Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

 [ Masterweb Reports: Eddy Aghanenu reports ] – Recently, the Speaker of House of Representative, Hon. Aminu Tambuwal raised dust when he said that conditions for revolution are ripe in the country.  Hon. Aminu Tambuwal is no stranger to controversy. In his public posturing, the Speaker continually wants to be on the populist side. This could be due to process that led to his emergence as the Speaker of House of Representatives. His emergence was as a result of the marriage of the opposition members and some rebel PDP members in the House. It is normal therefore, that he should be singing tunes that will be pleasant to the ears of the opposition.
At an event in Lagos, the speaker decried the high rate of corruption and other vices in the country. To him, we could be having revolution in our hands if our leaders (looters) do not have a change of heart. Hear him: “The most compelling reasons for revolution throughout the ages were injustice, crushing poverty, marginalisation, rampant corruption, lawlessness, joblessness, and general disaffection with the ruling elite. You will agree with me that these describe conditions in our nation now, to a very large degree.”  

He spoke the right words, at the right place, the right audience and the right time. His analysis was on the mark. Unemployment is at its highest peak. Insecurity is on the rise. Unbridled corruption is the order of the day. Poverty has enveloped the land. Election rigging is the modus operandi of winning election by the ruling party. Economic growth has taken flight. Nothing is working. The country is almost a failed state. No thanks to the political elite.

What has the honourable speaker and the House done to stem the tide? It can safely be said that the National Assembly is part of our problems. They allocate salaries and allowances to themselves that no one knows except them. They embark on frivolous trips and over sight functions whose results are never known. In a country where majority can barely find food to eat, the honourable members are allocating to themselves several millions of naira for their furniture, wardrobe, cars and other unnecessary luxuries. They live in affluence while other Nigerians are scavenging for their survival. The electorate who voted these men and women into the House only knows the colour of poverty.

The Speaker and members of the House are not different from the political elite. Rather than making sure that the executive arm is checkmated and made to execute programmes beneficial to the people, they are busy hobnobbing with the executive to the detriment of the people. Scandals in the House are no longer news. Most reports never see the light of day. Important bills are swept under the carpet. How can it be said that the House chaired by the Honourable Speaker has been unable to pass the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) years after it has been sent to the House?  This is a bill meant to arrest the monumental rot in the petroleum sector.

There is anger in the land. Anywhere one goes, anger is written all over the faces of Nigerians. Anger of man’s inhumanity to man! The people we elected or who rigged themselves to power are now masters and lording it over the masses. No political elite thinks of developing the nation and bringing it at par to the west. Infrastructural decay decorates the land. Arewa youths are crying over the wasted opportunities by their leaders. In every geo political zone there are cries and anger against the ruling class.

Gradually, the people are increasingly becoming aware that the problem of this country is neither religion nor ethnicity. The use of religion and ethnicity to balkanize the people can no longer work. The realization has dawned on the masses that the problem of this country is the political elite. It transcends religion, ethnicity and geo political zone. The hunted are getting united by the day to seek for the hunter. The oppressed are in unison to seek for the pharaoh that refuses to allow them go.

Let the Honourable Speaker not delude himself into thinking that the revolution that he says is ripe will pass him by. He is part of the ruling class. Even if he sings beautiful melodies to the people, he will still be remembered as part of the problem. The only way to save himself is to purge himself and work arduously to transform this country to the nation of our dreams. Let other members of the political elite shun corruption and other vices and remember that power was entrusted to them by the people. They are not masters but servants of the people.

Let our leaders learn from what happened and is happening in the Arab world. If the Arab spring, happens in Nigeria, the political elite will be consumed in the flames of people’s anger. Let them including Hon Aminu Tambuwal do what is right, implement people oriented programmes and return looted money (for those who might have corruptly enriched themselves) to the people. That is the only way to prevent the revolution which the Honourable Speaker is predicting. 

*Photo Caption – Hon. Aminu Tambuwal

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - I have tried, with difficulty, to refuse the temptation of commenting on the goings-on in the Rivers State and, most recently, its House of Assembly for some time now. I find out that the urge to think aloud increases, each time, with the news emanating from the Garden City which has now been turned into a gladiators’ arena. When I watch a popular DSTV channel called “Nat Geo Wild”, I do see how animals eschew God and play God to each other in the jungle. I always feel bad but I understand I am watching animals. What is happening in Rivers State, politically speaking, today is not far from a “Nat Geo Wild” in real sense, the only difference is that this time around human beings – and not animals – are involved; playing God to each other and making a mince meat out of each other’s flesh. I have chosen to relay the comments of some people on this issue. All is based on news items. I was not there and would not want to be........ Read More
*Photo Caption - Rivers State House of Assembly 

 [ Masterweb Reports: Theophilus Ilevbare reports ] – On Democracy Day, Rev. Jesse Jackson joined the Jonathan government in towing the infamous path of ignominy as he danced to the macabre steps of the Jonathan administration’s mid-term scorecard of transformation Agenda. Jackson said it was obvious that the ship of the Nigerian Nation is sailing in the right course describing the transparency of President Goodluck Jonathan as unequalled in contemporary democracy. My first thoughts were to let it pass, but in the course of my interaction with concerned Nigerians in the Diaspora, particularly in the US, we saw a need to bring to public knowledge Rev. Jesse Jackson’s clandestine scheme of grand deception his visits and long association with the country’s leaders has been shrouded.
Over the past two years, the present administration has resorted to window dressing and the former shadow Senator for the District of Columbia has being the trumpeter on the international scene. The Baptist minister, tried to pull the wool over the eyes of Nigerians during the mid-term performance report of President Jonathan. The sight of Rev. Jackson on that day was reminiscent of former President of the United States, Nick Carter, working in the same capacity for ex-President Olusegun Obasanjo. Jackson’s affiliation with the present administration can at best be described as a relationship of congruent characters. 

When in America, he challenges the US government to be inclusive, to establish just and humane priorities for the benefit of all. Across the Atlantic to Africa, he endorses corruption, unemployment and undemocratic proclivities of an elected president. His speech had nothing to suggest that he is an advocate of economic and social justice, but instead, it smacked of the familiar vibes of a political hireling.

As a civil right activist, his activism must be people centered. Any government that has failed in its responsibility in providing basic infrastructure, employment, security of lives and property is not deserving of such high praise. The rhetoric of President Jonathan and his fawning ministers does not translate to realities on ground when citizens are inundated daily with unprecedented corruption, rising unemployment, deteriorating security conditions, decaying infrastructure and impunity, brandishing useless figures in the faces of Nigerians that translates to nothing makes a mockery our democracy. Rev. Jackson, as an international activist, ought to have known better that nowhere in the world is achievement on paper equated to hard facts on ground more so when Nigerian politics and politicians are involved. The scorecard of a Nigerian President must be scrutinized before making pronouncement on it.

