Translational inhibition due to CHEAP RETIN-A the fact that the path of the excitation occurs Br neuron. recurrent inhibition     Carried intercalary brake cells (Renshaw). Axons of buy nolvadex online canada motor neurons often give collaterals (branches), ending with Renshaw cells. Renshaw cell axons terminate on the body or dendrites of the motor neuron, forming inhibitory synapses. Arousal that occurs in motor neurons travel in a straight path to the skeletal muscle, as well as collaterals to inhibitory neurons, which send impulses to motoneurons and inhibits them. The stronger the motor neuron excitation, the more excited Renshaw cells and the more intense they exert their inhibitory effect, which protects nerve cells from overstimulation. lateral inhibition    

[ Masterweb Reports ] – January 1 is an ideal time to express love and good wishes for those we care about. Masterweb cares about all her readers, their families, friends and associates, and wishes them "Happy New Year". May 2017 be blessed with all your wishes coming through and the timeless message of New Year fill your heart and home with joy. May Africa, the Middle East and the rest of the world find the much peace they deserve. No more wars, nor hunger - May the Good Lord Bless us all. 
God Bless you as you share Christmas and New Year with family and with friends. May He fill your heart and dreams with peace, love and joy that never end. Speaking at our annual end of year party last weekend, our CEO/Founder, Chief Charles O. Okereke, declaring the event open said: "Our staff and readers have carried us to great lofty heights this year. We got over one billion hits this year, on all our sites. This was made possible due to our dedicated staff and loyal readers/customers like you. Thank you for the unflinching dedication, patronage and loyalty."
May this wonderful season warm your heart with joy that will last throughout 2017 and years to come. HAPPY NEW YEAR!!

[ Masterweb Reports ] – Christmas is an ideal time to express love and good wishes for those we care about. Masterweb cares about all her readers, their families, friends and associates, and wishes them " Merry Xmas & A Happy New Year". May your holiday season be blessed with the true meaning of Christmas. May the timeless message of Christmas fill your heart and home with joy today, new year and years to come. May Africa, the Middle East and the rest of the world find the much peace they deserve. No more wars, nor hunger - May the Good Lord Bless us all. Merry Christmas! Happy New Year!
Gifts tied with beautiful ribbons arriving your home by mail! Yes, it is Christmas. Let us give thanks to the Lord for a life filled with many blessings, as we celebrate Christmas, the birth of Jesus, an immaculate conception and miracle culminating to divine delivery( "Therefoe the Lord himself shall give a sign, Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel" -Isaiah 7:14 ).
God bless you as you share Christmas with family and with friends. May He fill your heart and dreams with peace, love and joy that never end. Speaking at our annual end of year party last weekend, our CEO/Founder, Chief Charles O. Okereke, declaring the event open said: "Our staff and readers have carried us to great lofty heights this year. We got over one billion hits this year, on all our sites. This was made possible due to our dedicated staff and loyal readers/customers like you. Thank you for the unflinching dedication, patronage and loyalty."
May this wonderful season warm your heart with joy that will last throughout the New Year.
*Click Link Below for Your Xmas / New Year Card :

[ Masterweb Reports: Intersociety reports ] - (Intersociety/SBCHROs, Onitsha Nigeria, 23rd December 2016)-The death of Rights CSOs and their human rights advocacy activities in the Southwest Nigeria became noticeable prior to the 2015 General Elections. It became full-fledged from June 2015 to date following the emergence of the Administration of Retired Major General Muhammadu Buhari.

Indisputably, Lagos and its surrounding States/environs served as Nigeria’s epicentre of independence, democracy and human rights struggles; reaching its peak from 1984 to mid 1999 during the military’s inglorious epoch. The Lagos School of Human Rights and Democracy Free Speeches and Struggles contributed immensely and pricelessly to the country’s advancements in democracy, human rights and press freedoms.

Sadly, the same Lagos School of Human Rights, Democracy and Press Freedoms and Struggles has been conquered, annexed and transformed into the country’s current epicentre of miseries, despotism and democratic barbarism; with same Lagos School leading the way as its arch promoter, defender and advocate. What breeds and saddens our heart most is not the collective decision of the Rights CSOs of Lagos extraction to collapse and nail the internationally best practices of human rights advocacy activities; but their refusal to leave the stage and retire into permanence of politicking.

Attempts by the referenced to probate and reprobate or eat their cake and have it, have resulted in brutal corruption and bastardization of core human rights, democracy and justice values in Nigeria, to the extent that heinous rights abusers are now labelled “international human rights defenders”; with their image laundered nationally, regionally and internationally on daily basis under what look like executive scripted and oiled circumstances.

The tragedy that befell these dead rights CSOs started way back in Lagos in the middle of 2000s through what some informed sources labelled “Alausa Virus”, using the instrumentality of Lagos-CSO Liaison; a sort of egoistic and materialistic partnership; which subsequently collapsed the then mainstream Rights CSOs of Lagos extraction into “an alliance of ACN and Rights CSOs”. It was from this that “grassroots rights activism was abandoned” and “executive/laptop rights activism” created and promoted; given birth to “CSO-INEC Engagement”; “APC-CSO Opposition Consortium”; “APC-CSO Anti Corruption Consortium”, “CSO-Legislative Engagement”; “CSO Election Situation Room”; to mention but few.

While it is the constitutional right of any citizen or CSO to leave the human rights advocacy stage and become a full-fledged politician or political party; it is morally abominable for such a group or citizen to be utterly paradoxical or maintain two contradictions at the same time. That is to say that a promoter of human rights abuse/abusers can never be a defender of human rights at the same time; neither can a human parts dealer be admitted into a rights community as a human rights defender. In Mathematics, one minus one will always give a negative result.

