1921. I quote:
‘The first attempt to know the Nigerian population was in 1921, which could be regarded as the best and the properly-controlled census in Nigeria. The most successful censuses after the first were those of 1931 and 1952/1953. These three censuses were conducted under and by the colonial administration.’
The 1921 census gave the Northern Province 10.26 million and the south, 8.37 million.
The 1931 census gave the north a total of 11.44 million and the south, 8.49 million.
If we check the ratio’s of these results of earlier censuses, it is approximately 55-45% for both. This is the same as the results of the 1953 census to which Harold’s Grail referred. Now, we do have reasons to distrust the British, but the claim that the falsification of ‘Harold and team’ was in preparation for a handover does not apply to the earlier censuses since these were well before a handover. It is however possible that the British always counted-up the north. But this thought is not supported by Harold’s allegations since for one, he was not there and two, he got the numbers all completely wrong as he is quoted.
This completes my submission on this all important issue. It is possible Harold Smith has been quoted out of date, context and reference; but if so, it is a shame that dignified Nigerians have blindly used such an obviously erroneous and preposterous tale to unfairly promote agenda and ethnic strife. The truth is a better and stronger tool to get all we want and desire.
Nigeria has many reasons for beef and grief, however in the national conversation, as we decide if and how to exist, coexist or not coexist, it is important we separate facts from malicious and ill intended fabrications and conspiracies which do not speak well of our national intelligence.
Population density can never be estimated by the brain or imagination and can only be verified by a true count. There are concentrated large mega cities and trade hobs in deserts as there are in tropics. If someone imagined that little Lagos today has a population of 30 million, looking at the map, many will refuse to believe. 30 million was the population of the entire Nigeria in 1953. Concentrations could have been possible in any of many major trade hobs and large cities.
We hope for a census we all can believe sometime in the future; and that it be a census for measuring and planning opportunity for the regions or nation(s), and not for promoting and propelling xenophobia.
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( ).
*Photo Caption - Harold Smith

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] – “The values of freedom, respect for human rights and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy. In turn, democracy provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights. These values are embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” –UN.

Nigeria does not have a democracy. There is politics in Nigeria, in fact too much of it, but no democracy. Having civilian rulers does not make a democracy. And unlike the USA, where as Hilary Clinton said-in-Nigeria, “our democracy is yet evolving,” Nigeria does not yet have a democracy, so nothing is evolving.

Democracy is about the provision of, and protection of Human Rights. It is not simply a process of putting papers in ballot boxes. The conditions to test; questions to ask ourselves are: Are we lead or ruled? Are any of those who rule us the people we would really choose with our eyes open? Do those who rule us represent us and provide us our basic rights? Do they lead us to where we need be, or do they only rule over us for their gains? Are we able to remove them when they fail? And then, can we honestly say that the 80 million rural dwellers are represented, know candidates and vote for candidates to lead them in our current system, or these villagers do not count in the selection but suffer the most from its consequences; these rural dwellers who account for 80% of our 100 million destitute population. These questions are essential conditions democracy fulfils; do we have them?

Choosing leadership is not the single reason why democracy is advocated and why nations adopt it. Getting rid of leaderships is the difference, beauty, essence and unique advantage of democracy. That is the point of democracy. If a so-called ‘juvenile’ democracy does not yet have the ‘eviction’ capacity, it is not a democracy. Democracy is a very expensive system. The idea of applying this method is not because you for one second think the candidate you are choosing is a great person. Does this mean we hate our sons and daughters who sign-up with the military? Or we think these disciplined family members are less of people and do not have what it takes to lead a nation? The ability to terminate the leadership is as important as the provision of selection. And we must actively have both; having only the one is as good as having none.

In biology of the cell, when a cell fails to pass a ‘check-point,’ the cell automatically tries to repair the problem, and when it is unable, the cell kills itself in a process called Apoptosis. This protects cells from becoming cancerous. In our traditional systems, we used to apply such systems as giving the king the empty calabash or gift of parrot’s eggs, which tells him he has been disapproved of and must take his own life.

Good enough people are plentiful and we actually usually end up with the worst of us with democratic choice. The politician candidates we choose, even if ‘good’ now, we do know they can change to bad people too, and may already be bad people in sheep’s clothing. But we go through that arduous, money wasting, ethnic-fracturing, nation-wrecking, lengthy process of campaigns, political jamborees, pauses in governance, political mismanagement and all other pains of democratic processes, simply because democracy should provide us certain conditions. These conditions are the primary reasons and requisites of democracy.