In Bayelsa state, the two-time United States democratic presidential nominee backed the federal government’s amnesty programme for Boko Haram. Consequently, he was lampooned by Nigerians for supporting the misguided and unfortunate amnesty offer. I will begin to take Rev. Jackson more seriously if he voices same sentiments to President Obama that al-Qaeda, AQIM and other members of dreaded terrorist cells on US soil be granted amnesty. He cannot feign ignorance of the stance of America on terrorism. The United States do not negotiate with terrorists let alone grant amnesty. Rev. Jackson should be in a better position to advise and campaign against amnesty. There is no justice in rewarding terrorists who have turned places of peaceful gatherings to an abattoir, law abiding citizens are preys as they have continued to perpetrate their dastardly killings with unrestrained fervor. The Boston Marathon bombing in which not more than five people were killed resulted in a manhunt for the perpetrators, putting Boston in locked down until the suspects were apprehended. But for whatever be the  reason the government brought Jackson to Nigeria, it is clear it was for name recognition rather than substance of thought or theory. Jackson must strive to understand the peculiarities and complexity of issues in Nigeria before making his comments.  

Can the American political activist aver that his several visits to Nigeria spanning decades reflect the ideals of his Rainbow PUSH coalition in the US where good governance is put on the front burner? His long years of friendship with some of Nigeria’s tyrannical military rulers  has been fraught with umbrageous intents. Snippets revealed he once told a group of African diplomats in New York City in 1997, that Sani Abacha was the visionary leader Nigeria needs "at this(sic) moment," same Abacha whose regime was widely considered as an international pariah. Of Ibrahim Babangida in 1992, he said he is "The most progressive military president Nigeria deserve". These were military dictators who have been accused of murder, embezzlement, institutionalizing corruption, men who have done everything in their reach while in power to put Nigeria out and send Nigerians to hell on earth. Rev. Jackson fought hard in the international community against economic sanctions on Nigeria when the UN was suggesting such a move in 1996 to speed up democratic changes and return the country to civilian control. It is same Jackson, who didn’t see anything wrong fraternizing with a dreaded dictator that is enjoying a democratic Nigeria today. If Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was alive, certainly, he would have disapproved of Jackson's ties with the discredited soldiers of fortune and his eccentric international activism. Reason why Jesse Jackson has lost relevance in his country cannot be farfetched.

The image of a prosperous and corruption-free Nigeria is being painted by a motley figure like Rev. Jesse Jackson to the world and Nigeria stand to lose a lot if we allow him get away with such.

Since the inception of President Barack Obama led administration in 2008, Rev. Jackson - the Greenville, South Carolina born advocate - has made spirited attempts to launder the image of Nigeria to America that it is deserving of a visit by President Obama. But he has been unsuccessful in his latest mug’s game. On Obama’s second trip to Africa, he has once again boycotted Nigeria, choosing rather to stopover at countries who have demonstrated commitment to democracy, good governance and has upheld human rights. Expectedly, President Obama does not acknowledge him as a serious politician. He is no longer considered an elder statesman in the US. So, Nigeria and other third world countries is the way to go. If the intentions of Rev. Jackson were genuine, why has he failed to work with other Nigerian activists in Nigeria or US over the years?

Jackson’s visits to Nigeria underscores the thinking of some “friends” of Nigeria in America who find it difficult to disconnect from the wealth they see in the Nigerian political elite. For them, that only is important. They care less about the intricacies and the dynamics of control of its resources. They see Nigeria and all they want is to be part of the few who milk the country dry.

Well, to the Jackson crowd, we have a duty to remind them that the struggle for civil rights, democracy and good governance by Nigeria’s activists of yesteryears and today is not in vain. 

Theophilus Ilevbare ( ).

*Photo Caption – Rev. Jesse Jackson

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - Indeed, it is no longer news that Nigeria, Africa and the World over have lost a foremost novelist, an irony twister and a master of strange situations, Professor Chinua Achebe. I have been following with great interest as the torrent of superlative and unending eulogies continues to pour in from all walks of life. From Nigeria’s own former President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, he was “African image to the world.” The deputy speaker of the House of Representatives in Nigeria, Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha "a titan of incomparable proportion". Dr. Ngozi Okonjo Iwela described him as a "movement for African literature" and a “teacher of light.” Across Africa, Kenya’s Ngugi wa Thiong’o described him as “an embodiment of universal wisdom,” South African writer and Nobel laureate Nadine Gordimer called him the "father of modern African literature." Across Europe, the BBC described him as the “founding father of Africa’s literature in English.” For me, none of those tittles befits the “Eagle on the Iroko” anymore because I knew that the eagle must fly out one day. He is the “Socrates of Africa” who believed in continuity. He arrived just on time to assume “the orator of intellectual ancestors” in the ancestral scholastic chamber. While mortals mourn him, the ancestors are celebrating saying “hosanna to the most high: What is good for the goose is also good for the gander.” Still there are those who had claimed Achebe to themselves: His colleagues, Professor Wole Soyinka and J.P. Clark described his death as a “person loss”. Professor Dora Akunyili described him as her own “mentor”, Nigerian coordinating Economic Minister, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo Iwela described him as........ Read More
*Photo Caption - Late Prof. Chinua Achebe 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – South eastern states of Nigeria are people of very high pedigree, they are Igbo people.  They are well known for their doggedness in the face of excruciating and inconvenience situation. This was brought to fore during and after Biafra war. Most ammunitions and warfare used to persecute the war against Nigeria and their foreign allies were built and manufactured in Biafra land. Economic strangulation and blockage of Biafra republic masterminded by Nigeria did not deter Igbo people from fighting against injustice and oppression meted against her by their Hausa neighbors. After the war, Nigeria state policies were skewed against Igbos. Powerful state machinery was deplored to pauperize and make Igbos to remain in perpetual state of poverty. There was a state policy that every Igbo person should be given 20 pounds irrespective of how much he/she had in the account; this was Chief Awolowo brain child. Again Awolowo initiated and implemented indigenization program which placed all state owned properties in the hands of his Yoruba people. It did not end there, as they tend to create perpetual enmity between Igbos and their brothers in Rivers state by promulgating abandoned property law which empowers the state to confiscate Igbo properties left behind before the war. In my panoramic observation of current political happenings in Nigeria, I cannot help but say that Gowon should be enjoying his one Nigeria. Nigeria has initiated, devised and deplored all the instrumentality of manipulation at her disposal to suppress Igbos and change their destiny but force but chemistry Le Chatelier's principle states that when there is an external constraint on a system, a behavioral shift in the system occurs so as to annul the effect of that change. Nigeria state is like bull in the China shop in search of effective and more potent policy to apply against Igbos.
Ebonyi State is a mainland Igbo state, its capital is Abakaliki. The governor is Chief Martin Elechi and he was elected since 2007. This state is unfortunately under the control of Hausa- Fulani oligarchy. They use Ebonyi state as their launching pad to infiltrate into Igbo heartland in continuation of their Islamic expansionism. There is a free education in Ebonyi state with a condition that you must be converted to Islamic belief system before you will become a beneficially. An Islamic Institution known as Jama-al-Nazral school located in Ntezi village in outskirts of Afikpo is playing a major role in Islamic expansionism in Igbo land. As of date, thousands of Igbo kids had become a beneficial of this Islamic benevolent gesture in exchange of their religious faith. In support and in connivance with Jama-al-Nazral school, Governor Elechi has pledged to assist in building Almajiri School in Ebonyi state. If I may ask Elechi, what benefit will building Almajiri school brings to Ebonyi State? Owing to your political status in your state, I guess that you are not politically naïve and intellectual blind to protect the interest of your people. Why is free education in Igbo land of Ebonyi state so important to the Northerners than in Hausa land of Zamfara state?  Is Igbo state so educational disadvantage than Sokoto state that it has attracted the concern of Islamic North for educational intervention? Chief Elechi, being the chief executive of the Ebonyi state where Islamic institution has taken its stronghold in Igbo land will be in a proper position to answer these questions. Governor, Sir, How could you imagine that Northerners are concerned about organismic, structural and functional educational development in any part of Igbo land? A subtle glance at the recently released cut off mark of unity school in Nigeria has revealed that Northern Islamic educational adventure in Ebonyi state is nothing but a Greek gift. The list shows that Anambra state was allocated a scandalous cut off mark of 139 while their Northern Sokoto counterpart was merely given 9 cut off, Ebonyi State was allocated an outrageous 112 cut off while their counterpart in Yobe state was allocated a meagre 2 cut off mark, Imo State was allocated an alarming 138 cut off mark while their Northern counterpart in Taraba State was given only 3 cut off. Governor, have you forgotten that Ebonyi State is one of the most educational disadvantaged state in the federation and this alone placed it in a vantage position to attract the low cut-off similar to Yobe State, if federal character consideration was the parameter for the allotment of the cut-off. Governors, Sir, are you not aware that 70% of street hawkers in the Eastern Streets are Igbo kids from Ebonyi state?  In my solitary state of quietude, I have pondered aloud but unable to excogitate why my able Governor of Ebonyi State have failed to decipher the intention of enemies who mean more harm than good, whose intention was to reshape the destinies of our children and the ones yet unborn. My Governor, having pledged to institute Almajiri School in Ebonyi State shows that you are very far away from the political reality on the ground. Who do you intend to build the school for?  Was it for young Igbo kids from Ebonyi State who roam around the streets, whose futures have been placed at the bleak of failure? Or are you providing fertile ground for breed of the like of Imam Abubakar Shekau of Boko haram? My able Governor, please think clearly to be able to read the hand writing on the wall, this is not time for appeasement or political maneuvering in the name of anything goes in Nigeria politics while endangering the future of our children. You will be called upon to answer for you political deeds in the office in due time, this is time to take corrections and make amend.