It is therefore shocking, alarming and deafening that arch human rights abuser with gross moral minus, in the person of Mr Ibrahim Magu of the Nigeria Police Force; who is, unconstitutionally, the Acting Chairman of Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC); is being labelled internationally as “a human rights defender”, by some say; rights group, named “Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project”.

The image laundering letter of “SERAP” to the United Nations Special Rapportueur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders, dated 16th of December 2016; is also considered a grave insult on the person and integrity of the Special Rapportueur, Mr. Michel Forst; as well as collective image of the United Nations. The letter is dangerously misleading, cancerous, politically and ill motivated and scripted.

The letter also clearly amounts to meddlesomeness in the constitutional duties of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; to investigate, clear or reject any executive nominee for the occupation of any of the Federal Executive bodies established under Section 153 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999; as amended in 2011.  The questions as to: are there no limits to renewal by the President, of executive appointments into constitutionally established federal executive bodies under acting capacity and when was Ibrahim Magu appointed as acting Chairman of EFCC; do not border the authorities of “SERAP”. What despicably matters to them is Mr Ibrahim Magu’s leprous baptism as “international human rights defender”; against all odds and his motley of rights abuses including long detention of suspects without trial and late night invasion and violent arrest of the suspects in their sleep.

For the avoidance of doubt, we again invite all Nigerians and members of the international community to read and analyse the authoritative statement reproduced below, dated 1st of July 2016. It was exclusively published by the News Express Online Media; owned by Mr. Isaac Umunna who is also the chief media aide to late Prof Dora Akunyili and her family till date. Prof Dora Akunyili was a former NAFDAC DG and Minister of Communications. The authoritative statement has not been credibly refuted by Federal Government and the authorities of EFCC till date. The rejection by the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, of Police Officer Ibrahim Magu as the substantive Chairman of EFCC was substantially based on dubious circumstances surrounding his multimillion naira rent payment to Akunyili family  for their House, located at No. 8B, Rudolf Close, Off Katsina Ala Crescent, Maitama District in FCT, Abuja, Nigeria.

Acting Chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Mr. Ibrahim Magu, has rented a mansion in the elitist Maitama District of the Federal capital territory (FTC) Abuja, News Express can report this morning. The storey building located at No. 8B, Rudolf Close, off Katsina Ala Crescent, in the highbrow Maitama District, was the abode of a former federal minister who died sometime in May 2014. An impeccable source said: The property was rented to the Acting EFCC Chairman for N40, 000,000 at N20, 000,000 per annum.

Furthermore, the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) curiously awarded a contract to Africa Energy, a company owned by Rtd Air Comm. Umar Muhammad, to furnish the residence at the cost N43,000,000, in a Government where the President is known to have frowned at and rebuked his ministers for requesting N20,000,000 each to secure accommodation and furnish them. It is shocking that the man spearheading the anti-corruption crusade of the government will be involved in such a venture. More surprising is the involvement of FCDA in renting a house for EFCC and under what arrangement. News Express made efforts to get the reaction of Magu and EFCC but the commission’s spokesmen Osita Nwajah and Wilson Uwujaren did not respond to text messages sent to them seeking their reaction to the story.

Today, through the magic of “APC-CSO Partnership”, sacred cows in the so called “fight against corruption” abound. To be “Mr or Mrs Clean” under Buhari Administration, you must belong or join the federally ruling party and its “APC-CSO Consortium”. It is also an incontestable fact that the present Buhari Administration and its “APC-CSO Consortium” parades the highest number of doyens of corruption both in its government and in the moribund Southwest CSOs’ circles. The rate of aiding and abetting corruption and abuse of office under the Buhari Administration has gone viral as well.

We therefore condemn in totality the letter of “SERAP” and its contents. It is our express call and advice to the United Nations particularly its Special Rapportueur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders, Mr. Michel Forst, to tear the letter into pieces and delete its delivery and documentation from its records. Such embarrassing letters should at all times be declared dead on arrival! 
We consider Police Officer Ibrahim Magu as is a serial human rights abuser and constitutional violator. As a serving member of the Nigeria Police Force alone; noted globally for its butchery and notorious corruption records; Mr Magu can never be a human rights defender on account of same; not to talk of his gross rights and constitutional abuses as “acting head” of EFCC.

It is our strong advice to the moribund Rights CSOs and activists of Southwest or Lagos extraction to courageously leave the stage and form a political party so as to become full-fledged politicians. We invite new breed rights activists and democracy promoters to join us in the Southeast Nigeria which is now the epicentre of human rights and pro democracy struggles in Nigeria.

The international community is called upon to take advocacy and diplomatic notice of the rise of defenders and promoters of human rights abusers and despotism in Nigeria, majorly concentrated in the Southwest Region; who still go about parading themselves as “human rights groups and activists”.