The first is the perceived ability abinitio to have a choice of candidates that all have a real chance of actually coming into power. Democracy is all about choice. One and even two party systems limit and cancel any reality of choice. A malicious cabal chooses in primaries and the nation is forced to accept and vote-in that one choice or tops, two choices in two party systems. Abolishing parties and at least, prohibiting or capping party expenses which could be by government equal funding of all campaigns, with no private financing allowed, can resolve these, embezzlement and many other campaign financing related issues.

The second condition for a true democracy is the ability to vote out candidates at their term, without conversation of extension of term or threat of terror if they lose the next round. We do not have this.

The third is the ability and likelihood of impeachment of candidates who fail to execute their obligations, within terms. After all, nature usually has its way of ridding us of military dictatorships, and they are usually replaced in our particular experience in about 8 years, making them not much different in terms of lengthy terms, than civilian regimes. Our rules should be firm and protected.

When people are unable to select their candidates but are only imposed candidates, and when only certain party-elite blocks' imposed candidates have the ability to win, and when candidates cannot be voted out until two terms are completed and/or terms are extended, and then finally when impeachment for failure within term are unavailable, then we have a disguised dictatorship.

On Tuesday the 3rd of December, 2013, the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary met to discuss the impeachment of President Barack Obama. The hearing was titled “The President’s Constitutional Duty to Faithfully Execute the Laws.” {Washington Post}

Republican senators felt Obama had not faithfully executed the laws of the land and so they considered impeachment. Ex-US President Bill Clinton was impeached for “laughable” reasons.

The risk and reality of impeachment is as vital to democracy as is the voting process. Leaders merit democracy’s bounty when they are voted in power, and the masses reap its fruit when the leaders know they can and will be impeached when they lie, steal, or in any way fail in their duty to execute the law.

The Nigerian system does not have this key aspect of democracy and as such it is not a democracy. The entire legislature is bribed to abandon their obligation to protect the right of the masses for a check on government.

But to make our non-democracy even more apparent, consider the recurrent dimension of our system with the proposal of term elongations when candidates either realize their term is set to expire or they realize they cannot win again.

The CNPP party said those who suggested a term elongation deserved investigation and repudiation. They were spot-on. Nigerians elected leaders based on 4 year term expiration. That was the deal, the package. To waste time, money and muddy the national intelligence by proposing term elongations is frankly criminal.

Will there be a referendum? Are there term truncations? How about the more suggestion to consider a term reduction to 3 years to more favorably resolve the quagmire that this political block has put the nation into?

As it stands, the Nigeria is begging for a democracy. One had to just take a look at the recent Anambra elections to know it was and will continue to waste its time as the leadership continues to take advantage of and promote our dictatorial system.

The pictures of those women throwing themselves on and rolling on the ground were pathetic but clearly pretentious. Overall they demonstrated the fact that the system in place did not serve the people and abused the people.

Secondly, in the Anambra election, there were over a million invalid votes, the second largest vote counted. Ballot sheets where voters filled out nonsense. With the general interested populace not being able to vote, this democracy is no democracy as far as people’s choice goes.

There was open and widespread distribution of bribes to buy voters. Indomie noodles boxes (not scholarships) were one such cheap buyoff.

And the candidate party disputes, the widely reported fraud, these things will never go away and as long as they exist, we end up with imposed rulers and not leaders we sort of chose.

In satisfaction of my ideals for my human rights, that I may deem I have a democracy, the minimum I would require is for the administration to establish an enlightened committee to sit down and trash our leadership selection process from scratch. So long as we continue with this useless selection program and are denied expulsions for failure, my rights are not protected and I am not under a democracy.
Our return to a less tribal and ethnic provocative and less societal rendering parliamentary system of leadership selection is a proposed tactic many have presented that needs to be tabled.

When 40 million people go to ballots all around the nation to vote for candidates they know next to nothing of, except a few posters here and there and as we know, having received some peanuts in enticement during campaigns, what results is wars, and the election of the most unworthy. With a parliamentary system, people are restricted to choosing only their local representatives who they have a better chance of actually knowing and holding to account, and it is these reps that select from among them the President. This reduces cost and eliminates volatile complaint and social-media curses being thrown at the top.

We should consider reducing usage of ballots which simply do not work for us. Let us redesign from our objective—representation. The idea is to get representatives and in this, this system fails us. Our market places have representative leaders we are comfortable with. Our Universities have representative leaders we trust, our mechanic unions have leaders we are comfortable with. Our religious organizations select leaders based on skill, rather easily. And all these are chosen inexpensively without bloodshed or precipitating hatred. These same social group leaders can be our representatives? This can be considered to stave off this billion dollar wasteful system that yields nothing.