Another interesting scenario that captures my attention was the ongoing constitutional amendment. The amendment was structured in a way that all the six federating zone in the country will have an input and uniform submission before the amendment will sail through the final stage in the National Assembly. At the south east public hearing for constitutional amendment which took place in Enugu, the Ebonyi State delegates led by deputy Governor of the State, Dave Umahi viciously and vehemently opposed the inclusion of the six zones as federating unit in the constitution. He went farther to say that his State will not support the autonomy of local government councils. This submission was in sharp contrast of overall uniform submission of the other south east states. In my own personal observation, I can say that Ebonyi State political leaders are myopic, narrow-minded and selfish. They care little about the general well-being of larger Igbo nation. What does Igbos want in the constitutional amendment? Igbos simply wants equity, justice and fair-play. They want a situation where every citizen of Nigeria can be able to live peacefully and can compete favorably on equal ground without state initiated hindrances. These underscore the reasons why they want the six federating zones to be recognized by constitution. Igbos wants a society where infrastructural development will be germinating from the grass root hence their quest for local government autonomy. It is very unfortunate that Governor Elechi of Ebonyi State is playing the cards and dancing to the tune of his Northern slave masters. As at today, south east has five states with 95 local governments while North West alone has seven states with 186 local governments. Out of the entire six zones in the country south east receives least allocation from federal government with Ebonyi State receiving the lease of among the entire 36 thirty six States. My able Governor Elechi, I will challenge you to ask the northerners the reason why they are always on the way and constitute an obstacle against south east realizing the sixth states. If their love for you is very sincere and from bosom of their heart, you can convince them to support an addition of one more state in the south east and help shore up the number of local government in Ebonyi State the same way you aligned with them to killed the inclusion of six federating units in the constitution. We are watching with interest to see what your unholy alliance with North will have on over all welfare of the entire Igbo race.

Before Nigeria/Biafra war, Igbos has big businessmen and businesses that have tentacles spread across Africa and in the rest of the world. During the time under review, economy of Nigeria was in full grip of Igbos. Sir Louis Odumegwu-Ojukwu was known for his unique business acumen, he was the richest black man in Africa. He was the first president of Nigeria stock exchange; he carved a niche for himself by investing in real estate when many Nigerians did not reckon with real estate. He was either chairman or director in the following companies: Guinness, John Holt, Nigercem etc. Immediately after the war, state machinery was deplored and placed against Igbos which helps to incapacitate them to go beyond small and middle class traders. Nigeria state provided a structure that created Billionaires dollar businessmen in the person of Otedeola, Adenuga, Dantata, Dangote, etc. None of all these men are of Igbo stock; they have dominated oil and gas business, telecommunication, real estate, Cement, flour, salt and sugar businesses. Dangote has been rated the richest man in black Africa in 2013 with net worth of about $16.1 billion by Forbes magazine. The main area of his business interest is cement; he has cement plant in Obajana kogi State, another in Ibese Ogun state and BCC cement Gboko in Benue state which he acquired from the Government. He is obsessed into cement investment that he can resort to sheer blackmail when his cement interest is being threatened. This was glaringly displayed in the cement glut saga which we all found to be farce and merely fabrication of facts. There is one Nigerian, an Igbo stock who has interest in cement; he is Cletus Ibeto, he invested in Nigercerm Nkalagu in Ebonyi State and work was in progress to revamp once moribund and comatose company and make it globally competitive in the act of cement production. Governor Elechi, in full surprise of every body, woke up one morning and announced the invalidation of certificate of occupancy of Ibeto Group. Every concerned Nigerian was confused on the rationale behind this diabolic action. Nigercem, when resuscitated will boost economy, add to the revenue of the state and of course create job opportunities for the good people of Ebonyi State. My able Governor what then is your reason for this nefarious action against your brother, Ibeto?  I hope you are not aligning with your Northern allies to sandwich the cement interest of your brother? If that is the case, I will like you to retrace your steps and make amend. I am calling upon you to emulate your brother Governors from other south east States and follow their footsteps. You can as well seek for their advice in a delicate policy formulation and implementation. Nigercem is one of our collective regional assess, it must be protected by all means. If Dangote means well for Igbos, he can tell you one Industry he has cited in the south east, as far as I know, south east is the only region without Dangote presence. As I have told you earlier, we are in era of hyper politics and whoever that misunderstood it must enroll in refresher course in leadership to equip him of emerging trend of political economy in Nigeria.