For: International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety)

Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chairman
Mobile Line: +2348174090052


For: Southeast Based Coalition of Human Rights Organizations (SBCHROs)
1.       Comrade Aloysius Attah (+2348035090548)
For: Civil Liberties Organization, Southeast Zone
2.       Comrade Peter Onyegiri (+2347036892777)
For: Centre for Human Rights & Peace Advocacy
3.       Comrade Samuel Njoku (+2348039444628)
For: Human Rights Organization of Nigeria
4.       Engineer Rufus Duru (+2348037513519)
For: Global Rights & Development International
5.       Comrade Chike Umeh ( +2348064869601)
For: Society Advocacy Watch Project
6.       Obianuju Joy Igboeli, Esq. (+2348034186332)
For: Anambra Human Rights Forum
7.       Comrade Alex Olisa (+2348034090410)
For: Southeast Good Governance Forum
8.       Jerry Chukwuokoro, PhD (+2348035372962)
For: International Solidarity for Peace& Human Rights Initiative
9.       Mr. Tochukwu Ezeoke (+447748612933)
For: Igbo Ekunie Initiative (Pan Igbo Rights Advocacy Group)
10.   Comrade Vincent Ezekwume (+2348171793911)
For: Civil Liberties Organization, Anambra State Branch
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - Whenever I hear those who ought to know say that Nigeria’s main problem is ethnicity, I often begin to develop cold feet. They seem to argue that if not for ethnicity (a colonial construct), the country would have move ahead. While this I may agree that ethnicity is one of the manifestations of the numerous problems facing the country, I firmly disagree that ethnicity is the Nigerian problem.
The reader will probably face me and ask: “Lekan, what then is the problem of Nigeria?” my immediate answer to this is simply corruption. Not that corruption is not an issue in advanced countries, if not, the revelations in #PanamaPapers will not take been so sensational. The only difference here is that the Nigerian case is that corruption has tribal marks! I am aware some people may want to strongly disagree with me, but please come along with me.
Some days ago, I received the news, like most Nigerians, that former Governor of Delta state, Chief James Ibori, has been released from prison. This ordinarily would not have been serious news in that he would not be the first high profile politician to go to prison and be released. The news of “wild jubilations” in Delta state and many other places by his supporters, even in certain sections of the Nigerian media made the whole thing take a dramatic dimension. To even know that most of these same persons were the same people who took “strong exceptions” to ex-British Prime Minister, David Cameron’s, “fantastically corrupt” tag further makes the matter ironic. To those so-jubilating, Ibori is nothing but a man of the people. For them, Ibori is not corrupt, even though he pleaded guilty to corrupt charges in a London Court. To these ones, the politician is been persecuted because he is loved by his people. They seem to ask: “No be our money he steal wetin concern you na?” can you now see why I said corruption has tribal marks in Nigeria?
Ibori is a typical Nigerian politician who understands the psychology of human needs. His people will not mind him stealing so far he fills their stomachs with part of the loot. Like Chief Nanga in Chinua Achebe’s A Man of the People, all he needs to do is become visible in his community; buy traditional titles, build boreholes; employ some people in Oghara into government positions and become a hero.
Even though Achebe wrote the wonderful novel in the 1960s, much of its contents are still relevant today. We heard of election-winning programmes like Fayose’s Stomach Infrastructure. Can we see how stagnant we are as a nation in terms of moral values?
Being a smart Nigerian politician, Ibori will run to the same people he looted dry to defend him in time of trouble. He will bring up the ethnic card. He will create a “us-versus-them” siege mentality of “they hate us that is why they are after me”. What else can you tell a man or woman who manages to get his bit of the “national cake” from politicians like Ibori? How do you want to preach to a people who roll out drums to sing and praise a corrupt former governor that he loots their state and that he is only spending crumbs on them? These ones will rather fight and die to defend “our son” that hear that he is corrupt. His village chiefs will welcome him back with both arms and award him the highest title in the land!
This happens to be the bitter truth in our country today. Ethnicity is only used as a tool, first by the colonial masters and later the post-colonial leaders, to divide the masses and permanently becloud their sense of reasoning so as to continue to divert their attentions away from the real issues. The Ibori’s case proves this just right. Corruption now has a tribal mark!
Olalekan Waheed ADIGUN ( Tel: +2348136502040 or +2347081901080; Email:, ) is a political analyst and independent political strategist for wide range of individuals, organisations and campaigns. He is based in Lagos, Nigeria.
*Photo Caption - James Ibori in prison in U.K. 

[ Masterweb Reports: Fejiro Oliver writes Uduaghan ] - Your Excellency; I’m pretty sure that the last 24 hours must have been the worst hours of your life. The only one that comes close may be when your favored candidate lost the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) gubernatorial primaries in 2014.

I do not need to bore us with the reason (s) behind your sleepless nights. For people like us who have taken it upon ourselves that you must go to jail, we have also armed ourselves with overwhelming evidences to make it come to pass. To us, you are our project topic and we must defend it to the last letter. Your political intrigues against your younger brother, James Ibori, who singlehandedly made you whom you are today is not lost on us, including the ones that the public are not aware of. Before Ibori comes back to Nigeria, we will chronicle your many sins against him in special reports.

As I got exclusive pictures from London on Ibori’s freedom, which I circulated on social media that went viral, I asked a prominent Deltan who was at the venue of the celebration and even spoke during the small freedom party if you were there; the answer was in the negative. Quickly, I made some calls to confirm why you were not there to receive the man who made you a governor and the answers I got confirmed the earlier exclusive news about your wickedness to your benefactor. No matter the excuse you will give today for not jetting to London like Senator Peter Nwaoboshi did, you cannot be forgiven. If for political reasons you could not go, you should have gone using brotherhood ties as excuse and no one will criticize you, not even the holiest of men. But as they say in Warri parlance; ‘you don shit for church’.

Asamaigor, I’m very sure you have watched the video of Ibori’s party in London, where Nwaoboshi spoke. Your Excellency, when you saw the persons that went to see him in less than 24 hours after his release, how did you feel? Did you hear the names of the persons the Odidigborigbo of Africa made even while he was in prison? From Senate President to Governor as well as Local Government Chairmen, he made them all, without his presence in Nigeria. Yet you couldn’t even make yourself ordinary Senator.