It is time we have a democracy in Nigeria.

Dr. Peregrino Brimah (Email: ).

*Photo Caption – Take a guess!

[ Masterweb Reports Dr James Agazie reports ] – In the first part of this story, three Muslims brainstormed on how to unravel the Igbo riddle . How do the Muslims  go about containing the Igbo expansionist ambitions and curtailing their money-making proclivity? Yoruba Muslin Ayo suggests denying Amyamiris access to lucrative land deals, government contracts and ministerial posts in finance. Fulani Suleiman chooses intermarriage and conversion of Igbos to Islam. It was Hausaman Yakubu’s position that the Sharia law would provide the lasting solution..  ENTERS the 4th brainstormer Alhaji Okechukwu Okeke, the only Igbo in the group.
AYO: Alhaji Okeke, we’ve been discussing how to make Islam the only religion in this country. First, how was your recent pilgrimage to Mecca with your beautiful wife? Er, Em. First, how did the trip go?
OKEKE: We almost didn’t make it. The airline cancelled Alhaja Mercy Oriaku Okoke’s reservation at the last minute.
JEROME: Why? She’s  Muslim, isn’t she? These Anyamiri Christians are something else. We shall defeat them with Allah’s help.
OKEKE: I believe we shall. They say her ass was so wide she couldn’t fit into the passenger seat. We almost didn’t go until I was able to secure three adjoining seats in a row and have the armrests removed. It couldn’t have been done without Ayo’ s help.
AYO: Sorry about that. I thought she is beautiful the way she is.  Er. Em. Excuse me.  And---
SULEIMAN: I shall have a serious talk with the President and his people.  We have been demanding that Muslim trips to Mecca be comfortable and provided free of charge and guaranteed for all Muslims who want to pay homage to our Great Prophet. Allah be praised. It is within our rights.
JEROME: “Anyamiris have been demanding our government pay for their trips to Israel Holy Land. How do we deal with what we ‘ve been talking about, Alhaji Okeke? I mean Islamize Anyamiris?
OKEKE: Easy. Give me enough money and support  to go after the Igbo leadership who have power over their people. You know, among Igbos, money is everything, and we know if you want to certify  an Anyamiri is really dead, place a stack of Naira on his body. No movement means he or she is really dead.
AYO: You are right, comrade Okeke. I know it. My Igbo girlfriend Comfort does want to be my fourth wife, but she demands millions for red Mercedes, mansions in Port Harcourt, frequent trips to Dubai and vacations at the American Disney World . I tell you what?. Nawa. 
JEROME: For one thing, Alhaji Okeke, how much money are you talking about? Can you handle the upcoming elections? I mean can you pay for the election results?
OKEKE: Very easily, my friend.  Can’t place my hand on exact figure that would do . Perhaps N500 billion  will help to begin the massive job for the Great Prophet. Allah be praised.
SULEIMAN: Ayo, it’s hard to find you sometimes. Are you still enforcing the Sharia laws against the akwukwuma (prostitutes), the lega-lega (homosexuals), and the triko-triko (traversites)? I know you are.
OKEKE: No, Ayo is not. He’s always at my house checking my wife’s big ass out, I have asked him to please marry my wife’s younger sister Comfort with twice the ass size. I don’t know why he is wasting time.
(There was a loud laughter until Suleiman recovered control).
SULEIMAN: Order! Order!  I say order.  Ayo, while you are out checking butts sizes, please check to see the size of Muslim cash flow (not slow nyash) at all banks, including the Central Bank of Nigeria, Barclay’s, Saudi banks, New York, California, Dubai Bank. Alhaji Okeke, we shall get back to you after we pull all the money out. Give us a week. Thank you. Any final word before meeting is adjourned?
JEROME: Would it be better to import white Muslim girls from Egypt or Afghanistan than messing with the black things we have around here? I am just asking.  No more last word, Alhaji Sule, Sir.
Dr James Agazie ( Email: ).
*Photo Caption – Map of Igboland (homeland of Ndigbo of Nigeria ).