Finally, it was widely reported that Ebonyi state will mark the centenary cerebration with the building of a 60-meter tower with a beaming clock. The tower will be the tallest in the whole of the south east as being reported. It is a thing of joy and it is a welcome development to even erect a world biggest elephant that will stand conspicuously in the heart of Abakiliki to mark the centenary cerebration. But my able, Governor, I want to bring to your awareness of economic theory of scale of preference, it is a basic economic concept. The meaning is that, there is a list of wants that everyone has they want to satisfy. This list is then placed in order from most pressing need to least important in terms of needing satisfaction. As far as economic theory of scale of preference is concern, erecting the tallest tower was the least of Ebonyi state problems. My list of needs of Ebonyi state people in the scale of preference range from, 1) High level of unemployment 2) extremely poverty, 3) infant mortality 5) lack of portable water 6) Bad road network 7) very low literacy level 8) poor health facilities 9) Antiquated style of farming and 10) lack of security of lives and properties. Nowhere in the scale of preference does erection of tower reflect. Why does erection of tallest tower to mark centenary cerebration become very important to Elechi than to eradicate extreme poverty in Ebonyi state which is paramount in the needs of Ebonyi people? I cannot conjure the positive impact the erection of the tower will have on the people of Ebonyi State than provision of portable water. Elechi should have earmarked unemployment for reduction as a center point of her centenary cerebration had he genuinely acting on the interest of Ebonyi people. Erection of tallest tower to mark centenary cerebration is reminiscence of biblical tower of babel which will not add value to the life of people of modern time.

Akusoba Christophcer Chigozie ( ) writes from Sweden.

*Photo Caption -  Governor Martin Elechi

 [ Masterweb Reports: Ikechukwu Enyiagu reports ] – History stands upon history. Better individual and/or collective history is made when men give themselves in to learning from their history. No nation or people can move forward if they relegate their history to the background. For those who vehemently insist that the only way man can move forward and become successful is to forget his past, his history and to look ahead, you cannot be more wrong. To you I say, what irony! What ignorance!  In forgetting your history, do you not know that you are altogether forgetting yourself? Wake up! Be wise! Ignorance is the foundation of the destruction of all that is good. Yet, for those who are ignorant, there is still hope because they can become aware and shift foundations. A man who is ignorant cannot be said to be a fool because fools have no hope. However, for him who thinks he knows but does not know, and would not dare to learn, to such has the spirit of hope escaped. There is hope for Biafra. There is hope for Biafrans who do not see the times, yet are willing. Our collective hope is our voice and our voice is Radio Biafra London. Here, at Radio Biafra London, we make bold to spread abroad the news of who we are, where we are today and where we have set to go and must get to.
On May, 30, 1967, Biafra, through the leadership of our ever-beloved father, daddy Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu, and under the directive of the elders and leaders of the then eastern Nigeria, declared an independent Biafra. What followed was genocide against our people; genocide championed by the Nigerian government under the Jack, Yakubu Gowon, and ignorantly backed by the British, Russian and the Arab governments. Today, as a result of the genocide and the ‘annihilate-the-Igbo’ laws championed by the government of Nigeria and duly followed by non-Igbo and Non-Biafrans, 98 percent of Biafrans have lived decades in the comatose bed of Nigeria. From this percentage, about 20 more conscious Biafrans, who could no longer bear the humiliation, shame, denial, marginalization, insults, etc., not willing to give Nigeria and her murderous structures the excuses of total annihilation of conscious-Biafrans, allowed themselves into exiles as unconditional migrants. For most of these Biafrans, Spain-Italy-Morocco-Israel deserts and Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Gabon seas became their graves. For the few who made it across to these and several other countries, modern slavery became a wonder, and then, their salvation. There are yet thousands amongst them in some of these and other countries where being a slave to the countries to where they have run were not ‘lucky’ enough to be admitted into the circle of Modern African Slaves. These groups are found amongst the men and women in prisons, in prostitution rings, and even among mad men in the streets and on the roads of their host countries.  

Back home in what is still referred to as a country, Nigeria, the story is even worse: they have imposed their demons on us and called them our Governors, Senators, Rep. Members and even Traditional Rulers. Our mothers, in reaction to the spirit of death called Nigeria, have resorted to giving out their daughters as baby machines. Our fathers have been blackmailed into accepting bribes to deny and/or ignore the daily unlawful destruction of their sons and daughters. Our young men have gradually been compelled into all manner of wickedness against their own people in every bid to survive while our daughters now pray for men and women for sex-for-money – no matter where they may come from. As if we have not had enough, every national step is made by the government of Nigeria to reduce the number of Biafran students while those in the North of Nigeria would be eligible to enroll, qualified or not. We have no written list which correctly captures the many abominable injustices of Nigeria against Biafra, but we have individually and collectively become the list: everything Igbo has been marked for extinction in Nigeria. 

But thank God! Despite the wiles of the enemies, we, the remnants of this indigenous people of Biafra, who within time have forcefully but unsuccessfully been relegated to the dustbin of Nigeria’s abominations and crimes are alive and back – aware, determined, ready and selfless in our pursuit for freedom for the remnants of the indigenous people of Biafra. So far, we have:

1.       Raised the consciousness and knowledge of our people via media platforms - starting from Radio Biafra London broadcasts to Facebook, from Radio Biafra onlines newspapers to Skype groups, etc.

2.       Registered Bilie Human Rights Initiative, a Human Rights Organization seeking for the emmancipation of the remnants of the Indigenous People of Biafra, with the UN and the Nigerian State and headquartered in Owerre, Imo State of the present Nigeria.

3.       Filed a progressive court case against Nigeria to which recognition has been granted the Indigenous People of Biafra and for which Nigeria, at a turn, has been charged a court fine in favour of Biafran for contempt of court (suit: FHC/OW/CS/102/2012).

4.        Come under the able leadership of the Council of Elders of the Indigenous People of Biafra, enabling rom for steady, lawful, orderly and democratic push for Biafra's sovereignty.

5.       Have begun the emerging of the activities of Pro-Biafra organizations, starting with Biafra Alliance and Biafra Foundation, into Bilie Human Rights Initiative.

6.       Erected representative Biafran structures in most countries of the world under Radio Biafra Volunteer Teams.

7.       Have begun steps towards getting news, information and updates regarding Biafra and Biafrans to the utmost parts of the earth, especially to Biafrans at home, through the use of Frequency Modulation (FM) and Amplitude Modulation (AM) radio frequencies, all-smartphones Radio-TV Biafra App, Satelite, etc.  