Your looting of Delta State as a governor makes Ibori look like a saint and you the devil. How you successfully diverted N289 billion of Excess Crude allocation with nothing to show for it dwarfs all criminal records against Ibori. These are documented facts that can be presented when the time to begin your crucification comes. It can even be tendered tomorrow, if the anti graft agencies call for it.

You moving a whooping N40 billion as loan from the Delta State treasury into spurious accounts which you were the sole signatory without the House of Assembly approving it should make some of us billionaires, if the Federal Government keep their promise of giving 5% of all recovered loots. As usual, you will deny this, but the records are also available.

Why am I bringing up all these? It’s to compare you with Ibori who did not steal half of what you stole but went to jail for it. Though in jail, he called the shots of Delta State politics and the evidence can be seen in his release. Where will you escape to if Ibori can be jailed? The Edwin Clark, Ogbete and Co that sent Ibori to jail may not be eager to do same to you, but we are more than ready to do so to you.

If you go to jail which is 70% possible, who will visit you in prison? Who will show solidarity with you as was shown to Ibori over the years? Who will risk his or her reputations to stand by you like many did for Ibori? Who will publicly acknowledge that you made him or her as Ibori did? Sir, only three persons can say so, but unfortunately, you made them enemies to their own people. Ovuzorie Macaulay whom you made the Secretary to the State Government (SSG) is at loggerhead with his people, just as Joel Onowakpor who was your Chairman in Delta Board of Internal Revenue. Perhaps only the likes of Ben Igbakpa and Reuben Izeze will be the last man standing!

Ibori’s release from prison should serve as a pointer to you that you did not only fail Deltans but you failed yourself. The persons you claimed to empower today are nowhere to be found, but have all turned their backs on you to carry your cross. What you fear most is about to come to pass and as it seems, only Governor Ifeanyi Okowa and Ibori can save you as humans.
Your nemesis is about to begin with Ibori’s freedom. The lid which was covered since 2010 will be uncovered for Deltans and Nigerians to see you for whom you are. The unraveled murder of Ogbe Onokpite will now be opened just as the silent killing of the judge through poisoned Air Condition who refused your millions and was supposed to deliver judgment in favor of Ogboru will be let loose. This moment is what we have always waited for.

Make no mistake about this; blood may be thicker than water as some of your sycophants are singing on your betrayal of Ibori, but some blood are better left to flow away like menstrual pains, else they cause discomfort. You are one of such kind of blood.

Delta State you didn’t build; human empowerment you never did, but rather embezzled all the wealth for yourself. Your promise and fail became legendary, so much that a former Speaker confessed to me that “Uduaghan is the worst kind of leader. Anything he promises you, he never fulfills. He’s only good at using people when he needs them, but forgets them once they help him achieve his aim”. If this was the stock Ibori was made off, he would have long be forgotten. Only Godswill Akpabio and Rotimi Amaechi among the 2007-2015 South South Governors can get such loyalty Ibori gets, and sadly enough, you are not one of them even though you looted more funds than they did.

As you sew your prison coats of many colors, reflect on the life of Ibori and his ability to hold spellbound a people from faraway London. Take lessons from Governor Ifeanyi Okowa who empowered his constituents as a non governor and doing same now that he has climbed the exalted position. Take stocks of where you missed it and begin to make amends. It is never too late to turn back the hands of time.

*** For the records, I am not a huge fan of Ibori even though I acknowledge his works in Delta and political dexterity. Twice he has sent messages to me while he was in prison concerning my work as a journalist.
These little things matter…

Fejiro Oliver is Editor In Chief of Secrets Reporters News, Investigative Journalist, Media Consultant and Human Rights Activist & can be reached at +2348022050733 (SMS ONLY) or
*Photo Caption - Emmanuel Uduaghan