[ Masterweb Reports: Eddy Aghanenu reports ] – The event was INEC Retreat in Lagos sometime in August last year. It was on strategies on how the electoral body can best perform its duties in future elections. The INEC Boss in his remarks said the retreat was necessary so that the electoral body can manage the electoral process better, plan for change systematically, and to foster better communication within and outside the Commission. Hope was raised that future elections in Nigeria will be free, fair and credible.
Prof Attahiru Jega, the Kebbi born activist is a gentleman, sincere and committed to ensuring that Nigeria gets it right in her elections. One had hoped that the success he achieved as a labour leader and as a university administrator will be translated into his new job as the nation’s electoral boss. Unfortunately, recent events in Delta and Anambra States have cast doubt on the ability of INEC to conduct a free, fair and credible election. From what happened in both states, can INEC be said to be an unbiased empire? Is Prof Jega still in control of the electoral body?
In the last Delta Central senatorial election, the process was heavily flawed. There were various allegations of electoral malpractices. There were allegations of brazen snatching of ballot boxes and electoral materials by the ruling party thugs. Security agents were not left out in these shameless acts.  Security agents became security risks. Voters were allegedly chased out of polling units. Electoral materials arrived very late in opposition strongholds. In some cases, not all materials arrived. In Udu and many areas in the senatorial district, accreditation of voters started very late. Massive thumb printing of ballot papers by the ruling party’s thugs aided by security personnel were very evident. Some leaders of the opposition were physically threatened and harassed. There was apprehension in the land as voters lived in fear of the thugs and security agents deployed by the ruling party. In the words of late K.O Mbadiwe, the ruling party “bulldozed” their way to achieve their selfish end.  There were allegations of the active participation of INEC personnel in this devilish plan of stealing the people’s votes. In spite of these glaring irregularities, INEC in a diabolical alliance with the ruling party went ahead to announce the results which they have conjured up.
Today, electorates in Delta Central are disillusioned. They have now developed apathy towards future elections since their votes no longer count. To them, whether they vote or not are immaterial as results will be announced in favour of the ruling party.
The same scenario played itself out in Anambra State. This time, the rigging method was more advanced. It started from INEC where voters register was heavily doctored. The voters register in Anambra State today is no longer a reliable instrument for the conduct of elections. Majority of voters can no longer find their names in the register. The PDP flag bearer and his father were unable to vote because their names were missing.
Election materials meant for some local government areas, especially opposition strongholds were missing. There were also allegations of late arrival of materials, late accreditation and ballot snatching. There were allegations that the security agencies were neither innocent nor impartial in the Anambra election.
To buttress the fact that the rigging was well planned is the discordant tune being sung by the PDP at the national level and the PDP flag bearer in the state. While PDP in Anambra State was shouting foul over the elections, the national secretariat was busy commending INEC for conducting a very free and fair election.  The PDP flag bearer not only rejected the results but also rejected the planned election in those areas where election did not take place. He called for a total cancellation of the election.
It is therefore very evident that INEC is not truly independent. The body is being used by the ruling party to foster its agenda on the nation. Both Federal and State Commissioners of INEC are appointed by the presidency. The allegiance of these commissioners is not to the electoral boss but the man that appointed them. “He who pays the piper dictates the tune”. Prof Jega may be sincere and unswerving but can same be said of his subordinates?  
PDP in its unwritten alliance with APGA has promised to deliver the APGA candidate. APGA in turn will not present a presidential candidate come 2015. APGA will also work to ensure the victory of PDP’s presidential candidate in the South East. Anambra’s Nwoye (PDP flagbearer in the Anambra election) becomes a sacrificial lamb for some else’ presidential ambition. The party, using INEC, will continue to bulldoze its way in other elections. Ekiti and Osun States have to be on the watch out next year. The people may have their say but PDP and INEC will have their way.
Will INEC be able to deliver in 2015? I very much doubt. What happened in Delta Central and Anambra State is a foretaste of what is to come. INEC will continue to be powerless and toothless. Election rigging by the nation’s ruling party will continue to be the order of the day as long as personal ambition cannot be sacrificed for the good of the nation.
For the retreat that I referred to earlier, to be meaningful, INEC has to sit up and perform its duties faithfully and sincerely irrespective of whose ox is gored. INEC’s allegiance should be to Nigerians and no one else. Let it be truly independent.
Prof Jega is truly sincere and incorruptible. The same cannot be said of those who appointed him. The system that he is working in will not allow him to succeed. While he is genuinely doing his best to see that Nigeria organizes and will continue to organise elections that meet international best practices, the system that he works in will try to ensure that he never succeeds. Let him not end up like Tai Solarin that was almost swallowed up by the system that appointed him. The task before Prof Jega is unenviable but one hopes that he will be able to surmount all the land mines laid on his path by the country’s ruling party. If he cannot overcome these, then a free, fair and credible election will be a mirage in 2015.
Eddy Aghanenu ( ).
*Photo Caption - Map of Nigeria showing its 36 states (including Delta & Anambra State), and Federal capital (Abuja or FCT).