So far, from every indication, from all measurement, there is confirmation that Biafra is ripe to be admitted into the comitty of nations as a sovereign and independent State. However, much is still expected as we, together, push the final strand. Every Biafran, Efik, Ijaw, Annang, Ibibio, Igbo, Okrika, etc. is called to become frontal in our individual and collective commitments and sacrifices to extricate and emancipate our generation and posterity from the sinking ship that is Nigeria by harnessing and bonding our efforts for a free and independent Biafra under the championing of Bilie Human Rights Initiative and Radio Biafra London.

Whatever the case may be, these and lots more have established our success and thus has Biafra gone  so far; and  we know that Biafra is closer to us now than many think. I hereby call on all Biafrans, in spite of coalitions, groups, religion, political affiliations and ethnic inclinations, differences and uniqueness to muster lost courage, gain more knowledge, form more alliances and have common fronts in our collective quest for a State of Justice, equity, opportunities, peace and progress in the Sovereign Biafra. I also call on all Igbo titled Chiefs and High Chiefs, amongst whom are the Onwas (the moons that shine for his people) to come out in support of our quest to redeem our people from the darkness called Nigeria. Those who head the World Igbo Congress (WIC), the Igbo World Assembly (IWA) and several other Igbo State, Local Government, Social and Cultural organizations are also hereby reminded that, as far as a faulty foundation is concerned, as far as Nigeria is concerned and as far as her genocide against our people is concerned, there can be no collective and progressive Igbo outside of Biafra, outside of quests which have saturated our land with blood and have sealed our eternal enmity with the spirit that rules and keeps Nigeria. However, in all these, one thing stands sure: Biafra has come to stay, one way or the other, and her sovereignty will not be delayed a second more than has been set. Long Live Biafra!

Ikechukwu Enyiagu ( ).

*Photo Caption - Map of Defunct Republic of Biafra.

 [ Masterweb Reports ] - I had sometime put up a rejoinder to an article on this matter which I titled “The Struggle For The Soul of The Catholic Church in Ahiara Diocese”. I stumbled on another piece credited to Mr. Uche Ezechukwu which he captioned “Mbaise Versus Catholic Church” on The Sun – May 20th 2013. I initially felt like giving this piece the title of “Mr. Uche Ezechukwu Versus Mbaise Peoplebefore I considered that it would sound too parochial. I will amend that piece to make it reactive to the issues Mr. Ezechukwu raised on The Sun of the above date which is also linked. “The Church in its over 2000-year history has seen and weathered greater challenges and this one by the rabble-rousers from the Ahiara Diocese and a few of their supporters is only a storm in the teacup which will be also weathered by the Church.” The above excerpt by Mr. Ezechukwu, in the said article, is not only arrogant but indicative of........ Read More
*Photo Caption - A Christian Church service 

 [ Masterweb Reports ] – “We have okada too in Rwanda. It is a lucrative business. A good number of people are doing okada business in Rwanda. But their activities are well-regulated. There are rules and regulations that define the limit of their operation."
“We also organise them into groups, such as association of owners and association of operators. The groups help in ensuring that the rules and regulations are duly observed. Because we have rules, institutions and structures in place, we do not have much problem with okada operators." – Rwandan President, Paul Kagame.

That simple. There goes a responsible leader who understands the struggles of his countrymen. He has gone the extra-mile to ensure he sustains the source of livelihood of commercial motorcycle operators in his country irrespective of their place on the rungs of the social ladder.

Asking commercial motorcycle operators popularly known as okada to find alternative means of livelihood is the height of insensitivity by Nigerian state governors to the plight of compatriots. If there were better options they wouldn't be riding bikes in the first place.

Okada restriction in some parts of Lagos and Delta states in recent months have now berthed in Edo. Governor Adams Oshiomhole upon his re-election reiterated that there was no plan to ban Okada; “It is a class issue and I belong to the working class, so I cannot ban Okada. First, I believe that okada is a response to certain deficit in our intra-urban transportation system”. But on 11 June, 2013, all of that changed when the state government announced that there will be a ban (or restriction) on the activities of commercial motorcycle operators (bike riders) across Egor, Oredo and Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Areas. The ban was extended to Oluku and Aduwawa which were not listed in the three local government areas but are part of the Benin City Metropolis. I believe that the Comrade Governor, like Fashola of Lagos, was ill-advised. It is a policy that will further impoverished the people that have already been pauperised by similar anti-people moves in the past like the fuel subsidy removal that was vehemently resisted by Nigerians to no avail.  It is not accidental that most states where okada have been banned have Governors in their second terms. To test how unpopular such a move is, very few Governors will risk re-election by banning commercial motorcycles in their first term. Governor Fashola, "Before election in 2011, gave helmets and vests to okada riders.” An opposition spokesman was quoted as saying. “The okada riders were behind Fashola everywhere he went to campaign, then they were not armed robbers and they were not causing accidents. Weeks after he got the second term, he started chasing them everywhere.”

It is a fallacy of hasty generalisation, that all Okada riders are armed robbers, hence, responsible for the rise in crime rate and all accidents on Nigerian roads. Such must be premised on some kind of prejudice for them or at best, lazy reasoning. We cannot absolve okada riders from occasional robberies, but to put the blame on them squarely for all robbery incidents in the state to warrant their ban is tantamount to giving a dog a bad name so it can be hanged. Are the so-called keke NAPEP replacements and regular vehicles not used for same? Shouldn’t we also ban them from Nigerian roads? The restriction on okadas is not only a lazy approach to problem solving, but pedestrian, unjust, inhumane, callous and vicious. Taxis and buses are used for the famous 'one chance,' why weren't they banned? Militants and pirates use speed boats to bunker oil and attack ships on the high sea. Were they banned even at the height of the Niger-Delta militancy? For years, Nigerian airlines have become flying coffins leading to the death of hundreds, not even the lives of prominent Nigerians were spared. Aircrafts and air travel should have been banned! It becomes glaring why okada riders are singled out for ban, throwing their families and dependants deeper into the abyss of privation. For such an anti-people move to be taken somewhat hastily without due consultation with stakeholders, to a large extent, is an indication that these state Governors have lost touch with the common man.

A hardened hoodlum who wants to steal will find a convenient means of transportation to do so. There are thieves who rob on foot. This writer have been robbed in the cool of the evening by foot robbers with passers-by, onlookers and vehicles on either side of the road. Moreover, I don’t see anything that will stop a bandit from robbing with a motorcycle even after the ban of okada. It is the height of irrationality that a ban on commercial motorcycles is now a measure for reducing crime and accident rate in state metropolis. People should not loss their livelihood to the incompetence of the institutions constitutionally empowered to ensure safety on roads. The onus is on the government to live up to its responsibilities.

Governor Oshiomhole of Edo state, seeking comfortable parallel to hinge his anti-people and unpopular restriction of bike riders said it is now increasingly evident that many of the kidnappers in the state are okada riders. But how an okada rider can successfully kidnap his target who is probably driving in an SUV or some fast moving car beats me.