[ Masterweb Reports: SKC Ogbonnia reports ] - Before assuming the presidency in May 2015, Muhammadu Buhari rightly proclaimed that “corruption will kill Nigeria, unless Nigeria kills corruption.” Unfortunately, however, after barely one year in office, a diverse segment of the population began to openly pray for the freedom of corruption in-so-far there is food on the table. By December 2016, the Nigerian Legislature answered by formally introducing a bill to amend the Constitution to grant its members immunity or, more plainly, the unrestrained freedom from prosecution against corrupt practices.  As if the circus lacks in folly, the Senate followed by mysteriously rejecting the president's nominee to head the war on corruption. But this whole dilemma has roots deeper than the ordinary eye can meet.
Not long ago, the transition to a democratic government in 1999 after years of military rule seemed like the ultimate game-changer. There was a semblance of freedom in most areas of national life. It then seemed the citizens had finally become free from the shackles of dictatorship that had strangled the country for ages. But don’t hold your breath. A more complex problem soon emerged: The way the political elites conceived the freedom turned out to be upside-down. The crux of the matter is that the very practice of Nigeria's democracy also allowed the leaders the freedom to do as they chose. In the process, they chose to revert back to the military style of dictatorship, leading to gross mismanagement of resources and human right abuses.
This culture of impunity under a democratic setting resulted in massive corruption. Different attempts by successive governments to combat the societal ill were openly frustrated at the courts where some unique tenets of freedom and rule of law were employed to produce unsavoury outcomes. Despite the fact that Nigeria was consistently ranked near the top of global corruption index, no major politician served a jail term in the African soil from 2008-2015, apart from the lone case of Olabode George. Not surprisingly, freedom of corruption became the order of the day. With the price of crude oil then already beginning to take a nose dive, it was only a matter of time before the national economy would crumble.
That was the exact situation in 2015 when the masses beckoned back Muhammad Buhari for salvation. For many, Buhari was a  ramrod-straight ex-general whose austere image as well as anti-corruption track record were best suited to oust a weak and pliable incumbent president in Goodluck Jonathan.
Since assuming the office, however, Buhari's war against corruption has been a vain pursuit. Any attempt by the president to introduce far-reaching anti-corruption measures is readily resisted, with the opposition always clinging to one form of freedom or the other. A current example is the issue of special courts being canvassed by the president to expedite corrupt cases. Of course, the delay in the courts has nothing to do with lack of human resources especially in a country where thousands of jobless lawyers roam the streets. The special courts, instead, are to de-oxidize the existing culture where judges and politicians combine to sustain freedom for corrupt leaders through frivolous adjournments, plea bargains, and state pardons. Regrettably, the critics of the special courts, most of who constitute the first line of defense for the corrupt oligarchy, quickly pounded on the president, digging out all sorts of legal jargon to ridicule the initiative. They would helm the argument by invoking the independence of the judicial branch and, of course, vitality to the broader democratic freedom. But while this warped notion of freedom may seem to favour those in the position of power, it is definitely failing Nigeria as a whole.
Freedom, no matter the essence, must not be antagonistic to the well-being of the citizenry. Besides, Nigeria must not base its rule of law solely on borrowed legal theories.  Just as leadership is contingent upon the environment, the rule of law ought to take into considerations the prevailing conditions in the particular society or country. Nigeria is at a critical war with corruption and should explore extra-ordinary measures. Even the United States of America, a country that prides itself as the true bastion of freedom, had to adopt the USA Patriot Act—a pervasive government control mechanism that allows intrusive checks at the airports. Though initially condemned as an infringement on civil liberties, the Act has been embraced for effective homeland security in response to the tragic incident of 9/11.
Lampooning only the opposition for the clog in the wheel of Buhari’s change agenda is an injustice to human conscience. The president has to share part of the blame. He effortlessly ruptured the balloon of public goodwill initially inflated by a cocktail of desire for change and the myth of a legendary track record. Apart from the slow pace of his government, Buhari forgot there is always a delicate balance between freedom and authority. His early missteps, particularly the mode of political appointments, the refusal to obey court orders, and lack of transparency, simply evoked a frightening nostalgia of the dictatorial tendencies that doomed his military regime. Such excesses, or rather abuse of freedom, coupled with the harsh economic condition on the ground, were all the corrupt oligarchy needed to gain the public support to subdue the president. 
Today, the bulging optics is that the strongman elected to strengthen the system has been cowed into a weakling in office. That is how the opposition has been able to hoodwink many to now believe that freedom for corrupt politicians is a desirable compromise to stimulate the economy. That is how and why the president now appears to embrace the very culture of impunity that he was elected to decimate. Instances abound.  But definitely mind-boggling are the manner he dropped charges for a clear case of forgery against the principal officers of the Senate, and the apparent freedom for corrupt politicians in return for part of their loot. What else is more? With the Executive branch already enjoying a corrupt freedom in the name of immunity, not many were shocked when the Nigerian Legislature formally introduced a bill to amend the Constitution to also grant its members the freedom from prosecution against corrupt practices.
These developments are utterly mystifying and only go to encourage criminal ingenuity rather than deterrence. Yet, don’t count on a mass revolt. Given Nigeria’s recent past, any scheme masked with freedom is perceived with a sacred aura. But the masses must resist the gambit this time. Hope anchored through a corrupt premise, regardless of the inherent freedom, is a poisoned chalice.

The aim here is by no means to circumvent the role of freedom in democracy. Viewed in its totality, freedom is not only essential for democracy, it is also vitally important for any human or organizational development. But however indispensable it might seem, the cardinal truth is that in democracy as we know it, neither the freedom nor the liberty is rooted in an abstract sense where the leaders or the followers are free to do as they please.
Often ignored in the contemporary discussions of Nigerian democracy is the ageless adage: every coin has two sides. There are positive and negative kinds of freedom. On the one hand, positive freedom refers to where people are free to engage in endeavours towards the common good. It goes with moderation, responsibility, and accountability. Importantly, positive freedom is open to all—not just the sole province of the leaders themselves. On the other hand, negative freedom typifies the prevailing Nigerian situation where leaders freely engage in acts inimical to the common good. Such negative freedom allows Nigerian leaders to hide behind all sorts of rule of law to loot the public treasury without qualms.
Change does not come easy, especially in an environment where most processes are fraught with rules of law tightly woven with negative freedoms. Yet, there is hope. President Buhari can still reset by cautiously navigating through the prevailing rules of law while strengthening the system to wipe out the negative freedoms undermining the leadership processes. But any reset requires a change in style. What Nigerians sought and voted for in 2015 and hope to see today is a resolute, just, and transparent leader capable of demonstrating serious consequences for corrupt practices regardless of whose ox is gored.

Ogbonnia ( Email: ), a leadership scholar reports from Houston, Texas, USA.
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Fayth Deleola Daramola reports ] - As African race, why would we want to call upon USA to come help us fix what we broke? Didn’t we truly break it? At a time when most African kingdoms were thriving economically in the 14th century, much of Europe was famished and in the middle of civil wars. That was the time Mansa (King) Musa Keita I came into power, precisely in 1312.  
While in power, Musa expanded the borders of his empire tremendously. He annexed the city of Timbuktu and reestablished power over Gao. All in all, his empire stretched about 2,000 miles. Putting it into perspective, he ruled all (or parts) of modern day Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Chad.
The rest of the world caught wind of his great fortune in 1324, when he made the nearly 4,000 mile pilgrimage to Mecca. That voyage came with a whopping price!
Per history, "Not one to travel on a budget, he brought a caravan stretching as far as the eye could see, was an entourage of tens of thousands of soldiers, civilians and slaves, 500 heralds bearing gold staffs and dressed in fine silks, and many camels and horses bearing an abundance of gold bars."
On his stop in Cairo, he spent so much gold and donated so much money that he caused mass inflation that took years for the city to fully recover from the currency crisis! Imagine that!
From the 14th century till date; 2016, he may be the richest person of all time. Why? Musa amassed a jaw-dropping $400 billion during his reign from 1312 to 1337, according to a new inflation-adjusted list which suggest no one has or is any close to such wealth in history!
There’s Mansa Musa in every African leaders. Where’s Mali, his home country today? He had all the opportunities to turn his kingdom to a pride of all African generations but instead; left his people sprawling in poverty.
Recently, the Angolan government spent $35 million to mark President José Eduardo dos Santos’s 72nd birthday. In 2013, the president’s daughter, Isabel dos Santos, gave a personal loan to the government of Portugal when it was facing a credit crunch.
President Robert Mugabe’s birthday has always been marked by fanfare and celebrations, especially this year, during his 90th birthday celebrations, Zimbabwean media reported that the cost of the fete hit $1 million, in a country where more than half the population lives on less than $1 a day.
Isn’t same with Nigerian leaders of today? By any standard, Nigeria’s 170 million population should be among countries that in recent years has launched four satellites into space and now has a burgeoning space program.
Moreover, Nigeria is sitting on crude oil reserves estimated at 35 billion barrels (enough to fuel the entire world for more than a year), not to mention 100 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Nigeria pays her legislators the highest salaries in the world, with a basic wage of $250,000 (for each legislator), nearly double what British MPs or US Congressmen earn and many hundreds of times that of the country’s ordinary citizens.
Any wonder the ruling elite can afford luxury homes in Maryland, Florida, London or Paris in a society where 95 percent of her citizens live below the poverty line of $1.00 a day.
How did we find ourselves in this self-pity-sentenced situation? We all are accomplices; the leaders and the led. We sold our culture and identification for the embrace of foreign religion.
Mansa Musa, in his bid to be a true Muslim had an entourage that is ‘long as the eye can see’, wasting his country’s resources by dashing gold to strangers to impress -that he is da best.
Today, we’re throwing away our culture and identification in the name of modernization. One of the Alayeluwas of Yoruba heritages left his kingdom to visit the ‘world’, was seen standing while the Yeye (his wife) was seated at a function (kind of abomination), seen walking the streets of New York like the scene of ‘coming to America’. He was photographed bowing to the picture of Jesus. Isn’t same Ooni that is said to be a divinity in Yoruba cosmology; he does not bow to any god or anyone. According to Yoruba mythology, the Olodumare/Eledumare created heavens and Earth, sent Orunmila to creat Ile Ife (The Earth). The first Ooni of Ife and subsequent Oonis were regarded as “Igbakeji Orisa“, the custodian of all Irunmoles and Oodua race. So, where does his action leave our revered culture? Or the Olu’wo of Iwo, who was seen sitting on his throne with a tuxedo on a jean pant? If we continue to rubbish our heritage for modernization, even by the progenitors, who do we blame for the second slavery?
So how do we fix what we have broken?
First, we need to invest in education and research. Education will put people on a path towards good health, economic empowerment and employment. It will help to build more peaceful societies and will liberate us from dependency on government largesse. Ebola was going to wipe Africa from the face of the earth but for education and research, it was curbed and efficient researched treatment was administered to the relief of the world.
Lastly, we need to look inward by investing and protecting what is our heritage. Like India, China, Russia to mention but few, protecting their identities allows them to compete in the comity of the world with their unique identity. They are not seen to rush out for Aids or help from USA, they are fixing themselves to development. 
There’re still gold (in material and human) in Africa just as they're bedeviled by the Mansa Musas of today. Investing within will draw the world to Africa without any solicitation. The prosperity of Africa, nay Nigeria, resides within; we just need to confront the Mansa Musas, which in short time, will take us to our desired El Dorado.

Fayth Deleola Daramola ( Email: ) reports from Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
*Photo Caption - Map of Africa