The ban of okada was also premised on the loss of lives from okada accidents. I wish to ask the FRSC and the Nigerian Police in these states, is okada the only cause of road accidents? Statistics have shown that accidents on the high way predominantly involve vehicles. How some state governors came to the conclusion that the panacea to the carnage on Nigerian roads is to ban okada but not cars – if we’re to go by simple logic - remains a mystery to me. If the state governors have failed in their responsibilities to fix the roads and reposition the FRSC and police to do their jobs on the high way, the source of livelihood of okada operators should not be sacrificed.

Residents who live in remote locations will face untold hardship accessing major roads from their homes. To meet up with work and other engagements they may decide to trek early in the day or late in the night and end up waylaid by thieves in unsafe areas. Will they not be worse off in the final analysis? It would have made more sense if the governors, Edo state in particular, rehabilitated all roads in interior locations to ameliorate the hardship of residents before the ban.

The state governors will do well to tell Nigerians how many jobs they’ve created in their states since they assumed office. You’ll discover in most states it is nowhere close to those put out of work by the ban on bike riders. Where do they expect them to get new jobs? To add salt to injury, Governor Oshiomhole has made it clear he is not interested in tricycles, popular known as keke NAPEP, stating his preference for taxis. Where he expects them to get funding for cars is unknown.

But it is pathetic that at a time the nation is grappling with security challenges, exacerbated by unemployment, state governors have chosen to swell, with such gusto, the teeming population of jobless Nigerians, leaving them exposed to terrorism, kidnapping, oil bunkering, robbery and other social vices that has eluded government ‘ban’ for many years.

In densely populated Asian countries and some other parts of the world, motorcycles are proper and recognised means of transportation. Their operations are regulated by the relevant traffic agencies. In most countries in Africa motorcycles are used for transportation.

On the contrary, it is corruption, dereliction and negligence of duty that needs an urgent clampdown! We need better roads. There must be concerted effort and synergy from the relevant law enforcement agents to reduce accidents on roads and protect lives and properties.

Theophilus Ilevbare ( ) reports.
*Photo Caption: An Okada rider. In the background are Kekes (tricycles)

 [ Masterweb Reports: Theophilus Ilevbare reports ] - The hog-wash of 19 grumpy PDP governors in the aftermath of the NGF election declaring Jang as chairman, citing a purported endorsement in a pre-election agreement to form a Kangaroo faction as a belated attempt at damage control after defeat is reprehensible. That they chose to display their asinine grievances in such a manner that undermines demcrocratic tenets leaves much to be desired of men vested with the peoples’ mandate.
A video on the internet released as evidence by the pro-Amaechi group captured the returning officer counting the votes as the 35 governors looked on. Clearly, the PDP had its back on the ground and there was no way they could discredit or upturn the results of the NGF poll except with a splinter group. Funny as it sounds, some of the seeming aggrieved governors who flanked Jonah Jang and Akpabio during a press briefing may have polled for Amaechi in the secret ballot that was fiercely resisted before it was eventually adopted to the chagrin of the anti-Amaechi camp. The secret ballot, effectively sealed victory for Amaechi before any vote was cast as a few PDP governors found a clandestine way of registering their displeasure at the president’s coercive tactics by polling for Amaechi. It was a triumph of ‘good’ over evil, a victory over democratic tyranny.

It behoves on the seething governors to tell Nigerians the law that Amaechi broke or where it is spelt out in the NGF constitution that a sitting chairman must step down and cannot preside over an election in which he is a candidate. It is akin to saying Jang and his grouchy colleagues in the NGF splinter opposition would rewrite the country’s constitution on the eve of 2015 elections to embed a clause that a sitting Governor or President must step down before seeking re-election. It is ludicrous that Governor Jang in an attempt to hoodwink the unsuspecting Nigerian public, is parading himself as the authentic chairman of the NGF. It is no rocket science to every discerning political observer, that the endorsement of Governor Jang’s candidature by the PDPGF, Northern Governors’ Forum and the signing of a secret document in may before the President does not in any way translate to actual votes cast and eventual victory in an election of the NGF. It makes a mockery of democracy that the anti-Amaechi group have spent so much time trying to confer legitimacy on an election loser.

It was puerile for the grumpy PDP governors to claim elections were rigged. Declaring Jang as the winner and chairman of the NGF which he shamefully lost is infantile. Many questions are begging for answers. They weren’t embroiled in the elections, they could have walked away when they noticed it was being rigged. Why didn’t they protest, threaten a walkout or stop the elections? The PDP governors are crying over spilt milk. If the same scoundrels masking as governors agreed to take part in the poll without raising any objection, then it is baseless to claim the paper for the ballot was not serialised. They could have refused to participate. Nigerians would like to see any evidence to buttress their school boys agitation that they were coerced to act against their will. The pro-Jonathan group that we’ve come to know in the last few months would never have sat back to watch the manipulation of the NGF elections. The puppet Governors have erased any doubt in the mind of Nigerians who for long have borne the brunt of their rapacious tendencies and greed for power, that the entrenchment of true democracy at all levels is not on their agenda as custodians of the people’s mandate. The aftermath of an election conducted between 35 governors has left Nigerians fearing the worse for 2015.

The tacit backing they receive from the presidency is giving those governors the latitude for this brigandage. It would have made sense to reject the outcome of the election and seek redress through legal means rather than the opprobrious scenario in Abuja where Jang declared himself the winner, brandishing a secret document allegedly signed by 19 PDP governors whose signatures have not been verified by an independent jury to absolve forgery.

The PDP wouldn’t have complained if they had won the elections. The failure of the puppet PDP Governors to close ranks with their colleagues under its leaky umbrella when it mattered most became their achilles' heel. Same scenario played out in the House of Representative which eventually threw up another of the President’s antagonist, who is being tipped in some quarters to challenge Mr Jonathan as a Northern candidate in the 2015 elections; Speaker, Aminu Tambuwal. The ruling party, with majority legislators in the House, failed to convince its lawmakers to vote for the party’s concensus candidate in the person of Hon. Mulikat Akande-Adeola. Mr. Presidents’ failure in both election speaks volumes of his ability or lack of it to spin election results in his favour and prove to cynics and critics alike that he is in control of the party’s machinery. Amaechi’s victory is good for democracy, like that of Tambuwal, has affirmed the liberation of the NGF and House of Reps from the shackles of undue influence of the Villa. Nigerians owe Governor Amaechi a depth of gratitude for standing up against the foolery in his party and not joining the bandwagon.

With the split, the influence of the forum has been dealt a big blow, which has been the aim of the Pro-Jonathan group, who don’t want Amaechi’s name mentioned anywhere even in print as the NGF chairman. In all of this brigandage by the enemies of democracy who are actually the beneficiary of the fault lines they help create in the system, the average Nigerian, stands to benefit nothing from a fiasco that state funds will be deployed to service. Unfortunately, President Jonathan who is supposed to be mediating and calling his overzealous errand boys in the NGF to order is infact fanning the embers of this bunkum.

The presidency cannot look the other way when he has sowed a seed of discord with a clear mandate to his foot-soldiers in the NGF to either win elections or split the forum to discredit Amaechi. The splinter group by Jang fits perfectly into one of the many game plans drawn up by forces loyal to the President. Mr Jonathan cannot absolve himself from meddling in the affairs of the NGF. Forces loyal to the president are determined to railroad and stampede Amaechi out of the PDP with a suspension from the party already slammed on him. If his expulsion from the party is not witch-hunt then it becomes easy to draw the line between a scheme by Jonathan that alienates Rotimi Amaechi but embraces DSP Alamieyeseigha. That Mr President is estranging some Governors is the strongest indication yet that he is weak at building bridges which might be his undoing in 2015. The will power that he has so far failed to wield in transforming the country, he has been enamored to deploy to his delight in the persecution of perceived enemies of his administration which has become his pastime relegating developmental issues to the background.

President Jonathan like the democrat and a stickler to the rule of law that he claims he is must rise above political pettiness and ignore the sulking losers. Governor Amaechi on the other hand must take his travails as his own contribution towards nurturing our democracy to full fledge federalism. Already, he has shown uncanny courage. His political heroism and maverick has put him head and shoulders above the tantrums of political neophytes who indulge in smear campaigns and deliberate distortion of facts to arm twist the unsuspecting public. Henceforth, he can count on the support of Nigerians.

Theophilus Ilevbare ( ).

*Photo Caption – PDP logo

 [ Masterweb Reports: Osita Ebiem reports ] – When I read Orji Uzor Kalu’s article about his belief in the “. . . unity and indivisibility of Nigeria.” the first reaction would have been to be alarmed. Then he was writing about the Nigerian government crime of murder against its citizens in Zaki-Biam, Benue State in October 2001. Kalu in his essay insists that Olusegun Obasanjo by his action of ordering the mass killing of Nigerian citizens in Zaki-Biam deliberately committed crime against humanity.
Obasanjo was Nigeria’s President in 2001 and he gave orders to the military to destroy the villages in and around Zaki-Biam over some inter-ethnic disputes involving Tiv and Jukun. The entire area was sacked with hundreds of civilians killed and properties destroyed. This was a repeat of what the same Obasanjo government did earlier in Odi, Bayalesa State in November 1999. The Odi incident is considered by most analysts as genocide.

Some readers will also recall that it was the same Obasanjo as the commander of the Nigerian 3rd Marine Brigade in January, 1970 committed what has become known as the Njaba Massacre against Igbo civilians after the war had ended. For several days after ceasefire agreement had been signed by the Biafran General Philip Effiong and his Nigerian counterparts, soldiers under the direct command of Obasanjo went on a killing and pillaging spree at Njaba and its surrounding areas. Majority of the victims were civilian children, women and men in various refugee camps. Witnesses remember that the entire Njaba River was turned into a river of blood and a putrid soup of human flesh. Thousands of people were killed, women were raped and some were seized and taken away as sex slaves. For many months after wards the entire river and surrounding area festered with thousands of bloated bodies floating and others rotting in the open fields.

43 years later the Ezu River dumping of 2013 where more than 40 bodies of young men were found by horrified villagers would rudely remind the people of the Njaba Massacre. Reports have it that Ezu victims were suspected members of the non-violent separatist group; MASSOB, Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra. They said the MASSOB members were executed extra-judicially by the Nigerian Police and dumped in the river.

Most Igbo consider Kalu’s seemingly harmless statement in the opening paragraph of this essay as thoughtless, reckless, insensitive and roundly condemnable. In the mind of most Igbo they see the statement as more devastating than it appears to a casual reader. For such Igbo they consider Kalu’s “flippant misspeak” as negatively impacting on the psyche of Igbo people and demeaning of the memories of those of them who died for Biafra as the crime of pogrom/genocide itself. Prominent among those who vehemently condemn the statement is Oguchi Nkwocha, the Biafran expert and an advocate for the division of the Nigerian state along ethnic lines. In his reaction, as well as calling Kalu’s confessed position shameful Nkwocha describes it as “. . . typical of the stupid  Igbo trying so hard to be more one-Nigerian than any others, completely oblivious to how ridiculous he is in that: it is more nauseating than convincing. After all, which other ethnic group in Nigeria would use that as an opening statement in any discourse, serious or not?” ( Nkwocha is a reputable force in the campaign against genocides and typically condemns genocides anywhere. So his anger would not have been against Kalu’s position on Zaki-Biam and Odi. This is clear because he goes further to explain his anger which is held by most Igbo. He says; “. . . in that mien, he [Kalu] goes on to ignore the ongoing Genocide by Nigeria against his own people [Igbo people]—he has to; and is ever willing to lead the charge of genocide against any another group.” Nkwocha and other Igbo believe that Biafra genocide remains the most heinous and the one with the greatest number of people killed in Africa and any honest commentator on African genocides and mass killings cannot justifiably ignore it for any reason. The people in this group argue that the other major reason why it is not only dishonest but dangerous to gloss over Biafra genocide is because the ethnic/religious cleansing of Igbo people is still on-going in Nigeria just as Nkwocha pointed out.

Some commentators believe that Nkwocha’s statement about Kalu’s supposedly unthinking effusive patriotic gushing for one Nigeria is too strong, but others feel that he did not condemn Kalu enough. The people in the latter group believe that Kalu by his statement is making a mockery of the memory of more than 3.1 million Igbo people and other Biafrans who gave their lives in the process of trying to free Igbo people and others from the clutches of one Nigeria. And this group is pained more by what they consider as perhaps the longest running or unremitting genocide in history: Igbo/Biafra Genocide and ethnic/religious cleansing of Igbo people in Nigeria.

Another group that would be alarmed at Kalu’s statement would be those Igbo who believe that in today’s Nigerian political scene any Igbo politician should be knowledgeable on the important highlights of the history of his Igbo people that he leads. In their opinion such insensitivity as displayed by Kalu becomes more disturbing when such a politician had risen to an important position of being governor of an Igbo state. (Kalu served as governor of Abia State from 1999 to 2007). It is believed that such level of insensitivity and grandiose dreams based on irrationality among Igbo leaders may only be forgiven in the likes of the quintessential Pan-Africanist (Nnamdi Azikiwe) who had very little history to refer to. In today’s scheme of things in Nigeria they contend that it is expected that all Igbo participants in the Nigerian politics should be more of realists than mere dreamers.

In today’s Nigeria any Igbo confessing like Kalu did would not only be considered reckless but to be dangerously impacting negatively on the well-being and future of his entire people. The argument of those Igbo like Nkwocha who appear to hold extreme position is; if there is one single most important episode in the annals of Igbo history, Biafra would surely be it. So it would baffle any Igbo political analyst any day how an Igbo politician could attain any meaningful position in Nigerian politics without a sound knowledge of the Biafran tragedy? Hence it is believed by most Igbo pundits that a good knowledge of the Biafran experience is supposed to be the first qualification for any Igbo public participant. In the real world of politics no one should ever dream of leading a people to a future without knowing about their past? The road to the future is always found in the people’s past. Generally, historians have always had the consensus that those who would get to a planned and successful future, whether as individuals or a group, would always first find their past and learn all the lessons in store for them there.

In Kalu’s confessed belief in one Nigeria he fell victim of the guilt of the non-politician’s absolute sermon. This mistake is perhaps the deadliest Achilles’ heel of many Igbo politicians. Some other Igbo politicians have often been guilty of assuming similar absolute positions when reacting to certain aspects of Nigerian politics. Successful politicians try as much as possible to avoid the many dangers of taking absolute positions and making absolute statements in their dealings with certain political issues. Sincere and honest politicians always find ways, without prevaricating or being dishonest, to still communicate forthrightly and honestly what they think. Most important politicians and participants on human social affairs understand the basic fact that they can only be certain and absolute within the wishes and needs of the people they lead. When time or circumstances dictate for the people what they want at any given time, it is always in the best interest of the leaders to adjust accordingly their own positions so as to remain relevant with their people. In divine matters believers can conveniently run the risk of being absolutely sure of the doctrines of their faith but not in the physical or social sciences. Successful leaders in progressive societies study and adjust their convictions and decisions at every given time on the whims and actual needs of the people they lead and in the context of the people’s environment.

From his recent political and social activities Orji Uzo Kalu and his organization; Njiko Igbo appear to have started taking that all-important politician’s adjustment steps, even if haltingly, to conform to his people’s wishes and needs. Kalu went to the British House of Commons on April 18, 2013 and presented the case of Igbo plight and marginalization in Nigeria. ( He also used the opportunity to explain his Njiko Igbo movement to his British audience. This action is one little positive step on behalf of Igbo. Igbo people expect a lot more similar steps in the interest of Igbo from those among them who are well-gifted. All well-meaning Igbo stand by everything that Kalu said in his address to the British Parliament.

However some of the analysts have pointed out that Kalu ended his address before the British parliamentarians without proffering a realistic solution to the problems he enunciated. They argue that Kalu should have told the British lawmakers to consider as the most viable solution to Nigeria’s problem of endemic ethnic hatred and religious cleansing in the principles of Self Determination for the various ethnic groups in Nigeria who are held down by a forced unity in an unworkable one Nigeria. They contend that Kalu should have been more forceful in his condemnation of the unfounded hatred of his Igbo people by the rest of Nigerians by offering his listeners the most viable solution which is the division of Nigeria along ethnic/religious lines. Kalu would not have needed to look far for familiar examples to give to his listeners. If he had referred to the on-going process of separation of Scotland and Wales from the British union as model to follow in resolving the Igbo-Nigerian situation it would have been an apt and very familiar example to his audience.

Perhaps Kalu did not go that far because he still thinks that the hatred and marginalization of Igbo in Nigeria will end once an Igbo becomes the head of state of Nigeria. Kalu is quite intelligent and a reflective thinker and over time he will know that the hope of Igbo does not consist in the presidency of Nigeria but in the separation of Igbo people from Nigeria. Kalu is also bold and unafraid of change unlike some of his critics. He is not known to never change his mind when he encounters another and a more reinforcing light. Kalu as well as many people like him will discover sooner than later, the truth that Nigeria is divisible just as the United Kingdom of Great Britain is. (We will return to this later).

It had to take Kalu some years after he left office as governor of Abia State to reflect and draw a more realistic conclusions on the purposely restricted position of Igbo people in the scheme of things in Nigeria. To get an insight into what probably informed Kalu’s perceived, if not a complete volte-face, but at least a more realistic view of the Nigerian state in relationship with Kalu’s Igbo people, one may have to go to the article under review which was published in mid-February of 2008: The Zaki Biam massacre: Matters arising. In the article Kalu said; “Without sounding immodest I wish to state that my sojourn in Umuahia Government House from 1999 to 2007 as governor gave me a privileged insight into the intrigues that dog Nigeria’s political life. In fact, the period under review also offered me the opportunity to relate to different people from all over Nigeria, irrespective of tribe, religion or status, and shared in their joys and sorrows.”

So, though Kalu had started out by making the sweeping statement as we quoted in the opening paragraph and further down he continued to think that his belief is after all not a fluke, reading between the lines we know that his experience on the job has actually made a far reaching and lasting change in him more than he may be willing to admit. Reading him closely reveals to any careful observer that Kalu was only fighting and shouting down an insistent voice which has continued to dog him and many other Igbo politicians over the years. From their interactions with the peoples of other ethnic groups in Nigeria Igbo politicians have not been able to wish away or suppress the only reasonable conclusion about the untenable existence of a Nigerian state where Igbo features as a member of the union. Experience they say is the best teacher and for Igbo people like Orji Uzor Kalu who are quite reflective and articulate they cannot escape for too long this truth about Nigeria. Real life experiences will always override mere wishful thinking when anyone is sincere and willing to pursue after the truth. This truth about Nigeria is such that the louder the inexperienced, insincere, lazy and unthinking ones shout out the indivisibility of one Nigeria; the more difficult it gets for them to drown out the ever mounting reasons for the immediate divisibility of Nigeria.

And why this seeming Nigerian paradox is not difficult at all to contemplate is simple. The Nigerian union after all was put together for the indigenous peoples by the United Kingdom of Great Britain as the colonial masters. And as we earlier mentioned the various component parts of the British union are going their separate ways through national referendums and the principles of Self Determination. So, Britain is divisible and it is dividing. After hundreds of years Scotland and Wales are leaving the United Kingdom to form their own independent sovereign nations.  These events taking place in the UK today are helping those who had previously believed in error in the indivisibility of Nigeria to change their mind. It is now easy for the diehard “one-Nigerianists” to say; after all, Britain is divisible and it is dividing before our eyes so why not one Nigeria. (Yes, that is true, why not divide one Nigeria)?

Most commentators on the period when Kalu served as the Governor of Abia State have only but negative things to say about his performances there. Therefore, going by a majority consensus it can be assumed that Kalu failed in governance while he ran Abian affairs. His critics say that Kalu was a bad governor who did not improve the lot of his Abia people. But this article has only looked at Kalu on the basis of the recent work he is doing on behalf of Igbo people. 

Some Igbo people tend to be uncomfortable when they hear someone talking about the oppressions of Igbo people in the hands of other members of the Nigerian union. They would rather adopt the macho stance of believing that Igbo can take care of themselves and there is no point of anyone constantly painting the picture of Igbo as the victim. Who wouldn’t rather be regarded by their peers as the top dog? But in the real world it is true that things are not exactly as these in the Igbo macho school of thought would want it. Igbo ethnic group in Nigeria is therefore in disparate need for sincere, honest, dedicated and intellectually competent individuals and groups who would concertedly present their plight before a skeptical and seemingly uncaring world.

*Photo Caption - Orji Uzor Kalu