[ Masterweb Reports: Olalekan Waheed Adigun reports ] - On Saturday 10 December, 2016, the world woke up to the shocking news of The Gambia President, Yahya Jammeh, rejecting the result of the country’s Presidential election he earlier accepted. What could have necessitated this decision remains in the realm of speculations but may not be unconnected with the statement credited to Adama Barrow to the effect that his administration may look into the books of Jammeh who has been in power for about 22 years. How true this is remains to be seen. Events look to have moved fast since Jammeh made the announcement on state TV last Friday.
Aware the implication of this especially in a continent that has a history of sit tight leaders, several African Heads of State have moved in to forestall impending doom on the tiny West African country. On this list is Nigeria’s President, Muhammed Buhari.
Buhari’s visit to Banjul has raised some question here in Nigeria. Since he was sworn in as president in 2015, he has traveled out of the country on countless occasions to the chagrin of many Nigerians. Many Nigerians see most of his travels as needless and economically unbeneficial to his country especially as the recession has hit the country hard. Couldn’t Buhari has ordered his Minister of External Affairs, Geoffrey Onyeama , who has stayed at home more than the President himself to attend to brief the Gambian president of Nigerian official position? These and more are the issues raised about President Buhari’s visit to The Gambia.
First, let us make it clear that what is going on in The Gambia is purely political. Political issue, therefore, must be solved politically, not diplomatically. Why do we say this?
In a continent with a history of incumbent sitting tight and volatile to ethnic and religious conflicts, incumbents have the capacity to exploit the volatility in these states to hold on to power by promoting ethnic conflicts, if not full scale war. We witnessed this in 2008 in Kenya (which led to power sharing agreements between the two main factions) just as we also saw in Ivory Coast in 2012 (before French-led troops could restore order). These two events alone led to avoidable loss of lives and properties. Since it is a political issue, leaving such for diplomats may led to unpredictable series of events that may be beyond the control of those in the diplomatic circles themselves. Political problems often require political solutions!
Secondly, whether many people admit it or not, (West) Africa’s problems are often Nigeria’s problems. Buhari personally going to put pressure on Jammeh to obey the will of the may be the prudent measure to take at a time like this before things get out of hand. Now that the warnings are there, it will be easier to solve the problems that when they take other dimensions.
Many people will probably remember that when the Liberian civil war started, no one predicted it will spill quickly into Sierra Leone and Guinea. Nigeria did not understand the magnitude of what was happening till it was forced to hurriedly put together, with other members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), what is now known as ECOMOG. ECOMOG alone has cost Nigeria and Nigerians a lot in terms of human and material resources. The country would have been spared all these expenses, had it intervened earlier enough.
That also remind us, we think, had Nigeria intervened politically, earlier than the French by putting intense political pressure on Laurent Gbagbo, may be a lot of lives would have been saved in 2012!
In our opinion, Buhari’s visit to The Gambia at this state of the build-up to what could be a major crisis is timely and prudent. It can be the other way too!
Olalekan Waheed ADIGUN ( Tel: +2348136502040, +2347081901080
Email:, ) is a political analyst and independent political strategist for wide range of individuals, organisations and campaigns. He is based in Lagos, Nigeria.
*Photo Caption - President Muhammed Buhari

[ Masterweb Reports: Dr. Peregrino Brimah reports ] -  In an eerie form of coincident destiny, the electoral stories of Nigeria and Ghana have followed quite identical paths for the last series of transitions. The Good: Both nations had quite popular presidents who died in office. In Nigeria late Umaru Musa Yar'Adua died in office in 2010 at age 58 years and was replaced by his Vice, Goodluck Jonathan.
Umaru Yar'Adua had spent 3 years in office. Late Yar'Adua fought terrorists north and south and the corrupt cabal at the same time, overturning sales of state assets to the vultures by his predecessor and quelling MEND terror on the south and Boko Haram in the north within a few years. A God-fearing unifier, Nigerians across ethnic lines were quite happy with him and his performance across board. Late Yar'Aduawas and remains the only Nigerian president to fully declare his assets.
For Ghana, former President John Evans Fiifi Atta Mills died in July of 2012 about three and a half years after being elected to office in 2009. He was 68. He was also replaced by his Vice, John Dramani Mahama. Atta Mills was well loved and respected. He is remembered for being God-fearing and his legacy of ethical leadership. Nicknamed "Asomdwee.
Hen" or "Prince of Peace," Professor Atta Mills was also sound in economic policies, leading Ghana to unprecedented economic growth with single-digit inflation and a stable exchange rate. 
The Bad
Inheritors of the throne, Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria and John Dramani Mahama did not lead the best of regimes. Suffering and corruption were the hallmark of both's administrations. Right from his days as Vice president, scandals were Mahama's brand. One of the worst being a phone-call placed to his phone by a lady, Phaedra on a live recording set of the "Real Housewives of Atlanta" show where she had bragged of her escapades and direct contact with Ghana's #2 man. Outgoing President Mahama was bogged with numerous corruption allegations also involving his flamboyant, burning-hot rides brother. Gifts given and received by him including vehicles from foreign businessmen and allegedly buying homes for election officials overseas were part of his long list.
Nigeria's Goodluck Jonathan did not fare much better. His days as President began with a name brand as the most "clueless president in the world." A title he embraced. But like Mahama, allegations of corruption were established ever before he became President and included his family members. As governor of Bayelsa, the corruption tales begun with his wife investigated by the Economic and Financial Crimes Committee, EFCC for several cases including the alleged laundering of $13 million. The Jonathan 5 years in office were filled with torential series and hapless cries of massive corruption to the point of calamity to the nation. Obstinately declaring that "stealing is not corruption," Goodluck Jonathan embraced his labels again and preached alternate scales that Nigerians should use to rate and appreciate his administration. Torrents of blame and monetary seizures have trailed the Jonathan family since being voted out of office.
Interestingly the people gave both men a chance, electing them into office as president for their go, even after both men had already been tainted. But one chance only it was.
And The Old
In 2015 Nigeria held elections with then president Goodluck Jonathan contesting for a second term as president and third term in the presidency. Former military leader Muhammadu Buhari under the APC party contested against him and won, defeating Goodluck Jonathan soundly with 2.5 million more votes. Buhari was 72 according to his official age when he became president in May of 2015. Buhari won with about 54.5% of the vote  with Jonathan at 45%.
With a similar margin of 54% to 44%, Mr. Akufo-Addo, of the New Patriotic Party soundly defeated the incumbent, president John Mahama to become Ghana's president-elect. A human rights lawyer, astonishingly President-elect Mr. Nana Akufo-Addo is also 72 years old!
Like Nigeria's Buhari who had contested three times previously and lost, "Try me" Nana was a veteran presidential race runner, he ran unsuccessfully for President of Ghana in the 2008 and 2012 before the people finally decided to give him the shot. Buhari ran unsuccessfully in 2003, 2007 and 2011. Sometimes really wanting something is not enough of a validation and does not translate to the capacity and suitableness for that role.
It would be wise for Ghana to learn from its "big brother" and partner in fate, Nigeria and its ongoing trials. Like Nigeria, the recent discovery of oil in Ghana has not quite helped as the country is battling with continuous inflation and increasing prices of utilities like power, which are no longer half as stable as they used to be. In Nigeria, old Buhari who came into power with a lot of support and goodwill is having a hard time. Nigeria quickly fell into a recession with loses of millions of jobs as the new elder-led Buhari administration slowly and clumsily looked for the steps. Dwindling currency power which has tanked the Naira and Cedis an identical 400% over the past few years discombobulated the new administration. Elders expect savings and a tidy house. Summarizing Nigeria under Papa Buhari, the president appears stuck in an old pattern of doing things and challenged by an advanced technological and complex world, thereby becoming at the complete mercy of whoever he is related to and hopes knows what should be done. Many of whom do not share the pain, vision and desperation of the nation. The president is at the mercy of a list that includes family, the very same corrupt cabal, the same politicians who drained and damaged the nation, the World bank and IMF...just whoever. 
Also importantly, the elections in Ghana and Nigeria were both quite polarizing with divisions along religious and ethnic lines. Mr. Akufo-Addo would do well uniting the country and not following Nigeria's example where divisions appear to have become more plentiful, deeper and deadlier since Buhari's swearing in.
Challenging times are bringing "change" candidates not just in Nigeria and Ghana but across the world. But sometimes the more things change the more they remain the same and sometimes get worse. Ghanaians must not wait. Victory does not end with the declaration of the winner but begins with it. Ghanaians must track every step their new president takes and make sure he is fast, smart, strong and able to take them to the promised land.
The modern world is intensely collaborative, with many amazing tools that enhance this. Exploring "Direct democracy," it will be good for the new president to listen to and carry the real people along. That way he can't go wrong and he can't loose favor.
We congratulate President-elect Mr. Akufo-Addo on his victory. 
God bless Ghana.
Dr. Peregrino Brimah ( Email: ) reports.
*Photo Caption - As seen.

[ Masterweb Reports: Bade Adebolu reports ] - The recession is biting hard; this is no news. The economy is in a state of quagmire and Nigerians are groaning under the heavy burden of skyrocketing cost of basic commodities. What has brought us to this state is the greed and selfishness of corrupt leaders; they have eaten their future and that of their children, that is why Nigeria is where she is today. It is sad, but we are here anyway and we need to find our way out. Thank God one way or the other there is a means of escape. 
We need a competent leader; a saviour who can rescue us from the economic doldrums in which we have found ourselves. We need someone who can first lift us out of this pit and then possibly begin to lift us to greater heights. I say ‘begin’because the truth is that to begin to rebuild Nigeria will take considerable time; time and effort. Who better fits into this position than our very own Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala? Yes, Madam Ngozi, by all metrics and measurements is the woman we need at this moment. Time and time again she has proven her stuff; she has shown she knows her onions and can deliver. Obtaining a debt pardon of about $18 billion from the Paris Club is not child’s play; yet she and her team did it seamlessly. That was the beginning of good economic tidings for the country; it was the bedrock of the economic boom that Nigeria began to experience during Obasanjo’s time. 
Dr Okonjo-Iweala is not a fluke; over and over again, she demonstrated her skill with the introduction of sweeping economic reforms that catapulted the nation from stalemate to prosperity; inflation was reduced to single digits; ghost worker scams were uncovered. Also, with foresight, she had made provision for Nigeria to save through the Excess Crude Account, which was a buffer the country fell back on.
Calls have been coming from several quarters asking Okonjo-Iweala to come and rescue us from this recession. Let us not beat about the bush, she is the kind of person we need right now as president. It would be recalled that a poll taken by Post-Nigeria[1] put Okonjo-Iweala in the lead with a total of 5, 639 (69%) votes, out of a total vote of 8,136, followed by the former Minister of Education, Obiageli Ezekwesili, who gathered 14% (1,138) of the total votes. This is a pointer that good times are around the corner if we allow Okonjo-Iweala to become president. 
She has been tried, tested and proven and we have seen her deliver. To paraphrase what the Holy Book says if you have been tested and found faithful in that which is little, more will be committed in your hands. This is the time we need to commit more into Okonjo-Iweala’s hands; she has delivered on a ‘smaller’ scale, she will deliver on a ‘bigger’ scale. 
As Finance Minister, she did great exploits; Nigeria will not forget her in a hurry for turning our economy around for good. I believe she will even do better as a President; she seems to have this golden touch for resuscitating a dying or failing economy. What better time than now do we need her to touch our economy which is the area that needs focus the most? We need to wake up to the reality of the moment. 
Although, she has no such goals and ambitions and would likely turn down any, if the power to select the next president was vested in me, I would undoubtedly choose Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala.
Bade Adebolu ( Email: ) is an accountant and social commentator based in Ado-Ekiti.
*Photo Caption - Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala